§ 4-52-101 Establishment
§ 4-52-102 Purpose
§ 4-52-103 Staff, office space and supplies — Travel expenses — Administrative attachment
§ 4-52-104 Contracts and agreements
§ 4-52-105 Partnership with nonprofit public benefit corporation
§ 4-52-106 Authorization to work with local government, private organizations and citizens
§ 4-52-107 Participation by nonprofit partner in retirement system
§ 4-52-108 Participation by nonprofit partner in health insurance plan
§ 4-52-109 Annual report
§ 4-52-110 Audit
§ 4-52-111 Intentional destruction of books for Imagination Library Program prohibited — Delivery to intended recipients

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 52

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Blighted: has the meaning ascribed to that term in title 13, chapters 20 and 21. See Tennessee Code 7-51-1902
  • Clerk: means a clerk of a court of general sessions, the courts of record or any other courts duly established under the laws of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 26-2-201
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the court of general sessions, the courts of record or any other courts duly established under the law of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 26-2-201
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disposable earnings: means that part of the earnings of an individual remaining after the deduction from those earnings of any amounts required by law to be withheld. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Earnings: means the compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise, and includes periodic payments pursuant to a pension or retirement program. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a government other than:

    • (A) The United States. See Tennessee Code 26-6-202

    • foreign judgment: means any judgment, decree, or order of a court of the United States or of any other court which is entitled to full faith and credit in this state. See Tennessee Code 26-6-103
    • Foreign subpoena: means a subpoena issued under authority of a court of record of a foreign jurisdiction. See Tennessee Code 24-9-202
    • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See Tennessee Code 26-6-202
    • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
    • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
    • Garnishment: means any legal or equitable procedure through which the earnings of an individual are required to be withheld for payment of any debt. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
    • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
    • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
    • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
    • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
    • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
    • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
    • Local government: means a municipality, county or county having a metropolitan form of government. See Tennessee Code 7-51-1902
    • Metropolitan government: means the political entity created by consolidation of all, or substantially all, of the political and corporate functions of a county and a city or cities. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
    • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
    • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
    • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
    • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
    • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Tennessee Code 24-9-202
    • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
    • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
    • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
    • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
    • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
    • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
    • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
    • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
    • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
    • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
    • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, federally recognized Indian tribes, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Tennessee Code 24-9-202
    • Subpoena: means a document, however denominated, issued under authority of a court of record requiring a person to:

      • (A) Attend and give testimony at a deposition. See Tennessee Code 24-9-202

      • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
      • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
      • Testify: Answer questions in court.
      • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
      • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
      • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
      • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
      • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
      • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
      • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.