§ 2701 Congressional findings and declaration of policy
§ 2702 Definitions
§ 2703 Orders of Secretary to egg producers, etc.
§ 2704 Notice and hearing upon proposed orders
§ 2705 Findings and issuance of orders
§ 2706 Permissive terms and conditions in orders
§ 2707 Required terms and conditions in orders
§ 2708 Referendum among egg producers
§ 2709 Termination or suspension of orders
§ 2710 Applicability of provisions to amendments to orders
§ 2711 Exempted egg producers and breeding hen flocks; conditions and procedures
§ 2712 Refund of assessment from Egg Board
§ 2713 Administrative review of orders; petition; hearing; judicial review
§ 2714 Civil enforcement proceedings
§ 2715 Certification of organizations; required contents of report as criteria
§ 2716 Regulations
§ 2717 Investigations by Secretary; oaths and affirmations; subpenas; judicial enforcement; contempt proceedings; service of process
§ 2718 Authorization of appropriations

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 60

  • advertisement: means all representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to seed within the scope of this chapter. See
  • Agricultural seeds: shall mean grass, forage, and field crop seeds which the Secretary of Agriculture finds are used for seeding purposes in the United States and which he lists in the rules and regulations prescribed under section 1592 of this title. See
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved insurance provider: means a private insurance provider that has been approved by the Corporation to provide insurance coverage to producers participating in the Federal crop insurance program established under this subchapter. See
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the Corporation established under section 1505(a) of this title. See
  • case: means a standard shipping package containing thirty dozen eggs. See
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • commerce: means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce. See
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • consumer education: means any action to advance the image or desirability of eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl. See
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: means the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation established under section 1503 of this title. See
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • district court of the United States: means any court exercising the powers of a district court of the United States. See
  • egg producer: means the person owning laying hens engaged in the production of commercial eggs. See
  • egg products: means products produced, in whole or in part, from eggs. See
  • eggs: means eggs from domesticated chickens which are sold for human consumption either in shell egg form or for further processing into egg products. See
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • false advertisement: means any advertisement which is false or misleading in any particular. See
  • false labeling: means any labeling which is false or misleading in any particular. See
  • farm financial benchmarking: means --

    (A) the process of comparing the performance of an agricultural enterprise against the performance of other similar enterprises, through the use of comparable and reliable data, in order to identify business management strengths, weaknesses, and steps necessary to improve management performance and business profitability. See

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign commerce: means commerce between the United States, its possessions, or any Territory of the United States, and any foreign country. See
  • germination: means the percentage of seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed, or obviously abnormal sprouts), determined by methods prescribed under section 1593 of this title. See
  • handler: means any person, specified in the order or the rules and regulations issued thereunder, who receives or otherwise acquires eggs from an egg producer, and processes, prepares for marketing, or markets, such eggs, including eggs of his own production. See
  • in bulk: refers to seed when loose either in vehicles of transportation or in storage, and not to seed in bags or other containers. See
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See
  • inert matter: means all matter not seeds, and includes among others broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies, and stones, determined by methods prescribed under section 1593 of this title. See
  • interstate commerce: means --

    (A) commerce between any State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia, and any other State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia. See

  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively is known by one common name, for example, soybean, flax, carrot, radish, cabbage, cauliflower, and so forth. See
  • label: means the display or displays of written, printed, or graphic matter upon or attached to the container of seed. See
  • labeling: includes all labels, and other written, printed, and graphic representations, in any form whatsoever, accompanying and pertaining to any seed whether in bulk or in containers, and includes invoices. See
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition of commercial eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl, in any channel of commerce. See
  • noxious-weed seeds: means the seeds or bulblets of plants recognized as noxious--

    (i) by the law or rules and regulations of the State into which the seed is offered for transportation, or transported. See

  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See
  • origin: means the State, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or possession of the United States, or the foreign country, or designated portion thereof, where the seed was grown. See
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes a partnership, corporation, company, society, or association. See
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other entity. See
  • products of spent fowl: means commercial products produced from spent fowl. See
  • promotion: means any action, including paid advertising, to advance the image or desirability of eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl. See
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • research: means any type of research to advance the image, desirability, marketability, production, or quality of eggs, egg products, spent fowl, or products of spent fowl. See
  • screenings: shall include chaff, sterile florets, immature seed, weed seed, inert matter, and any other materials removed in any way from any seeds in any kind of cleaning or processing and which contain less than 25 per centum of live agricultural or vegetable seeds. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture or any other officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture to whom there has heretofore been delegated, or to whom there may hereafter be delegated, the authority to act in his stead. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See
  • seed certifying agency: means (A) an agency authorized under the laws of a State, Territory, or possession, to officially certify seed and which has standards and procedures approved by the Secretary (after due notice, hearings, and full consideration of the views of farmer users of certified seed and other interested parties) to assure the genetic purity and identity of the seed certified, or (B) an agency of a foreign country determined by the Secretary of Agriculture to adhere to procedures and standards for seed certification comparable to those adhered to generally by seed certifying agencies under (A). See
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • spent fowl: means hens which have been in production of commercial eggs and have been removed from such production for slaughter. See
  • started pullet: means a hen less than twenty weeks of age. See
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • treated: means given an application of a substance or subjected to a process designed to reduce, control, or repel disease organisms, insects or other pests which attack seeds or seedlings growing therefrom. See
  • type: means either (A) a group of varieties so nearly similar that the individual varieties cannot be clearly differentiated except under special conditions, or (B) when used with a variety name means seed of the variety named which may be mixed with seed of other varieties of the same kind and of similar character, the manner of and the circumstances connected with the use of the designation to be governed by rules and regulations prescribed under section 1592 of this title. See
  • United States: means the several States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. See
  • United States: means the forty-eight contiguous States of the United States of America and the District of Columbia. See
  • variety: means a subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, for example, Marquis wheat, Flat Dutch cabbage, Manchu soybeans, Oxheart carrot, and so forth. See
  • Vegetable seeds: shall include the seeds of those crops that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seeds. See
  • weed seeds: means the seeds or bulblets of plants recognized as weeds either by the law or rules and regulations of--

    (A) The State into which the seed is offered for transportation, or transported. See