Part 1 Nonsupport 39-15-101 – 39-15-104
Part 2 Abortion 39-15-201 – 39-15-213
Part 3 Bigamy and Incest 39-15-301 – 39-15-302
Part 4 Children 39-15-401 – 39-15-414
Part 5 Elderly and Vulnerable Adults 39-15-501 – 39-15-513

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 39 > Chapter 15

  • Abandonment: means the knowing desertion or forsaking of an elderly or vulnerable adult by a caregiver under circumstances in which there is a reasonable likelihood that physical harm could occur. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
  • Abuse: means the infliction of physical harm. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501 v2
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adult protective services: means the division of adult protective services of the department of human services. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: as used in this chapter , includes the articles of conversion of a converted corporation. See Tennessee Code 65-29-117
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Benefit: means anything reasonably regarded as economic gain, enhancement or advantage, including benefit to any other person in whose welfare the beneficiary is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
  • Blasting: means the use of an explosive device for the excavation of earth, rock, or other material or the demolition of a structure. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
  • Board: means the underground utility damage enforcement board, created by §. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
  • Bodily injury: includes a cut, abrasion, bruise, burn or disfigurement, and physical pain or temporary illness or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
  • Bonds: means bonds or interim certificates issued pending preparation or delivery of definitive bonds of a local government issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
  • Calendar day: means a twenty-four (24) hour period beginning with the date and time that a notification to excavate or demolish is to begin, including Monday through Sunday and all holidays. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
  • carrier: includes any person, firm, corporation, company, association or partnership owning, operating or managing a business of providing radio services to the public on a for-hire basis and under such circumstances as would require a license by the federal communications commission as a miscellaneous common carrier in the domestic public land mobile radio service. See Tennessee Code 65-30-103
  • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Coercion: means a threat, however communicated, to:

    • (A) Commit any offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

    • Commission: means the Tennessee public utility commission. See Tennessee Code 65-30-103
    • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
    • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
    • Damage: includes the substantial weakening of structural or lateral support of an underground utility, penetration or destruction of any protective coating, housing or other protective device of an underground utility, the partial or complete severance of an underground utility and rendering any underground utility inaccessible. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
    • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
    • Deadly weapon: means :

      • (A) A firearm or anything manifestly designed, made or adapted for the purpose of inflicting death or serious bodily injury. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

      • Deception: means that a person knowingly:

        • (i) Creates or reinforces a false impression by words or conduct, including false impressions of fact, law, value or intention or other state of mind that the person does not believe to be true. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

        • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
        • Defendant: means a person accused of an offense under this title and includes any person who aids or abets the commission of such offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
        • demolition: means any operation by which a structure or mass of material is wrecked, razed, rendered, moved or removed by means of any tools, equipment, or discharge of explosives. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
        • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
        • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
        • Deprive: means to:

          • (A) Withhold property from the owner permanently or for such a period of time as to substantially diminish the value or enjoyment of the property to the owner. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

          • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
          • Effective consent: means assent in fact, whether express or apparent, including assent by one legally authorized to act for another. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
          • Elderly adult: means a person seventy (70) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
          • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
          • Excavator: means any person who engages in activities described in subdivisions (A) and (B) in the definition of "excavate" contained in this section. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
          • Executive committee: means the executive committee created by §. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
          • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
          • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
          • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
          • Financial exploitation: means :

            • (A) The use of deception, intimidation, undue influence, force, or threat of force to obtain or exert unauthorized control over an elderly or vulnerable adult's property with the intent to deprive the elderly or vulnerable adult of property. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501

            • Force: means compulsion by the use of physical power or violence and shall be broadly construed to accomplish the purposes of this title. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Fraud: means as used in normal parlance and includes, but is not limited to, deceit, trickery, misrepresentation and subterfuge, and shall be broadly construed to accomplish the purposes of this title. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
            • Governing body: means the legislative body of any local government of this state or any other authority charged with the governing of the affairs of any local government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
            • Government: means the state or any political subdivision of the state, and includes any branch or agency of the state, a county, municipality or other political subdivision. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
            • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
            • Harm: means anything reasonably regarded as loss, disadvantage or injury, including harm to another person in whose welfare the person affected is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
            • Impending emergency: means circumstances potentially dangerous to life, health, property, the environment or the repair or restoration of service, which would likely develop into an emergency, as defined in §. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
            • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
            • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
            • Intentional: means that a person acts intentionally with respect to the nature of the conduct or to a result of the conduct when it is the person's conscious objective or desire to engage in the conduct or cause the result. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
            • Knowing: means that a person acts knowingly with respect to the conduct or to circumstances surrounding the conduct when the person is aware of the nature of the conduct or that the circumstances exist. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            • Law: means any act or statute, general, special or local, of this state, including, but not limited to, any local government charter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
            • Law enforcement officer: means an officer, employee or agent of government who has a duty imposed by law to:

              • (A) Maintain public order. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

              • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
              • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
              • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
              • Local government: means any county, municipality or metropolitan government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
              • Location: means the proposed area for which digging or excavating is scheduled within three (3) to ten (10) working days, such area not to exceed two thousand feet (2,000?) in length unless an excavator and an operator or an operator's designated representative, such as a one-call service, agree to a larger area. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
              • Mechanized equipment: means equipment operated by means of mechanical power including trenchers, bulldozers, power shovels, augers, backhoes, scrapers, drills, cable and pipe plows and other equipment used for plowing-in or pulling-in cable or pipe. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
              • Member: means each incorporator of a cooperative and each person admitted to and retaining membership in the cooperative, and includes a husband and wife admitted to joint membership. See Tennessee Code 65-29-103
              • Minor: means any person under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
              • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
              • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
              • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
              • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
              • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
              • Neglect: means :

                • (i) The failure of a caregiver to provide the care, supervision, or services necessary to maintain the physical health of an elderly or vulnerable adult, including, but not limited to, the provision of food, water, clothing, medicine, shelter, medical services, a medical treatment plan prescribed by a healthcare professional, basic hygiene, or supervision that a reasonable person would consider essential for the weIl-being of an elderly or vulnerable adult. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501

                • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                • Notes: means notes or interim certificates issued pending preparation or delivery of definitive notes of a local government issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                • Obligations: means bonds, notes and any other evidence of indebtedness lawfully issued or assumed by a local government. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                • Obtain: includes , but is not limited to, the taking, carrying away or the sale, conveyance or transfer of title to or interest in or possession of property, and includes, but is not limited to, conduct known as larceny, larceny by trick, larceny by conversion, embezzlement, extortion or obtaining property by false pretenses. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                • One-Call Service: means a telephone notification service described in §. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                • Operator: means any person who owns or operates a utility. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                • Owner: means a person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any interest other than a mortgage, deed of trust or security interest in property, even though that possession or interest is unlawful and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                • Person: includes the singular and the plural and means and includes any individual, firm, partnership, copartnership, association, corporation, governmental subdivision or agency, or other organization or other legal entity, or any agent or servant thereof. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                • Person: includes any natural person, firm, association, corporation, business trust, partnership, federal agency, state or political subdivision or agency thereof, or any body politic. See Tennessee Code 65-29-103
                • Person: means any individual. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Physical harm: means physical pain or injury, regardless of gravity or duration. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                • Property: means anything of value, including, but not limited to, money, real estate, tangible or intangible personal property, including anything severed from land, library material, contract rights, choses-in-action, interests in or claims to wealth, credit, admission or transportation tickets, captured or domestic animals, food and drink, electric or other power. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                • Proposed area of excavation: means a general surface location which excavators are to furnish to operators of underground utilities or to a one-call service as defined in §. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                • Public works project: includes any one (1) or any combination of the following: abattoirs, acquisitions of land for the purpose of providing or preserving open land, airports, alleys, ambulances, auditoriums, bridges, city and town halls, local government stables or garages, community houses, corrective, detention and penal facilities, including, but not limited to, jails, workhouses and reformatories, courthouses, culverts, curbs, dispensaries, drainage systems, including storm water sewers and drains, electric plants and systems, expositions, facilities for the handicapped, including physically and mentally handicapped, facilities for the indigent, fairgrounds and fairground facilities, fire department equipment and buildings, fire alarm systems, flood control, garbage collection and disposal systems, gas and natural gas systems and storage facilities, heat plants and systems, harbor and riverfront improvements, health centers and clinics, including medical and mental health centers and clinics, highways, major roads, highway and street equipment, hospitals, hotels and supporting or incidental facilities built by local governments which are built adjacent to and as a supporting facility of civic or convention centers located in municipalities which have created a central business improvement district under the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, compiled in title 7, chapter 84, improvements made pursuant to a plan of improvement for a central business improvement district created pursuant to the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, law enforcement and emergency services equipment, levees, libraries, markets, memorials, museums, nursing homes, parks, parking facilities, parkways, playgrounds, plazas, port facilities, docks and dock facilities, including any terminal storage and transportation facilities incident thereto, public art, public buildings, preserves, railroads, including the extension of railroads, and railway beltlines and switches, reclamation of land, recreation centers and facilities, reservoirs, rights-of-way, river and navigation improvements, roads, sanitariums, schools, transportation equipment for schools, sewers, sewage and waste water systems, including, but not limited to, collection, drainage, treatment and disposal systems, ship canals, sidewalks, stadiums, streets, swimming pools, thermal transfer generating plants and/or distribution systems, tunnels, viaducts, voting machines, water treatment distribution and storage systems, wharves and zoos. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                • Radio common carrier system: means any facility within this state which is operated to perform for hire the service of radio communications to members of the public who subscribe to such service. See Tennessee Code 65-30-103
                • Reckless: means that a person acts recklessly with respect to circumstances surrounding the conduct or the result of the conduct when the person is aware of, but consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the circumstances exist or the result will occur. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Relative: means a spouse. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                • Revenues: means all fees, rents, tolls, rates, rentals, interest earnings, or other charges received or receivable by the local government from any public works project or enterprise then existing or thereafter to be constructed, including any revenues derived or to be derived by a local government from a lease, agreement or contract with any other local government, local government instrumentality, the state, or a state or federal agency for the use of or in connection with a public works project or enterprise, or all other charges to be levied and collected in connection with and all other income and receipts of whatever kind or character derived by the local government from the operation of any public works project or enterprise or arising from any public works project or enterprise. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                • Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Savings and loan association: includes a building and loan association, a federal or state savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, and any other financial institution, the accounts of which are insured by the federal savings and loan insurance corporation (FSLIC) or any successor of such corporation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Serious bodily injury: means bodily injury that involves:

                  • (A) A substantial risk of death. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106

                  • Serious psychological injury: means any mental harm that would normally require extended medical treatment, including hospitalization or institutionalization, or mental harm involving any degree of prolonged incapacity. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501 v2
                  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                  • Services: includes labor, skill, professional service, transportation, telephone, mail, gas, electricity, steam, water, cable television, entertainment subscription service or other public services, accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admissions to exhibitions, use of vehicles or other movable property, and any other activity or product considered in the ordinary course of business to be a service, regardless of whether it is listed in this subdivision (a)(37) or a specific statute exists covering the same or similar conduct. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                  • Sexual exploitation: includes , but is not limited to, fondling. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501 v2
                  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
                  • Taxable property: means all property subject to ad valorem taxation within the local government, or any portion of the local government, if applicable. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                  • Telephone service: means any communication service whereby communication through the electric or electronic transmission of impulses by or through any media such as wireless technology, wires, cables, microwaves, radio waves, light waves or any combination of such media or any other future transmission technology which may become available to improve communication services, is the principal intended use thereof, and includes all telephone lines, facilities or systems used in the rendition of such service. See Tennessee Code 65-29-103
                  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                  • Vulnerable adult: means a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who, because of intellectual disability or physical dysfunction, is unable to fully manage the person's own resources, carry out all or a portion of the activities of daily living, or fully protect against neglect, exploitation, or hazardous or abusive situations without assistance from others. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                  • Willful noncompliance: means the intentional refusal or failure to perform, or comply with, a duty created or imposed by this chapter or by rules promulgated pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                  • Working day: means every day, except Saturday, Sunday, and national and legal state holidays. See Tennessee Code 65-31-102
                  • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105