§ 1-2-101 Designation of code
§ 1-2-102 Preservation of enrolled draft
§ 1-2-103 Effective date of code
§ 1-2-104 Repeal of public and general laws — Conflict with 1955 Acts
§ 1-2-105 Laws not repealed
§ 1-2-106 Special provisions preserved
§ 1-2-107 Effect on statutes of limitations
§ 1-2-108 Effect on criminal offenses
§ 1-2-109 Prosecutions for offenses and penalties
§ 1-2-110 Continuation in effect of existing laws
§ 1-2-111 Actions commenced — Rights accrued
§ 1-2-112 Litigation pending on effective date
§ 1-2-113 Limitations applicable
§ 1-2-114 Reenactment of supplemental and replacement volume material into code

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 1 > Chapter 2 - Enactment of Code

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator of elections: means the chief administrative officer appointed by the county election commission. See Tennessee Code 2-2-101
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Board: means the mayor and the aldermen. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
  • Candidate: means an individual who has made a formal announcement of candidacy or who is qualified under the law of this state to seek nomination for election or elections to public office, or has received contributions or made expenditures except for incidental expenditures to determine if one shall be a candidate, or has given consent for a campaign committee to receive contributions or make expenditures with a view to bringing about the individual's nomination for election or election to state public office. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • City: means any city or territory to be incorporated that may adopt chapters 30-36 of this title. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
  • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Collector: includes any person entrusted with the collection of public revenue. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Commission: means the county election commission unless another intent is clearly shown. See Tennessee Code 2-2-101
  • Committee: as used in this chapter , except when more particularly provided in this chapter, includes:
    • (1) A committee appointed by either the house of representatives or the senate. See Tennessee Code 3-3-101

    • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
    • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    • Contiguous: means having a shared portion of boundary. See Tennessee Code 6-51-401
    • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
    • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    • Contribution: means any advance, conveyance, deposit, distribution, transfer of funds, loan, loan guaranty, payment, gift, or subscription, of money or like thing of value, and any contract, agreement, promise or other obligation, whether or not legally enforceable, made for the purpose of defraying any expenses of a governor or governor-elect's inauguration or the celebration of a governor or governor-elect's inauguration. See Tennessee Code 2-10-402
    • Contribution: means any advance, conveyance, deposit, distribution, transfer of funds, loan, loan guaranty, personal funds of a candidate, payment, digital currency, gift, or subscription of money or like thing of value, and any contract, agreement, promise or other obligation, whether or not legally enforceable, made for the purpose of influencing a measure or nomination for election or the election of any person for public office or for the purpose of defraying any expenses of an officeholder incurred in connection with the performance of the officeholder's duties, responsibilities, or constituent services. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
    • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
    • County: means the county in which any such city or territory to be incorporated under chapters 30-36 of this title is located, or in which the major portion of the population of any such city or territory to be incorporated is located as indicated by the last federal census. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
    • County executive: means and includes "county mayor" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
    • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
    • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
    • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
    • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
    • Devise: To gift property by will.
    • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
    • Election: means any general, special or primary election or run-off election, held to approve or disapprove a measure or nominate or elect a candidate for public office. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
    • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
    • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
    • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
    • Expenditure: means a purchase, payment, distribution, loan, advance, deposit or gift of money or anything of value made for the purpose of influencing a measure or the nomination for election or election of any person to public office. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
    • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
    • filed: means the date actually deposited with or received by the appropriate office or the date of the postmark if postmarked and sent by registered or certified mail of the United States postal service. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
    • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
    • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
    • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
    • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
    • Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
    • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
    • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
    • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
    • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
    • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
    • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
    • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
    • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
    • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
    • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
    • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
    • Local public office: means any state, county, municipal, school or other district or precinct office or position, including general sessions and juvenile court judges, that is filled by the voters, with the exception that "local public office" does not include any state public office as defined in subdivision (13)(B). See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
    • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
    • Multicandidate political campaign committee: means a political campaign committee to support or oppose two (2) or more candidates for public office or two (2) or more measures. See Tennessee Code 2-10-402
    • Multicandidate political campaign committee: means a political campaign committee to support or oppose two (2) or more candidates for public office or two (2) or more measures. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • municipalities: means any incorporated city or cities, or town or towns, and does not include any utility district, sanitary district, school district, or other public service district, whether organized under public or private acts. See Tennessee Code 6-51-101
    • municipalities: refers to incorporated cities and towns in this state. See Tennessee Code 6-51-401
    • Notice: means publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality at least seven (7) days in advance of a hearing. See Tennessee Code 6-51-101
    • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
    • Officer: means the mayor, aldermen, city attorney and city judge. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
    • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
    • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Person: means an individual, limited liability company, partnership, limited liability partnership, committee, association, labor organization or any other organization or group of persons, but does not mean a corporation or the executive officers or other representatives of a corporation. See Tennessee Code 2-10-402
    • Person: means an individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, labor organization or any other organization or group of persons. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
    • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
    • Political campaign committee: means :

      • (A) Any corporation or any other organization making expenditures, except as provided in subdivision (4), to support or oppose a measure. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102

      • Precinct-based optical scanner: means an optical ballot scanner that is located in the precinct and into which optical scan voter-verified paper ballots, marked either by hand by the voter or with the assistance of a device, are inserted to count the voter verified paper ballot. See Tennessee Code 2-20-101
      • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
      • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
      • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
      • Public office: means any state public office or local public office filled by the voters. See Tennessee Code 2-10-102
      • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
      • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
      • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
      • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
      • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Select or special committee: means any committee, or subcommittee thereof, of the general assembly appointed by:

        • (A) Either the house of representatives or by the senate. See Tennessee Code 3-4-104

        • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • smaller: refer to population and not area. See Tennessee Code 6-51-101
        • Standing committee: means any standing committee, or subcommittee thereof, of the general assembly created by the rules of proceedings of the house of representatives or the senate. See Tennessee Code 3-4-104
        • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
        • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
        • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
        • Subscription: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Testify: Answer questions in court.
        • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
        • This charter: refers to chapters 30-36 of this title. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
        • Top race: means the presidential race, if the presidential race is on the ballot, or the governor's race, if the governor's race is on the ballot. See Tennessee Code 2-20-101
        • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
        • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
        • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
        • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
        • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
        • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
        • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
        • Ward: means a geographical subdivision of the municipality established for the purpose of securing representation on the board. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
        • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
        • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
        • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105