Article 1 General Provisions 15-22-1 – 15-22-2
Article 2 Pardons and Paroles 15-22-20 – 15-22-40
Article 2A Alabama Medical Parole Act 15-22-41 – 15-22-43
Article 3 Probation 15-22-50 – 15-22-57
Article 4 Municipal Parole Boards 15-22-70 – 15-22-77
Article 5 Commutation of Convictions for Protesting Racial Segregation and Discrimination Laws and Ordinances 15-22-90 – 15-22-92
Article 6 The Scottsboro Boys Act 15-22-110 – 15-22-115

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 22 - Pardons, Paroles, and Probation

  • abortion: as used in this chapter , does not include a procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman with an ectopic pregnancy, nor does it include the procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman when the unborn child has a lethal anomaly. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • abortion: The use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with the intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination by those means will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • AFFILIATED COMPANY: Any company in the same corporate system as a parent, an industrial insured, or a member organization by virtue of common ownership, control, operation, or management. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • AGENCY CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: A captive insurance company that satisfies both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • ALIEN CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any insurance company formed to write insurance business for its parents and affiliates and licensed pursuant to the laws of an alien jurisdiction which imposes statutory or regulatory standards in a form acceptable to the commissioner on companies transacting the business of insurance in that jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • applicant: The person filing an application for registration of a mark under this article and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • assessment: A standardized diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Any legal association of individuals, corporations, limited liability companies, partnerships, associations, or other entities whereby either of the following exists:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • ASSOCIATION CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of the member organizations of the association, and that also may insure the risks of affiliated companies of the member organizations and the risks of the association itself and their affiliated companies. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Board. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • BODILY REMAINS: The physical remains, corpse, or body parts of a dead unborn infant who has been expelled or extracted from his or her mother. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • BRANCH BUSINESS: Any insurance business transacted by a branch captive insurance company in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • BRANCH CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any alien captive insurance company licensed by the commissioner to transact the business of insurance in this state through a business unit with a principal place of business in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • BRANCH OPERATIONS: Any business operations of a branch captive insurance company in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any pure captive insurance company, agency captive insurance company, association captive insurance company, risk retention group, protected cell captive insurance company, incorporated cell captive insurance company, industrial insured captive insurance company, reinsurance captive insurance company, or special purpose captive insurance company formed or licensed under this chapter. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • CAPTIVE RISK RETENTION GROUP: A captive insurance company organized and licensed as a captive insurer under the laws of this state and operating pursuant to the Liability Risk Retention Act of 1986, as amended, 15 U. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commissioner: The Insurance Commissioner of this state or the commissioner, director, or superintendent of insurance in any other state. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Insurance or the commissioner's designee. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • CONTROLLED UNAFFILIATED BUSINESS: Any company that meets all of the following criteria:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • conversion: A conversion, whether referred to as a conversion, domestication, or otherwise, means:

    (A) the continuance of a domestic entity as a foreign entity of any type;

    (B) the continuance of a foreign entity as a domestic entity of any type; or

    (C) the continuance of a domestic entity of one type as a domestic entity of another type. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • county: Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • cruel: as used in this article shall mean: Every act, omission, or neglect, including abandonment, where unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering, including abandonment, is caused or where unnecessary pain or suffering is allowed to continue. See Alabama Code 13A-11-240
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • dilution: Dilution by blurring or dilution by tarnishment, regardless of the presence or absence of:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-12-6

  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • dog or cat: as used in this article shall mean any domesticated member of the dog or cat family. See Alabama Code 13A-11-240
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01

  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: Any pregnancy resulting from a fertilized egg that has implanted or attached outside the uterus. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: Any pregnancy resulting from either a fertilized egg that has implanted or attached outside the uterus or a fertilized egg implanted inside the cornu of the uterus. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic or foreign organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: An officer of this state with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The burial, interment, cremation, or other legal disposition of the bodily remains of a deceased unborn infant. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GENERAL ACCOUNT: All assets and liabilities of a protected cell captive insurance company not attributable to a protected cell. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction concerned. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • GOVERNING BODY: The Mobile County Commission or the council or other governing body of a municipality located in Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • INCORPORATED CELL: A protected cell of an incorporated cell captive insurance company that is organized as a corporation or other legal entity separate from the incorporated cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INCORPORATED CELL CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: A protected cell captive insurance company that is established as a corporation or other legal entity separate from its incorporated cells that are also organized as separate legal entities. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED: As defined in subdivision (2) of Section 27-10-20. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of the industrial insureds that comprise the industrial insured group, and that may insure the risks of the affiliated companies of the industrial insureds and the risks of the controlled unaffiliated business of an industrial insured or its affiliated companies. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED GROUP: Any group that meets either of the following criteria:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • INDUSTRIAL PARK: Land, with such improvements as are authorized by this part, which has been determined suitable for use by more than one industrial or commercial enterprise for industrial or commercial purposes and has been acquired or is proposed to be acquired for the purpose of transferring it to one or more persons for use for industrial or commercial purposes. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • insurance: Primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting and distributing risk which is determined to be insurance under the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • LETHAL ANOMALY: A child would die at birth or be still born. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • LETHAL ANOMALY: A condition from which an unborn child would die after birth or shortly thereafter or be stillborn. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • mark: Any trade name, trademark, or service mark entitled to registration under this article whether registered or not. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • MEDICAL EMERGENCY: A condition which, in reasonable medical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of the pregnant woman that her pregnancy must be terminated to avoid a serious health risk as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • MEMBER ORGANIZATION: Any individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or other entity that belongs to an association. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or foreign entities resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or foreign entities, or one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or foreign entities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town located within Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • MUTUAL CORPORATION: A corporation or other legal entity organized without stockholders. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • MUTUAL INSURER: An incorporated captive insurer without capital stock and the governing body of which is elected from policyholders at the mutual members' annual meeting. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, or other organization, including, regardless of its organizational form, a bank, insurance company, credit union, and savings and loan association, whether for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ORGANIZATIONAL DOCUMENTS: The documents that must be submitted pursuant to state law in order to legally form a business in this state, or to obtain a certificate of authority to transact business in the state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • parent: An individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or other entity that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds with power to vote more than 50 percent of the outstanding of any of the following:

    (1) Voting securities of a pure captive insurance company organized as a stock corporation. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • participant: A person who has been approved for participation in the program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • participant: An entity as defined in Section 27-31B-24, and any affiliates thereof, that are insured by a protected cell captive insurance company, where the losses of the participant are limited through a participant contract. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PARTICIPANT CONTRACT: A contract by which a protected cell captive insurance company insures the risks of a participant and limits the losses of each participant to its pro rata share of the assets of one or more protected cells identified in the participant contract. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PATHOLOGICAL STUDY: The examination of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes, and any related activities necessary to perform such study. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an entity, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, union, or other organization. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • physician: A person licensed to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery in Alabama. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The office, in or out of this state, where the principal executive office, whether referred to as the principal executive office, chief executive office, or otherwise, of an entity is located. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • program: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTED CELL: A separate account established by a protected cell captive insurance company formed or licensed under this chapter, in which an identified pool of assets and liabilities is segregated and insulated by means of this chapter from the remainder of the protected cell captive insurance company's assets and liabilities in accordance with the terms of one or more participant contracts to fund the liability of the protected cell captive insurance company, with respect to the participants as set forth in the participant contracts. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PROTECTED CELL ASSETS: All assets, contract rights, and general intangibles identified with and attributable to a specific protected cell of a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PROTECTED CELL CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any captive insurance company meeting all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • PROTECTED CELL LIABILITIES: All liabilities and other obligations identified with and attributed to a specific protected cell of a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • public warehouse: as used in this chapter , shall not be construed as applying to any building, structure, or protected enclosure, or portion thereof, used exclusively for the checking or storing of hats, wearing apparel, or baggage or exclusively for the storing of furs when the storage thereof is merely incidental to the business of a dealer therein or to the business of cleaning or renovating such furs. See Alabama Code 8-15-1
  • PURCHASING GROUP: Any group which meets all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • PURE CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of its parent and affiliated companies or controlled unaffiliated business or businesses. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registrant: The person to whom the registration of a mark under this article is issued and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • reinsurance captive insurance company: is a company which only assumes risks from:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • research: A systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge but does not include treatment, medication, diagnostic or remedial tests, surgical procedures, or observations which have the purpose of determining or improving the life or health of the unborn infant or preserving the life or health of the unborn infant or the unborn infant's mother or pathological study. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RISK RETENTION GROUP: Any corporation or other limited liability association which meets all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • sponsor: Any person or entity that is approved by the commissioner to organize and operate a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: Any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • SURPLUS NOTE: An unsecured subordinated debt obligation deemed to be a surplus certificate under terms acceptable to the commissioner. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TRADE NAME: A word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify the person's business (including vocation, occupation, or profession), and distinguish it from the business of others. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • trademark: Any word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, or device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify goods made or sold by the person and to distinguish them from goods made or sold by others. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • UNBORN INFANT: A human being in utero at any stage of development regardless of viability. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • used: A mark shall be deemed to be used in this state:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-12-6

  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • VIOLENT OFFENSE: An offense or charge as defined in subdivision (14) of Section 12-25-32, to also include chemical endangerment of a child pursuant to Section 26-15-3. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Alabama Code 7-7-102
  • woman: A female human being, whether or not she has reached the age of majority. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1