Current as of: 2013
(1) Placements. If a person is convicted of or pleads guilty or no contest to one or more misdemeanors for which either mandatory periods of imprisonment are not required or the person is sentenced under s. 346.65 (2) (bm) or (cm), (2j) (bm) or (cm), or (3r), if the chief judge of the judicial administrative district has approved a volunteers in probation program established in the applicable county, and if the court decides that volunteer supervision under the program will likely benefit the person and the community and subject to the limitations under sub. (3), the court may withhold sentence or judgment of conviction and order that the person be placed with that volunteers in probation program. A person's participation in the program may not be used to conceal, withhold, or mask information regarding the judgment of conviction if the conviction is required to be included in a record kept under s. 343.23 (2) (a). Except as provided in sub. (3), the order shall provide any conditions that the court determines are reasonable and appropriate and may include, but need not be limited to, one or more of the following:
(a) A directive to a volunteer to provide one or more of the following functions for the defendant:
1. Role model.
2. Informal counseling.
3. General monitoring.
4. Monitoring of conditions set by the court.
(b) Any requirement that the court may impose under s. 973.09 (1g), (4), and (7m).
(2) Approval of programs. In each judicial administrative district under s. 757.60, the chief judge of the district may approve volunteers in probation programs established in the district for placements under this section.
(3) Status. A defendant who is placed with a volunteers in probation program under sub. (1) is subject to the conditions set by the court. The defendant is not on probation under ss. 973.09 and 973.10 and the department is not responsible for supervising him or her. A court may place a defendant under sub. (1) prior to conviction only if a deferred prosecution agreement is reached under s. 971.40. In that case, the person is subject to the conditions set by the court under this section and the conditions provided in the agreement.
(4) Term. The court shall set the length of the order, which may not exceed 2 years unless extended pursuant to a hearing under sub. (5). When the defendant has satisfied the conditions of the order, the court shall discharge the defendant and dismiss the charges against the defendant if a judgment of conviction was not previously entered.
(5) Failure to comply with order.
(a) If the defendant is alleged to have violated the conditions of an order under sub. (1), the court may hold a hearing regarding the allegations. The court shall notify the defendant at least 7 days prior to holding any such hearing. At the hearing, the defendant has the right to each of the following:
2. Remain silent.
3. Present and cross-examine witnesses.
4. Have the hearing recorded by a court reporter.
(b) The court may extend the period of supervision for up to 45 days to accommodate a hearing under this subsection.
(c) Failure of the defendant to appear at a hearing under this subsection tolls the running of the period of supervision.
(d) If the court finds that the violation occurred, it may impose a sentence, revise the conditions of the order or allow the order to continue.
(6) Other modifications to order. At any time prior to the expiration of the order the court may shorten the length of the order or modify the conditions of the order. The court shall hold a hearing regarding a determination under this subsection if the defendant or district attorney requests a hearing.
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Wisconsin Laws: Punishments and Sentencing
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U.S. Code Provisions: Punishments and Sentencing