Part 1 Nonsupport 39-15-101 – 39-15-104
Part 2 Abortion 39-15-201 – 39-15-218
Part 3 Bigamy and Incest 39-15-301 – 39-15-302
Part 4 Children 39-15-401 – 39-15-414
Part 5 Elderly and Vulnerable Adults 39-15-501 – 39-15-513

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 39 > Chapter 15 - Offenses Against the Family

  • Abandonment: means the knowing desertion or forsaking of an elderly or vulnerable adult by a caregiver under circumstances in which there is a reasonable likelihood that physical harm could occur. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
  • Abuse: means the infliction of physical harm. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adult protective services: means the division of adult protective services of the department of human services. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Age of majority: means eighteen (18) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Athletic injury: means any injury sustained by a person as a result of such person's participation in exercises, sports, games, or recreation requiring physical strength, agility, flexibility, range of motion, speed, or stamina, or comparable athletic injury that prevents such person from participating in such activities. See Tennessee Code 63-24-101
  • Athletic trainer: means a person with specific qualifications as set forth in this chapter, who, upon the advice, consent and oral or written prescriptions or referrals of a physician licensed under this title, carries out the practice of prevention, recognition, evaluation, management, disposition, treatment, or rehabilitation of athletic injuries, and, in carrying out these functions the athletic trainer is authorized to use physical modalities, such as heat, light, sound, cold, electricity, or mechanical devices related to prevention, recognition, evaluation, management, disposition, rehabilitation, and treatment. See Tennessee Code 63-24-101
  • Benefit: means anything reasonably regarded as economic gain, enhancement or advantage, including benefit to any other person in whose welfare the beneficiary is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
  • Board: means the board of athletic trainers. See Tennessee Code 63-24-101
  • Board: means the board of dietitian/nutritionist examiners. See Tennessee Code 63-25-103
  • Bodily injury: includes a cut, abrasion, bruise, burn or disfigurement, and physical pain or temporary illness or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
  • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Coercion: means a threat, however communicated, to:
    1. Commit any offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
    2. Commissioner: means the commissioner of health and includes designees of the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
    3. Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    4. Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
    5. Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
    6. Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
    7. Deadly weapon: means :
      1. A firearm or anything manifestly designed, made or adapted for the purpose of inflicting death or serious bodily injury. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
      2. Deception: means that a person knowingly:
        1. Creates or reinforces a false impression by words or conduct, including false impressions of fact, law, value or intention or other state of mind that the person does not believe to be true. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
        2. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
        3. Defendant: means a person accused of an offense under this title and includes any person who aids or abets the commission of such offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
        4. Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-25-103
        5. Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
        6. Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
        7. Deprive: means to:
          1. Withhold property from the owner permanently or for such a period of time as to substantially diminish the value or enjoyment of the property to the owner. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
          2. Division: means the division of health related boards within the department. See Tennessee Code 63-25-103
          3. Effective consent: means assent in fact, whether express or apparent, including assent by one legally authorized to act for another. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
          4. Elderly adult: means a person seventy (70) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
          5. Electrologist: means any person practicing electrolysis for the permanent removal of hair. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
          6. Electrology: means the art and practice relating to the removal of hair from the normal skin of the human body by application of an electric current to the hair papilla by means of a needle or needles so as to cause growth inactivity of the hair papilla and thus permanently remove the hair. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
          7. Electrology instructor: means an electrologist who is licensed by the commissioner to practice and teach electrology. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
          8. Electrolysis: means the process by which the hair is removed from the normal skin by the application of an electric current to the hair root by means of a needle or needles, whether the process employs direct electric current or short wave alternating electric current or combination of both, or by FDA approved laser beam process designated for permanent hair removal. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
          9. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          10. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
          11. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
          12. Financial exploitation: means :
            1. The use of deception, intimidation, undue influence, force, or threat of force to obtain or exert unauthorized control over an elderly or vulnerable adult's property with the intent to deprive the elderly or vulnerable adult of property. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
            2. Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
            3. Force: means compulsion by the use of physical power or violence and shall be broadly construed to accomplish the purposes of this title. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            4. Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
            5. Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
            6. Government: means the state or any political subdivision of the state, and includes any branch or agency of the state, a county, municipality or other political subdivision. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            7. Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
            8. Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
            9. Harm: means anything reasonably regarded as loss, disadvantage or injury, including harm to another person in whose welfare the person affected is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            10. Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
            11. Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
            12. Intentional: means that a person acts intentionally with respect to the nature of the conduct or to a result of the conduct when it is the person's conscious objective or desire to engage in the conduct or cause the result. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            13. Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
            14. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
            15. Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
            16. Knowing: means that a person acts knowingly with respect to the conduct or to circumstances surrounding the conduct when the person is aware of the nature of the conduct or that the circumstances exist. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            17. Law enforcement officer: means an officer, employee or agent of government who has a duty imposed by law to:
              1. Maintain public order. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
              2. Minor: means any person under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
              3. Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
              4. Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              5. Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
              6. Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
              7. National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
              8. Neglect: means :
                1. The failure of a caregiver to provide the care, supervision, or services necessary to maintain the physical health of an elderly or vulnerable adult, including, but not limited to, the provision of food, water, clothing, medicine, shelter, medical services, a medical treatment plan prescribed by a healthcare professional, basic hygiene, or supervision that a reasonable person would consider essential for the weIl-being of an elderly or vulnerable adult. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                2. Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                3. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                4. Obtain: includes , but is not limited to, the taking, carrying away or the sale, conveyance or transfer of title to or interest in or possession of property, and includes, but is not limited to, conduct known as larceny, larceny by trick, larceny by conversion, embezzlement, extortion or obtaining property by false pretenses. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                5. Owner: means a person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any interest other than a mortgage, deed of trust or security interest in property, even though that possession or interest is unlawful and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                6. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                7. Person: includes the singular and the plural and means and includes any individual, firm, partnership, copartnership, association, corporation, governmental subdivision or agency, or other organization or other legal entity, or any agent or servant thereof. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                8. Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                9. Physical harm: means physical pain or injury, regardless of gravity or duration. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                10. Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                11. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                12. Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                13. Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                14. Property: means anything of value, including, but not limited to, money, real estate, tangible or intangible personal property, including anything severed from land, library material, contract rights, choses-in-action, interests in or claims to wealth, credit, admission or transportation tickets, captured or domestic animals, food and drink, electric or other power. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                15. Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                16. Reckless: means that a person acts recklessly with respect to circumstances surrounding the conduct or the result of the conduct when the person is aware of, but consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the circumstances exist or the result will occur. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                17. Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                18. Relative: means a spouse. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                19. Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                20. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                21. Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                22. Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                23. Savings and loan association: includes a building and loan association, a federal or state savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, and any other financial institution, the accounts of which are insured by the federal savings and loan insurance corporation (FSLIC) or any successor of such corporation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                24. School: means an electrology school teaching the art of electrology. See Tennessee Code 63-26-102
                25. Serious bodily injury: means bodily injury that involves:
                  1. A substantial risk of death. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                  2. Serious psychological injury: means any mental harm that would normally require extended medical treatment, including hospitalization or institutionalization, or mental harm involving any degree of prolonged incapacity. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                  3. Services: includes labor, skill, professional service, transportation, telephone, mail, gas, electricity, steam, water, cable television, entertainment subscription service or other public services, accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admissions to exhibitions, use of vehicles or other movable property, and any other activity or product considered in the ordinary course of business to be a service, regardless of whether it is listed in this subdivision (a)(37) or a specific statute exists covering the same or similar conduct. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                  4. Sexual exploitation: includes , but is not limited to, fondling. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                  5. signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  6. Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                  7. Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                  8. Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
                  9. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                  10. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                  11. User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
                  12. Vulnerable adult: means a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who, because of intellectual disability or physical dysfunction, is unable to fully manage the person's own resources, carry out all or a portion of the activities of daily living, or fully protect against neglect, exploitation, or hazardous or abusive situations without assistance from others. See Tennessee Code 39-15-501
                  13. written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105