(a) (1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2) ”Bi-county unit” means:
(i) the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission; or
(ii) the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission.
(3) ”Litter” means all rubbish, waste matter, refuse, garbage, trash, debris, dead animals, or other discarded materials of every kind and description.
(4) ”Public or private property” means:
(i) the right-of-way of a road or highway;
(ii) a body of water or watercourse or the shores or beaches of a body of water or watercourse;
(iii) a park;
(iv) a parking facility;
(v) a playground;
(vi) public service company property or transmission line right-of-way;
(vii) a building;
(viii) a refuge or conservation or recreation area;
(ix) residential or farm property; or
(x) timberlands or a forest.
(b) The General Assembly intends to:
(1) prohibit uniformly throughout the State the improper disposal of litter on public or private property; and
(2) curb the desecration of the beauty of the State and harm to the health, welfare, and safety of its citizens caused by the improper disposal of litter.
(c) A person may not:
(1) dispose of litter on a highway or perform an act that violates the State Vehicle Laws regarding disposal of litter, glass, and other prohibited substances on highways; or
(2) dispose or cause or allow the disposal of litter on public or private property unless:
(i) the property is designated by the State, a unit of the State, or a political subdivision of the State for the disposal of litter and the person is authorized by the proper public authority to use the property; or
(ii) the litter is placed into a litter receptacle or container installed on the property.
(d) If two or more individuals are occupying a motor vehicle, boat, airplane, or other conveyance from which litter is disposed in violation of subsection (c) of this section, and it cannot be determined which occupant is the violator:
(1) if present, the owner of the conveyance is presumed to be responsible for the violation; or
(2) if the owner of the conveyance is not present, the operator is presumed to be responsible for the violation.
(e) Notwithstanding any other law, if the facts of a case in which a person is charged with violating this section are sufficient to prove that the person is responsible for the violation, the owner of the property on which the violation allegedly occurred need n