§ 1-02-01 Rule of construction of code
§ 1-02-02 Words to be understood in their ordinary sense
§ 1-02-03 Language – How construed
§ 1-02-04 Conflict in expression of numbers
§ 1-02-05 Construction of unambiguous statute
§ 1-02-06 Clerical and typographical errors
§ 1-02-06.1 Journal entry rule – Presumption of validity of legislation
§ 1-02-07 Particular controls general
§ 1-02-08 Conflicting provisions found in the same statute
§ 1-02-09 Irreconcilable statutes or constitutional amendments passed during the same session
§ 1-02-09.1 Multiple amendments to the same provision, one without reference to the other
§ 1-02-09.2 Reconciliation of conflicting proposed amendments to the constitution
§ 1-02-10 Code not retroactive unless so declared
§ 1-02-11 Source note not part of statute
§ 1-02-12 Caption, cross-reference note, and source note
§ 1-02-13 Uniform laws interpreted to effect purpose
§ 1-02-14 Majority power
§ 1-02-15 Computation of time
§ 1-02-16 Repeal does not revive act previously repealed
§ 1-02-17 Repeal – Effect
§ 1-02-18 Pending actions or proceedings not affected by code
§ 1-02-19 Effect upon former laws – Repeals
§ 1-02-20 Severability
§ 1-02-21 Office held under provisions repealed by this code to be retained – Exceptions
§ 1-02-22 Effect when office abolished
§ 1-02-23 Limitations – How reckoned
§ 1-02-24 Time for performance of act – How computed
§ 1-02-25 Continuations of existing statutes
§ 1-02-26 Effect of revision upon initiated measures
§ 1-02-27 Conflicts adjusted
§ 1-02-28 Benefit of provisions of law may be waived
§ 1-02-29 Repeal of incorporating law does not dissolve existing corporation or limited liability company
§ 1-02-30 Vested rights protected
§ 1-02-31 Existing boundaries to remain after code takes effect
§ 1-02-32 Existing ordinances and regulations to remain in force after code takes effect
§ 1-02-33 Statutes which shall be deemed subsequent to code
§ 1-02-34 Pendency and transfer of actions and proceedings
§ 1-02-35 Date of taking effect of code
§ 1-02-36 Registered or certified mail
§ 1-02-37 Citations
§ 1-02-38 Intentions in the enactment of statutes
§ 1-02-39 Aids in construction of ambiguous statutes
§ 1-02-40 Statutory references
§ 1-02-41 References to a series
§ 1-02-42 Effective dates of legislation – Rules of construction

Terms Used In North Dakota Code > Chapter 1-02

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Commissioner: means the agriculture commissioner or the designee or authorized representative of the commissioner. See North Dakota Code 4.1-01-01
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Department: means the North Dakota department of agriculture. See North Dakota Code 4.1-01-01
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a chapter or other part of a statute means the next preceding or next following chapter or other part. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Individual: means a human being. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Oath: includes "affirmation". See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Organization: includes a foreign or domestic association, business trust, corporation, enterprise, estate, joint venture, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, partnership, trust, or any legal or commercial entity. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Partnership: includes a limited liability partnership registered under chapter 45-22. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Person: means an individual, organization, government, political subdivision, or government agency or instrumentality. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Property: includes property, real and personal. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Verified: means sworn to before an officer authorized to administer oaths. See North Dakota Code 1-01-42
  • written: include "typewriting" and "typewritten" and "printing" and "printed" except in the case of signatures and when the words are used by way of contrast to typewriting and printing. See North Dakota Code 1-01-37
  • year: means twelve consecutive months. See North Dakota Code 1-01-33