Article 1 General Provisions 2-2-1 – 2-2-18
Article 2 Suspension From Sale, Condemnation and Sampling of Articles and Products 2-2-30 – 2-2-37
Article 3 Statistics 2-2-50 – 2-2-53
Article 4 Bond Equivalent 2-2-70 – 2-2-73
Article 5 Center for Alternative Fuels 2-2-90 – 2-2-114

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 2

  • Acquired entity: means the corporation or foreign corporation that will have all of one or more classes or series of its stock acquired in a stock exchange. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • Acquiring entity: means the corporation or foreign corporation that will acquire all of one or more classes or series of stock of the acquired entity in a stock exchange. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • agreement: Any agreement between a wholesaler and a supplier, whether oral or written, whereby a wholesaler is granted the right to purchase and sell a brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Alabama representative office: shall mean any such office that is located in this state. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ANCILLARY BUSINESS: A business owned by a wholesaler, or by a substantial partner of a wholesaler, the primary business of which is directly related to the transporting, storing, or marketing of the brand or brands of wine of a supplier with whom the wholesaler has an agreement; or a business owned by a wholesaler, a substantial stockholder of a wholesaler, or a substantial partner of a wholesaler which recycles empty beverage containers. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION: The original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of consolidation and all amendments thereto, including articles of merger, of a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BALDWIN COUNTY COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS CENTER: The entity, programs, or physical structure which shall provide the programs or custodial care for eligible persons released from custody prior to the adjudication of their case or sentenced to participate in programs developed pursuant to this part after having been adjudicated and sentenced. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • BALDWIN COUNTY COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS FUND: A fund established in a local bank and supervised by either the Baldwin County Commission, the Baldwin County Sheriff's Office, or the Baldwin County Pretrial Release and Community Corrections Board for the deposit of all funds, from whatever source, collected for the operation and supervision of the programs developed and operated pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • BALDWIN COUNTY PRETRIAL RELEASE AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS BOARD: A five-member board established to promulgate the administrative and program regulations of operations of the pretrial release programs and community correction programs developed pursuant to this part and to provide oversight, advice, guidance, and recommendations to the Director of the Baldwin County Community Corrections Center. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • bank supervisory agency: means :

    (1) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and any successor to these agencies;

    (2) Any agency of another state with primary responsibility for chartering and supervising banks; and

    (3) Any agency of a country, including any colonies, dependencies, possessions, or political subdivisions thereof, other than the United States. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certification: Duly authenticated by the proper officer or filing officer of the jurisdiction the laws of which govern the internal affairs of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • conservator: A person who is appointed by a court to manage the estate of a protected person and includes a limited conservator described in Section 26-2A-148(a). See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Constituent organization: means an organization that is party to a merger under this article. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The governing body as created in Section 11-3-1 and each county governing body created by local act. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • court: A probate court of this state. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • COURT REPRESENTATIVE: A person appointed in a guardianship or protective proceeding who is trained in law, nursing, or social work, is an officer, employee, or special appointee of the court, and has no personal interest in the proceeding. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock as a dealer as defined in Section 2-15-131(5). See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with Section 10A-2A-1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in Sections 3(c)(2) and 3(c)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • DESIGNATED MEMBER: The spouse, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or sister of a deceased individual who owned an interest, including a controlling interest, in a wholesaler; or any person who inherits the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler under the terms of the deceased individual's will, or under the laws of intestate succession of this state; or any person who or entity which has otherwise by designation in writing by the deceased individual, succeeded the deceased individual in the wholesaler's business, or has succeeded to the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler pursuant to a written contract or instrument; and also includes the appointed and qualified personal representative and the testamentary trustee of a deceased individual owning an ownership interest in a wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A person appointed or contracted with by the Baldwin County Commission or the delegated agency as set forth in Section 45-2-84. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • disability: Cause for a protective order as described in Section 26-2A-130. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • DISQUALIFIED PERSON: Any person who is not a qualified person. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Document: means a writing as defined in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • DOMESTIC PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A corporation for profit or nonprofit organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Eligible entity: means an unincorporated entity, foreign unincorporated entity, nonprofit corporation, or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Eligible interests: means interests or memberships. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • ELIGIBLE PERSON: An offender who at the time of his or her application or consideration for pretrial release or community corrections programs pursuant to this part is not presently charged with the offense of murder, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, sodomy in the first degree, selling or trafficking in controlled substances, robbery in the first degree, sexual abuse in the first degree, forcible sex crimes, lewd and lascivious acts upon a child, assault in the first degree, or domestic violence in the first degree. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • Employee: includes an officer, but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Entity: includes corporation; foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; foreign nonprofit corporation; estate; trust; unincorporated entity; foreign unincorporated entity; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • estate: Includes the property of the person whose affairs are subject to this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • federal International Banking Act: means the federal International Banking Act of 1978, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • foreign corporation: means an entity incorporated or existing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation organized under laws other than the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A corporation or unincorporated association, for profit or nonprofit, organized for the purpose of rendering professional services under a law other than the law of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOOD FAITH: Honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing in the trade, as defined in and interpreted under the Uniform Commercial Code, Section 7-2-103. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Governing statute: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, foreign nonprofit corporation, unincorporated entity, or foreign unincorporated entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • GROSS INCOME: Total salaries, wages, and other compensation received by an eligible person for work performed while the person is released pursuant to this part, before all sums are withheld for federal income tax, state income tax, taxes paid by an employee under the Federal Deposit Insurance Contributions Act, group insurance, union dues, garnishments, or court-ordered payments to or through the State Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • guardian: A person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or incapacitated person pursuant to parental or spousal nomination or court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in Sections 26-2A-78(e) and 26-2A-105(c), but excludes one who is merely a guardian ad litem. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • INCAPACITATED PERSON: Any person who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, physical or mental infirmities accompanying advanced age, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause (except minority) to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate responsible decisions. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • institute: The Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the governing statute governing an unincorporated entity:

    (i) the right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation; or

    (ii) the right to receive notice or vote on issues involving its internal affairs, other than as an agent, assignee, proxy, or person responsible for managing its business and affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40

  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • JUDICIAL OFFICER: Any circuit or district judge in the Twenty-eighth Judicial Circuit. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • letters: Includes letters of guardianships and letters of conservatorship. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: As defined in Section 10A-1-1. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: Any person engaged in the operation of a livestock market as defined in Section 2-15-60(6). See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • livestock market: as used in this division shall mean livestock markets which are subject to the requirements of Division 1 of this article. See Alabama Code 2-15-90
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • minor: A person who is under 19 years of age and has not otherwise had the disabilities of minority removed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • minor ward: is a minor for whom a guardian has been appointed solely because of minority. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • New personal liability: means personal liability of a person, resulting from a merger or stock exchange, that is (i) (A) in respect of an entity which is different from the entity in which the person held stock or eligible interests immediately before the merger became effective, or (B) in respect of an entity which is different from the entity in which the person held stock immediately before the stock exchange became effective; or (ii) in respect of the same entity as the one in which the person held stock or eligible interests immediately before the merger became effective if (A) the person did not have personal liability immediately before the merger became effective, or (B) the person had personal liability immediately before the merger became effective, the terms and conditions of which were changed when the merger became effective; or (iii) in respect of the same entity as the one in which the person held stock immediately before the stock exchange became effective if (A) the person did not have personal liability immediately before the stock exchange became effective, or (B) the person had personal liability immediately before the stock exchange became effective, the terms and conditions of which were changed when the stock exchange became effective. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • Organizational documents: means :

    (A) for a general partnership or foreign general partnership, its partnership agreement and if applicable, its registration as a limited liability partnership or a foreign limited liability partnership;

    (B) for a limited partnership or foreign limited partnership, its certificate of formation and partnership agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (C) for a limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, its certificate of formation and limited liability company agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (D) for a business or statutory trust or foreign business or statutory trust its agreement of trust and declaration of trust, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (E) for a corporation or foreign corporation, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements among its stockholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (F) for a nonprofit corporation or foreign nonprofit corporation, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (G) for a professional corporation or foreign professional corporation, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements among its stockholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute; and

    (H) for any other organization, the basic writings that create the organization and determine its internal governance and the relations among the persons that own it, have an interest in it, or are members of it. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01

  • out-of-state bank: means a bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • out-of-state foreign bank: means a foreign bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • parent: Includes any person entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take if the child died without a will, as a parent by intestate succession from the child whose relationship is in question and excludes any person who is only a stepparent, foster parent, or grandparent. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 2-15-81
  • person: shall include a firm, partnership, association of persons, corporation, organization, or any other group acting as a unit. See Alabama Code 45-2-40.01
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: An individual or an organization, unless the context otherwise requires. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • petition: A written request to the court for an order after notice. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a corporation or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes any civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • proceeding: Includes action at law and suit in equity. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: As defined in Section 10A-1-1. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • property: Includes both real and personal property or any interest therein and means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTED PERSON: A minor or other person for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in Sections 26-2A-136 and 26-2A-137. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PROTECTIVE PROCEEDING: A proceeding under the provisions of Article 2, Division 3. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • QUALIFIED PERSON: With respect to any domestic professional corporation:

    a. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03

  • QUALIFIED STATE: Any state, other than Alabama, or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia which allows individuals authorized to render professional services in Alabama and not in the other state, or partnerships of the individuals, or domestic professional corporations or professional associations owned by the individuals to own shares of professional corporations or to be members of professional associations organized under its laws. See Alabama Code 10A-4-1.03
  • REASONABLE QUALIFICATIONS: The standard of the reasonable criteria established and consistently used by the respective supplier for Alabama wholesalers that entered into, continued, or renewed an agreement with the supplier during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed transfer of the wholesaler's business, or for Alabama wholesalers who have changed managers or designated managers during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed change in manager or successor manager of the wholesaler's business. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • RETALIATORY ACTION: Includes, but is not limited to, the refusal to continue an agreement, or a material reduction in the quality of service or in the quantity of products available to a wholesaler under an agreement, which refusal or reduction is not made in good faith. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • SALES TERRITORY: an area of exclusive sales responsibility for the brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier as designated by an agreement. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • state: The State of Alabama and any department, board, bureau, commission, or other agency thereof. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • Stock exchange: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • SUPERVISION FEE: A fee imposed on any eligible person, as defined in this part, by any judicial officer or the Baldwin County Pretrial Release and Community Corrections Board to compensate the Baldwin County Community Corrections Center for administrative and supervisory functions performed for any eligible person for any pretrial release programs, rehabilitative programs, alternative sentencing programs, educational programs, intervention programs, treatment programs, supervision programs, or other programs established pursuant to this part to serve the courts of the Twenty-eighth Judicial Circuit. See Alabama Code 45-2-84.02
  • supplier: A manufacturer or importer of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02
  • Surviving organization: means an organization into which one or more other organizations are merged under this article, whether the organization pre-existed the merger or was created pursuant to the merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-11.01
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Type of entity: means a generic form of entity: (i) recognized at common law; or (ii) formed under a governing statute, regardless of whether some entities formed under that law are subject to provisions of that law that create different categories of the form of entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unincorporated entity: means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, foreign nonprofit corporation, a series of a limited liability company or of another type of entity, an estate, a trust, a state, United States, or foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • verified: Supported by an affidavit or oath confirming the correctness, truth, or authenticity of the matter set forth therein. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • Voting group: means all stock of one or more classes or series that under the certificate of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of stockholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Voting power: means the current power to vote in the election of directors. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • ward: A person for whom a guardian has been appointed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • wholesaler: A wholesaler of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-2-22.02