Part 1 State Historian and Historical Commission 4-11-101 – 4-11-113
Part 2 Tennessee Register of Historic Places 4-11-201 – 4-11-209
Part 3 Tennessee Wars Commission 4-11-301 – 4-11-306
Part 4 Great War Commission [Effective Until November 11, 2018.] 4-11-401 – 4-11-405

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 11

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agriculture: means :

    • (i) The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105

    • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
    • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
    • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
    • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
    • Approved laboratory: means a publicly or privately operated laboratory approved by the department according to its rules, governing the approval and licensing of laboratories for the purposes of this part. See Tennessee Code 68-5-601
    • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
    • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
    • Attorney general: means the attorney general and reporter and any assistant thereto by whatever name known, any district attorney general and any assistant thereto by whatever name called, and any officer or full-time employee of the general assembly or any committee thereof established by statute, who is duly licensed to practice law in Tennessee, whose duty it is to provide facilities for drafting bills or to assist individual legislators in drafting bills or who renders legal advice and services to the members of the general assembly or committees thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Authority: means a port authority created pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
    • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
    • Base tax revenues: means the revenues generated from the collection of state and local sales and use taxes from all businesses within the applicable tourism development zone as of the end of the fiscal year of the state of Tennessee immediately prior to the year in which the municipality or public authority is entitled to receive an allocation of tax revenue pursuant to this chapter, adjusted annually after the first year by a percentage equal to the percentage of change in the collection of state and local sales and use taxes derived from the sale of goods, products and services for the entire county in which the public use facility is located for the preceding fiscal year. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
    • Beneficially impacted area: means the geographic area within which it is reasonably anticipated and projected that state and local sales and use taxes will increase as a result of the construction and operation of the qualified public use facility by an amount in excess of the increases in the collection of state and local sales and use tax revenues reasonably projected to occur within that area without regard to the construction of the public use facility. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
    • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
    • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
    • Birth defects: means those abnormalities of body structure or function present at birth that adversely affect the intellectual capacity, health or abilities of affected individuals. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
    • board: means the board provided for in part 3 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Board: means the board of commissioners of an authority. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
    • board of directors: means the governing body of the authority. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
    • Bonds: means bonds or interim certificates issued pending preparation or delivery of definitive bonds of a local government issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    • Business: means every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity, and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets, whether or not carried on for profit. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Cancer: means and includes, but is not limited to:

      • (A) A large group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002

      • Certificate of birth resulting in stillbirth: means a certificate issued to record the birth of a stillborn child. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
      • Certified child death pathologist: means a pathologist who is board certified or board eligible in forensic pathology, and who has received training in, and agrees to follow, the autopsy protocol, policies and guidelines for child death investigation, as prescribed by the chief medical examiner for the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1101
      • Chambers: A judge's office.
      • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
      • Chief medical examiner: means the individual appointed pursuant to title 38, chapter 7. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1101
      • Class: when used with reference to membership interests, means a category of membership interests that differs in one (1) or more rights or preferences from another category of membership interests of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Collector: includes any person entrusted with the collection of public revenue. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Commissioner: means any person in office as a member of the public service commission, as prescribed by title 65, chapter 1, prior to June 30, 1996. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health or the commissioner's designated representative. See Tennessee Code 68-1-801
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1802
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2202
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2302
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health or the commissioner's designee. See Tennessee Code 68-5-601
      • Commissioner: means the commissioner of health or a designated representative. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
      • Committee: means the perinatal advisory committee. See Tennessee Code 68-1-801
      • Committee: means the genetics advisory committee. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
      • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
      • Communication: means the making or submitting of a statement or document in any form or medium, including oral, written, audiovisual, or electronic. See Tennessee Code 20-17-103
      • Community grant: means federal funds made available to the state of Tennessee for administration and distribution pursuant to any of the following programs:

        • (A) The maternal and child health block grant program. See Tennessee Code 8-4-402

        • Community grant agency: means any private corporation that contracts with a state agency to receive one (1) or more community grants in consideration for rendering specified services to the public. See Tennessee Code 8-4-402
        • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
        • Construction: means building, reconstruction, erection, replacement, extension, repairing, betterment, equipment, development, embellishment, improvement, acquisition by gift, lease, purchase or the exercise of the right of eminent domain, or any one (1) or more or all of the foregoing, including the acquisition of land and of rights in land, and including acquisition of all of the outstanding capital stock of any corporation whose assets consist entirely of one (1) or more public works projects which together constitute a waterworks, sewer system, natural gas system, electric system, or any combination thereof, including, but not limited to, a water, sewer, natural gas and/or electric distribution system, or any combination thereof, serving a local government and assets related to the operation thereof and whose liabilities consist entirely of those related to the ownership and operation thereof. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
        • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
        • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
        • convention center authority: means any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
        • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
        • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
        • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
        • County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Course of conduct: means a pattern of conduct composed of a series of acts over a period of time, however short, evidencing a continuity of purpose, including following or stalking an employee to or from the employee's place of work, entering the workplace of an employee, following an employee during hours of employment, telephone calls to an employee, and correspondence with an employee, including, but not limited to, the use of the public or private mails, interoffice mail, facsimile or computer e-mail. See Tennessee Code 20-14-101
        • Credible threat of violence: means a knowing and willful statement or course of conduct that would cause a reasonable person to believe that the person is under threat of death or serious bodily injury and that is intended to, and that actually causes, a person to believe that the person is under threat of death or serious bodily injury. See Tennessee Code 20-14-101
        • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
        • Dead body: means a human body from the condition of which it reasonably may be concluded that death occurred. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
        • Decedent: A deceased person.
        • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
        • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
        • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Dental school: means an educational facility created and operated as part of a program that grants the degree of doctor of dental surgery or doctor of dental medicine to the graduates of such educational facility. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-801
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1302
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1802
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2202
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2302
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-3-602
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-3-702
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-5-601
        • Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
        • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
        • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
        • Devise: To gift property by will.
        • Director: means an individual who is vested with authority as a director under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
        • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the charter or bylaws or elected or appointed by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons elected or appointed to act as members of the board, irrespective of the names or titles by which such persons are described. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
        • disabled: means the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve (12) months. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
        • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
        • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
        • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
        • Document: means :

          • (A) Any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

          • domestic: means a professional LLC that is formed under this chapter, an LLC for which professional LLC status has been elected under this part or, where expressly indicated, a professional LLC that is formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, or an LLC that is formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act for which professional LLC status has been elected under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
          • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
          • Down syndrome: means a chromosomal condition caused by an error in cell division that results in the presence of an extra whole or partial copy of chromosome 21. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1302
          • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Employer: means any person or entity that employs one (1) or more employees and shall include the state and its political subdivisions and instrumentalities. See Tennessee Code 20-14-101
          • Enterprise: means any one (1) of or combination of two (2) or more public works projects, undertakings or projects which the local government is or may hereafter be authorized to construct and from which the local government has heretofore derived or may hereafter derive revenues, and such enterprise includes all improvements, betterments, extensions and replacements thereto, and all appurtenances, facilities, lands, rights in land, water rights, franchises and structures in connection therewith or incidental thereto. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
          • Entity: means , whether foreign or domestic and whether for profit or not-for-profit, limited liability companies, corporations, unincorporated associations, real estate investment trusts, statutory or business trusts or associations, estates, general partnerships, limited partnerships, registered or unregistered limited liability partnerships, limited liability limited partnerships or similar organizations, trusts, joint ventures, two (2) or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, and local, municipal, state, United States and foreign governments. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
          • Entity: means any nonprofit, not-for-profit, or for-profit corporation, religious or charitable organization, institution of higher education, visiting nurse association, existing visiting nurse program, local health department, county department of social services, political subdivision of the state, or other governmental agency or any combination thereof. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
          • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
          • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
          • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
          • Executive officer: means the mayor, county mayor, or other chief executive of a municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
          • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • Exercise of the right of free speech: means a communication made in connection with a matter of public concern or religious expression that falls within the protection of the United States Constitution or the Tennessee Constitution. See Tennessee Code 20-17-103
          • Facility: means a health care facility in which diagnosis or treatment services are provided to patients with cancer, including, but not limited to, an ambulatory surgical treatment center (ASTC), a freestanding cancer treatment center, a radiation therapy center, a chemotherapy treatment center, a nursing home, an oncology or dermatology clinic, a laboratory, or any other facility that provides screening, detection, diagnostic or therapeutic services to patients with cancer. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
          • Federal agency: includes the United States, the president of the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or corporation of the United States, which has heretofore been or may hereafter be designated, created or authorized by or pursuant to any act or acts or joint resolutions of the congress of the United States, to make loans or grants, or which may be owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the United States. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
          • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
          • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
          • Fetal death: means death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of human conception. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
          • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
          • File: means to present a vital record provided for in this chapter for registration by the office of vital records. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
          • Final disposition: means the burial, interment, cremation, removal from the state or other authorized disposition of a dead body or fetus. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
          • Financial rights: means a member's or holder's rights to:

            • (A) Share in profits and losses, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102

            • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
            • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
            • foreign: means a foreign LLC that is formed under a law other than the law of this state for the purpose of rendering professional services under a law other than the law of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
            • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
            • Forms: means the forms that are authorized, prepared and distributed by the department to carry out this part. See Tennessee Code 68-5-601
            • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
            • Genetic and metabolic screening: means search through systematic testing of the population at risk for metabolic or genetic conditions, to enable early dietary or medical treatment and counseling so as to ameliorate or avoid adverse consequences of those disorders. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
            • Genetic disorders: means those conditions caused by an alteration or abnormality in the genetic material (DNA) which may adversely affect the health and functional abilities of affected individuals. See Tennessee Code 68-5-501
            • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
            • Governing body: means the body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality are vested. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
            • Governing body: means the body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality are vested. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
            • Governing body: means the body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality are vested, and in the case of counties means the legislative body of any county. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
            • Governing body: means the legislative body of any local government of this state or any other authority charged with the governing of the affairs of any local government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
            • Graduate medical education: means the period of didactic and clinical education in a medical specialty or subspecialty which follows the completion of a recognized undergraduate medical education and which prepares physicians for the independent practice of medicine in that specialty or subspecialty, also referred to as residency education. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
            • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
            • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
            • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
            • Health care and services facility: means a health care entity or facility identified pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
            • Health care practitioner: means a physician, surgeon, or other health care professional licensed under title 63 who is engaged in diagnosing and treating patients who have cancer. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
            • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
            • Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
            • holder: means a person, other than a member, owning any financial rights in an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
            • Hospital: means an institution as defined by §. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
            • Hotel: means any structure, or any portion of any structure, that is occupied or intended or designed for occupancy by transients for dwelling, lodging or sleeping purposes, and includes any hotel, inn, tourist court, tourist camp, tourist cabin, motel or any place in which rooms, lodgings or accommodations are furnished to transients for a consideration. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
            • Hotline: means a method or system created or established to accept any telephonic or electronic form of communication that is communicated to the office of the comptroller of the treasury, for the purposes of providing governmental employees and citizens of Tennessee a means to report or provide information relating to alleged fraud, abuse, or wrongdoing. See Tennessee Code 8-4-402
            • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
            • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
            • In-service: means a member who has not retired, has not been refunded and is within one hundred fifty (150) days of such member's last paid day of employment. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
            • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
            • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
            • Induced termination of pregnancy: means the intentional termination of pregnancy with the intention other than to produce a live-born infant or to remove a dead fetus. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
            • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
            • Institution: means any establishment, public or private, that provides inpatient or outpatient medical, surgical or diagnostic care or treatment or nursing, custodial or domiciliary care, or to which persons are committed by law. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
            • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

              • (A) The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

              • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
              • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
              • Joint venture: means a partnership or any other type of business relationship or organization, such as a corporation, trust, partnership, public-private partnership, limited liability company, association, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality that is sponsored, owned, operated, or governed by two (2) or more entities. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
              • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
              • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
              • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
              • Laboratory: means a facility where tests are performed identifying anatomical and cytological changes, and where specimens are interpreted and pathological diagnoses are made. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1002
              • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Law: includes rules promulgated in accordance with §§. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
              • Law: means any act or statute, general, special or local, of this state, including, but not limited to, any local government charter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
              • Law business: means the advising or counseling for valuable consideration of any person as to any secular law, the drawing or the procuring of or assisting in the drawing for valuable consideration of any paper, document or instrument affecting or relating to secular rights, the doing of any act for valuable consideration in a representative capacity, obtaining or tending to secure for any person any property or property rights whatsoever, or the soliciting of clients directly or indirectly to provide such services. See Tennessee Code 23-3-101
              • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
              • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
              • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
              • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
              • Legal action: means a claim, cause of action, petition, cross-claim, or counterclaim or any request for legal or equitable relief initiated against a private party. See Tennessee Code 20-17-103
              • Lessee: means a private nonprofit or public educational institution, which provides a medical education program. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
              • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
              • Licensing authority: means the officer, board, agency, court or other authority in this state empowered to license or otherwise authorize the rendition of a professional service. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
              • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
              • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
              • Live birth: means the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of human conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, that, after expulsion or extraction, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
              • LLC: means a limited liability company, organized under chapters 201-248 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Loan agreement: means an agreement providing for an authority to loan the proceeds derived from the issuance of revenue bonds pursuant to this chapter to one (1) or more contracting parties to be used to pay the cost of one (1) or more projects and providing for the repayment of the loan by the other contracting party or parties. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
              • Local agency: means any county, municipality, branch or agency of a county or municipality, public utility, utility district, entity created pursuant to any interlocal agreement, or any other political subdivision thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-4-402
              • Local government: means any county, municipality or metropolitan government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
              • Local government instrumentality: means any authority created by law on behalf of a county, metropolitan government, municipality or any combination thereof. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
              • Low-income: means an annual income that does not exceed two hundred percent (200%) of the federal poverty level. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
              • Manager: means a person who is vested with authority as a manager under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
              • maternal mortality: means a:

                • (A) Pregnancy-associated death. See Tennessee Code 68-3-602

                • Matter of public concern: includes an issue related to:

                  • (A) Health or safety. See Tennessee Code 20-17-103

                  • Medical education program: means a program of study that is a biomedical research program, dental program, nursing program, medical program, including graduate medical education, or allied health program. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                  • Medical school: means an educational facility created and operated as part of a program that grants the degree of doctor of medicine to the graduates of such educational facility or provides graduate medical education. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                  • medical school authority: means any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                  • medical service: as used in this part , are intended to describe and define care or services rendered an individual for the relief of some disease or abnormality, and are intended to be distinguished from the services customarily rendered by health departments. See Tennessee Code 68-1-904
                  • Member: means any person included in the membership of the retirement system, as provided in chapter 35, part 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Member: means a person that has been admitted to an LLC as a member, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Metropolitan government: means the political entity created by consolidation of all, or substantially all, of the political and corporate functions of a county and a city or cities. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
                  • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Minorities: include , but are not limited to, African American, Hispanic, Asian American, American Indian, Alaskan Native, Middle Eastern American and the underserved regardless of age, race, economics, gender, language or geographic location. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2202
                  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                  • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                  • Municipality: means any county or incorporated city or town in this state with respect to which an authority may be organized. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
                  • Municipality: means any incorporated city or county located in the state of Tennessee, including a county with a metropolitan form of government. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                  • Municipality: means any county, metropolitan government or incorporated city or town in this state with respect to which an authority may be organized. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                  • Municipality: means any county, metropolitan government or incorporated city or town in this state located in a county having a population of not less than ninety-one thousand eight hundred (91,800), according to the 2000 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                  • Municipality: means any incorporated city or any incorporated town of this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                  • Notes: means notes or interim certificates issued pending preparation or delivery of definitive notes of a local government issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                  • Nurse: means a person licensed as a professional nurse pursuant to title 63, chapter 7. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
                  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                  • Obligations: means bonds, notes and any other evidence of indebtedness lawfully issued or assumed by a local government. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                  • Occupancy: means the use or possession, or the right to the use or possession, of any room, lodgings or accommodations in a hotel for a period of less than thirty (30) continuous days. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • Office: means the office of women's health designated by this part. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1802
                  • Office: means the office of minority health designated by this part. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2202
                  • Office: means the office of child nutrition and wellness in the department, which is created in §. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2302
                  • Officer: means an individual, who is vested with authority as an officer under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Operator: means the person operating the hotel, whether as owner, lessee or otherwise. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • other contracting party: means any party, including a municipality, to a sale contract, lease agreement or loan agreement, other than the authority. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
                  • Part-time employee: includes any interim teacher who is employed on a temporary basis to teach for a regular teacher who is on unpaid leave. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                  • Perinatal: means the period from time of conception through the first year of life of the infant and sixty (60) days post partum for the mother. See Tennessee Code 68-1-801
                  • Period: as used in this part and parts 5-8 of this chapter, includes in each instance any number of portions of time not exceeding in the aggregate the length of time included in such period. See Tennessee Code 9-21-405
                  • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Person: means an individual or an entity. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Person: means a natural person, individual, governmental agency, partnership, corporation, trust, estate, incorporated or unincorporated association, and any other legal or commercial entity however organized. See Tennessee Code 23-3-101
                  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
                  • Physician: means a person licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
                  • PLLC: has the meaning set forth in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Port: means and includes any one (1) or more harbors or ports and related facilities, including, but not limited to, land and interests in land, wharves, piers, loading and unloading machinery, scales, transportation equipment, harbor and riverfront or lake front improvements, buildings, storage and transfer facilities, elevators, railroads, switchyards, concentration yards, roads, bridges, communication, electric power, gas, water and all other utility facilities and such other structures, facilities and improvements necessary or convenient to the development of harbors and river ports and for the promotion either directly or indirectly of trade, industry, and commerce. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
                  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                  • Practice of law: means the appearance as an advocate in a representative capacity or the drawing of papers, pleadings or documents or the performance of any act in such capacity in connection with proceedings pending or prospective before any court, commissioner, referee or any body, board, committee or commission constituted by law or having authority to settle controversies, or the soliciting of clients directly or indirectly to provide such services. See Tennessee Code 23-3-101
                  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
                  • Pregnancy-associated death: means the death of a woman while pregnant or within one (1) year of the end of her pregnancy, irrespective of the cause of death and regardless of the duration or site of the pregnancy. See Tennessee Code 68-3-602
                  • Pregnancy-related death: means the death of a woman while pregnant or within one (1) year of the end of her pregnancy, regardless of the duration or site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes. See Tennessee Code 68-3-602
                  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
                  • Prior service: means service rendered prior to the date of membership in the retirement system for which credit was given under the terms of one (1) or more of the superseded systems as provided in part 6 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
                  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                  • Probate: Proving a will
                  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
                  • Proceeding: means any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, and whether formal or informal. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Professional service: means a service that may be lawfully rendered only by a person licensed or otherwise authorized by a licensing authority in this state to render the service. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
                  • Program: means the nurse home visitor program established in this part. See Tennessee Code 68-1-2403
                  • Project: means any land, improvement, structure, building or part of a building comprised of facilities for conventions, public assemblies, conferences, trade exhibitions or other business, social, cultural, scientific and public interest events, along with any associated hotel accommodations. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                  • Project: means any facilities or group of facilities to be used for a medical school, dental school, biomedical research, graduate medical education, nursing degree programs, or allied health profession degree programs. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                  • Public authority: means any agency, authority or instrumentality created or authorized by any municipality or by two (2) or more municipalities acting jointly, including, but not limited to, any public building authority organized pursuant to the Public Building Authorities Act of 1971, compiled in title 12, chapter 10 or an industrial development corporation organized pursuant to chapter 53 of this title. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
                  • Public entity: means any branch or agency of a county, municipality, public utility, utility district, entity created pursuant to any interlocal agreement, or any other political subdivision thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-4-502
                  • Public health council: means the council established in §. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                  • Public official: means a person elected or appointed to any office of a public entity. See Tennessee Code 8-4-502
                  • Public works project: includes any one (1) or any combination of the following: abattoirs, acquisitions of land for the purpose of providing or preserving open land, airports, alleys, ambulances, auditoriums, bridges, city and town halls, local government stables or garages, community houses, corrective, detention and penal facilities, including, but not limited to, jails, workhouses and reformatories, courthouses, culverts, curbs, dispensaries, drainage systems, including storm water sewers and drains, electric plants and systems, expositions, facilities for the handicapped, including physically and mentally handicapped, facilities for the indigent, fairgrounds and fairground facilities, fire department equipment and buildings, fire alarm systems, flood control, garbage collection and disposal systems, gas and natural gas systems and storage facilities, heat plants and systems, harbor and riverfront improvements, health centers and clinics, including medical and mental health centers and clinics, highways, major roads, highway and street equipment, hospitals, hotels and supporting or incidental facilities built by local governments which are built adjacent to and as a supporting facility of civic or convention centers located in municipalities which have created a central business improvement district under the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, compiled in title 7, chapter 84, improvements made pursuant to a plan of improvement for a central business improvement district created pursuant to the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, law enforcement and emergency services equipment, levees, libraries, markets, memorials, museums, nursing homes, parks, parking facilities, parkways, playgrounds, plazas, port facilities, docks and dock facilities, including any terminal storage and transportation facilities incident thereto, public art, public buildings, preserves, railroads, including the extension of railroads, and railway beltlines and switches, reclamation of land, recreation centers and facilities, reservoirs, rights-of-way, river and navigation improvements, roads, sanitariums, schools, transportation equipment for schools, sewers, sewage and waste water systems, including, but not limited to, collection, drainage, treatment and disposal systems, ship canals, sidewalks, stadiums, streets, swimming pools, thermal transfer generating plants and/or distribution systems, tunnels, viaducts, voting machines, water treatment distribution and storage systems, wharves and zoos. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                  • Qualified associated development: means parks, plazas, recreational facilities, schools, sidewalks, access ways, roads, drives, bridges, ramps, landscaping, signage and other public improvements constructed or renovated by the municipality or the public building authority in connection with the public use facility and related infrastructure and utility improvements for public or private peripheral development included in a master development plan for the tourism development zone and that is constructed, renovated or installed by the municipality or the public authority. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                  • Qualified public use facility: includes :

                    • (i) Any building, complex, center, facility or any two (2) or more adjacent buildings, complexes, centers or facilities containing at least two hundred fifty thousand square feet (250,000 sq. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103

                    • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                    • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Reasonable amount of time: means any amount of time that is reasonable under the particular circumstances, but shall not under any circumstances exceed five (5) working days. See Tennessee Code 8-4-502
                    • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
                    • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
                    • Registration: means the acceptance by the office of vital records and the incorporation of vital records provided for in this chapter into its official records. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                    • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                    • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                    • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
                    • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                    • Retirement: means withdrawal from membership with a retirement allowance granted under chapters 34-37 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                    • Retirement system: means the Tennessee consolidated retirement system as defined in §§. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                    • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued pursuant to this chapter, or pursuant to any other law, as supplemented by, or in conjunction with, this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
                    • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued pursuant to this chapter, or pursuant to any other law, as supplemented by, or in conjunction with, this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                    • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued pursuant to this chapter, or pursuant to any other law, as supplemented by, or in conjunction with, this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                    • Revenues: means all fees, rents, tolls, rates, rentals, interest earnings, or other charges received or receivable by the local government from any public works project or enterprise then existing or thereafter to be constructed, including any revenues derived or to be derived by a local government from a lease, agreement or contract with any other local government, local government instrumentality, the state, or a state or federal agency for the use of or in connection with a public works project or enterprise, or all other charges to be levied and collected in connection with and all other income and receipts of whatever kind or character derived by the local government from the operation of any public works project or enterprise or arising from any public works project or enterprise. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                    • Sale contract: means a contract providing for the sale of one (1) or more projects to one (1) or more contracting parties and includes a contract providing for payment of the purchase price in one (1) or more installments. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                    • Secondary tourist development zone: means a tourist development zone that at the time of its creation is located more than three (3) miles from the county courthouse. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                    • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the bylaws or the board of directors has delegated responsibility under §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Secretary of state: means the individual who holds the office of secretary of state of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Service: means service as a general employee, a teacher, a state police officer, a wildlife officer, a firefighter, a police officer, a state judge, a county judge, an attorney general, a commissioner or a county official which is paid for by an employer, and also includes service for which a former member of the general assembly is entitled to under former §§ 3-401 and 3-406. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                    • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                    • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                    • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Standard serological test: means a test for syphilis infection or rubella immunity approved by the department and performed by an approved laboratory. See Tennessee Code 68-5-601
                    • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                    • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-87-103
                    • State: means the state of Tennessee and, unless otherwise indicated by the context, any agency, authority, branch, bureau, commission, corporation, department or instrumentality of the state, now or hereafter existing. See Tennessee Code 7-89-103
                    • State: means the state of Tennessee and, unless otherwise indicated by the context, any agency, authority, branch, bureau, commission, corporation, department or instrumentality of the state, now or hereafter existing. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                    • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
                    • State agency: means each state board, commission, committee, department, office, or any other unit of state government. See Tennessee Code 8-4-402
                    • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                    • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
                    • Stillbirth: means an unintended, intrauterine fetal death after a gestational age of not less than twenty (20) completed weeks or with a weight of three hundred fifty (350) grams or more. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                    • Structured lease agreement: means a lease by a municipality of a qualified public use facility within a tourism development zone financed by bonds issued and outstanding in compliance with §. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                    • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                    • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
                    • Sudden infant death syndrome: means the sudden death of an infant under one (1) year of age that remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. See Tennessee Code 68-1-1101
                    • Suicide: means a death caused by self-directed injurious behavior with any intent to die because of the result of the behavior. See Tennessee Code 68-3-702
                    • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
                    • System of vital records: includes the registration, collection, preservation, amendment, and certification of vital records, and the collection of other reports required by this chapter. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                    • Tax collection official: means the department of finance of the county or municipality, as applicable, or the county clerk, if so designated by ordinance of the legislative body of any municipality having a metropolitan form of government and a population of more than four hundred fifty thousand (450,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                    • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
                    • Testify: Answer questions in court.
                    • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                    • THEC: means the Tennessee higher education commission. See Tennessee Code 7-90-103
                    • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                    • Tourism development zone: means an area in a municipality designated by ordinance or resolution of such municipality in which a qualified public use facility is located or planned, that is determined by the department of finance and administration to be a beneficially impacted area in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and that is certified as a tourism development zone by the department. See Tennessee Code 7-88-103
                    • Tourist commission: means a seven-person body established subject to the same local organic law as other boards and commissions established by the charter of the metropolitan government. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                    • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
                    • Transient: means any person who exercises occupancy or is entitled to occupancy for any rooms, lodgings or accommodations in a hotel for a period of less than thirty (30) days. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                    • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                    • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                    • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
                    • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Unlawful conduct: means theft, forgery, credit or debit card fraud, or any other act of unlawful taking, waste, or abuse of, or official misconduct, as defined in §. See Tennessee Code 8-4-502
                    • Unlawful violence: means assault, aggravated assault, stalking, intimidation, or extortion as prohibited by §§ 39-13-101, 39-13-102, 39-17-315, 39-17-309 and 39-14-112. See Tennessee Code 20-14-101
                    • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
                    • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
                    • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                    • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                    • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
                    • Vital records: means certificates or reports of birth, death, marriage, divorce or annulment and other records related thereto. See Tennessee Code 68-3-102
                    • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
                    • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
                    • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105