§ 631 Declaration of policy
§ 631a Congressional declaration of small business economic policy
§ 631b Reports to Congress; state of small business
§ 631c Small Business Manufacturing Task Force
§ 632 Definitions
§ 633 Small Business Administration
§ 633a Detailed justification for proposed changes in budget requests
§ 634 General powers
§ 634a Office of Advocacy within Small Business Administration; Chief Counsel for Advocacy
§ 634b Primary functions of Office of Advocacy
§ 634c Additional duties of Office of Advocacy
§ 634d Staff and powers of Office of Advocacy
§ 634e Assistance of Government agencies
§ 634f Reports
§ 634g Budgetary line item and authorization of appropriations
§ 635 Deposit of moneys; depositaries, custodians, and fiscal agents; contributions to employees’ compensation funds
§ 636 Additional powers
§ 636b Disaster loan interest rates
§ 636c Age of applicant for disaster loans
§ 636d Disaster aid to major sources of employment
§ 636e Definitions
§ 636f Coordination of efforts between the Administrator and the Internal Revenue Service to expedite loan processing
§ 636g Development and implementation of major disaster response plan
§ 636h Disaster planning responsibilities
§ 636i Small business bonding threshold
§ 636k Reports on disaster assistance
§ 636l Semiannual report
§ 636m Loan forgiveness
§ 637 Additional powers
§ 637b Availability of information
§ 637c Definitions
§ 637d Subcontracting plan reports
§ 638 Research and development
§ 638a GAO study with respect to venture capital operating company, hedge fund, and private equity firm involvement
§ 638b Reducing vulnerability of SBIR and STTR programs to fraud, waste, and abuse
§ 639 Reporting requirements and agency cooperation
§ 639a Review of loan program; submission of estimated needs for additional authorization
§ 639b Oversight
§ 640 Voluntary agreements among small-business concerns
§ 641 Transfer to Administration of other functions, powers, and duties
§ 642 Requirements for loans
§ 643 Fair charge for use of Government-owned property
§ 644 Awards or contracts
§ 644a Small Business Procurement Advisory Council
§ 645 Offenses and penalties
§ 645a Annual report on suspensions and debarments proposed by Small Business Administration
§ 646 Liens
§ 647 Duplication of activities of other Federal departments or agencies
§ 648 Small business development center program authorization
§ 648b Grants for SBDCs
§ 648c SBA and USPTO partnerships
§ 649 Office of International Trade
§ 649b Grants, contracts and cooperative agreements for international marketing programs
§ 649c Authorization of appropriations
§ 649d Central information clearinghouse
§ 650 Supervisory and enforcement authority for small business lending companies
§ 651 National small business tree planting program
§ 652 Central European Enterprise Development Commission
§ 653 Office of Rural Affairs
§ 654 Paul D. Coverdell drug-free workplace program
§ 655 Pilot Technology Access Program
§ 656 Women’s Business Center program
§ 657 Oversight of regulatory enforcement
§ 657a HUBZone program
§ 657b Veterans programs
§ 657d Federal and State Technology Partnership Program
§ 657e Mentoring Networks
§ 657f Procurement program for small business concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans
§ 657f-1 Certification of small business concerns owned and controlled by veterans
§ 657g Participation in federally funded projects
§ 657h Small business energy efficiency
§ 657i Coordination of disaster assistance programs with FEMA
§ 657j Information tracking and follow-up system for disaster assistance
§ 657k Disaster processing redundancy
§ 657l Comprehensive disaster response plan
§ 657m Plans to secure sufficient office space
§ 657n Immediate Disaster Assistance program
§ 657o Annual reports on disaster assistance
§ 657p Outreach regarding health insurance options available to children
§ 657q Consolidation of contract requirements
§ 657r Mentor-protege programs
§ 657s Limitations on subcontracting
§ 657t Office of Credit Risk Management
§ 657u Lender Oversight Committee

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 15 > Chapter 14A - Aid to Small Business

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: shall include any corporation, business trust, association, or other similar organization&mdash. See 12 USC 221a
  • agricultural enterprises: means those small business concerns engaged in the production of food and fiber, ranching, and raising of livestock, aquaculture, and all other farming and agricultural-related industries. See 15 USC 647
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. See 26 USC 7701
  • continental United States: means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia. See 12 USC 221
  • corporation: includes associations, joint-stock companies, and insurance companies. See 26 USC 7701
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See 1 USC 2
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: shall include a full-time life insurance salesman who is considered an employee for the purpose of chapter 21. See 26 USC 7701
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • foreign: when applied to a corporation or partnership means a corporation or partnership which is not domestic. See 26 USC 7701
  • foreign trust: means any trust other than a trust described in subparagraph (E) of paragraph (30). See 26 USC 7701
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • including: when used in a definition contained in this title shall not be deemed to exclude other things otherwise within the meaning of the term defined. See 26 USC 7701
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual retirement plan: means &mdash. See 26 USC 7701
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • joint return: means a single return made jointly under section 6013 by a husband and wife. See 26 USC 7701
  • levy: includes the power of distraint and seizure by any means. See 26 USC 7701
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • partner: includes a member in such a syndicate, group, pool, joint venture, or organization. See 26 USC 7701
  • partnership: includes a syndicate, group, pool, joint venture, or other unincorporated organization, through or by means of which any business, financial operation, or venture is carried on, and which is not, within the meaning of this title, a trust or estate or a corporation. See 26 USC 7701
  • person: shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation. See 26 USC 7701
  • person: as used in this subchapter , includes an officer or employee of a corporation, or a member or employee of a partnership, who as such officer, employee, or member is under a duty to perform the act in respect of which the violation occurs. See 26 USC 6671
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate. See 26 USC 7701
  • shareholder: includes a member in an association, joint-stock company, or insurance company. See 26 USC 7701
  • State: shall be construed to include the District of Columbia, where such construction is necessary to carry out provisions of this title. See 26 USC 7701
  • stock: includes shares in an association, joint-stock company, or insurance company. See 26 USC 7701
  • subscription: includes a mark when the person making the same intended it as such. See 1 USC 1
  • Tax Court: means the United States Tax Court. See 26 USC 7701
  • tax return preparer: means any person who prepares for compensation, or who employs one or more persons to prepare for compensation, any return of tax imposed by this title or any claim for refund of tax imposed by this title. See 26 USC 7701
  • taxable year: means the calendar year, or the fiscal year ending during such calendar year, upon the basis of which the taxable income is computed under subtitle A. See 26 USC 7701
  • taxpayer: means any person subject to any internal revenue tax. See 26 USC 7701
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • TIN: means the identifying number assigned to a person under section 6109. See 26 USC 7701
  • trade or business: includes the performance of the functions of a public office. See 26 USC 7701
  • transaction: includes a series of transactions. See 26 USC 7701
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense includes only the States and the District of Columbia. See 26 USC 7701
  • United States: includes the several States, the Territories and possessions of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the District of Columbia. See 15 USC 633
  • United States person: means &mdash. See 26 USC 7701
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 1 USC 3
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 1 USC 1