§ 2201 Establishment of Department
§ 2202 Executive Department; Secretary
§ 2203 Seal
§ 2204 General duties of Secretary; advisory functions; research and development
§ 2204–1 Delegation of regulatory functions of Secretary of Agriculture; definitions
§ 2204–2 Delegation of regulatory functions to designated employees; status of employees; number; revocation of delegation
§ 2204–3 Authority of designated employees; retroactive revocation of delegation
§ 2204–4 Delegation of functions under other laws as unaffected
§ 2204–5 Authorization of appropriations for cooperative research projects
§ 2204a Rural development; utilization of non-Federal offices; location of field units; interchange of personnel and facilities
§ 2204b Rural development policy
§ 2204b–1 Rural development
§ 2204b–2 Temporary prioritization of rural health assistance
§ 2204b–3 Council on Rural Community Innovation and Economic Development
§ 2204c Water management for rural areas
§ 2204d Encouragement of private contracting
§ 2204e Office of Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis
§ 2204g Authority of Secretary of Agriculture to conduct census of agriculture
§ 2204h Local food production and program evaluation
§ 2204i Reports on land access and farmland ownership data collection
§ 2204j National agriculture imagery program
§ 2205 Duties of former Commissioner of Agriculture transferred to Secretary
§ 2206 Custody of property and records
§ 2206a Conveyance of excess Federal personal property
§ 2206b Availability of excess and surplus computers in rural areas
§ 2207 Reports
§ 2207a Reports to Congress on obligation and expenditure
§ 2207b Program metrics
§ 2207c Annual report on work of agricultural experiment stations and of college extension work; publication and distribution
§ 2207d Reports on disbursement of funds for agricultural research and extension at 1862 and 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University
§ 2208 Expenditure of appropriations; accounting
§ 2208a Loan levels provided to Department of Agriculture
§ 2209 Additional statement of expenditures
§ 2209a Advances to chiefs of field parties
§ 2209b Availability of appropriations
§ 2209c Use of funds for one-year contracts to be performed in two fiscal years
§ 2209d Statement of percentage and dollar amount of Federal funding
§ 2209e Prohibition on payments to parties involved with prohibited drug-producing plants
§ 2209f Restriction on commodity purchase program payments
§ 2209g Availability of funds for uniforms or allowances
§ 2209h Reimbursement of Office of the General Counsel
§ 2209i Funding for preparation of final agency decisions regarding discrimination complaints
§ 2209j Permanent debarment from participation in Department of Agriculture programs for fraud
§ 2210 Deputy Secretary of Agriculture; appointment
§ 2211 Powers and duties of Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
§ 2214 General Counsel; appointment
§ 2215 Chief clerk
§ 2217 Oaths, affirmations, and affidavits taken by officers, agents, or employees of Department; use and effect
§ 2217a Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require production of books, etc.
§ 2218 Fee for administering or taking oaths, affirmations, and affidavits
§ 2219 Salaries; how paid
§ 2219a Overtime and holiday pay
§ 2220 Certain officials and employees of Department and others not subject to restriction on payment of compensation to Government officials and employees
§ 2221 Details of persons from or to office of Secretary
§ 2222 Details of law clerks
§ 2223 Details of employees from and to library and bureaus and offices
§ 2224 Details of employees from and to Division of Accounts and Disbursements and bureaus and offices; traveling expenses
§ 2224a Utilization of employees of agencies for part-time and intermittent assistance to other agencies; exclusion of overtime resulting from natural disasters from staff year ceilings
§ 2225 Employment of temporary personnel
§ 2225a Contracts for consulting services
§ 2225b Personal service contracts for veterinarians
§ 2225c Employment contracts for services abroad
§ 2225d Availability of Department of Agriculture funds for temporary employment
§ 2226 Employment of persons for forest fire fighting, pest control, and handling of animals
§ 2227 Traveling expenses
§ 2228 Emergency subsistence for employees
§ 2229 Travel and per diem expenses of temporary or seasonal employees
§ 2230 Employees in Alaska; subsistence, equipment, and supplies
§ 2231 Official expenses of employees stationed abroad
§ 2231a Reimbursement of employees for costs of State licenses and certification fees
§ 2231b First amendment rights of employees of the United States Department of Agriculture
§ 2232 Stenographic reporting service
§ 2233 Funds available for expenses of advisory committees
§ 2234 Purchases for bureaus from appropriations for contingent expenses
§ 2235 Working capital fund established; use of central services by bureaus, etc., of the Department
§ 2235a Deposit and retention of credit card refunds or rebates
§ 2236 Working capital fund for Agricultural Research Center; establishment
§ 2237 Use of field work funds for employment of men with equipment, etc.
§ 2238 Use of field work funds for purchase of arms and ammunition
§ 2239 Funds for printing, binding, and scientific and technical article reprint purchases
§ 2240 Reimbursement of appropriation for salaries and compensation of employees in mechanical shops
§ 2241 Sale or exchange of animals or animal products
§ 2241a Exchange or sale authority
§ 2241b Purchase of seeds and plants for distribution
§ 2242a User fees for reports, publications, and software
§ 2242b Translation of publications into foreign languages
§ 2243 Sale of photographic prints and maps
§ 2245 Sale of prints and lantern slides
§ 2246 Loan, rental, or sale of films
§ 2247 Sale of samples of pure sugars
§ 2247a Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms, etc.
§ 2248 Statistics relating to turpentine and rosin
§ 2249 Amount and character of cooperation
§ 2250 Construction and repair of buildings and public improvements
§ 2250a Erection of buildings and other structures on non-Federal lands; duration of use of such lands; removal of structures after termination of use; availability of funds for expenses of acquiring long-term leases or other agreements
§ 2250b Nonrecurring expenses fund
§ 2251 Reimbursement of Production and Marketing Administration appropriations for expenses of maintaining registers of indebtedness and making set-offs
§ 2252 Reimbursement of Production and Marketing Administration appropriations for costs of procuring agricultural commodities for nongovernmental agencies or foreign governments
§ 2253 Adjustment by Secretary of titles to lands acquired by Government and subject to his control
§ 2254 Operation, maintenance and purchase of aircraft by Agricultural Research Service; construction and repair of buildings
§ 2254a Availability of funds appropriated for Agricultural Research Service for research related to tobacco or tobacco products
§ 2254b Availability of funds appropriated for Agricultural Research Service for research related to tobacco or tobacco products; exception
§ 2255 Membership in International Wheat Advisory Committee, International Sugar Council, etc.
§ 2255a Financial assistance to national and international conferences
§ 2255b Department of Agriculture conference transparency
§ 2256 Inspections, analyses, and tests for other Government departments and agencies; reimbursement
§ 2257 Interchangeability of funds for miscellaneous expenses and general expenses
§ 2258 Purchase of newspapers
§ 2259 Market-inspection certificates as prima facie evidence
§ 2261 Credit of donations and proceeds from exhibitions to appropriations concerned with foreign market development programs
§ 2262 Employee liability insurance on motor vehicles in foreign countries
§ 2262a Overseas tort claims
§ 2263 Transfer of funds
§ 2264 National Agricultural Library; acceptance of gifts, bequests, or devises; conditional gifts
§ 2265 Deposit of money accepted for benefit of National Agricultural Library; disbursement
§ 2266 Congressional reaffirmation of policy to foster and encourage family farms
§ 2266a Century Farms program
§ 2266b Eligibility for operators on heirs property land to obtain a farm number
§ 2268 Public lands; relinquishment
§ 2268a Acquisition of land; options
§ 2269 Gifts of property; acceptance and administration by Secretary of Agriculture; Federal tax law consideration; separate fund in Treasury; regulations
§ 2270 Authority of Office of Inspector General
§ 2270a Office of Inspector General; transfer of forfeiture funds for law enforcement activities
§ 2270b Department of Agriculture Inspector General investigation of Forest Service firefighter deaths
§ 2270c Submission of results
§ 2271 Marketing education programs for small and medium size family farm operations
§ 2271a Advanced marketing training for farmers and ranchers
§ 2272 Volunteers for Department of Agriculture programs
§ 2272a Funds for incidental expenses and promotional items relating to volunteers
§ 2273 Local search and rescue operations
§ 2274 Firearm authority of employees engaged in animal quarantine enforcement
§ 2274a Firearm authority of employees conducting field work in remote locations
§ 2276 Confidentiality of information
§ 2277 Contracts by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service for services to be performed abroad
§ 2278 Consistency with international obligations of United States
§ 2279 Farming opportunities training and outreach
§ 2279–1 Transparency and accountability for socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers
§ 2279–2 Report of civil rights complaints, resolutions, and actions
§ 2279a Fair and equitable treatment of socially disadvantaged producers
§ 2279b Department of Agriculture educational, training, and professional development activities
§ 2279c Student internship programs
§ 2279d Compensatory damages in claims under Rehabilitation Act of 1973
§ 2279e Civil penalty
§ 2279f Subpoena authority
§ 2279g Marketing services; cooperative agreements
§ 2279h Cross-servicing activities of National Finance Center
§ 2279i Cooperation with State and other agencies; expenditures
§ 2279j Conversion authority
§ 2279k Authorization of protection operations for the Secretary of Agriculture and others

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 55

  • Access device: means any card, plate, code, account number, or other means of access, including point of sale devices, that can be used, alone or in conjunction with another access device, to obtain payments, allotments, benefits, money, goods, or other things of value, or that can be used to initiate a transfer of funds under this chapter. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agricultural commodity: means any agricultural commodity, food, feed, fiber, or livestock (including livestock as it is defined in section 1471(2) of this title and insects), and any product thereof. See 7 USC 5311a
  • Agricultural commodity: as used in this subchapter , means wheat, cotton, flax, corn, dry beans, oats, barley, rye, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, sugar cane, tomatoes, grain sorghum, sunflowers, raisins, oranges, sweet corn, dry peas, freezing and canning peas, forage, apples, grapes, potatoes, timber and forests, nursery crops, citrus, and other fruits and vegetables, nuts, tame hay, native grass, aquacultural species (including, but not limited to, any species of finfish, mollusk, crustacean, or other aquatic invertebrate, amphibian, reptile, or aquatic plant propagated or reared in a controlled or selected environment), or any other agricultural commodity, excluding stored grain, determined by the Board, or any one or more of such commodities, as the context may indicate. See 7 USC 1515
  • Allotment: means the total value of benefits a household is authorized to receive during each month. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • area: includes any Indian reservation (as defined in section 1985(e)(1)(D)(ii) 2 of this title). See 7 USC 1471
  • area: includes any Indian reservation (as defined in section 1985(e)(1)(D)(ii) 2 of this title). See 7 USC 1448
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 5 USC 2905
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • benefit: means the value of supplemental nutrition assistance provided to a household by means of--

    (1) an electronic benefit transfer under section 2016(i) of this title. See 7 USC 1308a

  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • breeder: means the person who directs the final breeding creating a variety or who discovers and develops a variety. See 7 USC 1635
  • Certification period: means the period for which households shall be eligible to receive benefits. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • commerce: means commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. See 7 USC 1335
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: means the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation established under section 1503 of this title. See 7 USC 1472
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: as used in this subchapter may be the entire area, or any subdivision thereof as may be determined by the Secretary, and payments under section 1012 of this title shall be made to the Governor or to the fiscal agent of such subdivision. See 7 USC 7651
  • county: includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. See 5 USC 2902
  • Coupon: means any coupon, stamp, type of certificate, authorization card, cash or check issued in lieu of a coupon. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 7 USC 1472
  • Department of Agriculture: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation program: means any such program conducted by a private nonprofit organization or institution, or a publicly operated community mental health center, under part B of title XIX of the Public Health Service Act (42 U. See 7 USC 1308a
  • EBT card: means an electronic benefit transfer card issued under section 2016(i) of this title. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • essentially derived variety: means a variety that--

    (i) is predominantly derived from another variety (referred to in this paragraph as the "initial variety") or from a variety that is predominantly derived from the initial variety, while retaining the expression of the essential characteristics that result from the genotype or combination of genotypes of the initial variety. See 7 USC 1635

  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food: means (1) any food or food product for home consumption except alcoholic beverages, tobacco, hot foods or hot food products ready for immediate consumption other than those authorized pursuant to clauses (3), (4), (5), (7), (8), and (9) of this subsection, and any deposit fee in excess of the amount of the State fee reimbursement (if any) required to purchase any food or food product contained in a returnable bottle or can, regardless of whether the fee is included in the shelf price posted for the food or food product, (2) seeds and plants for use in gardens to produce food for the personal consumption of the eligible household, (3) in the case of those persons who are sixty years of age or over or who receive supplemental security income benefits or disability or blindness payments under title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act [42 U. See 7 USC 1308a
  • food products: means flour (excluding flour second clears not used for human consumption as determined by the Secretary), semolina, farina, bulgur, beverage, and any other product composed wholly or partly of wheat which the Secretary may determine to be a food product. See 7 USC 196
  • food products: means flour (excluding flour second clears not used for human consumption as determined by the Secretary), semolina, farina, bulgur, beverage, and any other product composed wholly or partly of wheat which the Secretary may determine to be a food product. See 7 USC 1379d
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • grain: means corn, wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, sorghum, soybeans, mixed grain, and any other food grains, feed grains, and oilseeds for which standards are established under section 76 of this title. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • honeybee: means all life stages and the germ plasm of honeybees of the genus Apis, except honeybee semen. See 7 USC 1375
  • Household: means --

    (A) an individual who lives alone or who, while living with others, customarily purchases food and prepares meals for home consumption separate and apart from the others. See 7 USC 1308a

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • independent states of the former Soviet Union: means the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. See 7 USC 5311a
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 5 USC 2952
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • interstate or foreign commerce: means commerce from any State to or through any other State, or to or through any foreign country. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies singly or collectively known by one common name, such as soybean, flax, or radish. See 7 USC 1635
  • laboratory: means any facility or vehicle that is owned by an individual or a public or private entity and is equipped and operated for the purpose of carrying out pesticide residue analysis on agricultural products for commercial purposes. See 7 USC 1342a
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • livestock: means cattle, elk, reindeer, bison, horses, deer, sheep, goats, swine, poultry (including egg-producing poultry), llamas, alpacas, live fish, crawfish, and other animals that--

    (A) are part of a foundation herd (including producing dairy cattle) or offspring. See 7 USC 1471

  • livestock: means cattle, elk, reindeer, bison, horses, deer, sheep, goats, swine, poultry (including egg-producing poultry), fish used for food, and other animals designated by the Secretary (at the Secretary's sole discretion) that--

    (A) are part of a foundation herd (including producing dairy cattle) or offspring. See 7 USC 1448

  • livestock producer: means --

    (A) a person that is actively engaged in farming and that receives a substantial amount of total income from the production of grain or livestock, as determined by the Secretary, that is--

    (i) an established producer or husbander of livestock or a dairy producer who is a citizen of, or legal resident alien in, the United States. See 7 USC 1471

  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • marriage: means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word "spouse" refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. See 5 USC 2951
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Naval stores: means spirits of turpentine and rosin. See 7 USC 1335
  • oath: includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed. See 5 USC 2901
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 5 USC 2901
  • official agency: means any State or local governmental agency, or any person, designated by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (f) of section 79 of this title for the conduct of official inspection (other than appeal inspection), or subsection (c) of section 79a of this title for the conduct of official weighing or supervision of weighing (other than appeal weighing). See 5 USC 8478a
  • official inspection: means the determination (by original inspection, and when requested, reinspection and appeal inspection) and the certification, by official inspection personnel of the kind, class, quality, or condition of grain, under standards provided for in this chapter, or the condition of vessels and other carriers or receptacles for the transportation of grain insofar as it may affect the quality or condition of such grain. See 5 USC 8478a
  • official inspection personnel: means persons licensed or otherwise authorized by the Secretary pursuant to section 84 of this title to perform all or specified functions involved in official inspection, official weighing, or supervision of weighing, or in the supervision of official inspection, official weighing or supervision of weighing. See 5 USC 8478a
  • official weighing: means the determination and certification by official inspection personnel of the quantity of a lot of grain under standards provided for in this chapter, based on the actual performance of weighing or the physical supervision thereof, including the physical inspection and testing for accuracy of the weights and scales and the physical inspection of the premises at which the weighing is performed and the monitoring of the discharge of grain into the elevator or conveyance (the terms "officially weigh" and "officially weighed" shall be construed accordingly). See 5 USC 8478a
  • officially inspected: shall be construed accordingly). See 5 USC 8478a
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Package: means any container of naval stores, and includes barrel, tank, tank car, or other receptacle. See 7 USC 1335
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes partnerships, associations, and corporations, as well as individuals. See 7 USC 1335
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • pesticide: means any substance that alone, in chemical combination, or in any formulation with one or more substances, is defined as a pesticide in section 136(u) of this title. See 7 USC 1342a
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Reservation: means the geographically defined area or areas over which a tribal organization exercises governmental jurisdiction. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail food store: means --

    (1) an establishment or house-to-house trade route that sells food for home preparation and consumption and--

    (A) offers for sale, on a continuous basis, a variety of at least 7 foods in each of the 4 categories of staple foods specified in subsection (r)(1), including perishable foods in at least 3 of the categories. See 7 USC 1308a

  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Rosin: includes gum rosin and wood rosin. See 7 USC 1335
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 7 USC 1342a
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 7 USC 5311a
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 7 USC 1472
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or delegates of the Secretary. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Service: means the Foreign Agricultural Service of the Department of Agriculture. See 7 USC 5311a
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Spirits of turpentine: includes gum spirits of turpentine and wood turpentine. See 7 USC 1335
  • staple foods: means foods in the following categories:

    (A) Meat, poultry, or fish. See 7 USC 1308a

  • State: means the fifty States, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the reservations of an Indian tribe whose tribal organization meets the requirements of this chapter for participation as a State agency. See 7 USC 1308a
  • State: means any State of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or Guam. See 7 USC 1471
  • State: means any State of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or Guam. See 7 USC 1448
  • State: means any one of the States (including Puerto Rico) or territories or possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 5 USC 8478a
  • State agency: means (1) the agency of State government, including the local offices thereof, which has the responsibility for the administration of the federally aided public assistance programs within such State, and in those States where such assistance programs are operated on a decentralized basis, the term shall include the counterpart local agencies administering such programs, and (2) the tribal organization of an Indian tribe determined by the Secretary to be capable of effectively administering a food distribution program under section 2013(b) of this title or a supplemental nutrition assistance program under section 2020(d) of this title. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervision of weighing: means such supervision by official inspection personnel of the grain-weighing process as is determined by the Secretary to be adequate to reasonably assure the integrity and accuracy of the weighing and of certificates which set forth the weight of the grain and such physical inspection by such personnel of the premises at which the grain weighing is performed as will reasonably assure that all the grain intended to be weighed has been weighed and discharged into the elevator or conveyance. See 5 USC 8478a
  • Supplemental nutrition assistance program: means the program operated pursuant to this chapter. See 7 USC 1308a
  • telephone service: shall be deemed to mean any communication service for the transmission or reception of voice, data, sounds, signals, pictures, writing, or signs of all kinds by wire, fiber, radio, light, or other visual or electromagnetic means, and shall include all telephone lines, facilities, or systems used in the rendition of such service. See 7 USC 2564
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Thrifty food plan: means the diet required to feed a family of four persons consisting of a man and a woman twenty through fifty, a child six through eight, and a child nine through eleven years of age, determined in accordance with the Secretary's calculations. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribal organization: means the recognized governing body of an Indian tribe (including the tribally recognized intertribal organization of such tribes), as the term "Indian tribe" is defined in the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U. See 7 USC 1308a
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes each of the States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States. See 7 USC 5311a
  • United States: means the States (including Puerto Rico) and the territories and possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 5 USC 8478a
  • United States agricultural commodity: means --

    (A) an agricultural commodity or product entirely produced in the United States. See 7 USC 5311a

  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • variety: means a plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of the lowest known rank, that, without regard to whether the conditions for plant variety protection are fully met, can be defined by the expression of the characteristics resulting from a given genotype or combination of genotypes, distinguished from any other plant grouping by the expression of at least one characteristic and considered as a unit with regard to the suitability of the plant grouping for being propagated unchanged. See 7 USC 1635
  • vehicle: includes every description of carriage or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on land. See 5 USC 2904
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 5 USC 2903
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 5 USC 2901
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 5 USC 2901