Subchapter I General Provisions; Agricultural Counselors and Agricultural Attachés
Subchapter II United States Agricultural Trade Offices
Subchapter III Representation Allowances, Regulations, General Provisions, and Authorization for Appropriations

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 43

  • agricultural commodity: as used in this chapter includes any agricultural commodity or product thereof. See 10 USC 2901
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • commerce: means commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture. See 10 USC 2771
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • handler: means any person who handles honey. See 10 USC 2771
  • honey: means the nectar and saccharine exudations of plants which are gathered, modified, and stored in the comb by honey bees. See 10 USC 2771
  • Honey Board: means the board provided for under section 4606(c) of this title. See 10 USC 2771
  • honey products: means products produced, in whole or part, from honey. See 10 USC 2771
  • importer: means any person who imports honey or honey products into the United States or acts as an agent, broker, or consignee for any person or nation that produces honey outside of the United States for sale in the United States and who is listed in the import records as the importer of record for such honey or honey products. See 10 USC 2771
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 19 USC 2297
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • live poultry dealer: means any person engaged in the business of obtaining live poultry by purchase or under a poultry growing arrangement for the purpose of either slaughtering it or selling it for slaughter by another, if poultry is obtained by such person in commerce, or if poultry obtained by such person is sold or shipped in commerce, or if poultry products from poultry obtained by such person are sold or shipped in commerce. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • livestock: means cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, or goats--whether live or dead. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • livestock products: means all products and byproducts (other than meats and meat food products) of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry derived in whole or in part from livestock. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • marketing: means the sale or other disposition in commerce of honey or honey products. See 10 USC 2771
  • meat food products: means all products and byproducts of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry--if edible. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 19 USC 2291
  • packer: means any person engaged in the business (a) of buying livestock in commerce for purposes of slaughter, or (b) of manufacturing or preparing meats or meat food products for sale or shipment in commerce, or (c) of marketing meats, meat food products, or livestock products in an unmanufactured form acting as a wholesale broker, dealer, or distributor in commerce. See 20 USC 1099a
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other entity. See 10 USC 2771
  • poultry: means chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other domestic fowl. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • producer: means any person who produces honey in the United States for sale in commerce. See 10 USC 2771
  • producer-packer: means any person who is both a producer and handler of honey. See 10 USC 2771
  • promotion: means any action, including paid advertising, pursuant to this chapter, to present a favorable image for honey or honey products to the public with the express intent of improving the competitive position and stimulating sales of honey or honey products. See 10 USC 2771
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • research: means any type of research designed to advance the image, desirability, usage, marketability, production, or quality of honey or honey products. See 10 USC 2771
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 10 USC 2771
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • State: means any of the several States, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See 10 USC 2771
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • swine contractor: means any person engaged in the business of obtaining swine under a swine production contract for the purpose of slaughtering the swine or selling the swine for slaughter, if--

    (A) the swine is obtained by the person in commerce. See 20 USC 1070g-3

  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 19 USC 2291