§ 2943.01 Arraignment and plea definitions
§ 2943.02 Arraignment
§ 2943.03 Pleas to indictment
§ 2943.031 Court to advise defendant as to possible deportation, exclusion or denial of naturalization upon guilty or no contest plea
§ 2943.032 Court to advise defendant as to possible extension of prison term
§ 2943.033 Court to advise defendant of possible firearm restrictions
§ 2943.04 Form of plea
§ 2943.05 Form of plea of former conviction
§ 2943.06 Trial of issue on plea of former conviction
§ 2943.07 What is not former acquittal
§ 2943.08 What is former acquittal
§ 2943.09 Conviction or acquittal of a higher offense
§ 2943.10 Proceedings after verdict on plea in bar

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 2943

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59