Article 1 General Provisions 15-22-1 – 15-22-2
Article 2 Pardons and Paroles 15-22-20 – 15-22-40
Article 2A Alabama Medical Parole Act 15-22-41 – 15-22-43
Article 3 Probation 15-22-50 – 15-22-57
Article 4 Municipal Parole Boards 15-22-70 – 15-22-77
Article 5 Commutation of Convictions for Protesting Racial Segregation and Discrimination Laws and Ordinances 15-22-90 – 15-22-92
Article 6 The Scottsboro Boys Act 15-22-110 – 15-22-115

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 22

  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • attack: Any action or series of actions taken by an enemy of the United States resulting in substantial damage or injury to persons or property in this state whether through sabotage, bombs, missiles, shellfire or atomic, radiological, chemical, bacteriological or biological means or other weapons or methods. See Alabama Code 29-3-3
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign business corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • axle: A shaft on which a wheel or wheels run and, for the purposes of this article, two such shafts connected in tandem and commonly known as a tandem axle shall be considered one axle when not equipped with dual wheels on either end of either shaft of such tandem axle. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • bingo: That game commonly known as bingo where numbers or symbols on a card or paper sheet are matched with numbers or symbols selected at random. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • BINGO SESSION: A consecutive period of time not to exceed five consecutive hours during which bingo is played in a given day and not to exceed two such days in a given week, except for special permit holders. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • board: means the civil service board created by this part; "appointing authority" means in the case of employees in the offices of the elected officers of the city, such elected officers in the case of all other city employees, the city governing body, or board or other agency supervising their work. See Alabama Code 45-8A-130.01
  • board: The personnel board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certificate of incorporation: as used in this chapter is synonymous to the term "certificate of formation" used in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chief: The Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may in emergencies be acting in the stead of the chief or may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • city: means the City of Weaver in Calhoun County; "employee" means any person including public works employees, assistant city clerk, city clerk and policemen, not excepted by Section 45-8A-130. See Alabama Code 45-8A-130.01
  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: Includes all offices, positions, and employment in Mobile County or any such city therein as these offices, positions, and employment now exist or as they may hereafter exist, the holders of which are paid whether by salary, wages, or fees in whole or in part from funds of Mobile County or any such city, or the holders of which receive their compensation from any elected official and perform duties pertaining to the office of such elected official or officer, except those placed in the unclassified service by Section 45-49-120. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Revenue. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • committee: The Supervisory Committee of the Mobile County Personnel Board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Controlled substance: as used in this chapter , does not include marihuana. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dealer: A person who in violation of Alabama law manufactures, produces, ships, sells, uses, distributes, transports, or imports into Alabama or in any manner acquires or possesses more than 42 1/2 grams of marihuana, or seven or more grams of any controlled substance, or 10 or more dosage units of any controlled substance which is not sold by weight, or dosage units, shall include the weight or dosage units of the substance whether pure, impure, or diluted, in the dealer's possession. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with Section 10A-2A-1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • department: The Department of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • department: Department of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • director: The personnel director created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of cash or other property (except a corporation's own stock) or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its stockholders in respect of any of its stock. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • distribution: except as otherwise provided in Section 10A-9A-5. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means a writing as defined in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • domestic corporation: means a business corporation, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • DOSAGE UNIT: A tablet, capsule, vial, or ampule of a controlled substance or, in cases of mass volume or diluted quantities, the proper dose or quantity of a controlled substance to be taken all at one time or in fractional amounts within a given period, as defined and adopted by the United States Pharmacopeia. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Eligible entity: means an unincorporated entity, foreign unincorporated entity, nonprofit corporation, or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Employee: includes an officer, but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Entity: includes corporation; foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; foreign nonprofit corporation; estate; trust; unincorporated entity; foreign unincorporated entity; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Expenses: means reasonable expenses of any kind that are incurred in connection with a matter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign corporation: means an entity incorporated or existing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GENERAL PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a general partner under Section 10A-9A-4. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02

  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing statute: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, foreign nonprofit corporation, unincorporated entity, or foreign unincorporated entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the governing statute governing an unincorporated entity:

    (i) the right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation; or

    (ii) the right to receive notice or vote on issues involving its internal affairs, other than as an agent, assignee, proxy, or person responsible for managing its business and affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40

  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a limited partner under Section 10A-9A-3. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • location: A single building, hall, enclosure, or outdoor area used for the purpose of playing bingo pursuant to a permit issued under this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • marihuana: Any marihuana, whether real or counterfeit, as defined in Section 20-2-2, that is held, possessed, transported, transferred, sold, or offered to be sold in violation of Alabama laws. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • MINE FOREMAN: A person holding a valid certificate of qualification duly issued by action of the board of mine examiners. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • MINE INSPECTOR: A public employee assigned by the head mine inspector with the approval of the chief to make mine inspections as required by this chapter and other laws from time to time in such cases made and provided. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MOTOR CARRIER: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, corporation, lessee, trustee, or receiver appointed by any court controlling, operating, or managing any motor vehicle used for the transportation of persons or property for hire. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • operator: The owner, part owner, operator or lessee to whom the superintendent reports and is accountable for the operation. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Organizational documents: means the public organic record and private organizational documents of a corporation, foreign corporation, or eligible entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partner: means a limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: means any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • permissible: A device, process, or equipment or method heretofore or hereafter classified by such term by the United States Bureau of Mines when such classification is adopted by the chief and includes, unless otherwise expressly stated in this chapter, all requirements, restrictions, exceptions, limitations, and conditions attached to such classification by said bureau. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • PERMIT HOLDER: A qualified organization which has been issued a permit pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, receiver, trustee, or any other group or combination acting as a unit, and the plural as well as the singular number, unless the intention to give a more limited meaning is disclosed by the context. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any human being, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • PERSON DISSOCIATED AS A GENERAL PARTNER: means a person dissociated as a general partner of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • possession: For the purposes of this chapter, to include either actual possession, or constructive possession, or a combination of both actual and constructive possession. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a corporation or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Private organizational documents: means (i) the bylaws of a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, or foreign nonprofit corporation, or (ii) the rules, regardless of whether in writing, that govern the internal affairs of an unincorporated entity or foreign unincorporated entity, are binding on all its interest holders, and are not part of its public organic record, if any. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes any civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public organic record: means (i) the certificate of incorporation of a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, or foreign nonprofit corporation, or (ii) the document, if any, the filing of which is required to create an unincorporated entity or foreign unincorporated entity, or which creates the unincorporated entity or foreign unincorporated entity and is required to be filed. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION: A bona fide religious, educational, service, senior citizens, fraternal, or veterans organization which operates without profit to its members and which either has been in existence continuously as such an organization for a period of 12 months or is exempt from taxation by virtue of having been currently classified locally as a tax exempt nonprofit organization by the Internal Revenue Service, United States Government. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Record date: means the date fixed for determining the identity of the corporation's stockholders and their stockholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Record stockholder: means (i) the person in whose name shares of stock are registered in the records of the corporation, or (ii) the person identified as the beneficial owner of stock in a beneficial ownership certificate pursuant to Section 10A-2A-7. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • REGULAR PASSENGER-CARRYING SEATS: A seat ordinarily and customarily used by one passenger but does not include folding or collapsible emergency aisle seats. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • rules: The regulations adopted by the board for carrying out this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • SEATING CAPACITY: The actual number of regular passenger-carrying seats in a motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2A-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • secretary: The Secretary of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Secretary of Labor under this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • SPECIAL PERMIT HOLDER: One who holds a permit for a special occasion and as provided by Section 45-49-150. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Stock: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation or foreign corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Stockholder: means a record stockholder. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • superintendent: The person placed in overall charge of the operation of a coal mine or mines. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • taxpayer: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, corporation, lessee, trustee, or receiver appointed by any court liable for taxes under this chapter. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • TOUR BUS: Any motor vehicle used for hire for transportation of persons and their personal property on a charter which originates within or without the boundaries of the State of Alabama, the itinerary of which is not of an established, repetitively scheduled nature utilizing routes and time schedules approved by the Public Service Commission. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift, or transfer by operation of law. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • TRANSFERABLE INTEREST: means a partner's right to receive distributions from a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a partner. See Alabama Code 10A-9A-1.02
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Type of entity: means a generic form of entity: (i) recognized at common law; or (ii) formed under a governing statute, regardless of whether some entities formed under that law are subject to provisions of that law that create different categories of the form of entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • unavailable: Absent from the place of session (other than on official business of the Legislature) or unable, for physical, mental or legal reasons, to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of a legislator, whether or not such absence or inability would give rise to a vacancy under existing constitutional or statutory provisions. See Alabama Code 29-3-3
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unincorporated entity: means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, foreign nonprofit corporation, a series of a limited liability company or of another type of entity, an estate, a trust, a state, United States, or foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • United States: includes any district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • VEHICLE TRANSPORTING PROPERTY: A straight truck with two axles, a trailer, a truck semitrailer with three axles, and a straight truck with three axles. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Voting group: means all stock of one or more classes or series that under the certificate of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of stockholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Voting trust beneficial owner: means an owner of a beneficial interest in stock of the corporation held in a voting trust established pursuant to Section 10A-2A-7. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.