(a) Except as provided by Subsections (b) and (c), a health care worker who is infected with HIV or who is infected with hepatitis B virus and is HBeAg positive may not perform an exposure-prone procedure.
(b)(1) A health care worker who is infected with HIV or who is infected with hepatitis B virus and is HBeAg positive may perform an exposure-prone procedure only if the health care worker has sought counsel from an expert review panel and been advised under what circumstances, if any, the health care worker may continue to perform the exposure-prone procedure.
(2) An expert review panel should include the health care worker’s personal physician and experts with knowledge of infectious diseases, infection control, the epidemiology of HIV and hepatitis B virus, and procedures performed by the health care worker.
(3) All proceedings and communications of the expert review panel are confidential and release of information relating to a health care worker’s HIV status shall comply with Chapter 81.
(4) Health professional associations and health facilities should develop guidelines for expert review panels and identify exposure-prone procedures, as defined by this subchapter.
(c) A health care worker who performs an exposure-prone procedure as provided under Subsection (b) shall notify a prospective patient of the health care worker’s seropositive status and obtain the patient’s consent before the patient undergoes an exposure-prone procedure, unless the patient is unable to consent.
(d) To promote the continued use of the talents, knowledge, and skills of a health care worker whose practice is modified because of the worker’s HIV or hepatitis B virus infection status, the worker should:
(1) be provided opportunities to continue patient care activities, if practicable; and
(2) receive career counseling and job retraining.
(e) A health care worker whose practice is modified because of hepatitis B virus infection may request periodic redeterminations by the expert review panel under Subsection (b) of any change in the worker’s HBeAg status due to resolution of infection or as a result of treatment.
(f) A health care worker who is infected with HIV or who is infected with hepatitis B virus and is HBeAg positive who performs invasive procedures not identified as exposure-prone should not have his or her practice restricted, provided the infected health care worker adheres to the standards for infection control provided in Section 85.203.