§ 5-79-1 Definitions
§ 5-79-2 Rescission of foreclosure consultant contract
§ 5-79-3 Contract
§ 5-79-4 Violations
§ 5-79-5 Waiver not allowed
§ 5-79-6 Remedies
§ 5-79-7 Penalty
§ 5-79-8 Provisions severable
§ 5-79-9 Liability

Terms Used In Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 5-79 - Mortgage Foreclosure Consultant Regulation

  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means any agreement, or any term in any agreement, between a foreclosure consultant and an owner for the rendition of any services as defined in subsection (8). See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreclosure consultant: means any person who, directly or indirectly, makes any solicitation, representation, or offer to any owner to perform for compensation or who, for compensation, performs any service that the person in any manner represents will in any manner do any of the following:

    (i) Stop or postpone the foreclosure sale;

    (ii) Obtain any forbearance from any beneficiary or mortgagee;

    (iii) Assist the owner to exercise the right of redemption provided in § 34-23-2;

    (iv) Obtain any extension of the period within which the owner may reinstate the owner's obligation;

    (v) Obtain any waiver of an acceleration clause contained in any promissory note or contract secured by a mortgage on a residence in foreclosure or contained in the mortgage;

    (vi) Assist the owner in foreclosure or loan default to obtain a loan or advance of funds;

    (vii) Avoid or ameliorate the impairment of the owner's credit resulting from the recording of a notice of default or the conduct of a foreclosure sale; or

    (viii) Save the owner's residence from foreclosure. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Foreclosure reconveyance: means a transaction involving:

    (i) The transfer of title to real property by a foreclosed homeowner during a foreclosure proceeding, either by transfer of interest from the foreclosed homeowner or by creation of a mortgage or lien or encumbrance during the foreclosure process that allows the acquirer to obtain title to the property by redeeming the property as a junior lienholder; and

    (ii) The subsequent conveyance, or promise of a subsequent conveyance, of an interest back to the foreclosed homeowner by the acquirer or a person acting in participation with the acquirer that allows the foreclosed homeowner to possess the real property following the completion of the foreclosure proceeding, which interest includes, but is not limited to, an interest in a contract for deed, purchase agreement, option to purchase, or lease. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • in writing: include printing, engraving, lithographing, and photo-lithographing, and all other representations of words in letters of the usual form. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-16
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Owner: means the record owner of the residential real property in foreclosure at the time the notice of pendency was recorded, or the summons and complaint served. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited-liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • real estate: may be construed to include lands, tenements, and hereditaments and rights thereto and interests therein. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-10
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence in foreclosure: means residential real property consisting of one to four (4) family dwelling units, one of which the owner occupies as his or her principal place of residence, and against which there is an outstanding notice of pendency of foreclosure, pursuant to § 34-27-4, or against which a summons and complaint has been served under § 34-27-1. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Service: means and includes, but is not limited to, any of the following activities:

    (i) Debt, budget, or financial counseling of any type;

    (ii) Receiving money for the purpose of distributing it to creditors in payment or partial payment of any obligation secured by a lien on a residence in foreclosure;

    (iii) Contacting creditors on behalf of an owner of a residence in foreclosure;

    (iv) Arranging or attempting to arrange for an extension of the period within which the owner of a residence in foreclosure may cure the owner's default and reinstate his or her obligation pursuant to § 34-23-3;

    (v) Arranging or attempting to arrange for any delay or postponements of the time of sale of the residence in foreclosure;

    (vi) Advising the filing of any document or assisting in any manner in the preparation of any document for filing with any bankruptcy court; or

    (vii) Giving any advice, explanation, or instruction to an owner of a residence in foreclosure, that in any manner relates to the cure of a default in, or the reinstatement of, an obligation secured by a lien of the residence in foreclosure, the full satisfaction of that obligation, or the postponement or avoidance of a sale of a residence in foreclosure, pursuant to a power of sale contained in any mortgage. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-79-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • United States: include the several states and the territories of the United States. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-8