§ 22-1-1 Common-law rule of strict construction abrogated
§ 22-1-2 Definition of terms
§ 22-1-4 Felony and misdemeanor distinguished
§ 22-1-6 Performance of required act by another
§ 22-1-7 Completion of crime involving dispatch of letter
§ 22-1-8 Act not deemed criminal unless prohibited by statute
§ 22-1-9 Official possession of prohibited objects permitted

Terms Used In South Dakota Codified Laws > Title 22 > Chapter 1

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Creditor: except as defined and used in chapters 54-1 and 54-9, everyone to whom is owed the performance of an obligation. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Law enforcement officer: any officer, prosecutor, or employee of the state or any of its political subdivisions or of the United States, or, while on duty, an agent or employee of a railroad or express company or security personnel of an airline or airport, who is responsible for the prevention, detection, or prosecution of crimes, for the enforcement of the criminal or highway traffic laws of the state, or for the supervision of confined persons or those persons on supervised release or probation. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Municipality: any municipality organized as provided in Title 9. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Offense: or "public offense" any crime, petty offense, violation of a city or county ordinance, or act prohibited by state or federal law. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes natural persons, partnerships, associations, cooperative corporations, limited liability companies, and corporations. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Person: any natural person, unborn child, association, limited liability company, corporation, firm, organization, partnership, or society. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Property: includes property, real and personal. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Seal: includes an impression of the seal upon the paper alone, as well as upon wax or a wafer affixed to the paper, and also the word "seal" written or printed on such paper. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • State: the State of South Dakota. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writing: and "written" include typewriting and typewritten, printing and printed, except in the case of signatures, and where the words are used by way of contrast to typewriting and printing. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • written: include typewriting and typewritten, printing and printed, except in the case of signatures, and where the words are used by way of contrast to typewriting and printing. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
  • Year: a calendar year. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2