§ 2.1 Definitions
§ 2.2 Eligibility for parole; adult sentences
§ 2.3 Same: Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act
§ 2.4 Same: Youth offenders and juvenile delinquents
§ 2.5 Sentence aggregation
§ 2.6 Withheld and forfeited good time
§ 2.7 Committed fines and restitution orders
§ 2.8 Mental competency proceedings
§ 2.9 Study prior to sentencing
§ 2.10 Date service of sentence commences
§ 2.11 Application for parole; notice of hearing
§ 2.12 Initial hearings: Setting presumptive release dates
§ 2.13 Initial hearing; procedure
§ 2.14 Subsequent proceedings
§ 2.15 Petition for consideration of parole prior to date set at hearing
§ 2.16 Parole of prisoner in state, local, or territorial institution
§ 2.17 Original jurisdiction cases
§ 2.18 Granting of parole
§ 2.19 Information considered
§ 2.20 Paroling policy guidelines: Statement of general policy
§ 2.21 Reparole consideration guidelines
§ 2.22 Communication with the Commission
§ 2.23 Delegation to hearing examiners
§ 2.24 Review of panel recommendation by the Regional Commissioner
§ 2.25 Hearings by videoconference
§ 2.26 Appeal to National Appeals Board
§ 2.27 Petition for reconsideration of original jurisdiction decisions
§ 2.28 Reopening of cases
§ 2.29 Release on parole
§ 2.30 False information or new criminal conduct: Discovery after release
§ 2.31 Parole to detainers: Statement of policy
§ 2.32 Parole to local or immigration detainers
§ 2.33 Release plans
§ 2.34 Rescission of parole
§ 2.35 Mandatory release in the absence of parole
§ 2.36 Rescission guidelines
§ 2.37 Disclosure of information concerning parolees; Statement of policy
§ 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers
§ 2.39 Jurisdiction of the Commission
§ 2.40 Conditions of release
§ 2.41 Travel approval
§ 2.42 Probation officer’s reports to Commission
§ 2.43 Early termination
§ 2.44 Summons to appear or warrant for retaking of parolee
§ 2.45 Same; youth offenders
§ 2.46 Execution of warrant and service of summons
§ 2.47 Warrant placed as a detainer and dispositional review
§ 2.48 Revocation: Preliminary interview
§ 2.49 Place of revocation hearing
§ 2.50 Revocation hearing procedure
§ 2.51 Issuance of a subpoena for the appearance of witnesses or production of documents
§ 2.52 Revocation decisions
§ 2.53 Mandatory parole
§ 2.54 Reviews pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4215(c)
§ 2.55 Disclosure of file prior to parole hearing
§ 2.56 Disclosure of Parole Commission file
§ 2.57 Special parole terms
§ 2.58 Prior orders
§ 2.59 Delegation to Commissioners
§ 2.60 Superior program achievement
§ 2.61 Qualifications of representatives
§ 2.62 Rewarding assistance in the prosecution of other offenders; criteria and guidelines
§ 2.63 Quorum and voting requirements
§ 2.64 Youth Corrections Act
§ 2.65 Paroling policy for prisoners serving aggregate U.S. and D.C. Code sentences
§ 2.66 Revocation decision without hearing

Terms Used In CFR > Title 28 > Chapter I > Part 2 > Subpart A

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Affiliation: This term normally appears as "affiliate of" or "affiliated with" and means a person such as a grower or sheller who is: A grower or handler that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, owns or controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with the grower or handler specified. See 7 CFR 986.3
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Commission: refers to the U. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Commissioner: refers to members of the U. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • effective date of parole: refers to a parole date that has been approved following an in-person hearing held within nine months of such date, or following a pre-release record review. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • eligible prisoner: refers to any Federal prisoner eligible for parole pursuant to this part and includes any Federal prisoner whose parole has been revoked and who is not otherwise ineligible for parole. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • mandatory release: refers to release pursuant to 18 U. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • National Appeals Board: refers to the three-member Commission sitting as a body to decide appeals taken from decisions of a Regional Commissioner, who participates as a member of the National Appeals Board. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • National Commissioners: refers to the Chairman of the Commission and to the Commissioner who is not serving as the Regional Commissioner in respect to a particular case. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • parolee: refers to any Federal prisoner released on parole or as if on parole pursuant to 18 U. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Regional Commissioner: refers to Commissioners who are assigned to make initial decisions, pursuant to the authority delegated by these rules, in respect to prisoners and parolees in regions defined by the Commission. See 28 CFR 2.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.