|Article 1||General Provisions||2-5A-1 – 2-5A-15|
|Article 2||Bond Issuance Authorized||2-5A-30 – 2-5A-39|
Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 5A
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- Alabama bank: means an Alabama state bank or an Alabama national bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- Alabama representative office: shall mean any such office that is located in this state. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- Alabama state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- APPOINTED CONTRACT EMPLOYEE: A limited class of employees who serves under contract with the county commission as specified in this article or other statute. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- APPOINTED EMPLOYEE: A limited class of employees who serves at the pleasure of a county department as designated in this article. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The sheriff, judge of probate, revenue commissioner, the county commission, or the county administrator authorized by the county commission to act in its behalf. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
- Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
- Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign business corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- bank supervisory agency: means :
(1) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and any successor to these agencies;
(2) Any agency of another state with primary responsibility for chartering and supervising banks; and
(3) Any agency of a country, including any colonies, dependencies, possessions, or political subdivisions thereof, other than the United States. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- board: The Baldwin County Personnel Appeals Board. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- bonds: Those bonds, including the refunding bonds, issued under and pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
- BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Chambers: A judge's office.
- Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
- CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE: An individual who is assigned to a regular position authorized by the county commission whose salary is paid with funds allocated by the county commission and which initially includes a probationary period of not more than six months during which time a probationary employee is not a merit employee. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- control: shall be construed consistently with the provisions of Section 2(a)(2) of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- county: Baldwin County. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- COUNTY COMMISSION: The governing body of Baldwin County or any succeeding governing body that may be established. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- DEPARTMENT HEAD: All persons having the authority to hire employees for the various departments of county government under their direct supervision or as may be authorized hereafter by the county commission. See Alabama Code 45-2-120.01
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
- depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in Sections 3(c)(2) and 3(c)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
- federal agency: means an agency of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be filed under Article 4 or under any other provision of this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof, which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
- Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
- Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
- Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
- INTERESTED PARTY: Includes the following parties:
a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- interstate branch: means a branch of a bank or a branch of a foreign bank, as the context may require, which is, or is to be, established after September 29, 1994, pursuant to the authority contained in the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, outside the home state of the bank or foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Juror: A person who is on the jury.
- law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- LIMITED PARTNER: A person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner as provided by:
(A) in the case of a domestic limited partnership, Chapter 9A; or
(B) in the case of a foreign limited partnership, the laws of its jurisdiction of formation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:
(A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;
(B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or
(C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- MINIMUM BID PRICE: The price that equals the Redemption Amount. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN PAYOFF: The principal amount of a municipal code lien, interest accrued at the rate of seven and one-half percent per annum from the date the municipal code lien was filed in the office of the judge of the probate, any fees or costs incurred in the collection of such a lien under this article including, without limitations, the cost of title examinations and publication of notices, and any other penalties allowable under either state law or under an ordinance or resolution enacted by the Class 2 municipality. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
- NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- out-of-state bank: means a bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- out-of-state foreign bank: means a foreign bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
- OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:
a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: bank for cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits, including interest thereon, are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a prefected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
- person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
- property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- REDEMPTION AMOUNT: The sum of a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued under and pursuant to Section 2-5A-35. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
- registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
- salary: as used in this division , is not intended to include or cover costs and charges of court or fees, commissions, percentages, or allowances of public officers, and such are not subject to writs of garnishment under the provisions of this division. See Alabama Code 45-8A-23.263
- SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
- state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
- state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- TAX CERTIFICATE HOLDER: Any of the following:
a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- TAX PAYOFF: Any and all amounts necessary to satisfy any claims for delinquent taxes assessed against the real property on which the Class 2 municipality is seeking to foreclosure under this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
- True bill: Another word for indictment.
- vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
- Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.