Sections
Chapter 3 Highway Systems 33.2-300 – 33.2-374
Chapter 4 Limited Access Highways, Scenic Highways and Virginia Byways, and Highways over Dams 33.2-400 – 33.2-414
Chapter 5 High-Occupancy Vehicle Lanes and High-Occupancy Toll Lanes 33.2-500 – 33.2-505
Chapter 6 Ferries and Toll Facilities 33.2-600 – 33.2-616
Chapter 7 Local Authority over Highways 33.2-700 – 33.2-723
Chapter 8 Offenses Concerning Highways 33.2-800 – 33.2-804
Chapter 9 Abandonment and Discontinuance of Highways and Roads 33.2-900 – 33.2-934
Chapter 10 Eminent Domain 33.2-1000 – 33.2-1034
Chapter 11 Highway Construction Contracts and Suits; Highway Contractors’ Association 33.2-1100 – 33.2-1112
Chapter 12 Outdoor Advertising in Sight of Public Highways 33.2-1200 – 33.2-1234
Chapter 14 Virginia-North Carolina Interstate High-Speed Rail Compact 33.2-1400

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 33.2 > Subtitle II - Modes of Transportation: Highways, Bridges, Ferries, Rail, and Public Transportation

  • Abandonment: means that the public's right to use a public highway, public landing, or public crossing has been extinguished. See Virginia Code 33.2-900
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Account: means a contract of deposit of funds between a depositor and a financial institution, and includes a checking account, savings account, certificate of deposit, share account, and other similar arrangements. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Acknowledgment: means a notarial act in which an individual at a single time and place (i) appears in person before the notary and presents a document; (ii) is personally known to the notary or identified by the notary through satisfactory evidence of identity; and (iii) indicates to the notary that the signature on the document was voluntarily affixed by the individual for the purposes stated within the document and, if applicable, that the individual had due authority to sign in a particular representative capacity. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Acquisition of a branch: means the acquisition of a branch located in a host state, without acquiring the bank of such branch. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Act: means this chapter, the Land Bank Entities Act (§ 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjusted gross revenue: means gross revenue minus:

    1. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030

  • Administrative records: shall mean all other court papers and records not otherwise defined. See Virginia Code 16.1-69.53
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Advertisement: includes any part of an advertisement recognizable as such. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Advertising structure: means any rigid or semirigid material, with or without any advertisement displayed thereon, situated upon or attached to real property outdoors, primarily or principally for the purpose of furnishing a background or base or support upon which an advertisement may be posted or displayed. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: has the meaning assigned to it in 12 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Affirmation: means a notarial act, or part thereof, that is legally equivalent to an oath and in which an individual at a single time and place (i) appears in person before the notary and presents a document; (ii) is personally known to the notary or identified by the notary through satisfactory evidence of identity; and (iii) makes a vow of truthfulness or fidelity on penalty of perjury. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: means being an individual who is at least 40 years of age. See Virginia Code 15.2-1500.1
  • Agent: means a person who is a licensed bail bondsman who has been given power of attorney to act on the behalf of a licensed property bail bondsman. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • Agricultural activity: means any activity used in the production of food and fiber, including farming, feedlots, grazing livestock, poultry raising, dairy farming, and aquaculture activities. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amateur sports: includes domestic, international, and Olympic sports or athletic events. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annual report: means the report required to be filed by a guardian pursuant to § 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • armory: shall include training or logistical support facilities, such as, but not limited to, maintenance facilities, training areas, facilities at the State Military Reservation, Virginia Beach, Virginia, and the Fort Pickett Maneuver Training Center. See Virginia Code 44-123.1
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asset management: means a systematic process of operating and maintaining the systems of state highways by combining engineering practices and analysis with sound business practices and economic theory to achieve cost-effective outcomes. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the BVU Authority created by entity conversion of Bristol Virginia Utilities by this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Authority: means any political subdivision, a body politic and corporate, created, organized, and operated pursuant to the provisions of the Act. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bail bondsman: means any person who is licensed by the Department who engages in the business of bail bonding and is thereby authorized to conduct business in all courts of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • Bail recovery: means an act whereby a person arrests a bailee with the object of surrendering the bailee to the appropriate court, jail, or police department, for the purpose of discharging the bailee's surety from liability on his bond. See Virginia Code 9.1-186
  • Bailee: means the person who by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other document acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Bailee: means a person who has been released on bail, and who is or has been subject to a bond, as defined in § 19. See Virginia Code 9.1-186
  • Bank: has the meaning assigned to it in 12 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Bank: means any national bank, any bank organized under Chapter 8 (§ 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Bank: means a corporation authorized by statute to accept deposits and to hold itself out to the public as engaged in the banking business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Bank holding company: has the meaning assigned to it in 12 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Bank holding company: means any corporation (i) that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds with power to vote, 25 percent or more of the voting shares of one or more banks or of a corporation that is or becomes a bank holding company by virtue of this definition, (ii) that controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of one or more banks, or (iii) for the benefit of whose shareholders or members 25 percent or more of the voting shares of one or more banks or bank holding companies is held by trustees. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: means a person named in a trust account as one for whom a party to the account is named as trustee. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • bill in equity: shall mean a complaint in a civil action, as provided in the Rules of Supreme Court of Virginia;

    11. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Billboard sign: means any sign, advertisement, or advertising structure as defined in this section owned by a person, firm, or corporation in the business of outdoor advertising. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Board: means the Soil and Water Conservation Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Board: means the Criminal Justice Services Board. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Board: means the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • board: means the board of directors of an authority or a corporation. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Board: means the Commonwealth Transportation Board. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Board: means the Criminal Justice Services Board. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Board: means the Virginia Lottery Board established by this chapter. See Virginia Code 58.1-4002
  • Board: means the Virginia Lottery Board established in the Virginia Lottery Law (§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Board of Directors: means the governing body of the Authority. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Body-worn camera system: means the same as that term is defined in § 15. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, debentures, bond acceptance notes, or other evidence of financial indebtedness either issued or assumed by the Authority pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Bristol Virginia Utilities Board: means the Board of Directors of Bristol Virginia Utilities governing that entity until the Authority Board takes office on July 1, 2010. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Business of outdoor advertising: means the erection, use, or maintenance of advertising structures or the posting or display of outdoor advertisements by any person who receives profit gained from rentals or any other compensation from any other person for the use or maintenance of such advertising structures or the posting or display of such advertisements, except reasonable compensation for materials and labor used or furnished in the actual erection of advertising structures or the actual posting of advertisements. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Cardholder: means the person or organization named on the face of a credit card to whom or for whose benefit the credit card was issued by an issuer. See Virginia Code 6.2-424
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Case records: shall mean all documents, dockets and indices. See Virginia Code 16.1-69.53
  • Casino gaming establishment: means the premises, including the entire property located at the address of the licensed casino, upon which lawful casino gaming is authorized and licensed as provided in this chapter. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Casino gaming operator: means any person issued a license by the Board to operate a casino gaming establishment. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Center: means the business registration and permitting center established by this section and located in and under the administrative control of the Department. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Centerline of the highway: means a line equidistant from the edges of the median separating the main traveled ways of a divided highway or the centerline of the main traveled way of a nondivided highway. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Centralized fleet: means those passenger-type vehicles assigned to the Department of General Services and available for use by state agencies. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Centralized fleet: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • certificate: means the part of, or attachment to, a notarized document that is completed by the notary public, bears the notary public's signature, title, commission expiration date, notary registration number, and other required information concerning the date and place of the notarization and states the facts attested to or certified by the notary public in a particular notarization. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Certificate: includes a certificate of deposit and a certificate of take. See Virginia Code 33.2-1000
  • Certificate of deposit: means a certificate issued by the Commissioner of Highways and countersigned by the State Treasurer, stating that any sum or sums designated therein shall be paid pursuant to the order of the court, and filed by the Commissioner of Highways with the court wherein condemnation proceedings are pending or are to be instituted in lieu of the payment of funds into court, as provided in subdivision A 2 of § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1000
  • Certificate of take: means a certificate recorded by the Commissioner of Highways with the court wherein condemnation proceedings are pending or are to be instituted, in connection with which the Commissioner of Highways has deposited funds with the court as provided in subdivision A 1 of § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1000
  • Certification: means the process by which (i) a business is determined to be a small, women-owned, or minority-owned business or (ii) an employment services organization, for the purpose of reporting small, women-owned, and minority-owned business and employment services organization participation in state contracts and purchases pursuant to §§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • City: means the City of Bristol, Virginia. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • City: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-208. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • City Council: means the City Council of the City of Bristol, Virginia. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Code: means the Statewide Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Code provisions: means the provisions of the Fire Prevention Code as adopted and promulgated by the Board, and the amendments thereof as adopted and promulgated from time to time by such Board. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • College sports: means an athletic event (i) in which at least one participant is a team from a public or private institution of higher education, regardless of where such institution is located, and (ii) that does not include a team from a Virginia public or private institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Commercial activities: means activities in which a bank holding company, a financial holding company, a national bank, or a national bank financial subsidiary may not engage under federal law. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Commission: means the Virginia State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commissioner of Highways: means the individual who serves as the chief executive officer of the Department of Transportation. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Commonwealth: means the Commonwealth of Virginia. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Communicable disease of public health threat: means an illness of public health significance, as determined by the State Health Commissioner in accordance with regulations of the Board of Health, caused by a specific or suspected infectious agent that may be reasonably expected or is known to be readily transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another and has been found to create a risk of death or significant injury or impairment; this definition shall not, however, be construed to include human immunodeficiency viruses or tuberculosis, unless used as a bioterrorism weapon. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Community care team: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • commuter buses: means vehicles providing a scheduled transportation service to the general public. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • Compensation: means any amount paid in addition to reimbursement for expenses. See Virginia Code 2.2-2813
  • Complaint: means an allegation made by any person to the Commissioner that an owner's or operator's agricultural activity is creating or, if not changed, will create pollution and that states the location and nature of such agricultural activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Comprehensive application: means a document incorporating pertinent data from existing applications for permits covered under this section. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Comprehensive crisis system: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • Comprehensive permit: means the single document designed for public display issued by the Business Permitting Center that certifies state agency permit approval and that incorporates the endorsements for individual permits included in the comprehensive permitting program. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Conservator: includes (i) a local or regional program designated by the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services as a public conservator pursuant to Article 6 (§ 51. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Consignee: means the person named in a bill to whom or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Consignor: means the person named in a bill as the person from whom the goods have been received for shipment. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract rental: means a contract for the use of motor vehicles by employees for official state business within the confines of their normal work locations. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Coordinator: means the Coordinator of the Department of Emergency Management. See Virginia Code 44-146.34
  • Corporation: means any nonprofit, nonstock corporation created under Chapter 10 of Title 13. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Council: means the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: means any existing county or such unit hereafter created. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Court records: shall include case records, financial records and administrative records as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 16.1-69.53
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Credential analysis: means a process or service that independently affirms the veracity of a government-issued identity credential by reviewing public or proprietary data sources and meets the standards of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Credible witness: means an honest, reliable, and impartial person who personally knows an individual appearing before a notary and takes an oath or affirmation from the notary to confirm that individual's identity. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Credit card: means any instrument or device, whether known as a credit card, credit plate, or by any other name, issued with or without fee by an issuer for the use of the cardholder in obtaining money, goods, services, or any other thing of value. See Virginia Code 6.2-424
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit union: means any credit union organized under Chapter 13 (§ 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Criminal history record information: means records and data collected by criminal justice agencies on adult individuals consisting of identifiable descriptions and notations of arrests, detentions, indictments, informations, or other formal charges, and any disposition arising therefrom. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • De novo branch: means a branch of a bank located in a host state which (i) is originally established by the bank as a branch and (ii) does not become a branch of the bank as a result of the acquisition of another bank or a branch of another bank, or the merger, consolidation, or conversion of any such bank or branch. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouseman, carrier or other person who in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Department: means the independent agency responsible for the administration of the Virginia Lottery created in the Virginia Lottery Law (§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Department: means the Department of Small Business and Supplier Diversity or any division of the Department to which the Director has delegated or assigned duties and responsibilities. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Department: means the Department of Criminal Justice Services. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • Department: means the Department of Emergency Management. See Virginia Code 44-146.31
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Department: means the Department of Emergency Management. See Virginia Code 44-146.34
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Department: means the Department of Criminal Justice Services. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Department: means the independent agency responsible for the administration of the Virginia Lottery pursuant to this article and sports betting pursuant to Article 2 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4002
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Developmental services: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of the Virginia Lottery. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of General Services. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Director: means the Director of the Virginia Lottery. See Virginia Code 58.1-4002
  • Disaster: means (i) any man-made disaster, including any condition following an attack by any enemy or foreign nation upon the United States resulting in substantial damage of property or injury to persons in the United States including by use of bombs, missiles, shell fire, or nuclear, radiological, chemical, or biological means or other weapons or by overt paramilitary actions; terrorism, foreign and domestic; cyber incidents; and any industrial, nuclear, or transportation accident, explosion, conflagration, power failure, resources shortage, or other condition such as sabotage, oil spills, and other injurious environmental contaminations that threaten or cause damage to property, human suffering, hardship, or loss of life and (ii) any natural disaster, including any hurricane, tornado, storm, flood, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, earthquake, drought, fire, communicable disease of public health threat, or other natural catastrophe resulting in damage, hardship, suffering, or possible loss of life. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Discharge: means spillage, leakage, pumping, pouring, seepage, emitting, dumping, emptying, injecting, escaping, leaching, fire, explosion, or other releases. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Discontinuance: means that the Board has determined that a highway, landing, or crossing no longer serves the public convenience warranting its maintenance at public expense; it divests the Department from maintenance responsibilities. See Virginia Code 33.2-900
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means document of title as defined in the general definitions in Title 8. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Document: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form, including a record as defined in the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (§ 59. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Documents: shall mean all motions for judgment, bills of complaint, answers, bills of particulars, other pleadings, interrogatories, motions in writing, warrants, summonses, petitions, proof of service, witness summonses and subpoenas, documents received in evidence, transcripts, orders, judgments, writs, and any other similar case-related records and papers in the possession of the district courts and filed with the pleadings in the case. See Virginia Code 16.1-69.53
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Electronic document: means information that is created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic notarial certificate: means the portion of a notarized electronic document that is completed by the notary public, bears the notary public's signature, title, commission expiration date, and other required information concerning the date and place of the electronic notarization, and states the facts attested to or certified by the notary public in a particular notarization. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • electronic notarization: means an official act by a notary under § 47. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • electronic notary: means a notary public who has been commissioned by the Secretary of the Commonwealth with the capability of performing electronic notarial acts under § 47. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • electronic seal: means information within a notarized electronic document that confirms the notary's name, jurisdiction, and commission expiration date and generally corresponds to data in notary seals used on paper documents. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Electronic signature: means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with an electronic document and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the document. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Eligible host city: means any city described in § 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Emergency: means any occurrence, or threat thereof, whether natural or man-made, which results or may result in substantial injury or harm to the population or substantial damage to or loss of property or natural resources and may involve governmental action beyond that authorized or contemplated by existing law because governmental inaction for the period required to amend the law to meet the exigency would work immediate and irrevocable harm upon the citizens or the environment of the Commonwealth or some clearly defined portion or portions thereof. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Emergency services: means the preparation for and the carrying out of functions, other than functions for which military forces are primarily responsible, to prevent, minimize, and repair injury and damage resulting from disasters, together with all other activities necessary or incidental to the preparation for and carrying out of the foregoing functions. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Employment services organization: means an organization that provides community-based employment services to individuals with disabilities that is an approved Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) accredited vendor of the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Enforcement agency: means the agency or agencies of any local governing body or the State Fire Marshal charged with the administration or enforcement of the Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: means a person that is not a natural person. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Entity: means any corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Estate: includes both real and personal property. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Existing nonprofit entity: means any nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under § 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and eligible to receive donations from a locality pursuant to § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Expenses: means all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-2813
  • Facility: means a state or licensed hospital, training center, psychiatric hospital, or other type of residential or outpatient mental health or mental retardation facility. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • Farmer: means any person who derives at least 75 percent of his gross income from a farming operation in the Commonwealth as reported on his federal income tax forms the previous year, or a farmer who receives or is eligible to receive a federal loan and who owns or leases land that would be eligible for special tax assessments pursuant to Article 4 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 3.2-500
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federal-aid primary highway: means any highway within that portion of the primary state highway system as established and maintained under Article 2 (§ 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: shall include any one or more of the following:

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Fiduciary: shall include any one or more of the following: (i) a fiduciary as defined in § 8. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: includes a guardian, committee, trustee, executor, conservator, or personal representative. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Fiduciary account: means (i) an estate account for a decedent, (ii) an account established by one or more agents under a power of attorney or an existing account of a principal to which one or more agents under a power of attorney are added, (iii) an account established by one or more conservators, (iv) an account established by one or more committees, (v) a regular trust account under a testamentary trust or a trust agreement that has significance apart from the account, or (vi) an account arising from a fiduciary relationship such as an attorney-client relationship. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Finance charge: has the meaning assigned to it in Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Regulation Z, 12 C. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Financial holding company: has the meaning assigned to it in 12 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Financial institution: means any entity authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to financial institutions that is authorized to establish accounts, including, without limitation, banks, trust companies, savings institutions, and credit unions. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, or credit union. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Financial records: shall mean all papers and records related to the receipt and disbursement of money by the district court. See Virginia Code 16.1-69.53
  • Fire Services Board: means the Virginia Fire Services Board as provided for in § 9. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Fireworks: means any firecracker, torpedo, skyrocket, or other substance or object, of whatever form or construction, that contains any explosive or inflammable compound or substance, and is intended, or commonly known as fireworks, and which explodes, rises into the air or travels laterally, or fires projectiles into the air. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forestal products: means saw timber, pulpwood, posts, firewood, Christmas trees, and other tree and wood products for sale or for farm use. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the Governor's Agriculture and Forestry Industries Development Fund established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • game: includes on-premises mobile casino gaming. See Virginia Code 58.1-4002
  • game: includes on-premises mobile casino gaming. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Gaming operation: means the conduct of authorized casino gaming within a casino gaming establishment. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • general contractor: includes contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who contract directly with the owner, and the term "subcontractor" includes all such contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who do not contract with the owner but with the general contractor. See Virginia Code 43-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract of storage or transportation. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Gross receipts: means the total amount of money exchanged for the purchase of chips, tokens, electronic credits, electronic cash, or electronic cards by casino gaming patrons. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Gross revenue: means the total of all cash, property, or any other form of remuneration, whether collected or not, received by a permittee from its sports betting operations. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: means a person appointed by the court who has the powers and duties set out in § 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Guardian ad litem: means an attorney appointed by the court to represent the interests of the respondent and whose duties include evaluation of the petition for guardianship or conservatorship and filing a report with the court pursuant to § 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Hazard mitigation: means any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from natural hazards. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Hazardous materials: means substances or materials which may pose unreasonable risks to health, safety, property, or the environment when used, transported, stored or disposed of, which may include materials which are solid, liquid or gas. See Virginia Code 44-146.34
  • High performance building certification program: means a public building design, construction, and renovation program that meets the requirements of VEES. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • High-occupancy requirement: means the number of persons required to be traveling in a vehicle for the vehicle to use HOT lanes without the payment of a toll. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • Highway: means every way or place of whatever nature open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • highway: means a state or county highway. See Virginia Code 33.2-800
  • Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • highway construction: means highway, passenger and freight rail, or public transportation purposes. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Home state: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 6.2-836

  • Host state: means a state, other than the home state of a bank, in which the bank maintains, or seeks to establish and maintain, a branch. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • HOT lanes: means a highway or portion of a highway containing one or more travel lanes separated from other lanes that (i) has an electronic toll collection system; (ii) provides for free passage by vehicles that meet the high-occupancy requirement, including mass transit vehicles and commuter buses; and (iii) contains a photo-enforcement system for use in such electronic toll collection. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • HOT lanes operator: means the operator of the facility containing HOT lanes, which may include the Department of Transportation or some other entity. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • HOV lanes: means a highway or portion of a highway containing one or more travel lanes for the travel of high-occupancy vehicles or buses as designated pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • Identity proofing: means a process or service that independently verifies an individual's identity in accordance with § 2. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • IEP: means a plan or program developed annually to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives specialized instruction and related services as provided by 20 U. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Immediate family: means (i) a spouse and (ii) any other person residing in the same household as an officer or employee and who is a dependent of the officer or employee or of whom the officer or employee is a dependent. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • Incapacitated person: means an adult who has been found by a court to be incapable of receiving and evaluating information effectively or responding to people, events, or environments to such an extent that the individual lacks the capacity to (i) meet the essential requirements for his health, care, safety, or therapeutic needs without the assistance or protection of a guardian or (ii) manage property or financial affairs or provide for his support or for the support of his legal dependents without the assistance or protection of a conservator. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Includes: means includes, but not limited to. See Virginia Code 1-218
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: means a natural person. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Individual: shall include any companion animal. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • individual: means a current direct recipient of public or private mental health, developmental, or substance abuse treatment, rehabilitation, or habilitation services and includes the terms "consumer" "patient" "resident" "recipient" or "client. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Informal fact-finding conference: means an informal fact-finding conference conducted in accordance with § 2. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Infrastructure: means all property, whether attached to real property or not, now used by Bristol Virginia Utilities and hereafter used by the Authority for the provision of (i) electric, water, sewer, telecommunications, internet, and cable television services and (ii) all other utility services the Authority may lawfully provide. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection warrant: means an order in writing, made in the name of the Commonwealth, signed by any judge or magistrate whose territorial jurisdiction encompasses the building, structure or premises to be inspected or entered, and directed to a state or local official, commanding him to enter and to conduct any inspection, examination, testing or collection of samples for testing required or authorized by the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interchange: means a grade separated intersection with one or more turning roadways for travel between intersection legs, or an intersection at grade, where two or more highways join or cross. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • International banking facility: has the meaning assigned to it by the laws of the United States or the regulations of the Board of Governors for the Federal Reserve System. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate highway: means any highway in or component of the Interstate System. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Interstate System: means the same as that term is defined in 23 U. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issuer: means the business organization or financial institution or its duly authorized agent that issues a credit card. See Virginia Code 6.2-424
  • Issuer: means a bailee who issues a document except that in relation to an unaccepted delivery order it means the person who orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Joint account: means an account payable on request to one or more of two or more parties whether or not mention is made of any right of survivorship. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land bank entity: means any authority, planning district commission, corporation, or existing nonprofit entity established or designated by a locality to carry out the purposes of the Act. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any full-time or part-time employee of a police department or sheriff's office which is a part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof, or any full-time or part-time employee of a private police department, and who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth, and shall include any (i) special agent of the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority; (ii) police agent appointed under the provisions of § 56-353; (iii) officer of the Virginia Marine Police; (iv) conservation police officer who is a full-time sworn member of the enforcement division of the Department of Wildlife Resources; (v) investigator who is a sworn member of the security division of the Virginia Lottery; (vi) conservation officer of the Department of Conservation and Recreation commissioned pursuant to § Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Lawfully erected: means any sign that was erected pursuant to the issuance of a permit from the Commissioner of Highways under § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Lease: means a contract for the use of a passenger-type vehicle for a term of more than thirty days. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Limited access highway: means a highway especially designed for through traffic, over which abutters have no easement or right of light, air, or access by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access highway. See Virginia Code 33.2-400
  • Limited conservator: means a person appointed by the court who has only those responsibilities for managing the estate and financial affairs of an incapacitated person as specified in the order of appointment. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Limited guardian: means a person appointed by the court who has only those responsibilities for the personal affairs of an incapacitated person as specified in the order of appointment. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan: means a loan or forbearance of money. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Local emergency: means the condition declared by the local governing body when in its judgment the threat or actual occurrence of an emergency or disaster is or threatens to be of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant coordinated local government action to prevent or alleviate the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering threatened or caused thereby, provided, however, that a local emergency arising wholly or substantially out of a resource shortage may be declared only by the Governor, upon petition of the local governing body, when he deems the threat or actual occurrence of such an emergency or disaster to be of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant coordinated local government action to prevent or alleviate the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering threatened or caused thereby, and provided, however, nothing in this chapter shall be construed as prohibiting a local governing body from the prudent management of its water supply to prevent or manage a water shortage. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Local government: means the governing body of any city, county or town in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local Grant Program: means the Local Food and Farming Infrastructure Grant Program established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Locality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-221. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Main traveled way: means the traveled way of a highway on which through traffic is carried. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Maintain: means to allow to exist. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Maintenance: means (i) ordinary maintenance; (ii) maintenance replacement; (iii) operations that include traffic signal synchronization, incident management, and other intelligent transportation system functions; and (iv) any other categories of maintenance that may be designated by the Commissioner of Highways. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Major disaster: means any hurricane, flood, or drought that would warrant a disaster declaration request by the Governor pursuant to the provisions of Section 301 of Public Law 93-288, 42 U. See Virginia Code 3.2-500
  • Major disaster: means any natural catastrophe, including any: hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought, or regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which, in the determination of the President of the United States is, or thereafter determined to be, of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Stafford Act (P. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Major league sports franchise: means a professional baseball, basketball, football, hockey, or soccer team that is at the highest-level league of play for its respective sport. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Marcus alert system: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • mass transit: means passenger transportation by rubber-tired, rail, or other surface conveyance that provides shared ride services open to the general public on a regular and continuing basis. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • measures: includes : (i) agricultural water quality protection management measures described in the Virginia Agricultural Best Management Practices Manual; and (ii) agricultural water quality protection management measures contained in the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Mental illness: means a disorder of thought, mood, emotion, perception, or orientation that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality, or ability to address basic life necessities and requires care and treatment for the health, safety, or recovery of the individual or for the safety of others. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Military status: means status as (i) a member of the uniformed forces, as defined in 10 U. See Virginia Code 15.2-1500.1
  • Minority-owned business: means a business that is at least 51 percent owned by one or more minority individuals who are U. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • MLEC: means any city, county, or town certificated to provide local exchange and/or interexchange telecommunications services pursuant to § 56-265. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Mobile crisis response: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor sports facility: means an outdoor motor sports facility that hosts a National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) national touring race. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Multiple-fiduciary account: means a fiduciary account where more than one fiduciary is authorized to act. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Multiple-party account: means any of the following types of account: (i) a joint account, (ii) a P. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Municipality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-224. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Highway System: means the federal-aid highway system referenced in 23 U. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • National Highway System: means the same as that term is defined in 23 U. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • notarization: means any official act performed by a notary under § 47. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • notary: means any person commissioned to perform official acts under the title, and includes an electronic notary except where expressly provided otherwise. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Nuclear power station: means a facility producing electricity through the utilization of nuclear energy for sale to the public which is required to be licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and includes all units of the facility at a single site. See Virginia Code 44-146.31
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Oath: shall include "affirmation. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Official league data: means statistics, results, outcomes, and other data relating to a professional sports event obtained by a permit holder under an agreement with a sports governing body or with an entity expressly authorized by a sports governing body for determining the outcome of tier 2 bets. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Official misconduct: means any violation of this title by a notary, whether committed knowingly, willfully, recklessly or negligently. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • On-premises mobile casino gaming: means casino gaming offered by a casino gaming operator at a casino gaming establishment using a computer network of both federal and nonfederal interoperable packet-switched data networks through which the casino gaming operator may offer casino gaming to individuals who have established an on-premises mobile casino gaming account with the casino gaming operator and who are physically present on the premises of the casino gaming establishment, as authorized by regulations promulgated by the Board. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • open-end credit plan: means consumer credit extended by a creditor under a plan in which: (i) the creditor reasonably contemplates repeated transactions; (ii) the creditor may impose a finance charge from time to time on an outstanding unpaid balance; and (iii) the amount of credit that may be extended to the consumer during the term of the plan, up to any limit set by the creditor, is generally made available to the extent that any outstanding balance is repaid. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Operator: means any person who exercises managerial control over any agricultural activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Out-of-state bank: means a bank whose home state is a state other than the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Out-of-state state bank: means a bank chartered under the laws of any state other than the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who owns land where an agricultural activity occurs. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Owner: means the registered owner of a vehicle on record with the Department of Motor Vehicles or with the equivalent agency in another state. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • owner: includes persons owning structures or improvements for which an outdoor advertising permit has been issued by the Commissioner of Highways pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1000
  • Party: means a person who, by the terms of the account, has a present right, subject to request, to payment from a multiple-party account, including a fiduciary account. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Passenger-type vehicle: means any automobile, including sedans and station wagons, or van used primarily for the transportation of the operator and no more than fifteen passengers. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Payment device: means any credit card, any "accepted card or other means of access" as defined in 15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-424
  • Permissible fireworks: means any fountains that do not emit sparks or other burning effects to a distance greater than five meters (16. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Permit: means the whole or part of any state agency permit, license, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or any form or permission required by law, to engage in activity associated with or involving the establishment of a small business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Permit holder: means a person to which the Director issues a permit pursuant to §§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Person: includes an individual, partnership, association, or corporation. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, joint venture, association, limited liability company, stock corporation, or nonstock corporation and includes any person that directly or indirectly controls or is under common control with another person. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Person: shall include individuals, a trust, an estate, a partnership, an association, an order, a corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    6. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, firm, association, trust, estate, public or private institution, group, agency, political subdivision or agency thereof, and any legal successor, representative, agent or agency of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 44-146.31
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Person under a disability: shall include :

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Personal biometric data: means any information about an athlete that is derived from his DNA, heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration rate, internal or external body temperature, hormone levels, glucose levels, hydration levels, vitamin levels, bone density, muscle density, or sleep patterns, or other information as may be prescribed by the Board by regulation. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Personal estate: includes chattels real and such other estate as, upon the death of the owner intestate, would devolve upon his personal representative. See Virginia Code 1-233
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Personal representative: includes the executor under a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • personally knows: means familiarity with an individual resulting from interactions with that individual over a period of time sufficient to dispel any reasonable uncertainty that the individual has the identity claimed. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Petition: means the document filed with a circuit court to initiate a proceeding to appoint a guardian or conservator. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Photo-enforcement system: means a sensor installed in conjunction with a toll collection device to detect the presence of a vehicle that automatically produces one or more photographs, one or more microphotographs, a videotape, or other recorded images of each vehicle's license plate at the time it is detected by the toll collection device. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a site-specific plan for an agricultural activity to manage, through use of stewardship measures, one or more of the following: soil, water, plants, plant nutrients, pest controls, wastes, and animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Planning Grant Program: means the Agriculture and Forestry Industries Development Planning Grant Program established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Political subdivision: means any city or county in the Commonwealth and, for the purposes of this chapter, the Town of Chincoteague and any town of more than 5,000 population that chooses to have an emergency management program separate from that of the county in which such town is located. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Political subdivision: means any city or county in the Commonwealth, and for the purposes of this chapter, any town with a population of more than 5,000 which chooses to have an emergency management program separate from that of the county in which the town is located. See Virginia Code 44-146.34
  • Political subdivision: means , when referring to an entity other than the Authority, a locality, authority, or other public body of the Commonwealth or of any state in which the Authority does business. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • Pollution: means any alteration of the physical, chemical, or biological properties of any state waters resulting from sedimentation, nutrients, or toxins. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Post: means post, display, print, paint, burn, nail, paste, or otherwise attach. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preferred casino gaming operator: means the proposed casino gaming establishment and operator thereof submitted by an eligible host city to the Board as an applicant for licensure. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Prepaid access instrument: means a system device that allows a casino gaming patron access to funds that have been paid in advance and can be retrieved or transferred at some point in the future through such a device. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Prevailing average wage: means that amount determined by the Virginia Employment Commission to be the average wage paid workers in the city or county of the Commonwealth where the economic development project is located. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Primary highway: means any highway in or component of the primary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Primary state highway system: consists of all highways and bridges under the jurisdiction and control of the Commonwealth Transportation Board and the Commissioner of Highways and not in the secondary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Principal: means any individual who solely or together with his immediate family members (i) owns or controls, directly or indirectly, five percent or more of the pecuniary interest in any entity that is a licensee or (ii) has the power to vote or cause the vote of five percent or more of the voting securities or other ownership interests of such entity, and any person who manages a gaming operation on behalf of a licensee. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Principal: means (i) a person whose signature is notarized or (ii) a person, other than a credible witness, taking an oath or affirmation from the notary. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Principal: includes any individual who is employed in a managerial capacity for a sports betting platform or sports betting facility on behalf of a permit holder. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Private investment: means the private investment required under this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Professional sports: means an athletic event involving at least two human competitors who receive compensation, in excess of their expenses, for participating in such event. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Program: means the mechanism by which comprehensive permits are issued and renewed, permit and regulatory information is disseminated, and account data is exchanged by state agencies. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Prohibited conduct: includes statements, actions, and communications made to a covered person by a third party. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Proof of death: includes a death certificate; a certificate of qualification upon a decedent's estate; or an authenticated copy of any record or report of a governmental agency, domestic or foreign, that a person is dead. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Property bail bondsman: means a person licensed pursuant to this article who, for compensation, enters into a bond or does so through his agent and who pledges real property, cash or certificates of deposit issued by a federally insured institution, or any combination thereof as security for a bond as defined in § 19. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • Proposition bet: means a bet on an individual action, statistic, occurrence, or non-occurrence to be determined during an athletic event and includes any such action, statistic, occurrence, or non-occurrence that does not directly affect the final outcome of the athletic event to which it relates. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public corporation: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any political subdivision thereof or any incorporated municipality therein or any public agency of the Commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof or of any municipality therein. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public facilities: means (i) airports, landing fields, and air navigation facilities; (ii) educational facilities; (iii) flood control, bank and shore protection, watershed protection, and dams; (iv) hospital facilities; (v) judicial and court facilities; (vi) correctional facilities, including jails and penitentiaries; (vii) library facilities; (viii) military installations; (ix) parks so designated by the Commonwealth or by the locality in its comprehensive plan; (x) properties of historical significance so designated by the Commonwealth; (xi) law enforcement, fire, emergency medical, and rescue facilities; (xii) sanitary sewer, water or stormwater facilities; (xiii) transportation facilities including highways, roads, streets, and bridges, traffic signals, related easements and rights-of-way, mass transit, ports, and any components of federal, state, or local transportation facilities; (xiv) waste management facilities for hazardous, radioactive, or other waste; (xv) office facilities occupied by a public corporation; and (xvi) such other facilities that are necessary to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a public facility as listed in clauses (i) through (xv) and directly related thereto. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • public highway: includes a bridge, ferry, causeway, landing, or wharf. See Virginia Code 33.2-1000
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • pyrotechnician: means any person engaged in the design, setup, and firing of any fireworks other than permissible fireworks either inside a building or structure or outdoors. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights and appurtenances thereto and interests therein, other than a chattel interest. See Virginia Code 1-219
  • Real property: includes any property physically attached or annexed to real property in any manner whatsoever. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Real property: means lands, structures, and any and all easements and every estate and right therein, legal and equitable, including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage, or otherwise, and any and all fixtures and improvements located thereon. See Virginia Code 15.2-7500
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Record of notarial acts: means a device for creating and preserving a chronological record of notarizations performed by a notary. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Regulatory: means all permitting and other governmental or statutory requirements establishing a small business or professional activities associated with establishing a small business. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Regulatory agency: means any state agency, board, commission, or division that regulates one or more professions, occupations, industries, businesses, or activities. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Religion: includes any outward expression of religious faith, including adherence to religious dressing and grooming practices and the carrying or display of religious items or symbols. See Virginia Code 15.2-1500.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remote online notarization: means an electronic notarization under this chapter where the signer is not in the physical presence of the notary. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Request: means a proper request for withdrawal, or a check or order for payment, that complies with all conditions of the account, including special requirements concerning necessary signatures and regulations of the financial institution. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Resource shortage: means the absence, unavailability, or reduced supply of any raw or processed natural resource or any commodities, goods, or services of any kind that bear a substantial relationship to the health, safety, welfare, and economic well-being of the citizens of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • Respondent: means an allegedly incapacitated person for whom a petition for guardianship or conservatorship has been filed. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Salary: means a fixed compensation for services, paid to part-time and full-time employees on a regular basis. See Virginia Code 2.2-2813
  • Satisfactory evidence of identity: means identification of an individual based on (i) examination of one or more of the following unexpired documents bearing a photographic image of the individual's face and signature: a United States Passport Book, a United States Passport Card, a certificate of United States citizenship, a certificate of naturalization, a foreign passport, an alien registration card with photograph, a state issued driver's license or a state issued identification card or a United States military card or (ii) the oath or affirmation of one credible witness unaffected by the document or transaction who is personally known to the notary and who personally knows the individual or of two credible witnesses unaffected by the document or transaction who each personally knows the individual and shows to the notary documentary identification as described in clause (i). See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Savings institution: means any savings institution, as defined in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Scenic area: means any public park or area of particular scenic beauty or historical significance designated as a scenic area by the Board. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • scenic highway: means those highways designated by the Board pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Scenic highway: means a highway, designated as such by the Board, within a protected scenic corridor located, designed, and constructed so as to preserve and enhance the natural beauty and cultural value of the countryside. See Virginia Code 33.2-400
  • Seal: means a device for affixing on a paper document an image containing the notary's name and other information related to the notary's commission. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Secondary highway: means any highway in or component of the secondary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Secondary state highway system: consists of all public highways, causeways, bridges, landings, and wharves in the counties of the Commonwealth not included in the primary state highway system and that have been accepted by the Department of Transportation for supervision and maintenance. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: shall include deputy sheriffs and such other persons designated in § 15. See Virginia Code 8.01-2
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Sign: means any outdoor sign, display, device, figure, painting, drawing, message, placard, poster, billboard, or other thing that is designed, intended, or used to advertise or inform, any part of the advertising or informative contents of which is visible from any highway. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Small business: means a business that is at least 51 percent independently owned and controlled by one or more individuals, or in the case of a cooperative association organized pursuant to Chapter 3 of Title 13. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Small business: means an independently owned and operated business that, together with affiliates, has 250 or fewer employees or average annual gross receipts of $10 million or less averaged over the previous three years. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • Sports betting: means the same as such term is defined in § 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Sports betting: includes any system or method of wagering approved by the Director, including single-game bets, teaser bets, parlays, over-under, moneyline, pools, exchange wagering, in-game wagering, in-play bets, proposition bets, and straight bets. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Sports betting facility: means an area, kiosk, or device located inside a casino gaming establishment licensed pursuant to Chapter 41 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Sports betting permit: means a permit to operate a sports betting platform or sports betting facility issued pursuant to the provisions of §§ 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Sports betting platform: means a website, app, or other platform accessible via the Internet or mobile, wireless, or similar communications technology that sports bettors use to participate in sports betting. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Sports betting program: means the program established by the Board to allow sports betting as described in this article. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Sports governing body: includes a designee of the sports governing body. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Stadium: means the physical facility that is the primary location at which a major league sports franchise hosts athletic events and any appurtenant facilities. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • State: includes any state, territory, or possession of the United States. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • State: includes District of Columbia;

    (f) "Transit facilities" means all real and personal property located in the Zone, necessary or useful in rendering transit service between points within the Zone, by means of rail, bus, water or air and any other mode of travel, including, without limitation, tracks, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, subways, rolling stock for rail, motor vehicle, marine and air transportation, stations, terminals and ports, areas for parking and all equipment, fixtures, buildings and structures and services incidental to or required in connection with the performance of transit service;

    (g) "Transit services" means the transportation of persons and their packages and baggage by means of transit facilities between points within the Zone including the transportation of newspapers, express and mail between such points, and charter service which originates within the Zone but does not include taxicab service or individual-ticket-sales sightseeing operations;

    (h) "Transit Zone" or "Zone" means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Zone created and described in Section 3 as well as any additional area that may be added pursuant to Section 83(a) of this Compact; and

    (i) "WMATC" means Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100

  • State agency: means any authority, board, department, instrumentality, institution, agency, or other unit of state government. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State bank: means a bank incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth and that has its principal place of business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • State Fire Marshal: means the State Fire Marshal as provided for by § 9. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • State of emergency: means the condition declared by the Governor when in his judgment the threat or actual occurrence of an emergency or a disaster in any part of the Commonwealth is of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant disaster assistance by the Commonwealth to supplement the efforts and available resources of the several localities and relief organizations in preventing or alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering threatened or caused thereby and is so declared by him. See Virginia Code 44-146.16
  • State waters: means all water, on the surface or in the ground, wholly or partially within or bordering the Commonwealth or within its jurisdiction. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subordinate mortgage or deed of trust: means a mortgage or deed of trust that is subject to a prior mortgage or deed of trust in existence at the time of the making of the loan secured by such subordinate mortgage or deed of trust. See Virginia Code 6.2-300
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Substance abuse: means the same as that term is defined in § 37. See Virginia Code 9.1-193
  • Sufficient electric vehicle charging infrastructure: means provision or reservation of sufficient space to provide electric vehicle charging stations and related infrastructure, including transformers, service equipment, and large conduit, to support every centralized fleet vehicle that will be located at such building. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Sums on deposit: means the balance payable on a multiple-party account, including a fiduciary account, including interest, dividends, and in addition any deposit life insurance proceeds added to the account by reason of the death of a party. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Supervisor: means a member of the board of supervisors of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Supplier: means any person that sells or leases, or contracts to sell or lease, any casino gaming equipment, devices, or supplies, or provides any management services, to a licensee. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • Surety bail bondsman: means a person licensed pursuant to this article who is also licensed by the State Corporation Commission as a property and casualty insurance agent, and who sells, solicits, or negotiates surety insurance as defined in § 38. See Virginia Code 9.1-185
  • SWaM: means small, women-owned, or minority-owned or related to a small, women-owned, or minority-owned business. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Systems of state highways: means all systems of highways within the Commonwealth over which the Commonwealth Transportation Board exercises jurisdiction and control. See Virginia Code 1-251
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Trade name: includes a brand name, trademark, distinctive symbol, or other similar device or thing used to identify particular products or services. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transition plan: means the plan that is required as part of the IEP used to help students and families prepare for the future after the student reaches the age of majority. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • transportation: means any movement of property by any mode and any packing, loading, unloading, or storage incidental thereto. See Virginia Code 44-146.34
  • Traveled way: means the portion of a roadway for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: means an account in the name of one or more parties as trustee for one or more beneficiaries where the relationship is established by the form of the account and the deposit agreement with the financial institution and there is no subject of the trust other than the sums on deposit in the account, without regard to whether payment to the beneficiary is mentioned in the deposit agreement. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust business: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Trust company: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee under a probated will or an inter vivos trust instrument. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unauthorized vehicle: means a motor vehicle that is restricted from use of the HOT lanes pursuant to subdivision 4 a of § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-500
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urban area: means an urbanized area or, in the case of an urbanized area encompassing more than one state, that part of the urbanized area within the Commonwealth, or an urban place. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Urban place: means an area so designated by the U. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Urbanized area: means an area so designated by the U. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • utility services: means and includes electric, water, sewer, and telecommunications, internet and cable television services, including all other services that might be lawfully rendered by use of its fiber optic system. See Virginia Code 15.2-7202
  • VEES: means the Virginia Energy Conservation and Environmental Standards developed by the Department considering the U. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Verification of fact: means a notarial act in which a notary reviews public or vital records to (i) ascertain or confirm facts regarding a person's identity, identifying attributes, or authorization to access a building, database, document, network, or physical site or (ii) validate an identity credential on which satisfactory evidence of identity may be based. See Virginia Code 47.1-2
  • Veteran: means an individual who has served in the active military, naval, or air service and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable. See Virginia Code 2.2-1617
  • Virginia byway: means a highway, designated as such by the Board, having relatively high aesthetic or cultural value, leading to or within areas of historical, natural, or recreational significance. See Virginia Code 33.2-400
  • Virginia college sports: means an athletic event in which at least one participant is a team from a Virginia public or private institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030
  • Virginia state bank: means a bank chartered under the laws of Virginia. See Virginia Code 6.2-836
  • Visible: means capable of being seen (whether or not legible) without visual aid by a person of normal visual acuity. See Virginia Code 33.2-1200
  • Voluntary exclusion program: means a program established by the Board pursuant to § 58. See Virginia Code 58.1-4100
  • Warehouseman: is a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Virginia Code 8.7-102
  • Withdrawal: includes payment to a third person pursuant to check or other directive of a party. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Youth sports: means an athletic event (i) involving a majority of participants under age 18 or (ii) in which at least one participant is a team from a public or private elementary, middle, or secondary school, regardless of where such school is located. See Virginia Code 58.1-4030