|Article 1||General Provisions||2-3-1 – 2-3-6|
|Article 2||Acquisition and Construction of Markets||2-3-20 – 2-3-25|
Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 3
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
- board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- GOVERNING BODY: The board or body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality or county are vested; provided, that this division shall not authorize any county, city or town to construct an undertaking provided for in paragraph (1) a of this section in any city or town or in any portion of a county which is then adequately served by a like undertaking or undertaking performing the proposed service; provided further, that nothing contained in this division shall authorize the construction or operation of an undertaking for the purpose of manufacturing ice for sale at retail or for retail to the public. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration or collection point, or other public or private place where a person shall assemble livestock for either public or private sale by him and such service or the cost or expense thereof is to be compensated for by the owner, on a commission basis or otherwise, or where such person purchases livestock for resale. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- municipality: Such term shall include any incorporated city or town in the state. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243
- person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- undertaking: Such term shall include all of the following revenue-producing undertakings or any combination of two or more of such undertakings, whether now existing or hereafter acquired or constructed:
a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-51.243
- Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC