§ 491 Coat of Arms; Crest; Motto and Badge
§ 492 Design of Coat of Arms
§ 493 State Seal
§ 494 Use of State Seal
§ 495 State Flag
§ 496 State Flags, purchase, distribution
§ 496a Bennington Battle Flag
§ 496b Green Mountain Boys Flag
§ 496c POW-MIA Flag; flying on State flagpoles
§ 496d Flag protocol
§ 496e Honor and Remember Flag
§ 497 State Bird
§ 498 State Flower
§ 499 State Tree
§ 500 State Animal
§ 501 State Fish
§ 502 State Insect
§ 503 State Beverage
§ 504 State Soil
§ 505 State Butterfly
§ 506 State Gem
§ 507 State Rocks
§ 508 State Mineral
§ 509 State Fossils
§ 510 State Flavor
§ 511 State Amphibian
§ 512 State Pie
§ 513 State Fruit
§ 514 State Song
§ 515 State Heritage Livestock Breed
§ 516 State Sports
§ 517 State Fly-Fishing Fly
§ 518 State Latin Motto
§ 519 State Vegetable

Terms Used In Vermont Statutes > Title 1 > Chapter 11

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Agency of Natural Resources. See
  • Agency: means the Agency of Natural Resources. See
  • Agency: means the Agency of Transportation. See
  • Agricultural facility: means land and rights in land, buildings, structures, machinery, and equipment that is used for, or will be used for producing, processing, preparing, packaging, storing, distributing, marketing, or transporting agricultural or forest products that have been primarily produced in this State, and working capital reasonably required to operate an agricultural facility. See
  • Agricultural land: means real estate capable of supporting commercial farming or forestry, or both. See
  • Air contaminant: means dust, fumes, mist, smoke, other particulate matter, vapor, gas, odorous substances, or any combination thereof. See
  • Air pollution: means the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of one or more air contaminants in such quantities, and duration as is or tends to be injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, or would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property. See
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation, articles of merger, and special charters. See
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Vermont Economic Development Authority. See
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • biennially: shall mean the year in which a regular session of the General Assembly is held. See
  • Capacity: means each of the following:

  • Capital Transportation Program: means the multiyear transportation program under 19 V. See
  • Capital transportation project: means :

  • Cash flow: means , on an annual basis, all income, receipts, and revenues of the applicant or borrower from all sources and all expenses of the applicant or borrower, including all debt service and other expenses. See
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Housing and Community Development. See
  • Committee on committees: Committees formed in each party conference and responsible for nominating the party's Senators to committee membership and committee leadership positions. Nominations are subject to approval by the full party conference and to a formal vote of the Senate.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Domestic: when applied to a corporation, company, association, or copartnership shall mean organized under the laws of this State; "foreign" when so applied, shall mean organized under the laws of another state, government, or country. See
  • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this title. See
  • Electronic products and services: means computer-related services and products provided by the Center, including:

  • Emission: means a release into the outdoor atmosphere of air contaminants. See
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; not-for-profit corporation; profit and not-for-profit unincorporated association; business trust, estate, partnership, trust, and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm operation: shall mean the cultivation of land or other uses of land for the production of food, fiber, horticultural, silvicultural, orchard, maple syrup, Christmas trees, forest products, or forest crops; the raising, boarding, and training of equines, and the raising of livestock; or any combination of the foregoing activities. See
  • Farmer: means an individual directly engaged in the management or operation of an agricultural facility or farm operation for whom the agricultural facility or farm operation constitutes two or more of the following:

  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forest products business: means a Vermont enterprise that is primarily engaged in managing, harvesting, trucking, processing, manufacturing, crafting, or distributing products derived from Vermont forests. See
  • gender identity: means an individual's actual or perceived gender identity, or gender-related characteristics intrinsically related to an individual's gender or gender-identity, regardless of the individual's assigned sex at birth. See
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable standards and fair dealing, such that each party shall respond promptly and fairly to offers from the other party. See
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Greenhouse gas: means any chemical or physical substance that is emitted into the air and that the Secretary may reasonably anticipate to cause or contribute to climate change, including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. See
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • holder: as used in this chapter , mean:

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: includes the estate of an individual who is incompetent or deceased. See
  • inhabitants: shall mean the population of the political division referred to, as ascertained by the national census last completed before the time when such population is a material fact. See
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Justice: when applied to a person, other than a Justice of the Supreme Court, shall mean a justice of the peace for the county for which he or she is elected or appointed. See
  • Land use project: means any activity requiring a permit under this chapter or 19 V. See
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Leaseholder: means a resident lawfully occupying a mobile home owned by the park owner or the owner of a mobile home sited on a mobile home lot in a mobile home park regardless of whether the leaseholder has actual possession of a written lease. See
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: shall mean cattle, sheep, goats, equines, fallow deer, red deer, reindeer, American bison, swine, poultry, pheasant, chukar partridge, coturnix quail, ferrets, camelids and ratites, cultured trout propagated by commercial trout farms, and bees. See
  • Loan: means an operating loan or farm ownership loan, including a financing lease, provided that such lease transfers the ownership of the leased property to each lessee following the payment of all required lease payments as specified in each lease agreement. See
  • Lot rent: means a charge assessed on a mobile home park resident for the occupancy of a mobile home lot, but does not include charges permitted under section 6238 of this title. See
  • Magistrate: shall mean any Supreme Court Justice, Superior judge, District judge, or Probate judge. See
  • Media: means the physical material on which written, printed, or electronically encoded information is stored. See
  • Meeting: means any structured communications conducted by participants in person or through the use of electronic or telecommunications medium permitting simultaneous or sequentially structured communications for the purpose of reaching a collective agreement. See
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mobile home: means :

  • Mobile home park: means any parcel of land under single or common ownership or control which contains, or is designed, laid out, or adapted to accommodate, more than two mobile homes. See
  • Month: shall mean a calendar month and "year" shall mean a calendar year and be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Municipality: means a city, town, incorporated village, or unorganized town or gore. See
  • Oath: shall include affirmation where by law an affirmation may be substituted. See
  • Official business directional sign: means a sign erected and maintained by the State to indicate to the travelling public the route and the distance to public accommodations, commercial services for the travelling public, and points of scenic, historic, cultural, educational, and religious interest. See
  • On-premises sign: means an accessory sign that directs attention to a business, profession, commodity, service, or entertainment carried on, sold, or offered on the same premises. See
  • Operating loan: means a loan to purchase livestock, farm or forestry equipment, or fixtures to pay annual operating expenses of a farm operation or agricultural facility, to pay loan closing costs, and to refinance indebtedness incurred for farm ownership or operating loan purposes, or both. See
  • Outdoor advertising: means a sign that advertises, calls attention, or directs a person to a business, association, profession, commodity, product, institution, service, entertainment, person, place, thing, or activity of any kind whatsoever, and is visible from a highway or other public right-of-way. See
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the person or persons who own a sign. See
  • Ozone-depleting chemical: means manufactured substances that are known or reasonably may be anticipated to cause or contribute to depletion of ozone in the earth's stratosphere. See
  • park owner: means the owners, operators, officers, or managing agents of a mobile home park as well as any person acting through any corporate or other device who has the practical authority to establish rules, policies, or other requirements for the operation of the mobile home park. See
  • Pass-by trips: means traffic that is present on a roadway adjacent to a land use project for reasons other than accessing the project and that enters the project. See
  • Person: includes individual and entity. See
  • Person: shall mean an individual, partnership, corporation, association, unincorporated organization, trust, or any other legal or commercial entity, including a joint venture or affiliated ownership. See
  • Personal estate: shall include all property other than real estate. See
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See
  • Program: means the Vermont Agricultural Credit Program established by this chapter. See
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Psychiatric disability: means an impairment of thought, mood, perception, orientation, or memory that limits one or more major life activities but does not include intellectual disability. See
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate: shall include lands, tenements, and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein, and pews or slips in places of public worship shall be treated as real estate. See
  • Reasonably available control technology: means devices, systems, process modifications, or other apparatus or techniques designed to prevent or control emissions that are reasonably available, taking into account the social, environmental, and economic impact of such controls, and alternative means of emission control. See
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • resident: means an individual, individuals, or family who occupies a mobile home on a permanent or temporary basis in a mobile home park as that term is defined in subdivision (2) of this section. See
  • Resident: means a person who is or will be domiciled in this State as evidenced by an intent to maintain a principal dwelling place in the State indefinitely and to return there if temporarily absent, coupled with an act or acts consistent with that intent, including the filing of a Vermont income tax return within 18 months of the application for a loan under this chapter. See
  • Residential directional sign: means an off-premises sign erected and maintained by an individual to indicate the location of his or her residence. See
  • said: when used by way of reference to a person or thing shall apply to the same person or thing last mentioned. See
  • Schedule of compliance: means a schedule of remedial measures, including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations, leading to timely compliance with applicable requirements related to the control of air contaminant emissions or the prevention or control of air pollution. See
  • seal: shall include an impression of the official seal made upon paper alone or by means of a wafer or wax affixed thereto. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Natural Resources or the Secretary's duly authorized representative. See
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under subsection 8. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation or designee. See
  • sexual orientation: means female or male homosexuality, heterosexuality, or bisexuality. See
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or upon presentation for registration are entitled to be registered in the records of a corporation. See
  • sign: is a ny structure, display, device, or representation, either temporary or permanent, portable or ground-mounted, that is designed or used to advertise or call attention to any thing, person, business, activity, or place and is visible from any highway or other right-of-way. See
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • sworn: shall include affirmed. See
  • TDM: means measures that reduce vehicle trips or redistribute vehicle trips to non-peak times or other areas. See
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TID: means a discrete geographic area that includes and will benefit from one or more capital transportation projects included in the Capital Transportation Program and for which the Agency has established a transportation impact fee under this subchapter. See
  • Trails: means land used for hiking, walking, bicycling, cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, all-terrain vehicle riding, horseback riding, and other similar activities. See
  • Trails and Greenways Council: means the Vermont Trails and Greenways Council, Inc. See
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation impact fee: means a fee that is assessed to a land use project as a condition of a permit issued under this chapter or a State highway access permit under 19 V. See
  • Travel information: means the various communication media and methods available to collect and distribute information to the traveling public. See
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Vehicle trips: means the number of trips by motorized conveyance generated by a proposed land use project measured at a specific place and for a specific duration. See
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • VGIS: means the Vermont Geographic Information System developed pursuant to the comprehensive strategy developed by the Center as required by section 122 of this title. See
  • Village: shall mean an incorporated village. See
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.