§ 2937.01 Preliminary examination – bail definitions
§ 2937.02 Court to inform defendant of charge and rights
§ 2937.03 Arraignment – explanation of rights
§ 2937.04 Motion to dismiss complaint or affidavit
§ 2937.05 Discharge of defendant – amendment of complaint
§ 2937.06 Pleas – advice as to effects of plea
§ 2937.07 Court action on pleas of guilty and no contest in misdemeanor cases
§ 2937.08 Court action on pleas of not guilty or once in jeopardy in misdemeanor cases
§ 2937.09 Court action on pleas in felony cases
§ 2937.10 Setting preliminary hearing for felony cases
§ 2937.11 Conduct of preliminary hearing
§ 2937.12 Preliminary hearing – presentation of case of accused
§ 2937.13 Finding of presence of substantial credible evidence
§ 2937.14 Entering reason for change in charge on journal of court
§ 2937.15 Transcript of preliminary hearing
§ 2937.16 When witnesses shall be recognized to appear
§ 2937.17 Recognizance for minor
§ 2937.18 Commitment of witness refusing to give recognizance
§ 2937.19 Subpoenas or other process to bring witnesses or documents
§ 2937.21 Continuances
§ 2937.22 Form of bail
§ 2937.221 Deposit of driver’s license as bond
§ 2937.222 Hearing on bail – grounds for denying
§ 2937.23 Bail amount
§ 2937.24 Oath to surety – form of affidavit
§ 2937.25 Lien – form
§ 2937.26 Cancellation of lien – form
§ 2937.27 Duties of county recorder
§ 2937.28 Pledge of real property as bail
§ 2937.281 Recognizance forms
§ 2937.29 Release on own recognizance
§ 2937.30 Recognizance when accused discharged
§ 2937.31 Recognizance or deposit for appearance of accused
§ 2937.32 Detention where bail not granted or sufficient bail not offered
§ 2937.33 Receipt of recognizance
§ 2937.34 Accused unlawfully detained – examining court to be held
§ 2937.35 Forfeiture of bail
§ 2937.36 Forfeiture of bail proceedings
§ 2937.37 Levy on personal property in judgment against surety
§ 2937.38 Forfeiture of bail proceedings – minority no defense
§ 2937.39 Remitting all or part of penalty
§ 2937.40 Discharge and release of bail and sureties
§ 2937.41 Discharge of recognizance
§ 2937.42 Defect in form of recognizance
§ 2937.43 Issuance of warrant upon failure to appear
§ 2937.44 Recognizance forms
§ 2937.45 Commitment forms
§ 2937.46 Uniform rules for practice and procedure in traffic cases
§ 2937.99 Penalty

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 2937

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bond: includes an undertaking. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Oath: includes affirmation, and "swear" includes affirm. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • state: means the state of Ohio. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Undertaking: includes a bond. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Whoever: includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents, and employees; and all officials, public or private. See Ohio Code 1.02