Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Assignment agreement: means the agreement, security agreement, indenture, or other documentation by which the county transfers the delinquent tax receivables to the authority in consideration of the amounts paid by the authority under the assignment agreement, as provided in this chapter. See Utah Code 11-32-2
authority: means a nonprofit corporation organized under this chapter by a county on behalf of the participant members within the county as the financing authority for the participant members solely for the purpose of financing the assignment of the delinquent tax receivables of the participant members for which it was created. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Bonds: means any bonds, bond anticipation notes, or other obligations authorized under this title for which the full faith, credit, and resources and ad valorem taxing power of the state have been pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on the bonds. See Utah Code 63B-1-101
Bonds: means any bonds, notes, or other evidence of indebtedness of the financing authority issued under this chapter. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Camper: means a structure designed, used, and maintained primarily to be mounted on or affixed to a motor vehicle that contains a floor and is designed to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, commercial space, or facilities for human habitation or for camping. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Certificate of title: means a document issued by a jurisdiction to establish a record of ownership between an identified owner and the described vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Dealer: means a person engaged or licensed to engage in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging new or used vehicles, vessels, or outboard motors either outright or on conditional sale, bailment, lease, chattel mortgage, or otherwise or who has an established place of business for the sale, lease, trade, or display of vehicles, vessels, or outboard motors. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Delinquent tax receivables: means those ad valorem tangible property taxes levied within any county, for any year, which remain unpaid and owing the participant members within the county, as of January 15 of the following year, plus any interest and penalties accruing or assessed to them. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
Electric motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle that is powered solely by an electric motor drawing current from a rechargeable energy storage system. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Essential parts: means the integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered in this state, the removal, alteration, or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter the vehicle's appearance, model, type, or mode of operation. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
fifth wheel trailer: means a portable vehicle without motive power, designed as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational, or vacation use that does not require a special highway movement permit when drawn by a self-propelled motor vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Governing body: means the council, commission, county legislative body, board of education, board of trustees, or any other governing entity of a public body in which the legislative powers of the public body are vested. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Gross laden weight: means the actual weight of a vehicle or combination of vehicles, equipped for operation, to which shall be added the maximum load to be carried. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Hybrid electric motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle that draws propulsion energy from onboard sources of stored energy that are both:
an internal combustion engine or heat engine using consumable fuel; and
a rechargeable energy storage system where energy for the storage system comes solely from sources onboard the vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Identification number: includes a vehicle identification number, state assigned identification number, hull identification number, and motor serial number. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Implement of husbandry: means a vehicle designed or adapted and used exclusively for an agricultural operation and only incidentally operated or moved upon the highways. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Jurisdiction: means a state, district, province, political subdivision, territory, or possession of the United States or any foreign country. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Manufactured home: means a transportable factory built housing unit constructed on or after June 15, 1976, according to the Federal Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (HUD Code), in one or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 400 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Manufacturer: means a person engaged in the business of constructing, manufacturing, assembling, producing, or importing new or unused vehicles, vessels, or outboard motors for the purpose of sale or trade. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Mine Safety and Health Administration: means the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration within the United States Department of Labor. See Utah Code 40-2-102
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Mobile home: means a transportable factory built housing unit built prior to June 15, 1976, in accordance with a state mobile home code which existed prior to the Federal Manufactured Housing and Safety Standards Act (HUD Code). See Utah Code 41-1a-102
a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident of this state as defined by Section 41-1a-202, and who does not engage in intrastate business within this state and does not operate in that business any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer within this state. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Odometer: means a device for measuring and recording the actual distance a vehicle travels while in operation, but does not include any auxiliary odometer designed to be periodically reset. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Outboard motor: means a detachable self-contained propulsion unit, excluding fuel supply, used to propel a vessel. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Owner: means a person, other than a lienholder, holding title to a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor whether or not the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is subject to a security interest. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Park model recreational vehicle: means a unit that:
is designed and marketed as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use;
is not permanently affixed to real property for use as a permanent dwelling;
requires a special highway movement permit for transit; and
is built on a single chassis mounted on wheels with a gross trailer area not exceeding 400 square feet in the setup mode. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Participant members: means those public bodies, including the county, the governing bodies of which approve the creation of an authority as provided in Section 11-32-3 and on whose behalf the authority acts. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association, trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Pneumatic tire: means a tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Preceding year: means a period of 12 consecutive months fixed by the division that is within 16 months immediately preceding the commencement of the registration or license year in which proportional registration is sought. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Public body: means any city, town, county, school district, special service district, local district, community reinvestment agency, or any other entity entitled to receive ad valorem property taxes, existing under the laws of the state. See Utah Code 11-32-2
Public garage: means a building or other place where vehicles or vessels are kept and stored and where a charge is made for the storage and keeping of vehicles and vessels. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Receipt of surrender of ownership documents: means the receipt of surrender of ownership documents described in Section 41-1a-503. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Reconstructed vehicle: means a vehicle of a type required to be registered in this state that is materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition, or substitution of essential parts, new or used. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Registration: means a document issued by a jurisdiction that allows operation of a vehicle or vessel on the highways or waters of this state for the time period for which the registration is valid and that is evidence of compliance with the registration requirements of the jurisdiction. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Registration year: means a 12 consecutive month period commencing with the completion of the applicable registration criteria. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Repair or replacement: means the restoration of vehicles, vessels, or outboard motors to a sound working condition by substituting any inoperative part of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, or by correcting the inoperative part. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Repairman: means a person who makes, alters, repairs, or performs labor on an aircraft. See Utah Code 38-13-102
Road tractor: means a motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and constructed so it does not carry any load either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load that is drawn. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Security interest: means an interest that is reserved or created by a security agreement to secure the payment or performance of an obligation and that is valid against third parties. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Semitrailer: means a vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that some part of its weight and its load rests or is carried by another vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Special group license plate: means a type of license plate designed for a particular group of people or a license plate authorized and issued by the division in accordance with Section 41-1a-418. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Special interest vehicle: means a vehicle used for general transportation purposes and that is:
20 years or older from the current year; or
a make or model of motor vehicle recognized by the division director as having unique interest or historic value. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Specially constructed vehicle: means a vehicle of a type required to be registered in this state, not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model, or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles, and not materially altered from its original construction. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
State impound yard: means a yard for the storage of a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor that meets the requirements of rules made by the commission pursuant to Subsection 41-1a-1101(5). See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
street: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part of it is open to the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular traffic. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Title: means the right to or ownership of a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Total fleet miles: means the total number of miles operated in all jurisdictions during the preceding year by power units. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Trailer: means a vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Transferee: means a person to whom the ownership of property is conveyed by sale, gift, or any other means except by the creation of a security interest. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Transferor: means a person who transfers the person's ownership in property by sale, gift, or any other means except by creation of a security interest. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Truck tractor: means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not constructed to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load that is drawn. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.