§ 14-02.5-01 Definitions
§ 14-02.5-02 Sale or rental
§ 14-02.5-03 Publication
§ 14-02.5-04 Inspection
§ 14-02.5-05 Entry into neighborhood
§ 14-02.5-06 Disability
§ 14-02.5-07 Residential real estate-related transaction
§ 14-02.5-08 Brokerage services
§ 14-02.5-09 Sales and rentals exempted
§ 14-02.5-10 Religious organization, private club, and appraisal exemption
§ 14-02.5-11 Housing for elderly exempted
§ 14-02.5-12 Effect on other law
§ 14-02.5-13 Duties and powers of department
§ 14-02.5-14 Complaints
§ 14-02.5-15 Reports and studies
§ 14-02.5-16 Cooperation with other entities
§ 14-02.5-17 Gifts and grants – Fair housing fund – Continuing appropriation
§ 14-02.5-18 Complaint
§ 14-02.5-19 Answer
§ 14-02.5-20 Investigation
§ 14-02.5-21 Additional or substitute respondent
§ 14-02.5-22 Conciliation
§ 14-02.5-23 Temporary or preliminary relief
§ 14-02.5-24 Investigative report
§ 14-02.5-25 Reasonable cause determination
§ 14-02.5-26 Charge
§ 14-02.5-27 Land use law
§ 14-02.5-28 Dismissal
§ 14-02.5-29 Pending civil trial
§ 14-02.5-30 Election of judicial determination
§ 14-02.5-31 Administrative hearing
§ 14-02.5-32 Administrative penalties
§ 14-02.5-33 Effect of departmental order
§ 14-02.5-34 Licensed or regulated business
§ 14-02.5-35 Order in preceding five years
§ 14-02.5-36 Attorney general action for enforcement
§ 14-02.5-37 Pattern or practice case – Penalties
§ 14-02.5-38 Subpoena enforcement
§ 14-02.5-39 Civil action
§ 14-02.5-40 Court-appointed attorney
§ 14-02.5-41 Relief granted
§ 14-02.5-42 Effect of relief granted
§ 14-02.5-43 Intervention by attorney general
§ 14-02.5-44 Prevailing party
§ 14-02.5-45 Intimidation or interference – Penalty
§ 14-02.5-46 Records exempt

Terms Used In North Dakota Code > Chapter 14-02.5 - Housing Discrimination

  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a chapter or other part of a statute means the next preceding or next following chapter or other part. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Individual: means a human being. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Organization: includes a foreign or domestic association, business trust, corporation, enterprise, estate, joint venture, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, partnership, trust, or any legal or commercial entity. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Person: means an individual, organization, government, political subdivision, or government agency or instrumentality. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Property: includes property, real and personal. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • written: include "typewriting" and "typewritten" and "printing" and "printed" except in the case of signatures and when the words are used by way of contrast to typewriting and printing. See North Dakota Code 1-01-37
  • year: means twelve consecutive months. See North Dakota Code 1-01-33