Sections
Chapter 19 Transportation District Act of 1964 33.2-1900 – 33.2-1936
Chapter 20 Local Transportation Districts 33.2-2000 – 33.2-2015
Chapter 21 Transportation Districts within Certain Counties 33.2-2100 – 33.2-2116
Chapter 22 Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel District and Commission 33.2-2200 – 33.2-2221
Chapter 23 U.S. Route 58 Corridor Development Fund and Program 33.2-2300 – 33.2-2301
Chapter 24 Northern Virginia Transportation District Fund and Program 33.2-2400 – 33.2-2401
Chapter 25 Northern Virginia Transportation Authority 33.2-2500 – 33.2-2512
Chapter 26 Hampton Roads Transportation Accountability Commission 33.2-2600 – 33.2-2611
Chapter 27 Transportation District within the City of Charlottesville and the County of Albemarle 33.2-2700 – 33.2-2715
Chapter 28 Charlottesville-Albemarle Regional Transit Authority 33.2-2800 – 33.2-2812
Chapter 29 Richmond Metropolitan Transportation Authority 33.2-2900 – 33.2-2921
Chapter 30 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Regulation Compact of 1958 33.2-3000
Chapter 31 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact of 1966 33.2-3100
Chapter 31.01 Metro Reform Commission 33.2-3100.1
Chapter 31.1 Washington Metrorail Safety Commission Interstate Compact 33.2-3101 – 33.2-3102
Chapter 32 Metropolitan Planning Organizations 33.2-3200 – 33.2-3202
Chapter 33 Williamsburg Area Transit Authority 33.2-3300 – 33.2-3308
Chapter 34 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Capital Fund 33.2-3400 – 33.2-3404
Chapter 35 Commuter Rail Operating and Capital Fund 33.2-3500 – 33.2-3502
Chapter 36 Interstate 81 Corridor Improvement Program and Fund 33.2-3600 – 33.2-3605

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 33.2 > Subtitle IV

  • Accident and sickness insurance: means insurance against loss resulting from sickness, or from bodily injury or death by accident or accidental means, or from a combination of any or all of these perils. See Virginia Code 38.2-109
  • Account: means an arrangement under a terms-of-service agreement in which a custodian carries, maintains, processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of the user or provides goods or services to the user. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Act: means the Communications Act of 1934. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Administration of criminal justice: means performance of any activity directly involving the detection, apprehension, detention, pretrial release, post-trial release, prosecution, adjudication, correctional supervision, or rehabilitation of accused persons or criminal offenders or the collection, storage, and dissemination of criminal history record information. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • administrative support order: means a noncourt-ordered legally enforceable support obligation having the force and effect of a support order established by the court. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Adverse determination: means a determination by a health carrier or its designee utilization review entity that an admission, availability of care, continued stay, or other health care service that is a covered benefit has been reviewed and, based upon the information provided, does not meet the health carrier's requirements for medical necessity, appropriateness, health care setting, level of care, or effectiveness, and the requested service or payment for the service is therefore denied, reduced, or terminated. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • advisory board: means the board appointed pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • advisory board: means the board appointed pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • advisory board: means the board appointed pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means any person or subsidiary thereof, who has, either directly or indirectly, actual or legal control over a distributor, whether by stock ownership or in any other manner. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Department of Environmental Quality or any other state or federal agency that determines or approves the environmental response project pursuant to which the environmental covenant is created. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Agent: includes an original agent, a coagent, a successor agent, and a person to which an agent's authority is delegated. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Agricultural activity: means any activity used in the production of food and fiber, including farming, feedlots, grazing livestock, poultry raising, dairy farming, and aquaculture activities. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Alarm respondent: means an individual who responds to the signal of an alarm for the purpose of detecting an intrusion of the home, business or property of the end user. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Ambulatory review: means utilization review of health care services performed or provided in an outpatient setting. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuities: means all agreements to make periodic payments in specified or calculable sums pursuant to the terms of a contract for a stated period of time or for the life of the person or persons specified in the contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-106
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • annuity: shall be deemed to include "variable annuity" and "modified guaranteed annuity" and shall be deemed to include a contract under which a lump sum cash settlement is an alternative to the option of periodic payments. See Virginia Code 38.2-106
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Armed: means a private security registrant who carries or has immediate access to a firearm in the performance of his duties. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Armed security officer: means a natural person employed to (i) safeguard and protect persons and property or (ii) deter theft, loss, or concealment of any tangible or intangible personal property on the premises he is contracted to protect, and who carries or has access to a firearm in the performance of his duties. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Armored car personnel: means persons who transport or offer to transport under armed security from one place to another, money, negotiable instruments or other valuables in a specially equipped motor vehicle with a high degree of security and certainty of delivery. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asbestos: means any material containing more than one percent of the asbestiform varieties of:

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-1162

  • Assessment: as used in this subtitle , shall include an assessment made pursuant to notice by the Department of Taxation and self-assessments made by a taxpayer upon the filing of a return or otherwise not pursuant to notice. See Virginia Code 58.1-1820
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assignment of rights: means the legal procedure whereby an individual assigns support rights to the Commonwealth on behalf of a dependent child or spouse and dependent child. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Association: means the joint underwriting association established pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 38.2-2800
  • Association: means the joint underwriting association established pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 38.2-2900
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: means the person designated and authorized by subscribers as the attorney-in-fact having authority to obligate them on reciprocal insurance contracts. See Virginia Code 38.2-1201
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Richmond Metropolitan Transportation Authority created by § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 15.2-2430
  • Authority: means the Virginia Recreational Facilities Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Authority facility: means all facilities purchased, constructed, or otherwise acquired by the Authority pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and all extensions and improvements thereof. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Authorized representative: means (i) a person to whom a covered person has given express written consent to represent the covered person in an external review, (ii) a person authorized by law to provide substituted consent for a covered person, or (iii) a family member of the covered person or the covered person's treating health care professional only when the covered person is unable to provide consent. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Baccalaureate: means that bachelor's degrees or more advanced degrees, or both, are granted. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Basic property insurance: means insurance against direct loss to any property caused by perils defined and limited in the standard fire policy prescribed in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-2701
  • Basic service tier: means the service tier that includes (i) the retransmission of local television broadcast channels and (ii) public, educational, and governmental channels required to be carried in the basic tier. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • benefits: means those health care services to which a covered person is entitled under the terms of a health benefit plan. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Bequeath: To gift property by will.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Best evidence: means evidence based on (i) randomized clinical trials; if randomized clinical trials are not available, then (ii) cohort studies or case-control studies; if clauses (i) and (ii) are not available, then (iii) case-series; or if clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) are not available, then (iv) expert opinion. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Board: means the Soil and Water Conservation Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Board: means the Virginia Growth and Opportunity Board established pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 23.1-3130
  • Board: means the State Board of Social Services. See Virginia Code 63.2-100
  • Board: means the Criminal Justice Services Board. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Board: means the Commonwealth Transportation Board. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Board: means the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Board: means the Board of Historic Resources. See Virginia Code 10.1-2200
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Board of Trustees: means the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Retirement System established pursuant to § 51. See Virginia Code 23.1-3130
  • Bona fide purchaser: means a purchaser of property for value who has acted in the transaction in good faith. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, bond anticipation notes, or other obligations of the District, notwithstanding any contrary provision in this chapter, which may be issued in certificated or uncertificated form as current interest or capital appreciation bonds, or a hybrid thereof, and may bear interest at a rate, which may be fixed, zero, or at a floating or variable rate of interest established by reference to indices or formulae, that may be in excess of the rate now permitted by law and payable at such times as the Commission may determine. See Virginia Code 33.2-2200
  • Bonds: means notes, bonds, certificates and other evidences of indebtedness or obligations of the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • bus stop: means that area within 150 feet of a MetroBus bus stop sign, excluding the interior of any building not owned, controlled or operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100
  • business of insurance: include solicitation, negotiations preliminary to execution, execution of an insurance contract, and the transaction of matters subsequent to execution of the contract and arising out of it. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Cable operator: means any person or group of persons that (i) provides cable service over a cable system and directly or through one or more affiliates owns a significant interest in such cable system or (ii) otherwise controls or is responsible for, through any arrangement, the management and operation of a cable system. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Cable service: means the one-way transmission to subscribers of (i) video programming or (ii) other programming service, and subscriber interaction, if any, which is required for the selection or use of such video programming or other programming service. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Cable television service: means (i) the one-way transmission to subscribers of video programming or other programming service; and (ii) subscriber interaction, if any, that is required for the selection or use of the video programming or other programming service. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Candidate species: means those species formally recommended by the Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation or other reliable data sources in writing to and accepted by the Commissioner for presentation to the Board for listing under this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Capital costs: means all costs of providing a service that are capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Carries: means engages in the transmission of an electronic communication. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Case management: means a coordinated set of activities conducted for individual patient management of serious, complicated, protracted, or other health conditions. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Case-series: means an evaluation of a series of patients with a particular outcome, without the use of a control group. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Catalog of electronic communications: means information that identifies each person with which a user has had an electronic communication, the time and date of the communication, and the electronic address of the person. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Central station dispatcher: means an individual who monitors burglar alarm signal devices, burglar alarms or any other electrical, mechanical or electronic device used (i) to prevent or detect burglary, theft, shoplifting, pilferage or similar losses; (ii) to prevent or detect intrusion; or (iii) primarily to summon aid for other emergencies. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Centralized fleet: means those passenger-type vehicles assigned to the Department of General Services and available for use by state agencies. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Certificated provider of telecommunications services: means a person holding a certificate issued by the State Corporation Commission to provide local exchange telephone service. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Certification: means the method of regulation indicating that qualified persons have met the minimum requirements as private security services training schools, private security services instructors, compliance agents, or certified detector canine handler examiners. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Certification: means a determination by a health carrier or its designee utilization review entity that an admission, availability of care, continued stay, or other health care service has been reviewed and, based on the information provided, satisfies the health carrier's requirements for medical necessity, appropriateness, health care setting, level of care, and effectiveness. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Chief executive officer: includes the Chancellor of the Virginia Community College System, the Chancellor of the University of Virginia's College at Wise, the Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute, and the president of each other public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Child: means any natural person under 18 years of age. See Virginia Code 63.2-100
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • City: means any independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on the first day of July, nineteen hundred seventy-one, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • City: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-208. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Clinical review criteria: means the written screening procedures, decision abstracts, clinical protocols, and practice guidelines used by a health carrier to determine the necessity and appropriateness of health care services. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Code: means the Statewide Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Code provisions: means the provisions of the Fire Prevention Code as adopted and promulgated by the Board, and the amendments thereof as adopted and promulgated from time to time by such Board. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Commercial liability insurance: means the commercial classes of insurance defined in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-2900
  • Commission: means the governing body of a local transportation district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • Commission: means the governing body of a local transportation improvement district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • Commission: means the governing body of the District known as the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-2200
  • Commission: means the Milk Commission. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Commission: means the governing body of the local transportation district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • Commission: means the Metro Reform Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100.1
  • Commission: means the Marine Resources Commission. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department, his designee or authorized representative. See Virginia Code 63.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Marine Resources. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Commissioner of Highways: means the individual who serves as the chief executive officer of the Department of Transportation. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Commissioner of Insurance: means the administrative or executive officer of the division or bureau of the Commission established to administer the insurance laws of this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Committee: means the Interstate 81 Committee established pursuant to § Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compliance agent: means an individual who owns or is employed by a licensed private security services business to ensure the compliance of the private security services business with this title. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Component governments: means the counties and cities composing a transportation district and the various departments, bureaus, and divisions of such counties and cities. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Computer or digital forensic services: means the use of highly specialized expertise for the recovery, authentication, and analysis of electronic data or computer usage. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Concurrent review: means utilization review conducted during a patient's hospital stay or course of treatment. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conservator: includes a limited conservator. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Constitutional officer: means an officer provided for pursuant to Article VII, § 4 of the Constitution. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: as used in this chapter , shall not be held to include the depositing of funds in, the borrowing of funds from, or the serving as agent or trustee by any bank in which any member, agent, or employee of the Authority may be a director, officer, or employee or have a security interest, nor shall such term include contracts or agreements with the Commonwealth Transportation Board or the purchase of services from, or other transactions in the ordinary course of business with, public service corporations. See Virginia Code 33.2-2917
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract rental: means a contract for the use of motor vehicles by employees for official state business within the confines of their normal work locations. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Correctional status information: means records and data concerning each condition of a convicted person's custodial status, including probation, confinement, work release, study release, escape, or termination of custody through expiration of sentence, parole, pardon, or court decision. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Cost: means all or any part of the cost of the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000

  • Cost: means all or any part of the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100

  • Cost: means all or any part of the cost of the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700

  • Council: means the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Council: means the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: means any county having a population of more than 500,000. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • County: means any existing county or such unit hereafter created. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Courier: means any armed person who transports or offers to transport from one place to another documents or other papers, negotiable or nonnegotiable instruments, or other small items of value that require expeditious services. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Court: means the circuit court for the county or city having jurisdiction over the fiduciary in matters relating to the content of this article. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Court order: means any judgment or order of any court having jurisdiction to order payment of support or an order of a court of comparable jurisdiction of another state ordering payment of a set or determinable amount of support moneys. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Covered person: means a policyholder, subscriber, enrollee, or other individual participating in a health benefit plan. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Criminal history record information: means records and data collected by criminal justice agencies on adult individuals consisting of identifiable descriptions and notations of arrests, detentions, indictments, informations, or other formal charges, and any disposition arising therefrom. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Criminal justice agency: includes any program certified by the Commission on VASAP pursuant to §
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dissemination: means any transfer of information, whether orally, in writing, or by electronic means. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Distributor: means any of the following persons engaged in the business of distributing, marketing, or in any manner handling fluid milk, in whole or in part, in fluid form for consumption in the Commonwealth:

    1. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200

  • District: means any district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • District: means any transportation improvement district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • District: means the political subdivision of the Commonwealth known as the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel District. See Virginia Code 33.2-2200
  • District: means the district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • District: means a transportation district authorized to be created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • district commission: means the governing body of a district. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Electronic communication service: means a custodian that provides to a user the ability to send or receive an electronic communication. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic means: means service of a required notice by the Department through its secure online child support portal to any person who has agreed to accept service through the portal and has created a user account. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Electronic security business: means any person who engages in the business of or undertakes to (i) install, service, maintain, design or consult in the design of any electronic security equipment to an end user; (ii) respond to or cause a response to electronic security equipment for an end user; or (iii) have access to confidential information concerning the design, extent, status, password, contact list, or location of an end user's electronic security equipment. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Electronic security employee: means an individual who is employed by an electronic security business in any capacity which may give him access to information concerning the design, extent, status, password, contact list, or location of an end user's electronic security equipment. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Electronic security equipment: means (i) electronic or mechanical alarm signaling devices including burglar alarms or holdup alarms used to safeguard and protect persons and property; or (ii) cameras used to detect intrusions, concealment or theft, to safeguard and protect persons and property. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Electronic security sales representative: means an individual who sells electronic security equipment on behalf of an electronic security business to the end user. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Electronic security technician: means an individual who installs, services, maintains or repairs electronic security equipment. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Emergency medical condition: means the sudden and, at the time, unexpected onset of a health condition or illness that requires immediate medical attention, where failure to provide medical attention would result in a serious impairment to bodily functions or a serious dysfunction of a bodily organ or part, or would place the person's health in serious jeopardy. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Emergency services: means health care items and services furnished or required to evaluate and treat an emergency medical condition. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Employed: means to be in an employer/employee relationship where the employee is providing work in exchange for compensation and the employer directly controls the employee's conduct and pays some taxes on behalf of the employee. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Employee: means any individual receiving income. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Employer: means the source of any income. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • End user: means any person who purchases or leases electronic security equipment for use in that person's home or business. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Endangered species: means any species or variety of plant life or insect life determined by the Board to be in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant part of its range other than a species determined by the Commissioner not to be in the best interest of the welfare of man. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Enforcement agency: means the agency or agencies of any local governing body or the State Fire Marshal charged with the administration or enforcement of the Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Enrolled bill: The final copy of a bill or joint resolution which has passed both chambers in identical form. It is printed on parchment paper, signed by appropriate officials, and submitted to the President/Governor for signature.
  • Environmental covenant: means a servitude arising under an environmental response project that imposes activity and use limitations. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Environmental response project: means a plan or work performed for environmental remediation of real property and conducted:

    1. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence-based standard: means the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of the current best evidence based on the overall systematic review of the research in making decisions about the care of individual patients. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expenses: means all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-2813
  • Expert opinion: means a belief or an interpretation by specialists with experience in a specific area about the scientific evidence pertaining to a particular service, intervention, or therapy. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • facilities: means all those matters and things utilized in rendering transportation service by means of rail, bus, water, or air and any other mode of travel, including tracks, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, subways, and rolling stock for rail, motor vehicle, marine, and air transportation; stations, terminals, and ports; areas for parking; buildings; structures; and all equipment, fixtures, and business activities reasonably required for the performance of transportation service, but does not include any such facilities owned by any person, company, association, or corporation the major part of whose transportation service extends beyond a transportation district created in this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Facility: means an institution providing health care services or a health care setting, including hospitals and other licensed inpatient centers; ambulatory surgical or treatment centers; skilled nursing centers; residential treatment centers; diagnostic, laboratory, and imaging centers; and rehabilitation and other therapeutic health settings. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • Farmer: means any person who derives at least 75 percent of his gross income from a farming operation in the Commonwealth as reported on his federal income tax forms the previous year, or a farmer who receives or is eligible to receive a federal loan and who owns or leases land that would be eligible for special tax assessments pursuant to Article 4 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 3.2-500
  • Feasibility consultant: means an individual or entity with expertise in the processes and economics of providing cable television service. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Federal agency: means the United States of America, the President of the United States of America, and any department, corporation, agency, or instrumentality created, designated, or established by the United States of America. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: includes a guardian, committee, trustee, executor, conservator, or personal representative. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Fiduciary: means an original, additional, or successor personal representative, conservator, guardian, agent, or trustee. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Field investigation: means the study of the traces of human culture at any site by means of surveying, sampling, excavating, or removing surface or subsurface material, or going on a site with that intent. See Virginia Code 10.1-2300
  • Final adverse determination: means an adverse determination involving a covered benefit that has been upheld by a health carrier, or its designee utilization review entity, at the completion of the health carrier's internal appeal process. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Financial institution: means a depository institution, an institution-affiliated party, any federal credit union or state credit union including an institution-affiliated party of such a credit union, and any benefit association, insurance company, safe deposit company, money market mutual fund, or similar entity authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Fire Services Board: means the Virginia Fire Services Board as provided for in § Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forestal products: means saw timber, pulpwood, posts, firewood, Christmas trees, and other tree and wood products for sale or for farm use. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Franchise: means an initial authorization, or renewal thereof, issued by a franchising authority, including a locality or the Commonwealth Transportation Board, whether such authorization is designated as a franchise, permit, license, resolution, contract, certificate, agreement, or otherwise, that authorizes the construction or operation of a cable system, a telecommunications system, or other facility in the public rights-of-way. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Full-cost accounting: means the accounting of all costs incurred by a municipality in providing a cable television service. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Fund: means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Capital Fund. See Virginia Code 33.2-3400
  • Fund: means the Interstate 81 Corridor Improvement Fund. See Virginia Code 33.2-3600
  • Fund: means the Virginia Infrastructure Project Loan Fund. See Virginia Code 15.2-2430
  • Fund: means the Virginia Research Investment Fund established in § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-3130
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • general contractor: includes contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who contract directly with the owner, and the term "subcontractor" includes all such contractors, laborers, mechanics, and persons furnishing materials, who do not contract with the owner but with the general contractor. See Virginia Code 43-1
  • General public: means individuals who have access to areas open to all and not restricted to any particular class of the community. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing bodies: means the boards of supervisors of counties and councils of cities composing a transportation district. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Governing body: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Gross revenue: means all revenue, as determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, that is actually received by the cable operator and derived from the operation of the cable system to provide cable services in the franchise area; however, in an ordinance cable franchise "gross revenue" shall not include: (i) refunds or rebates made to subscribers or other third parties; (ii) any revenue which is received from the sale of merchandise over home shopping channels carried on the cable system, but not including revenue received from home shopping channels for the use of the cable service to sell merchandise; (iii) any tax, fee, or charge collected by the cable operator and remitted to a governmental entity or its agent or designee, including without limitation a local public access or education group; (iv) program launch fees; (v) directory or Internet advertising revenue including, but not limited to, yellow page, white page, banner advertisement, and electronic publishing; (vi) a sale of cable service for resale or for use as a component part of or for the integration into cable services to be resold in the ordinary course of business, when the reseller is required to pay or collect franchise fees or similar fees on the resale of the cable service; (vii) revenues received by any affiliate or any other person in exchange for supplying goods or services used by the cable operator to provide cable service; and (viii) revenue derived from services classified as noncable services under federal law, including, without limitation, revenue derived from telecommunications services and information services, and any other revenues attributed by the cable operator to noncable services in accordance with rules, regulations, standards, or orders of the Federal Communications Commission. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: includes a limited guardian. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Habitat: means those state-owned bottomlands, tidal wetlands and coastal primary sand dunes which are subject to regulation under Subtitle III of this title. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Health authorities: include the Board of Health, the Office of Dairy and Foods in the Department, and the local health authorities. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Health benefit plan: means a policy, contract, certificate, or agreement offered or issued by a health carrier to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Health care professional: means a physician or other health care practitioner licensed, accredited, or certified to perform specified health care services consistent with the laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Health care services: means services for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, cure, or relief of a health condition, illness, injury, or disease. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Health carrier: means an entity, subject to the insurance laws and regulations of the Commonwealth or subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission, that contracts or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services, including an accident and sickness insurance company, a health maintenance organization, a nonprofit hospital and health service corporation, or a nonstock corporation offering or administering a health services plan, a hospital services plan, or a medical or surgical services plan, or any other entity providing a plan of health insurance, health benefits, or health care services except as excluded under § 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Health services plan: means any arrangement for offering or administering health services or similar or related services by a corporation licensed under Chapter 42 (§ Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent review organization: means an entity that conducts independent external reviews of adverse determinations and final adverse determinations. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Indirect costs: means any costs identified with two or more services or other functions; and that are not directly identified with a single service or function. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Informal fact-finding conference: means an informal fact-finding conference conducted in accordance with § 2. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Information: means data, text, images, videos, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or something that is substantially similar. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insect life: means any species of the class Insecta. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Inspection service: means any organization designated or approved by the Commission to determine the insurability and conditions of the properties for which basic property insurance is sought. See Virginia Code 38.2-2701
  • Inspection warrant: means an order in writing, made in the name of the Commonwealth, signed by any judge or magistrate whose territorial jurisdiction encompasses the building, structure or premises to be inspected or entered, and directed to a state or local official, commanding him to enter and to conduct any inspection, examination, testing or collection of samples for testing required or authorized by the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Insurance: means the business of transferring risk by contract wherein a person, for a consideration, undertakes (i) to indemnify another person, (ii) to pay or provide a specified or ascertainable amount of money, or (iii) to provide a benefit or service upon the occurrence of a determinable risk contingency. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • insurance policies: shall include contracts of fidelity, indemnity, guaranty and suretyship. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Insurer: means an insurance company. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • International will: means a will executed in conformity with §§ 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-433
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate System: means the same as that term is defined in 23 U. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Involuntary separation: includes , but is not limited to, terminations and layoffs from employment with the Commonwealth, or being placed on leave without pay-layoff or equivalent status, due to budget reductions, agency reorganizations, workforce down-sizings, or other causes not related to the job performance or misconduct of the employee, but shall not include voluntary resignations. See Virginia Code 2.2-3200
  • Joint activity: means a governmental function which is carried out by, performed on behalf of, or contracted for two or more localities within a region and includes present and future activities. See Virginia Code 15.2-1307
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Key cutting: means making duplicate keys from an existing key and includes no other locksmith services. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • landowner: means the person that has the usufruct, control, or occupation of the taxable real property as determined, pursuant to § 58. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • landowner: means the person that is assessed with real property taxes pursuant to § 58. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • landowner: means the person that has the usufruct, control, or occupation of the taxable real property as determined, pursuant to § 58. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any full-time or part-time employee of a police department or sheriff's office which is a part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof, or any full-time or part-time employee of a private police department, and who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth, and shall include any (i) special agent of the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority; (ii) police agent appointed under the provisions of § 56-353; (iii) officer of the Virginia Marine Police; (iv) conservation police officer who is a full-time sworn member of the enforcement division of the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries; (v) investigator who is a sworn member of the security division of the Virginia Lottery; (vi) conservation officer of the Department of Conservation and Recreation commissioned pursuant to §
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Liability insurance: includes the classes of insurance defined in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-2800
  • liability insurance: means the classes of insurance defined in §§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-2900
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life insurance: includes policies that also provide (i) endowment benefits; (ii) additional benefits incidental to a loss in the event of death, dismemberment, or loss by accident or accidental means; (iii) additional benefits to safeguard the contract from lapse or to provide a special surrender value, a special benefit or an annuity, in the event of total and permanent disability of the insured; and (iv) optional modes of settlement of proceeds. See Virginia Code 38.2-102
  • Limited access highway: means a highway specially designed for through traffic over or to which owners or occupants of abutting property or other persons have no easement of or right to light, air, view, or access by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such highway, and access to which highway is controlled by the Authority, the Commonwealth, the City of Richmond, the County of Henrico, or the County of Chesterfield so as to give preference to through traffic by providing access connections with selected public highways only and by prohibiting crossings at grade or direct private driveway connections. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local board: means the local board of social services representing one or more counties or cities. See Virginia Code 63.2-100
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission, or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution or laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 15.2-2430
  • Local government: means the governing body of any city, county or town in this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Locality: means any county or city. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Locality: means the City of Charlottesville or the County of Albemarle. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • Locality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-221. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Locality: means all counties, cities and towns within a regional partnership. See Virginia Code 15.2-1307
  • Locksmith: means any individual that performs locksmith services, or advertises or represents to the general public that the individual is a locksmith even if the specific term locksmith is substituted with any other term by which a reasonable person could construe that the individual possesses special skills relating to locks or locking devices, including use of the words lock technician, lockman, safe technician, safeman, boxman, unlocking technician, lock installer, lock opener, physical security technician or similar descriptions. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Maintenance: means (i) ordinary maintenance; (ii) maintenance replacement; (iii) operations that include traffic signal synchronization, incident management, and other intelligent transportation system functions; and (iv) any other categories of maintenance that may be designated by the Commissioner of Highways. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • marine fish: means those finfish species which spend a major portion of their lives in marine or estuarine waters. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Marine organisms: means those species other than marine finfish or marine shellfish which inhabit marine or estuarine waters. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Market: means any locality, or two or more localities, and surrounding territory designated by the Commission as a marketing area. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Market assistance plan: means a voluntary association of insurers and insurance agents licensed to do business in the Commonwealth that is formed, pursuant to a plan of operation filed with and approved by the Commission, to assist with the individual placement of commercial liability insurance coverage that is not reasonably available on the voluntary market. See Virginia Code 38.2-2900
  • mass transit: means passenger transportation by rubber-tired, rail, or other surface conveyance that provides shared ride services open to the general public on a regular and continuing basis. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • measures: includes : (i) agricultural water quality protection management measures described in the Virginia Agricultural Best Management Practices Manual; and (ii) agricultural water quality protection management measures contained in the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Medical malpractice insurance: means insurance coverage against the legal liability of the insured and against loss, damage, or expense incident to a claim arising out of the death or injury of any person as the result of negligence in rendering or failing to render professional service by any provider of health care. See Virginia Code 38.2-2800
  • Medical or scientific evidence: means evidence found in (i) peer-reviewed scientific studies published in or accepted for publication by medical journals that meet nationally recognized requirements for scientific manuscripts and that submit most of their published articles for review by experts who are not part of the editorial staff; (ii) peer-reviewed medical literature, including literature relating to therapies reviewed and approved by a qualified institutional review board, biomedical compendia, and other medical literature that meet the criteria of the National Institutes of Health's Library of Medicine for indexing in Index Medicus (Medline) and Elsevier Science Ltd. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Medicare: means the "Health Insurance for the Aged Act" Title XVIII of the Social Security Amendment of 1965, as amended. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • member of the council: means a member of the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Metropolitan area: means a metropolitan statistical area as defined by the U. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Milk: means the clean lacteal secretion obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy cows properly fed, housed, and kept; including milk that is cooled, pasteurized, standardized, or otherwise processed with a view to selling. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Mistake of fact: means an error in the identity of the payor or the amount of current support or arrearage. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Municipality: has the meaning assigned to it in § 1-224. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • NAIC: means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Natural person: means an individual person. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Net direct premiums written: means gross direct premiums written in this Commonwealth on all policies of basic property insurance and the basic property insurance component of multi-peril policies less (i) all return premiums on those policies, (ii) dividends paid or credited to policyholders, and (iii) the unused or unabsorbed portions of premium deposits. See Virginia Code 38.2-2701
  • Net direct premiums written: means gross direct premiums written in this Commonwealth on all policies of liability insurance less, (i) all return premiums on the policy, (ii) dividends paid or credited to policyholders, and (iii) the unused or unabsorbed portions of premium deposits on liability insurance. See Virginia Code 38.2-2800
  • Net direct premiums written: means gross direct premiums written in this Commonwealth on all policies of liability insurance less (i) all return premiums on the policy, (ii) dividends paid or credited to policyholders, and (iii) the unused or unabsorbed portions of premium deposits on liability insurance. See Virginia Code 38.2-2900
  • Non-adverse party: means a person who does not have a substantial beneficial interest in the trust or other property arrangement that would be adversely affected by the exercise or non-exercise of the power that he possesses respecting the trust or other property arrangement. See Virginia Code 64.2-308.1
  • Noncustodial parent: means a responsible person who is or may be obligated under Virginia law for support of a dependent child or child's caretaker. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • Nuisance birds: means blackbirds, red-winged blackbirds, grackles, cowbirds, pigeons, and starlings, or any other species so declared by regulations of the Board when causing or about to cause economic losses in the Commonwealth; becoming detrimental to the public health and welfare; defacing or defiling public or private property or otherwise creating a public nuisance. See Virginia Code 3.2-900
  • NVTC: means the Northern Virginia Transportation Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-3400
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Object of antiquity: means any relic, artifact, remain, including human skeletal remains, specimen, or other archaeological article that may be found on, in or below the surface of the earth which has historic, scientific, archaeologic or educational value. See Virginia Code 10.1-2300
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligee: means (i) an individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order has been issued or a judgment determining parentage has been rendered, (ii) a state or political subdivision to which the rights under a duty of support or support order have been assigned or that has independent claims based on financial assistance provided to an individual obligee, or (iii) an individual seeking a judgment determining parentage of the individual's child. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Obligor: means an individual, or the estate of a decedent, who (i) owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support, (ii) is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child, or (iii) is liable under a support order. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Officer: means a member of the Virginia Marine Police. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Online tool: means an electronic service provided by a custodian that allows the user, in an agreement distinct from the terms-of-service agreement between the custodian and user, to provide directions for disclosure or nondisclosure of digital assets to a third person. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Open-space land: means any land which is provided or preserved for (i) park or recreational purposes, (ii) conservation of land or other natural resources, (iii) historic or scenic purposes, (iv) assisting in the shaping of the character, direction, and timing of community development, (v) wetlands as defined in § 28. See Virginia Code 10.1-1700
  • Operator: means any person who exercises managerial control over any agricultural activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Ordinance: includes a resolution. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who owns land where an agricultural activity occurs. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Owner: includes all persons as defined in § 1-230 having any interest or title in and to property, rights, franchises, easements, and interests authorized to be acquired by this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2200
  • Owner: includes all individuals, partnerships, associations, organizations, and corporations, the City of Richmond, the County of Henrico, the County of Chesterfield, and all public agencies and instrumentalities having any title to or interest in any property, rights, easements, and interests authorized to be acquired by this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Participating town: means a town that has real property within its boundaries included within a district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Passenger-type vehicle: means any automobile, including sedans and station wagons, or van used primarily for the transportation of the operator and no more than fifteen passengers. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • Payee: means any person to whom spousal or child support is to be paid. See Virginia Code 63.2-1900
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • Permissible fireworks: means any fountains that do not emit sparks or other burning effects to a distance greater than five meters (16. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-900
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, or corporation or any governmental agency or authority. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • Person: means any association, aggregate of individuals, business, company, corporation, individual, joint-stock company, Lloyds type of organization, organization, partnership, receiver, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, trustee or society. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • Person: means any natural individual, partnership, association, corporation or other legal entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-2300
  • Person: means an individual; estate; business or nonprofit entity; public corporation; government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; or other legal entity. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • person authorized to act in connection with international wills: means a person who by § 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-433
  • Personal estate: includes chattels real and such other estate as, upon the death of the owner intestate, would devolve upon his personal representative. See Virginia Code 1-233
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal protection specialist: means any individual who engages in the duties of providing close protection from bodily harm to any person. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Personal representative: includes the executor under a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Personal representative: means an executor, administrator, curator, designated successor or successor under the Virginia Small Estate Act (§ 64. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a site-specific plan for an agricultural activity to manage, through use of stewardship measures, one or more of the following: soil, water, plants, plant nutrients, pest controls, wastes, and animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • Plan: means the Interstate 81 Corridor Improvement Plan adopted by the Board on December 5, 2018, and any updates or amendments made thereto in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-3600
  • plant life: means any member of the plant kingdom, including spores, leaves, stems, branches, flowers, seeds, roots, and other parts or products thereof. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Pollution: means any alteration of the physical, chemical, or biological properties of any state waters resulting from sedimentation, nutrients, or toxins. See Virginia Code 3.2-400
  • power of appointment: includes a power to designate the beneficiary of a beneficiary designation. See Virginia Code 64.2-308.1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Power of attorney: means a record that grants an agent authority to act in the place of a principal. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presently exercisable general power of appointment: means a power of appointment under which, at the time in question, the decedent, whether or not he then had the capacity to exercise the power, held a power to create a present or future interest in himself, his creditors, his estate, or creditors of his estate, and includes a power to revoke or invade the principal of a trust or other property arrangement. See Virginia Code 64.2-308.1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Prevailing average wage: means that amount determined by the Virginia Employment Commission to be the average wage paid workers in the city or county of the Commonwealth where the economic development project is located. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Primary state highway system: consists of all highways and bridges under the jurisdiction and control of the Commonwealth Transportation Board and the Commissioner of Highways and not in the secondary state highway system. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Principal: means an individual who grants authority to an agent in a power of attorney. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Private institution of higher education: includes each nonprofit private institution of higher education and proprietary private institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Private investigator: means any individual who engages in the business of, or accepts employment to make, investigations to obtain information on (i) crimes or civil wrongs; (ii) the location, disposition, or recovery of stolen property; (iii) the cause of accidents, fires, damages, or injuries to persons or to property; or (iv) evidence to be used before any court, board, officer, or investigative committee. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Private investment: means the private investment required under this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-303
  • Private police department: means any police department, other than a department that employs police agents under the provisions of § 56-353, that employs private police officers operated by an entity authorized by statute or an act of assembly to establish a private police department or such entity's successor in interest, provided it complies with the requirements set forth herein. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Private provider: means a private entity that provides cable television services. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.2
  • Private security services business: means any person engaged in the business of providing, or who undertakes to provide, armored car personnel, security officers, personal protection specialists, private investigators, couriers, security canine handlers, security canine teams, detector canine handlers, detector canine teams, alarm respondents, locksmiths, central station dispatchers, electronic security employees, electronic security sales representatives or electronic security technicians and their assistants to another person under contract, express or implied. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Private security services instructor: means any individual certified by the Department to provide mandated instruction in private security subjects for a certified private security services training school. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Private security services training school: means any person certified by the Department to provide instruction in private security subjects for the training of private security services business personnel in accordance with this article. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Pro forma session: In the U.S. Congress, a brief meeting (sometimes only several seconds) in which no business is conducted. It is held usually to satisfy a constitutional obligation that neither chamber can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Producer: means any person, regardless of whether they are also a distributor, who produces milk for sale as fluid milk in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Program: means an Interstate 81 Corridor Improvement Program. See Virginia Code 33.2-3600
  • Project: means a bridge or tunnel or a bridge and tunnel project, including the existing bridge and tunnel crossing operated by the Commission and all or a part of an additional and generally parallel bridge and tunnel crossing, from any point within the boundaries of the District to a point in the County of Northampton, including such approaches and approach highways as the Commission deems necessary to facilitate the flow of traffic in the vicinity of such project or to connect such project with the highway system or other traffic facilities in the Commonwealth, and including all overpasses, underpasses, interchanges, entrance plazas, toll houses, service stations, garages, restaurants, and administration, storage, and other buildings and facilities that the Commission may deem necessary for the operation of such project, together with all property, rights, franchises, easements, and interests that may be required by the Commission for the construction or the operation of such project. See Virginia Code 33.2-2200
  • Project: means any single facility constituting an Authority facility, as described in the resolution or trust agreement providing for its construction, including extensions and improvements thereof. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Project: means any undertaking by a local government to build or facilitate the building of a facility, located at or adjacent to (i) a solid waste management facility permitted by the Department of Environmental Quality or (ii) a sewerage system or sewage treatment work described in § 62. See Virginia Code 15.2-2430
  • Project: means the construction, improvement, furnishing, maintenance, acquisition or operation of any facility that will further the purposes of the Authority, together with all property, rights, easements and interests which may be acquired by the Authority. See Virginia Code 10.1-1600
  • property: shall include insurance policies, retirement benefits exclusive of federal social security benefits, annuities, pension plans, deferred compensation arrangements, and employee benefit plans to the extent owned by, vested in, or subject to the control of the decedent on the date of his death or the date of an irrevocable transfer by him during his lifetime. See Virginia Code 64.2-300
  • Property: includes values subject to a beneficiary designation. See Virginia Code 64.2-308.1
  • Proposed species: means any candidate species authorized by the Board for consideration for listing as threatened or endangered under the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Prospective review: means utilization review conducted prior to an admission or a course of treatment. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Protected person: includes an individual for whom an application for the appointment of a conservator or guardian is pending. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • provider: means a health care professional or a facility. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Provider of health care: means any of the following deemed by the Commission to be necessary for the delivery of health care: (i) a physician and any other individual licensed or certified pursuant to Chapter 29 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 38.2-2800
  • Public assistance: means Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); auxiliary grants to the aged, blind and disabled; medical assistance; energy assistance; food stamps; employment services; child care; and general relief. See Virginia Code 63.2-100
  • Public body: means any state agency having authority to acquire land for a public use, or any county or municipality, any park authority, any public recreational facilities authority, any soil and water conservation district, any community development authority formed pursuant to Article 6 (§ 15. See Virginia Code 10.1-1700
  • Public facilities: means (i) airports, landing fields, and air navigation facilities; (ii) educational facilities; (iii) flood control, bank and shore protection, watershed protection, and dams; (iv) hospital facilities; (v) judicial and court facilities; (vi) correctional facilities, including jails and penitentiaries; (vii) library facilities; (viii) military installations; (ix) parks so designated by the Commonwealth or by the locality in its comprehensive plan; (x) properties of historical significance so designated by the Commonwealth; (xi) law enforcement, fire, emergency medical, and rescue facilities; (xii) sanitary sewer, water or stormwater facilities; (xiii) transportation facilities including highways, roads, streets, and bridges, traffic signals, related easements and rights-of-way, mass transit, ports, and any components of federal, state, or local transportation facilities; (xiv) waste management facilities for hazardous, radioactive, or other waste; (xv) office facilities occupied by a public corporation; and (xvi) such other facilities that are necessary to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a public facility as listed in clauses (i) through (xv) and directly related thereto. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public highways: shall include public highways, roads, and streets, whether maintained by the Commonwealth or the City of Richmond or the County of Henrico or Chesterfield. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Public institution of higher education: includes the System as a whole and each associate-degree-granting and baccalaureate public institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public right-of-way: as used in this chapter means any area over which the public has a general privilege to travel. See Virginia Code 15.2-2000
  • pyrotechnician: means any person engaged in the design, setup, and firing of any fireworks other than permissible fireworks either inside a building or structure or outdoors. See Virginia Code 27-95
  • Qualified property: means all real property and all tangible personal property at a fixed location in this Commonwealth, whether or not the property is subject to exposure from an external hazard located on property that is neither owned nor controlled by the prospective insured, and whether or not the property is subject to exposure from riot hazard, where the property:

    1. See Virginia Code 38.2-2701

  • Rate service organization: means any organization or person, other than a joint underwriting association under § Source: FDIC
  • Region: means a planning district; however, by agreement of the localities of the planning district, localities which are not part of a planning district may be added to the region if the locality's governing body by vote agrees to become part of the region. See Virginia Code 15.2-1307
  • Regional partnership: means an organization composed of government, business, education and civic leaders approved by the local governing bodies of the region to carry out the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 15.2-1307
  • Registration: means a method of regulation whereby certain personnel employed by a private security services business are required to register with the Department pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remote computing service: means a custodian that provides to a user computer-processing services or the storage of digital assets by means of an electronic communications system, as defined in 18 U. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residual market facility: means any organization approved by the Commission to equitably distribute the responsibility to provide basic property insurance on qualified property among insurers licensed to write basic property insurance or other insurance containing a basic property insurance component. See Virginia Code 38.2-2701
  • Response actions: means any action, including removal, encapsulation, enclosure, repair, method of operation, maintenance, record keeping or notification that protects human health from building materials containing asbestos. See Virginia Code 2.2-1162
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retrospective review: means a review of medical necessity conducted after services have been provided to a patient, but does not include the review of a claim that is limited to an evaluation of reimbursement levels, veracity of documentation, accuracy of coding, or adjudication for payment. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Revenue: means any or all fees, tolls, rents, receipts, assessments, taxes, money, and income derived by the district, including any cash contribution or payments made to the district by the Commonwealth, any political subdivision thereof, or any other source. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • Revenue: means any or all fees, tolls, rents, receipts, assessments, taxes, money, and income derived by the district, including any cash contribution or payments made to the district by the Commonwealth, any political subdivision thereof, or any other source. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • Revenue: means any or all fees, tolls, rents, receipts, assessments, taxes, money, and income derived by the district, including any cash contribution or payments made to the district by the Commonwealth, any political subdivision thereof, or any other source. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • revenue bonds: means revenue bonds or revenue refunding bonds of the Authority issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • revenue bonds: as used in this article shall embrace notes, bonds and other obligations authorized to be issued pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 15.2-1749
  • Revenues: means all fees, tolls, rents, rates, receipts, moneys, and income derived by the Authority through the ownership and operation of Authority facilities, and includes all cash contributions made to the Authority by the Commonwealth or any agency or department thereof, the City of Richmond, and the Counties of Henrico and Chesterfield not specifically dedicated by the contributor for a capital improvement. See Virginia Code 33.2-2900
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Roadmap: means the Commonwealth Research and Technology Strategic Roadmap developed pursuant to § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-3130
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • School resource officer: means a certified law-enforcement officer hired by the local law-enforcement agency to provide law-enforcement and security services to Virginia public elementary and secondary schools. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • School security officer: means an individual who is employed by the local school board or a private or religious school for the singular purpose of maintaining order and discipline, preventing crime, investigating violations of the policies of the school board or the private or religious school, and detaining students violating the law or the policies of the school board or the private or religious school on school property, school buses, or at school-sponsored events and who is responsible solely for ensuring the safety, security, and welfare of all students, faculty, staff, and visitors in the assigned school. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Second opinion: means an opportunity or requirement to obtain a clinical evaluation by a provider other than the one originally making a recommendation for a proposed health care service to assess the clinical necessity and appropriateness of the initial proposed health care service. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Secondary state highway system: consists of all public highways, causeways, bridges, landings, and wharves in the counties of the Commonwealth not included in the primary state highway system and that have been accepted by the Department of Transportation for supervision and maintenance. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Administration. See Virginia Code 2.2-1162
  • Security canine: means a dog that has attended, completed, and been certified as a security canine by a certified security canine handler instructor in accordance with approved Department procedures and certification guidelines. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Security canine handler: means any individual who utilizes his security canine in the performance of private security duties. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shellfish: means such species of mollusca as oysters and clams, and such species of crustacea as crabs. See Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Site: means a geographical area on dry land that contains any evidence of human activity which is or may be the source of important historic, scientific, archaeologic or educational data or objects. See Virginia Code 10.1-2300
  • Species: includes any species or variety of plant life or insects. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. See Virginia Code 33.2-1901
  • State: includes District of Columbia;

    (f) "Transit facilities" means all real and personal property located in the Zone, necessary or useful in rendering transit service between points within the Zone, by means of rail, bus, water or air and any other mode of travel, including, without limitation, tracks, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, subways, rolling stock for rail, motor vehicle, marine and air transportation, stations, terminals and ports, areas for parking and all equipment, fixtures, buildings and structures and services incidental to or required in connection with the performance of transit service;

    (g) "Transit services" means the transportation of persons and their packages and baggage by means of transit facilities between points within the Zone including the transportation of newspapers, express and mail between such points, and charter service which originates within the Zone but does not include taxicab service or individual-ticket-sales sightseeing operations;

    (h) "Transit Zone" or "Zone" means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Zone created and described in Section 3 as well as any additional area that may be added pursuant to Section 83(a) of this Compact; and

    (i) "WMATC" means Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100

  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Virginia Code 10.1-1238
  • State: means any commonwealth, state, territory, district or insular possession of the United States. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State archaeological site: means an area designated by the Department in which it is reasonable to expect to find objects of antiquity. See Virginia Code 10.1-2300
  • State Board: means the State Board for Community Colleges. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • State Fire Marshal: means the State Fire Marshal as provided for by § Virginia Code 28.2-100
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Threatened species: means any species determined by the Board to be likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its native range. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Tier-city: means an incorporated community within a consolidated county that (i) has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more, (ii) has been designated as a tier-city by the General Assembly, and (iii) has both the powers of a town and such additional powers as may be granted tier-cities by the General Assembly. See Virginia Code 1-252
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation improvements: means any real or personal property acquired, constructed, improved, or used in constructing or improving any (i) public mass transit system or (ii) highway, or portion or interchange thereof, including parking facilities located within a district created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 33.2-2000
  • Transportation improvements: includes public mass transit systems, public highways, and all buildings, structures, approaches, and facilities thereof and appurtenances thereto, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, stations, terminals, and all related equipment and fixtures. See Virginia Code 33.2-2100
  • Transportation improvements: includes public highways and all buildings, structures, approaches, and facilities thereof and appurtenances thereto, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, and all related equipment and fixtures. See Virginia Code 33.2-2700
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee under a probated will or an inter vivos trust instrument. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Trustee: includes a successor trustee. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • Unarmed security officer: means a natural person who performs the functions of observation, detection, reporting, or notification of appropriate authorities or designated agents regarding persons or property on the premises he is contracted to protect, and who does not carry or have access to a firearm in the performance of his duties. See Virginia Code 9.1-138
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urban highway system: consists of those public highways, or portions thereof, not included in the systems of state highways, to which the Commonwealth Transportation Board directs payments pursuant to § 33. See Virginia Code 33.2-100
  • User: means a person that has an account with a custodian. See Virginia Code 64.2-116
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Utilization review: means a set of formal techniques designed to monitor the use of, or evaluate the clinical necessity, appropriateness, efficacy, or efficiency of, health care services, procedures, or settings. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Utilization review entity: means an individual or entity that conducts utilization review. See Virginia Code 38.2-3556
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Video programming: means programming provided by, or generally considered comparable to, programming provided by a television broadcast station. See Virginia Code 15.2-2108.19
  • Voter: means a qualified voter as defined in § 24. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • WMATA: means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. See Virginia Code 33.2-3100.1
  • WMATA: means the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. See Virginia Code 33.2-3400
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.