§ 12-23A-1 Short title
§ 12-23A-2 Definitions
§ 12-23A-3 Legislative intent
§ 12-23A-4 Establishment of drug court; participation; incentives and sanctions; components; drug court team and advisory committee; coordinator
§ 12-23A-5 Drug tests; screening; confidentiality of information; criteria for participation
§ 12-23A-6 Assessments and recommendations; treatment services
§ 12-23A-7 Drug testing procedures
§ 12-23A-8 Transfers between drug courts
§ 12-23A-9 Functions of Administrative Office of Courts
§ 12-23A-10 Collection and maintenance of information; fees, costs, and restitution; annual audit
§ 12-23A-11 Liability
§ 12-23A-12 Construction of chapter
§ 12-23A-13 Persons ineligible to participate

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 12 > Chapter 23A

  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A local committee which may consist of the following members or their designees:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • assessment: A diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program which shall be performed in accordance with criteria certified by the Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse Services Division. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • charge: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • CO-OCCURRING: A substance abuse and mental health disorder. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • CONTINUUM OF CARE: A seamless and coordinated course of substance abuse education and treatment designed to meet the needs of drug offenders as they move through the criminal justice system and beyond, maximizing self-sufficiency. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG COURT: A judicial intervention program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court that incorporates the ten key components as enumerated in subsection (f) of Section 12-23A-4 and may include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG COURT COORDINATOR: An individual who is responsible for coordinating the establishment, staffing, operation, evaluation, and integrity of the drug court. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • DRUG COURT TEAM: Consists of all of the following members who are assigned to the drug court:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-2-182

  • DRUG OFFENDER: A person charged with or convicted of a drug-related offense or an offense in which substance abuse is determined from the evidence to have been a significant factor in the commission of the offense and who has applied for or been accepted to participate in a drug court program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING: A written document setting forth an agreed upon procedure. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • recidivism: A subsequent conviction or plea of nolo contendere in this or any other state or federal court of the United States within three years of successful completion of, or termination from, drug court for any offense carrying a sentence of one year or more. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • screening: The process of gathering basic information to determine whether the offender meets established drug court eligibility criteria and shall include, but is not limited to, the current charge, a substance abuse evaluation, a brief questionnaire to determine if a risk or needs assessment is needed, and drug testing, and may include, but is not limited to, a substance abuse evaluation, risk assessment, or needs assessment. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • SPLIT SENTENCING: A sentence which includes a period of incarceration followed by a period of probation. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • substance: Drug as defined in subdivision (6). See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE: The illegal or improper consumption of a drug. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT: The application of professionally planned, managed, administered, and monitored procedures for the purpose of alleviating, minimizing, and stabilizing the effect of substance-related disorders and restoring impaired functionality. See Alabama Code 45-2-182
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.