Part 1 Administrative Traffic Checkpoint Act 77-23-101 – 77-23-105
Part 2 Search Warrants 77-23-205 – 77-23-210
Part 3 Warrantless Searches 77-23-301

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 77 > Chapter 23

  • Administrative traffic checkpoint: means a roadblock procedure where enforcement officers stop all, or a designated sequence of, motor vehicles traveling on highways and roads and subject those vehicles to inspection or testing and the drivers or occupants to questioning or the production of documents. See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Command level officer: includes all sheriffs, heads of law enforcement agencies, and all supervisory enforcement officers of sergeant rank or higher. See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • Emergency circumstances: means circumstances where enforcement officers reasonably believe road conditions, weather conditions, or persons present a significant hazard to persons or the property of other persons. See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • Enforcement officer: includes :
    (a) peace officers as defined in Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications;
    (b) correctional officers as defined in Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications;
    (c) special function officers as defined and under the restrictions of Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications; and
    (d) federal officers as defined in Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications. See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Magistrate: includes all judicial officers enumerated in Subsection 77-1-3(4). See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Motor vehicle: includes all vehicles as defined in Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act. See Utah Code 77-23-102
  • Oath: includes "affirmation. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Road: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
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