Article 1 Rewards 15-9-1 – 15-9-4
Article 2 Extradition 15-9-20 – 15-9-65
Article 3 Mandatory Disposition of Detainers 15-9-80 – 15-9-88
Article 4 Transfer of Foreign Nationals 15-9-100

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 9 - Fugitives From Justice, Extradition and Detainers

  • advertisement: A commercial message in any medium that directly or indirectly promotes or assists a rental-purchase agreement, except for instore merchandising aids. See Alabama Code 8-25-1
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • association: The Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association created under Section 27-44-6. See Alabama Code 27-44-5
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, and profession for profit. See Alabama Code 10A-8A-1.02
  • commission: Compensation accruing to a sales representative for payment by a principal, the rate of which is expressed as a percentage of the dollar amount of certain orders or sales. See Alabama Code 8-24-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the State Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 38-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance of this state. See Alabama Code 27-44-5
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONCENTRATION YARD: A place where logs, pulpwood, or inwoods pulpwood chips severed in Alabama are brought or received within the State of Alabama in a green or rough form or condition for resale to processors or manufacturers or for shipment out of state. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • consumer: An individual who leases personal property under a rental-purchase agreement. See Alabama Code 8-25-1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTROL ZONE: An area of potential or actual infestation or infection, the boundaries of which are fixed and clearly described in a manner definitely identifying the zone. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • department: The Department of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic or foreign organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: The United States of America or any agency or instrumentality thereof. See Alabama Code 24-1-101
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Foreign limited liability partnership: means a foreign partnership whose partners have limited liability for the debts, obligations, or other liabilities of the foreign partnership under a provision similar to Section 10A-8A-3. See Alabama Code 10A-8A-1.02
  • FOREST PRODUCTS: Logs, pulpwood, poles, pilings, inwoods pulpwood chips, and stumpwood (tarwood). See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • FOREST TREES: Only those trees which are a part of and constitute a stand of potential, immature or mature commercial timber trees; provided, however, that such term shall be deemed to include shade trees of any species around houses, along highways and within cities and towns if the same constitute an insect or disease menace to nearby timber trees or timber stands. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • forestland: Land on which forest trees occur. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: The legislative body, council, board of commissioners, county commission, or other body charged with governing the city, town, or county, as the case may be. See Alabama Code 24-1-101
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • infestation: Infestation by means of any insect which is dangerously injurious to forest trees; such term shall mean infection by any disease affecting forest trees which is dangerously injurious to same. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • INSOLVENT INSURER: A member insurer which, after January 1, 2013, is placed under an order of liquidation by a court of competent jurisdiction with a finding of insolvency. See Alabama Code 27-44-5
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • manufacturer: As applied to logs suitable for manufacture into lumber, plywood, veneer, or other solid wood product, the person who operates the sawmill or plant in which the products are manufactured; as applied to pulpwood, the person who operates the paper or pulp mill, oriented strand board mill, pellet mill, or other plant in which the products are manufactured; as applied to poles and pilings, the person who purchases from the producer; as applied to stumpwood, the person who operates the plant or retort in which the product is utilized. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • MEMBER INSURER: An insurer licensed or that holds a certificate of authority to transact in this state any kind of insurance for which coverage is provided under Section 27-44-3, and includes an insurer whose license or certificate of authority in this state may have been suspended, revoked, not renewed, or voluntarily withdrawn, but does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-44-5

  • merchandise: The personal property that is the subject of a rental-purchase agreement. See Alabama Code 8-25-1
  • merchant: A person who, in the ordinary course of business, regularly leases, offers to lease, or arranges for the leasing of merchandise under a rental-purchase agreement, and includes a person who is assigned an interest in a rental-purchase agreement. See Alabama Code 8-25-1
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • municipality: Any city or incorporated town in the state. See Alabama Code 24-1-101
  • Not for profit activity: includes every undertaking not for profit. See Alabama Code 10A-8A-1.02
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership: means an entity that is formed under this chapter or that is governed by this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-8A-1.02
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, receiver, trustee, or any other group or combination acting as a unit. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society or association. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: An individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, governmental body or entity, or voluntary organization. See Alabama Code 27-44-5
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • principal: Any person who does all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-24-1

  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • processor: A chip mill or other facility that receives forest products from a producer and further processes those forest products before delivery to a manufacturer. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • producer: Any person engaging or continuing to engage in this state in the business of severing timber or any other forest products from the soil, whether as owner, lessee, concessionaire, or contractor. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • RENTAL-PURCHASE AGREEMENT: An agreement for the use of merchandise by a consumer for personal, family, or household purposes, for an initial period of four months or less that is automatically renewable with each payment after the initial period, and that permits the consumer to become the owner of the merchandise. See Alabama Code 8-25-1
  • SALES REPRESENTATIVE: Any person who engages in the business of soliciting, on behalf of a principal, orders for the purchase at wholesale of the product or products of the principal, but does not include a person who places orders or purchases for his or her own account for resale, or a person engaged in home solicitation sales. See Alabama Code 8-24-1
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • sever: To fell, cut, or otherwise separate from the soil. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: A state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and a United States possession, territory, or protectorate. See Alabama Code 27-44-5
  • Statement: means a statement of partnership under Section 10A-8A-2. See Alabama Code 10A-8A-1.02
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • taxpayer: Any person liable for taxes under this article. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • termination: The end of services performed by the sales representative for the principal, whether by discharge, resignation, or expiration of a contract. See Alabama Code 8-24-1
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.