§ 2201 Establishment of Department
§ 2202 Executive Department; Secretary
§ 2203 Seal
§ 2204 General duties of Secretary; advisory functions; research and development
§ 2204–1 Delegation of regulatory functions of Secretary of Agriculture; definitions
§ 2204–2 Delegation of regulatory functions to designated employees; status of employees; number; revocation of delegation
§ 2204–3 Authority of designated employees; retroactive revocation of delegation
§ 2204–4 Delegation of functions under other laws as unaffected
§ 2204–5 Authorization of appropriations for cooperative research projects
§ 2204a Rural development; utilization of non-Federal offices; location of field units; interchange of personnel and facilities
§ 2204b Rural development policy
§ 2204b–1 Rural development
§ 2204c Water management for rural areas
§ 2204d Encouragement of private contracting
§ 2204e Office of Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis
§ 2204g Authority of Secretary of Agriculture to conduct census of agriculture
§ 2204h Local food production and program evaluation
§ 2205 Duties of former Commissioner of Agriculture transferred to Secretary
§ 2206 Custody of property and records
§ 2206a Conveyance of excess Federal personal property
§ 2206b Availability of excess and surplus computers in rural areas
§ 2207 Reports
§ 2207a Reports to Congress on obligation and expenditure
§ 2207b Program metrics
§ 2207c Annual report on work of agricultural experiment stations and of college extension work; publication and distribution
§ 2208 Expenditure of appropriations; accounting
§ 2208a Loan levels provided to Department of Agriculture
§ 2209 Additional statement of expenditures
§ 2209a Advances to chiefs of field parties
§ 2209b Availability of appropriations
§ 2209c Use of funds for one-year contracts to be performed in two fiscal years
§ 2209d Statement of percentage and dollar amount of Federal funding
§ 2209e Prohibition on payments to parties involved with prohibited drug-producing plants
§ 2209f Restriction on commodity purchase program payments
§ 2209g Availability of funds for uniforms or allowances
§ 2209h Reimbursement of Office of the General Counsel
§ 2209i Funding for preparation of final agency decisions regarding discrimination complaints
§ 2209j Permanent debarment from participation in Department of Agriculture programs for fraud
§ 2210 Deputy Secretary of Agriculture; appointment
§ 2211 Powers and duties of Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
§ 2214 General Counsel; appointment
§ 2215 Chief clerk
§ 2217 Oaths, affirmations, and affidavits taken by officers, agents, or employees of Department; use and effect
§ 2217a Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require production of books, etc.
§ 2218 Fee for administering or taking oaths, affirmations, and affidavits
§ 2219 Salaries; how paid
§ 2219a Overtime and holiday pay
§ 2220 Certain officials and employees of Department and others not subject to restriction on payment of compensation to Government officials and employees
§ 2221 Details of persons from or to office of Secretary
§ 2222 Details of law clerks
§ 2223 Details of employees from and to library and bureaus and offices
§ 2224 Details of employees from and to Division of Accounts and Disbursements and bureaus and offices; traveling expenses
§ 2224a Utilization of employees of agencies for part-time and intermittent assistance to other agencies; exclusion of overtime resulting from natural disasters from staff year ceilings
§ 2225 Employment of temporary personnel
§ 2225a Contracts for consulting services
§ 2225b Personal service contracts for veterinarians
§ 2225c Employment contracts for services abroad
§ 2225d Availability of Department of Agriculture funds for temporary employment
§ 2226 Employment of persons for forest fire fighting, pest control, and handling of animals
§ 2227 Traveling expenses
§ 2228 Emergency subsistence for employees
§ 2229 Travel and per diem expenses of temporary or seasonal employees
§ 2230 Employees in Alaska; subsistence, equipment, and supplies
§ 2231 Official expenses of employees stationed abroad
§ 2231a Reimbursement of employees for costs of State licenses and certification fees
§ 2231b First amendment rights of employees of the United States Department of Agriculture
§ 2232 Stenographic reporting service
§ 2233 Funds available for expenses of advisory committees
§ 2234 Purchases for bureaus from appropriations for contingent expenses
§ 2235 Working capital fund established; use of central services by bureaus, etc., of the Department
§ 2235a Deposit and retention of credit card refunds or rebates
§ 2236 Working capital fund for Agricultural Research Center; establishment
§ 2237 Use of field work funds for employment of men with equipment, etc.
§ 2238 Use of field work funds for purchase of arms and ammunition
§ 2239 Funds for printing, binding, and scientific and technical article reprint purchases
§ 2240 Reimbursement of appropriation for salaries and compensation of employees in mechanical shops
§ 2241 Sale or exchange of animals or animal products
§ 2241a Exchange or sale authority
§ 2241b Purchase of seeds and plants for distribution
§ 2242a User fees for reports, publications, and software
§ 2242b Translation of publications into foreign languages
§ 2243 Sale of photographic prints and maps
§ 2245 Sale of prints and lantern slides
§ 2246 Loan, rental, or sale of films
§ 2247 Sale of samples of pure sugars
§ 2247a Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms, etc.
§ 2248 Statistics relating to turpentine and rosin
§ 2249 Amount and character of cooperation
§ 2250 Construction and repair of buildings and public improvements
§ 2250a Erection of buildings and other structures on non-Federal lands; duration of use of such lands; removal of structures after termination of use; availability of funds for expenses of acquiring long-term leases or other agreements
§ 2250b Nonrecurring expenses fund
§ 2251 Reimbursement of Production and Marketing Administration appropriations for expenses of maintaining registers of indebtedness and making set-offs
§ 2252 Reimbursement of Production and Marketing Administration appropriations for costs of procuring agricultural commodities for nongovernmental agencies or foreign governments
§ 2253 Adjustment by Secretary of titles to lands acquired by Government and subject to his control
§ 2254 Operation, maintenance and purchase of aircraft by Agricultural Research Service; construction and repair of buildings
§ 2254a Availability of funds appropriated for Agricultural Research Service for research related to tobacco or tobacco products
§ 2254b Availability of funds appropriated for Agricultural Research Service for research related to tobacco or tobacco products; exception
§ 2255 Membership in International Wheat Advisory Committee, International Sugar Council, etc.
§ 2255a Financial assistance to national and international conferences
§ 2255b Department of Agriculture conference transparency
§ 2256 Inspections, analyses, and tests for other Government departments and agencies; reimbursement
§ 2257 Interchangeability of funds for miscellaneous expenses and general expenses
§ 2258 Purchase of newspapers
§ 2259 Market-inspection certificates as prima facie evidence
§ 2261 Credit of donations and proceeds from exhibitions to appropriations concerned with foreign market development programs
§ 2262 Employee liability insurance on motor vehicles in foreign countries
§ 2262a Overseas tort claims
§ 2263 Transfer of funds
§ 2264 National Agricultural Library; acceptance of gifts, bequests, or devises; conditional gifts
§ 2265 Deposit of money accepted for benefit of National Agricultural Library; disbursement
§ 2266 Congressional reaffirmation of policy to foster and encourage family farms
§ 2268 Public lands; relinquishment
§ 2268a Acquisition of land; options
§ 2269 Gifts of property; acceptance and administration by Secretary of Agriculture; Federal tax law consideration; separate fund in Treasury; regulations
§ 2270 Authority of Office of Inspector General
§ 2270a Office of Inspector General; transfer of forfeiture funds for law enforcement activities
§ 2270b Department of Agriculture Inspector General investigation of Forest Service firefighter deaths
§ 2270c Submission of results
§ 2271 Marketing education programs for small and medium size family farm operations
§ 2271a Advanced marketing training for farmers and ranchers
§ 2272 Volunteers for Department of Agriculture programs
§ 2272a Funds for incidental expenses and promotional items relating to volunteers
§ 2273 Local search and rescue operations
§ 2274 Firearm authority of employees engaged in animal quarantine enforcement
§ 2274a Firearm authority of employees conducting field work in remote locations
§ 2276 Confidentiality of information
§ 2277 Contracts by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service for services to be performed abroad
§ 2278 Consistency with international obligations of United States
§ 2279 Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers and veteran farmers and ranchers
§ 2279–1 Transparency and accountability for socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers
§ 2279–2 Report of civil rights complaints, resolutions, and actions
§ 2279a Fair and equitable treatment of socially disadvantaged producers
§ 2279b Department of Agriculture educational, training, and professional development activities
§ 2279c Student internship programs
§ 2279d Compensatory damages in claims under Rehabilitation Act of 1973
§ 2279e Civil penalty
§ 2279f Subpoena authority
§ 2279g Marketing services; cooperative agreements
§ 2279h Cross-servicing activities of National Finance Center
§ 2279i Cooperation with State and other agencies; expenditures

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 55

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • adjacent coastal State: means any coastal State which (A) would be directly connected by pipeline to a deepwater port, as proposed in an application. See 42 USC 9814
  • adjacent islands: includes Saint Pierre, Miquelon, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Bermuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, the Windward and Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Martinique, and other British, French, and Netherlands territory or possessions in or bordering on the Caribbean Sea. See 26 USC 110
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. See 42 USC 10157
  • administrator: means the official designated by the Secretary of State pursuant to section 1104(b) of this title. See 26 USC 110
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. See 42 USC 7602
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • advocates: includes , but is not limited to, advises, recommends, furthers by overt act, and admits belief in. See 26 USC 110
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: means any entity owned or controlled by, any person who owns or controls, or any entity which is under common ownership or control with an applicant, licensee, or any person required to be disclosed pursuant to section 1504(c)(2)(A) or (B) of this title. See 42 USC 9814
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • aggravated felony: means --

    (A) murder, rape, or sexual abuse of a minor. See 26 USC 110

  • agricultural commodity: means any agricultural commodity, food, feed, fiber, or livestock (including livestock as it is defined in section 1471(2) of this title and insects), and any product thereof. See 20 USC 1136a
  • air pollutant: means any air pollution agent or combination of such agents, including any physical, chemical, biological, radioactive (including source material, special nuclear material, and byproduct material) substance or matter which is emitted into or otherwise enters the ambient air. See 42 USC 7602
  • air pollution control agency: means any of the following:

    (1) A single State agency designated by the Governor of that State as the official State air pollution control agency for purposes of this chapter. See 42 USC 7602

  • alien: means any person not a citizen or national of the United States. See 26 USC 110
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • amenable species: means --

    (1) those species subject to the provisions of this chapter on the day before November 10, 2005. See 42 USC 16131

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • American folklife: means the traditional expressive culture shared within the various groups in the United States: familial, ethnic, occupational, religious, regional. See 42 USC 8422
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • animal food manufacturer: means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of manufacturing or processing animal food derived wholly or in part from carcasses, or parts or products of the carcasses, of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines. See 42 USC 16131
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Antarctic Protocol: means the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, signed October 4, 1991, in Madrid, and all annexes thereto, and includes any future amendments thereto which have entered into force. See 42 USC 10157
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicable implementation plan: means the portion (or portions) of the implementation plan, or most recent revision thereof, which has been approved under section 7410 of this title, or promulgated under section 7410(c) of this title, or promulgated or approved pursuant to regulations promulgated under section 7601(d) of this title and which implements the relevant requirements of this chapter. See 42 USC 7602
  • applicable program: means any program for which the Secretary or the Department has administrative responsibility as provided by law or by delegation of authority pursuant to law. See 22 USC 2358
  • application: means an application submitted under this Act for a license for the ownership, construction, and operation of a deepwater port. See 42 USC 9814
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • arts: includes , but is not limited to, music (instrumental and vocal), dance, drama, folk art, creative writing, architecture and allied fields, painting, sculpture, photography, graphic and craft arts, industrial design, costume and fashion design, motion pictures, television, radio, film, video, tape and sound recording, the arts related to the presentation, performance, execution, and exhibition of such major art forms, all those traditional arts practiced by the diverse peoples of this country. See 42 USC 7385b
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney General: means the Attorney General of the United States. See 26 USC 110
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • auxiliary aids and services: includes --

    (A) qualified interpreters or other effective methods of making aurally delivered materials available to individuals with hearing impairments. See 47 USC 308

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Board of Trustees of the Center. See 42 USC 8422
  • Board: shall mean the Benefits Review Board. See 42 USC 7544
  • Board of Regents: means the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. See 42 USC 7269
  • Board of Trustees: means the Board of Trustees of the National Museum of the American Indian. See 42 USC 7269
  • border crossing identification card: means a document of identity bearing that designation issued to an alien who is lawfully admitted for permanent residence, or to an alien who is a resident in foreign contiguous territory, by a consular officer or an immigration officer for the purpose of crossing over the borders between the United States and foreign contiguous territory in accordance with such conditions for its issuance and use as may be prescribed by regulations. See 26 USC 110
  • Budget authority: Authority provided by law to enter into obligations that will result in outlays of Federal funds. Budget authority may be classified by the period of availability (one-year, multiyear, no-year), by the timing of congressional action (current or permanent), or by the manner of determining the amount available (definite or indefinite).
  • burial site: means a natural or prepared physical location, whether below, on, or above the surface of the earth, into which, as a part of a death rite or ceremony of a culture, individual human remains are deposited. See 42 USC 7269
  • carrier: means any person or fund authorized under section 932 of this title to insure under this chapter and includes self-insurers. See 42 USC 7544
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Center: means the American Folklife Center established under this subchapter. See 42 USC 8422
  • Chairman: means the Chairman of the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies. See 26 USC 4218
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • child: means an unmarried person under twenty-one years of age who is--

    (A) a child born in wedlock. See 26 USC 110

  • Child: shall include a posthumous child, a child legally adopted prior to the injury of the employee, a child in relation to whom the deceased employee stood in loco parentis for at least one year prior to the time of injury, and a stepchild or acknowledged illegitimate child dependent upon the deceased, but does not include married children unless wholly dependent on him. See 42 USC 7544
  • children: as used in this chapter , shall be deemed to include persons regardless of age who are determined by the State educational agency, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, to have 1 or more disabilities and who are attending any nonresidential public or nonprofit private school of high school grade or under for the purpose of participating in a school program established for individuals with disabilities. See 42 USC 16253
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • citizen of the United States: means any person who is a United States citizen by law, birth, or naturalization, any State, any agency of a State or a group of States, or any corporation, partnership, or association organized under the laws of any State which has as its president or other executive officer and as its chairman of the board of directors, or holder of a similar office, a person who is a United States citizen by law, birth or naturalization and which has no more of its directors who are not United States citizens by law, birth or naturalization than constitute a minority of the number required for a quorum necessary to conduct the business of the board. See 42 USC 9814
  • coastal environment: means the navigable waters (including the lands therein and thereunder) and the adjacent shorelines including 1 waters therein and thereunder). See 42 USC 9814
  • coastal State: means any State of the United States in or bordering on the Atlantic, Pacific, or Arctic Oceans, or the Gulf of Mexico. See 42 USC 9814
  • commerce: means commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. See 10 USC 836
  • commerce: means commerce between any State, any Territory, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. See 42 USC 16131
  • commerce: means (A) commerce between any place in any State and any place outside thereof. See 42 USC 7550
  • commerce: means commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. See 7 USC 1334b
  • Commission: means the South Pacific Commission. See 42 USC 17357
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, as established under section 12311 of this title. See 47 USC 313
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Compensation: means the money allowance payable to an employee or to his dependents as provided for in this chapter, and includes funeral benefits provided therein. See 42 USC 7544
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Congressional Record: The substantially verbatim account of daily proceedings in Congress. It is printed for each day Congress is in session. At the back of each daily issue is the "Daily Digest," which summarizes the day's floor and committee activities.
  • construction: means the supervising, inspection, actual building, and all other activities incidental to the building, repairing, or expanding of a deepwater port or any of its components, including, but not limited to, pile driving and bulkheading, and alterations, modifications, or additions to the deepwater port. See 42 USC 9814
  • construction: includes construction and initial equipment of new buildings, and expansion, remodeling, and alteration of existing buildings and equipment therein, including architect's services, but excluding off-site improvements. See 42 USC 12131
  • consular officer: means any consular, diplomatic, or other officer or employee of the United States designated under regulations prescribed under authority contained in this chapter, for the purpose of issuing immigrant or nonimmigrant visas or, when used in subchapter III, for the purpose of adjudicating nationality. See 26 USC 110
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • control: means the power, directly or indirectly, to determine the policy, business practices, or decisionmaking process of another person, whether by stock or other ownership interest, by representation on a board of directors or similar body, by contract or other agreement with stockholders or others, or otherwise. See 42 USC 9814
  • Convention: means the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, including Protocols I and II and Annexes I, II, V, and VI thereto, including any modification or amendments to the Convention, Protocols, or Annexes which have entered into force for the United States. See 42 USC 10157
  • convention: means the International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969, including annexes thereto. See 42 USC 8453
  • convention oil: means crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil, and lubricating oil. See 42 USC 8453
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • conviction: means , with respect to an alien, a formal judgment of guilt of the alien entered by a court or, if adjudication of guilt has been withheld, where--

    (i) a judge or jury has found the alien guilty or the alien has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or has admitted sufficient facts to warrant a finding of guilt, and

    (ii) the judge has ordered some form of punishment, penalty, or restraint on the alien's liberty to be imposed. See 26 USC 110

  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Federal Council on Children, Youth, and Families, as established under section 12314(a) of this title. See 47 USC 313
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See 19 USC 2292
  • county: as used in this subchapter may be the entire area, or any subdivision thereof as may be determined by the Secretary, and payments under section 1012 of this title shall be made to the Governor or to the fiscal agent of such subdivision. See 10 USC 1471
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • crewman: means a person serving in any capacity on board a vessel or aircraft. See 26 USC 110
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dealer: means any person who is engaged in the sale or the distribution of new motor vehicles or new motor vehicle engines to the ultimate purchaser. See 42 USC 7550
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • demonstrates: means meets the burdens of going forward with the evidence and of persuasion. See 42 USC 17356
  • Department: means the Department of Education. See 22 USC 2358
  • Department: means the Department of Education or any component thereof. See 42 USC 10175
  • Department: means the Department of Energy or any component thereof, including the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. See 46 USC 41303
  • Department of Agriculture: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 5 USC 8478
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • deputy commissioner: means the deputy commissioner having jurisdiction in respect of an injury or death. See 42 USC 7544
  • Deputy Secretary: means the Deputy Secretary of Education. See 42 USC 10175
  • determined to be obscene: means determined, in a final judgment of a court of record and of competent jurisdiction in the United States, to be obscene. See 42 USC 13370
  • determined to be obscene: means determined, in a final judgment of a court of record and of competent jurisdiction in the United States, to be obscene. See 42 USC 7385b
  • development: means any or all undertakings necessary for planning, land acquisition, demolition, construction, or equipment, in connection with a low-income housing project. See 42 USC 1437a
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • digital literacy skills: means the skills associated with using technology to enable users to find, evaluate, organize, create, and communicate information. See 42 USC 13370
  • diplomatic visa: means a nonimmigrant visa bearing that title and issued to a nonimmigrant in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe. See 26 USC 110
  • Director: means the Director of the Institute appointed under section 9103 of this title. See 42 USC 13370
  • Director: means the Director of the Community Services Administration. See 42 USC 6862
  • disability: means , with respect to an individual--

    (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of such individual. See 47 USC 307

  • Disability: means incapacity because of injury to earn the wages which the employee was receiving at the time of injury in the same or any other employment. See 42 USC 7544
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discretionary spending: Spending (budget authority and outlays)controlled in annual appropriations acts.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means any person engaged in maritime employment, including any longshoreman or other person engaged in longshoring operations, and any harbor-worker including a ship repairman, shipbuilder, and ship-breaker, but such term does not include--

    (A) individuals employed exclusively to perform office clerical, secretarial, security, or data processing work. See 42 USC 7544

  • employer: means an employer any of whose employees are employed in maritime employment, in whole or in part, upon the navigable waters of the United States (including any adjoining pier, wharf, dry dock, terminal, building way, marine railway, or other adjoining area customarily used by an employer in loading, unloading, repairing, or building a vessel). See 42 USC 7544
  • engage in terrorist activity: means , in an individual capacity or as a member of an organization--

    (I) to commit or to incite to commit, under circumstances indicating an intention to cause death or serious bodily injury, a terrorist activity. See 10 USC 1453

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executive capacity: means an assignment within an organization in which the employee primarily--

    (i) directs the management of the organization or a major component or function of the organization. See 26 USC 110

  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exercise of religion: means religious exercise, as defined in section 2000cc-5 of this title. See 42 USC 17356
  • extraordinary ability: means , for purposes of subsection (a)(15)(O)(i), in the case of the arts, distinction. See 26 USC 110
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • families: includes families consisting of a single person in the case of (i) an elderly person, (ii) a disabled person, (iii) a displaced person, (iv) the remaining member of a tenant family, and (v) any other single persons. See 42 USC 1437a
  • family resource and support programs: means community-based services that offer sustained assistance to families at various stages in their development. See 42 USC 12352
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal implementation plan: means a plan (or portion thereof) promulgated by the Administrator to fill all or a portion of a gap or otherwise correct all or a portion of an inadequacy in a State implementation plan, and which includes enforceable emission limitations or other control measures, means or techniques (including economic incentives, such as marketable permits or auctions of emissions allowances), and provides for attainment of the relevant national ambient air quality standard. See 42 USC 7602
  • Federal land manager: means , with respect to any lands in the United States, the Secretary of the department with authority over such lands. See 42 USC 7602
  • Federal prosecutor: A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • firm: means any partnership, association, or other unincorporated business organization. See 42 USC 16131
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • food products: means flour (excluding flour second clears not used for human consumption as determined by the Secretary), semolina, farina, bulgur, beverage, and any other product composed wholly or partly of wheat which the Secretary may determine to be a food product. See 10 USC 872
  • food security: means access by all people at all times to sufficient food and nutrition for a healthy and productive life. See 10 USC 2801
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign state: includes outlying possessions of a foreign state, but self-governing dominions or territories under mandate or trusteeship shall be regarded as separate foreign states. See 26 USC 110
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • function: includes any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, activity, or program. See 42 USC 10175
  • function: includes reference to any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, and activity, or the plural thereof, as the case may be. See 46 USC 41303
  • funerary object: means an object that, as part of a death rite or ceremony of a culture, is intentionally placed with individual human remains, either at the time of burial or later. See 42 USC 7269
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • government: includes a branch, department, agency, instrumentality, and official (or other person acting under color of law) of the United States, or of a covered entity. See 42 USC 17356
  • Government agency: means any department, independent establishment, or other agency of the Government of the United States, or any corporation wholly owned by the Government of the United States. See 42 USC 17357
  • Governor: means the Governor of a State or the person designated by State law to exercise the powers granted to the Governor pursuant to this chapter. See 42 USC 9814
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • grain: means corn, wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, sorghum, soybeans, mixed grain, and any other food grains, feed grains, and oilseeds for which standards are established under section 76 of this title. See 5 USC 8478
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • group: includes any State or other public agency, and any nonprofit society, institution, organization, association, museum, or establishment in the United States, whether or not incorporated. See 42 USC 7385b
  • group: includes any State or public agency or institution and any nonprofit society, institution, organization, association, or establishment in the United States. See 42 USC 8422
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Gum rosin: means rosin remaining after the distillation of gum spirits of turpentine. See 7 USC 1334b
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Heye Foundation assets: means the collections, endowment, and all other property of the Heye Foundation (other than the interest of the Heye Foundation in Audubon Terrace) described in the Memorandum of Understanding between the Smithsonian Institution and the Heye Foundation, dated May 8, 1989, and the schedules attached to such memorandum. See 42 USC 7269
  • Heye Museum: means the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. See 42 USC 7269
  • honeybee: means all life stages and the germ plasm of honeybees of the genus Apis, except honeybee semen. See 7 USC 1374
  • humanities: includes , but is not limited to, the study and interpretation of the following: language, both modern and classical. See 42 USC 7385b
  • immigrant: means every alien except an alien who is within one of the following classes of nonimmigrant aliens--

    (A)(i) an ambassador, public minister, or career diplomatic or consular officer who has been accredited by a foreign government, recognized de jure by the United States and who is accepted by the President or by the Secretary of State, and the members of the alien's immediate family. See 26 USC 110

  • immigrant visa: means an immigrant visa required by this chapter and properly issued by a consular officer at his office outside of the United States to an eligible immigrant under the provisions of this chapter. See 26 USC 110
  • immigration judge: means an attorney whom the Attorney General appoints as an administrative judge within the Executive Office for Immigration Review, qualified to conduct specified classes of proceedings, including a hearing under section 1229a of this title. See 26 USC 110
  • immigration laws: includes this chapter and all laws, conventions, and treaties of the United States relating to the immigration, exclusion, deportation, expulsion, or removal of aliens. See 26 USC 110
  • immigration officer: means any employee or class of employees of the Service or of the United States designated by the Attorney General, individually or by regulation, to perform the functions of an immigration officer specified by this chapter or any section of this title. See 26 USC 110
  • income: means income from all sources of each member of the household, as determined in accordance with criteria prescribed by the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, except that any amounts not actually received by the family and any amounts which would be eligible for exclusion under section 1382b(a)(7) of this title or any deferred Department of Veterans Affairs disability benefits that are received in a lump sum amount or in prospective monthly amounts may not be considered as income under this paragraph. See 42 USC 1437a
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • independent State body: means the entity established under section 12336 of this title. See 42 USC 12332
  • Indian: means a member of an Indian tribe. See 42 USC 7269
  • Indian tribe: has the meaning given that term in section 5304 of title 25. See 42 USC 7269
  • Indian tribe: means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaska Native village, which is Federally recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians. See 42 USC 7602
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 19 USC 2297
  • ineligible to citizenship: when used in reference to any individual, means, notwithstanding the provisions of any treaty relating to military service, an individual who is, or was at any time permanently debarred from becoming a citizen of the United States under section 3(a) of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, as amended (54 Stat. See 26 USC 110
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • injury: means accidental injury or death arising out of and in the course of employment, and such occupational disease or infection as arises naturally out of such employment or as naturally or unavoidably results from such accidental injury, and includes an injury caused by the willful act of a third person directed against an employee because of his employment. See 42 USC 7544
  • Institute: means the Institute of Museum and Library Services established under section 9102 of this title. See 42 USC 13370
  • institution of higher education: has the meaning given the term in section 1001(a) of this title. See 22 USC 7654
  • institution of higher education: means an educational institution in any State which (A) admits as regular students only individuals having a certificate of graduation from a school providing secondary education, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate. See 42 USC 12131
  • intended spouse: means any alien who meets the criteria set forth in section 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii)(II)(aa)(BB), 1154(a)(1)(B)(ii)(II)(aa)(BB), or 1229b(b)(2)(A)(i)(III) of this title. See 26 USC 110
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • international student: means an individual who--

    (A) is not a citizen or national of, or lawfully admitted for permanent residence in, the United States. See 42 USC 12131

  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • interstate air pollution control agency: means --

    (1) an air pollution control agency established by two or more States, or

    (2) an air pollution control agency of two or more municipalities located in different States. See 42 USC 7602

  • interstate or foreign commerce: means commerce from any State to or through any other State, or to or through any foreign country. See 5 USC 8478
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container (not including package liners) of any article. See 42 USC 16131
  • labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter (1) upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers, or (2) accompanying such article. See 42 USC 16131
  • laboratory: means any facility or vehicle that is owned by an individual or a public or private entity and is equipped and operated for the purpose of carrying out pesticide residue analysis on agricultural products for commercial purposes. See 7 USC 1342
  • lawfully admitted for permanent residence: means the status of having been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed. See 26 USC 110
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Librarian: means the Librarian of Congress. See 42 USC 8422
  • library: includes --

    (A) a public library. See 42 USC 13451

  • licensee: means a citizen of the United States holding a valid license for the ownership, construction, and operation of a deepwater port that was issued, transferred, or renewed pursuant to this chapter. See 42 USC 9814
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • live poultry dealer: means any person engaged in the business of obtaining live poultry by purchase or under a poultry growing arrangement for the purpose of either slaughtering it or selling it for slaughter by another, if poultry is obtained by such person in commerce, or if poultry obtained by such person is sold or shipped in commerce, or if poultry products from poultry obtained by such person are sold or shipped in commerce. See 10 USC 836
  • livestock: means cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, or goats--whether live or dead. See 10 USC 836
  • livestock products: means all products and byproducts (other than meats and meat food products) of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry derived in whole or in part from livestock. See 10 USC 836
  • local public bodies and agencies: includes public corporate bodies or political subdivisions. See 46 USC 3505
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Marine environment: means the navigable waters of the United States and the land and resources therein and thereunder. See 42 USC 8272
  • marine environment: includes the coastal environment, waters of the contiguous zone, and waters of the high seas. See 42 USC 9814
  • MARPOL Protocol: means the Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, and includes the Convention. See 42 USC 10157
  • marriage: means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word "spouse" refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. See 19 USC 2296
  • means of emission limitation: means a system of continuous emission reduction (including the use of specific technology or fuels with specified pollution characteristics). See 42 USC 7602
  • meat broker: means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of buying or selling carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat, or meat food products of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines on commission, or otherwise negotiating purchases or sales of such articles other than for his own account or as an employee of another person, firm, or corporation. See 42 USC 16131
  • meat food product: means any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any cattle, sheep, swine, or goats, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry, and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the Secretary under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See 42 USC 16131
  • meat food products: means all products and byproducts of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry--if edible. See 10 USC 836
  • meeting: includes those activities of student groups which are permitted under a school's limited open forum and are not directly related to the school curriculum. See 42 USC 11431
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • mother: include in the case of a posthumous child a deceased parent, father, and mother. See 26 USC 110
  • motor vehicle: means any self-propelled vehicle designed for transporting persons or property on a street or highway. See 42 USC 7550
  • municipality: means a city, town, borough, county, parish, district, or other public body created by or pursuant to State law. See 42 USC 7602
  • museum: means a public or private nonprofit agency or institution organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes, that utilizes a professional staff, owns or utilizes tangible objects, cares for the tangible objects, and exhibits the tangible objects to the public on a regular basis. See 42 USC 13458
  • Museum and Library Services Board: means the National Museum and Library Services Board established under section 9105a of this title. See 42 USC 13370
  • national: means a person owing permanent allegiance to a state. See 26 USC 110
  • national average weekly wage: means the national average weekly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers on private nonagricultural payrolls. See 42 USC 7544
  • National Museum: means the National Museum of the American Indian established by section 80q-1 of this title. See 42 USC 7269
  • national of the United States: means (A) a citizen of the United States, or (B) a person who, though not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States. See 26 USC 110
  • Native American: means an individual of a tribe, people, or culture that is indigenous to the Americas and such term includes a Native Hawaiian. See 42 USC 7269
  • Native Hawaiian: means a member or descendant of the aboriginal people who, before 1778, occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now comprises the State of Hawaii. See 42 USC 7269
  • natural gas: means either natural gas unmixed, or any mixture of natural or artificial gas, including compressed or liquefied natural gas, natural gas liquids, liquefied petroleum gas, and condensate recovered from natural gas. See 42 USC 9814
  • naturalization: means the conferring of nationality of a state upon a person after birth, by any means whatsoever. See 26 USC 110
  • Naval stores: means spirits of turpentine and rosin. See 7 USC 1334b
  • navigable waters: includes the territorial sea of the United States (as defined in Presidential Proclamation 5928 of December 27, 1988) and the internal waters of the United States. See 42 USC 10157
  • Navigable waters of the United States: includes all waters of the territorial sea of the United States as described in Presidential Proclamation No. See 42 USC 8272
  • new motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle the equitable or legal title to which has never been transferred to an ultimate purchaser. See 42 USC 7550
  • new motor vehicle engine: means an engine in a new motor vehicle or a motor vehicle engine the equitable or legal title to which has never been transferred to the ultimate purchaser. See 42 USC 7550
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • nonimmigrant visa: means a visa properly issued to an alien as an eligible nonimmigrant by a competent officer as provided in this chapter. See 26 USC 110
  • noninstructional time: means time set aside by the school before actual classroom instruction begins or after actual classroom instruction ends. See 42 USC 11431
  • nonprofit: when applied to any such private school or institution, means any such school or institution which is exempt from tax under section 501(c)(3) of title 26. See 42 USC 16253
  • nonroad engine: means an internal combustion engine (including the fuel system) that is not used in a motor vehicle or a vehicle used solely for competition, or that is not subject to standards promulgated under section 7411 of this title or section 7521 of this title. See 42 USC 7550
  • nonroad vehicle: means a vehicle that is powered by a nonroad engine and that is not a motor vehicle or a vehicle used solely for competition. See 42 USC 7550
  • NTID: means the National Technical Institute for the Deaf. See 42 USC 12131
  • oath: includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed. See 19 USC 2291
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obscene: means , with respect to a project, that--

    (A) the average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find that such project, when taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. See 42 USC 13370

  • obscene: means with respect to a project, production, workshop, or program that--

    (1) the average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find that such project, production, workshop, or program, when taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. See 42 USC 7385b

  • office: includes any office, institute, council, unit, organizational entity, or component thereof. See 42 USC 10175
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 19 USC 2291
  • official certificate: means any certificate prescribed by regulations of the Secretary for issuance by an inspector or other person performing official functions under this chapter. See 42 USC 16131
  • official device: means any device prescribed or authorized by the Secretary for use in applying any official mark. See 42 USC 16131
  • official inspection: means the determination (by original inspection, and when requested, reinspection and appeal inspection) and the certification, by official inspection personnel of the kind, class, quality, or condition of grain, under standards provided for in this chapter, or the condition of vessels and other carriers or receptacles for the transportation of grain insofar as it may affect the quality or condition of such grain. See 5 USC 8478
  • official inspection personnel: means persons licensed or otherwise authorized by the Secretary pursuant to section 84 of this title to perform all or specified functions involved in official inspection, official weighing, or supervision of weighing, or in the supervision of official inspection, official weighing or supervision of weighing. See 5 USC 8478
  • official mark: means the official inspection legend or any other symbol prescribed by regulations of the Secretary to identify the status of any article or animal under this chapter. See 42 USC 16131
  • officially inspected: shall be construed accordingly). See 5 USC 8478
  • oil: means petroleum, crude oil, and any substance refined from petroleum or crude oil. See 42 USC 9814
  • operation: means any or all undertakings appropriate for management, operation, services, maintenance, security (including the cost of security personnel), or financing in connection with a low-income housing project. See 42 USC 1437a
  • operator: means --

    (a) in the case of a ship, a charterer by demise or any other person, except the owner, who is responsible for the operation, manning, victualing, and supplying of the vessel, or

    (b) in the case of a terminal, any person, except the owner, responsible for the operation of the terminal by agreement with the owner. See 42 USC 10157

  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • order of deportation: means the order of the special inquiry officer, or other such administrative officer to whom the Attorney General has delegated the responsibility for determining whether an alien is deportable, concluding that the alien is deportable or ordering deportation. See 26 USC 110
  • organization: means , but is not limited to, an organization, corporation, company, partnership, association, trust, foundation or fund. See 26 USC 110
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: means any person holding title to, or in the absence of title, any other indicia of ownership of, a ship or terminal, but does not include a person who, without participating in the management or operation of a ship or terminal, holds indicia of ownership primarily to protect a security interest in the ship or terminal. See 42 USC 10157
  • Package: means any container of naval stores, and includes barrel, tank, tank car, or other receptacle. See 7 USC 1334b
  • packer: means any person engaged in the business (a) of buying livestock in commerce for purposes of slaughter, or (b) of manufacturing or preparing meats or meat food products for sale or shipment in commerce, or (c) of marketing meats, meat food products, or livestock products in an unmanufactured form acting as a wholesale broker, dealer, or distributor in commerce. See 10 USC 839
  • parent: includes step-parents and parents by adoption, parents-in-law, and any person who for more than three years prior to the death of the deceased employee stood in the place of a parent to him, if dependent on the injured employee. See 42 USC 7544
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • passport: means any travel document issued by competent authority showing the bearer's origin, identity, and nationality if any, which is valid for the admission of the bearer into a foreign country. See 26 USC 110
  • perform: when used in relation to functions, includes the undertaking, fulfillment, or execution of any duty or obligation. See 46 USC 41303
  • permanent: means a relationship of continuing or lasting nature, as distinguished from temporary, but a relationship may be permanent even though it is one that may be dissolved eventually at the instance either of the United States or of the individual, in accordance with law. See 26 USC 110
  • person: includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations. See 10 USC 836
  • person: means an individual, firm, public or private corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a State, or any interstate body. See 42 USC 10157
  • person: includes an individual, corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, political subdivision of a State, and any agency, department, or instrumentality of the United States and any officer, agent, or employee thereof. See 42 USC 7602
  • person: means an individual or an organization. See 26 USC 110
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity. See 5 USC 8478
  • person: means individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See 42 USC 7544
  • person: means an individual, partnership, association, or corporation. See 42 USC 15023
  • Person: includes partnerships, associations, and corporations, as well as individuals. See 7 USC 1334b
  • person: includes an individual, a public or private corporation, a partnership or other association, or a government entity. See 42 USC 9814
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • pesticide: means any substance that alone, in chemical combination, or in any formulation with one or more substances, is defined as a pesticide in section 136(u) of this title. See 7 USC 1342
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Point of order: A claim made by a legislator from the floor that a rule of the legislature is being violated. If the Chair sustains the point of order, the action in violation of the rule is not permitted.
  • poultry: means chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other domestic fowl. See 10 USC 836
  • poultry grower: means any person engaged in the business of raising and caring for live poultry for slaughter by another, whether the poultry is owned by such person or by another, but not an employee of the owner of such poultry. See 10 USC 836
  • poultry growing arrangement: means any growout contract, marketing agreement, or other arrangement under which a poultry grower raises and cares for live poultry for delivery, in accord with another's instructions, for slaughter. See 10 USC 836
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • prepared: means slaughtered, canned, salted, rendered, boned, cut up, or otherwise manufactured or processed. See 42 USC 16131
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • primary standard attainment date: means the date specified in the applicable implementation plan for the attainment of a national primary ambient air quality standard for any air pollutant. See 42 USC 7602
  • private educational: refer to independent, nonpublic, and private institutions of elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education. See 42 USC 10175
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • production: means plays (with or without music), ballet, dance and choral performances, concerts, recitals, operas, exhibitions, readings, motion pictures, television, radio, film, video, and tape and sound recordings, and any other activities involving the execution or rendition of the arts and meeting such standards as may be approved by the National Endowment for the Arts established by section 954 of this title. See 42 USC 7385b
  • profession: shall include but not be limited to architects, engineers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and teachers in elementary or secondary schools, colleges, academies, or seminaries. See 26 USC 110
  • professional athlete: means an individual who is employed as an athlete by--

    (aa) a team that is a member of an association of 6 or more professional sports teams whose total combined revenues exceed $10,000,000 per year, if the association governs the conduct of its members and regulates the contests and exhibitions in which its member teams regularly engage. See 10 USC 1453

  • project: means programs organized to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, including programs to foster American artistic creativity, to commission works of art, to create opportunities for individuals to develop artistic talents when carried on as a part of a program otherwise included in this definition, and to develop and enhance the widest public knowledge and understanding of the arts, and includes, where appropriate, rental or purchase of facilities, purchase or rental of land, and acquisition of equipment. See 42 USC 7385b
  • project: means (A) housing developed, acquired, or assisted by a public housing agency under this chapter, and (B) the improvement of any such housing. See 42 USC 1437a
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • protocol: means the Protocol Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances Other Than Oil, 1973, including annexes thereto. See 42 USC 8453
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • public entity: means --

    (A) any State or local government. See 42 USC 12131

  • public housing: includes dwelling units in a mixed finance project that are assisted by a public housing agency with capital or operating assistance. See 42 USC 1437a
  • public housing agency: means any State, county, municipality, or other governmental entity or public body (or agency or instrumentality thereof) which is authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of public housing, or a consortium of such entities or bodies as approved by the Secretary. See 42 USC 1437a
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • qualified individual with a disability: means an individual with a disability who, with or without reasonable modifications to rules, policies, or practices, the removal of architectural, communication, or transportation barriers, or the provision of auxiliary aids and services, meets the essential eligibility requirements for the receipt of services or the participation in programs or activities provided by a public entity. See 42 USC 12131
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Quorum call: A call of the roll to establish whether a quorum is present. If any legislator "suggests the absence of a quorum," the presiding officer must direct the roll to be called.
  • Ranking minority member: The highest ranking (and usually longest serving) minority member of a committee or subcommittee.
  • Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • refugee: means (A) any person who is outside any country of such person's nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided, and who is unable or unwilling to return to, and is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, or (B) in such special circumstances as the President after appropriate consultation (as defined in section 1157(e) of this title) may specify, any person who is within the country of such person's nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, within the country in which such person is habitually residing, and who is persecuted or who has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. See 26 USC 110
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • renderer: means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of rendering carcasses or parts or products of the carcasses, of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines, except rendering conducted under inspection or exemption under this subchapter. See 42 USC 16131
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • representative: includes an officer, official, or spokesman of an organization, and any person who directs, counsels, commands, or induces an organization or its members to engage in terrorist activity. See 10 USC 1453
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • residence: means the place of general abode. See 26 USC 110
  • residential building: means any building used as a residence which is not a new building to which final standards under sections 6833(a) and 6834 1 of this title apply and which has a system for heating, cooling, or both. See 42 USC 8235
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Rosin: includes gum rosin and wood rosin. See 7 USC 1334b
  • safety zone: means the safety zone established around a deepwater port as determined by the Secretary in accordance with section 1509(d) of this title. See 42 USC 9814
  • School: means (A) any public or nonprofit private school of high school grade or under, including kindergarten and preschool programs operated by such school, and (B) any public or licensed nonprofit private residential child care institution (including, but not limited to, orphanages and homes for the mentally retarded, but excluding Job Corps Centers funded by the Department of Labor). See 42 USC 16253
  • School year: means the annual period from July 1 through June 30. See 42 USC 16253
  • secondary school: means a public school which provides secondary education as determined by State law. See 42 USC 11431
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See 42 USC 1437a
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See 42 USC 9814
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Education. See 22 USC 2358
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 836
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating. See 42 USC 10157
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Education. See 22 USC 7654
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 42 USC 16253
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Education. See 42 USC 10175
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Education. See 42 USC 12131
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or his delegate. See 42 USC 16131
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 20 USC 1136a
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Health and Human Services. See 47 USC 313
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or delegates of the Secretary. See 5 USC 8478
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Energy. See 42 USC 6862
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor. See 42 USC 7544
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of State. See 42 USC 17357
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See 42 USC 6892
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, except that "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the application of this chapter to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. See 42 USC 8272
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating. See 42 USC 8453
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 7 USC 1342
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • serious criminal offense: means --

    (1) any felony. See 26 USC 110

  • Service: means the Foreign Agricultural Service of the Department of Agriculture. See 20 USC 1136a
  • Service: means the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice. See 26 USC 110
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • ship: means a vessel of any type whatsoever, including hydrofoils, air-cushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft whether self-propelled or not, and fixed or floating platforms. See 42 USC 10157
  • ship: means --

    (A) a seagoing vessel of any type whatsoever, and

    (B) any floating craft, except an installation or device engaged in the exploration and exploitation of the resources of the seabed and the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof. See 42 USC 8453

  • sister: includes stepbrothers and stepsisters, half brothers and half sisters, and brothers and sisters by adoption, but does not include married brothers nor married sisters unless wholly dependent on the employee. See 42 USC 7544
  • special immigrant: means --

    (A) an immigrant, lawfully admitted for permanent residence, who is returning from a temporary visit abroad. See 26 USC 110

  • Spirits of turpentine: includes gum spirits of turpentine and wood turpentine. See 7 USC 1334b
  • sponsorship: includes the act of promoting, leading, or participating in a meeting. See 42 USC 11431
  • standard of performance: means a requirement of continuous emission reduction, including any requirement relating to the operation or maintenance of a source to assure continuous emission reduction. See 42 USC 7602
  • State: means any of the fifty States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 42 USC 16253
  • State: includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. See 42 USC 10175
  • State: means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 42 USC 12131
  • State: means any State of the United States and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 42 USC 16131
  • State: includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 26 USC 110
  • State: means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa and includes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 42 USC 7602
  • State: means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands of the United States, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 47 USC 308
  • State: includes the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. See 47 USC 313
  • State: includes , in addition to the several States of the Union, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands. See 42 USC 7385b
  • State: includes , in addition to the several States of the Union, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands. See 42 USC 8422
  • State: includes a Territory and the District of Columbia. See 42 USC 7544
  • State: means any one of the States (including Puerto Rico) or territories or possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 5 USC 8478
  • State: means --

    (A) a State. See 42 USC 6862

  • State: means each of the 50 States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau. See 42 USC 13458
  • State: includes each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States. See 42 USC 8272
  • State: includes the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. See 42 USC 1437a
  • State: includes each of the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States. See 42 USC 9814
  • State educational agency: means , as the State legislature may determine, (A) the chief State school officer (such as the State superintendent of public instruction, commissioner of education, or similar officer), or (B) a board of education controlling the State department of education. See 42 USC 16253
  • stationary source: means generally any source of an air pollutant except those emissions resulting directly from an internal combustion engine for transportation purposes or from a nonroad engine or nonroad vehicle as defined in section 7550 of this title. See 42 USC 7602
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • stockyard: means any place, establishment, or facility commonly known as stockyards, conducted, operated, or managed for profit or nonprofit as a public market for livestock producers, feeders, market agencies, and buyers, consisting of pens, or other inclosures, and their appurtenances, in which live cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, or goats are received, held, or kept for sale or shipment in commerce. See 10 USC 841
  • stowaway: means any alien who obtains transportation without the consent of the owner, charterer, master or person in command of any vessel or aircraft through concealment aboard such vessel or aircraft. See 26 USC 110
  • student: means an individual who is enrolled in an institution of higher education on a full- or part-time basis. See 42 USC 12561
  • submersible: means a submarine, or any other vessel designed to operate under water. See 42 USC 10157
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes a mark when the person making the same intended it as such. See 19 USC 2291
  • substance other than convention oil: means those oils, noxious substances, liquefied gases, and radioactive substances--

    (A) enumerated in the protocol, or

    (B) otherwise determined to be hazardous under section 1473(a) of this title. See 42 USC 8453

  • substantial: means , for purposes of paragraph (15)(E) with reference to trade or capital, such an amount of trade or capital as is established by the Secretary of State, after consultation with appropriate agencies of Government. See 26 USC 110
  • swine contractor: means any person engaged in the business of obtaining swine under a swine production contract for the purpose of slaughtering the swine or selling the swine for slaughter, if--

    (A) the swine is obtained by the person in commerce. See 10 USC 836

  • telephone service: shall be deemed to mean any communication service for the transmission or reception of voice, data, sounds, signals, pictures, writing, or signs of all kinds by wire, fiber, radio, light, or other visual or electromagnetic means, and shall include all telephone lines, facilities, or systems used in the rendition of such service. See 10 USC 949m
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • terminal: means an onshore facility or an offshore structure located in the navigable waters of the United States or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and used, or intended to be used, as a port or facility for the transfer or other handling of a harmful substance. See 42 USC 10157
  • Territory: means Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, and any other territory or possession of the United States, excluding the Canal Zone. See 42 USC 16131
  • terrorist activity: means any activity which is unlawful under the laws of the place where it is committed (or which, if it had been committed in the United States, would be unlawful under the laws of the United States or any State) and which involves any of the following:

    (I) The highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance (including an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle). See 10 USC 1453

  • terrorist organization: means an organization--

    (I) designated under section 1189 of this title. See 10 USC 1453

  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • totalitarian party: means an organization which advocates the establishment in the United States of a totalitarian dictatorship or totalitarianism. See 26 USC 110
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • ultimate purchaser: means , with respect to any new motor vehicle or new motor vehicle engine, the first person who in good faith purchases such new motor vehicle or new engine for purposes other than resale. See 42 USC 7550
  • United States: means the States, the District of Columbia, and the Territories of the United States. See 42 USC 16131
  • United States: includes each of the States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States. See 20 USC 1136a
  • United States: except as otherwise specifically herein provided, when used in a geographical sense, means the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 26 USC 110
  • United States: means the States (including Puerto Rico) and the territories and possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 5 USC 8478
  • United States: means the fifty States and the District of Columbia. See 42 USC 15023
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense means the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia, including the territorial waters thereof. See 42 USC 7544
  • United States: when used in geographical context, means all the States thereof. See 42 USC 8272
  • United States: means the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States. See 42 USC 8453
  • United States agricultural commodity: means --

    (A) an agricultural commodity or product entirely produced in the United States. See 20 USC 1136a

  • United States worker: means an employee who--

    (i) is a citizen or national of the United States. See 10 USC 1453

  • University: means Gallaudet University. See 42 USC 12131
  • unmarried: when used in reference to any individual as of any time, means an individual who at such time is not married, whether or not previously married. See 26 USC 110
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • VAWA self-petitioner: means an alien, or a child of the alien, who qualifies for relief under--

    (A) clause (iii), (iv), or (vii) of section 1154(a)(1)(A) of this title. See 26 USC 110

  • vehicle: includes every description of carriage or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on land. See 19 USC 2294
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • vessel: means every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used as a means of transportation on or through the water. See 42 USC 9814
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 19 USC 2293
  • vessel: means any vessel upon which or in connection with which any person entitled to benefits under this chapter suffers injury or death arising out of or in the course of his employment, and said vessel's owner, owner pro hac vice, agent, operator, charter or bare boat charterer, master, officer, or crew member. See 42 USC 7544
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • VOC: means volatile organic compound, as defined by the Administrator. See 42 USC 7602
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • wages: means the money rate at which the service rendered by an employee is compensated by an employer under the contract of hiring in force at the time of the injury, including the reasonable value of any advantage which is received from the employer and included for purposes of any withholding of tax under subtitle C of title 26 (relating to employment taxes). See 42 USC 7544
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 19 USC 2291
  • widow or widower: includes only the decedent's wife or husband living with or dependent for support upon him or her at the time of his or her death. See 42 USC 7544
  • Wood rosin: means rosin remaining after the distillation of steam distilled wood turpentine. See 7 USC 1334b
  • workshop: means an activity the primary purpose of which is to encourage the artistic development or enjoyment of amateur, student, or other nonprofessional participants, or to promote scholarship and teaching among the participants. See 42 USC 7385b
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 19 USC 2291