§ 31-2-1 Definitions
§ 31-2-2 Composition and administration of state militia generally
§ 31-2-3 Divisions of state militia; composition of organized militia and National Guard
§ 31-2-4 Composition of naval militia
§ 31-2-5 Composition of unorganized militia
§ 31-2-6 Persons exempted from militia service, etc
§ 31-2-7 Maintenance of troops in time of peace
§ 31-2-8 Organization, etc., of State Defense Force upon call, etc., into federal service of National Guard
§ 31-2-9 Powers, etc., of Governor and Adjutant General with respect to State Defense Force; State Defense Force to be free from federal control
§ 31-2-10 Appropriations for State Defense Force
§ 31-2-11 Exemption of officers and enlisted men of National Guard, etc., from state jury duty
§ 31-2-12 Exemption from motor vehicle license tax, etc.; distinctive National Guard license plates
§ 31-2-13 Service benefits for government employees, etc
§ 31-2-14 Bonds of persons responsible for public or military property or public funds
§ 31-2-15 Depositories and arsenals for military property; disposition of unexpended regular military appropriations
§ 31-2-16 Per diem of officers or enlisted men under military travel orders
§ 31-2-17 Unauthorized wearing of uniform of United States Armed Forces
§ 31-2-18 Wearing foreign uniforms – Prohibited; exceptions
§ 31-2-19 Wearing foreign uniforms – Penalties
§ 31-2-20 Unauthorized wearing of uniform while not on duty
§ 31-2-21 Discrimination against person wearing uniform
§ 31-2-22 Disloyal or insulting remarks, gestures, etc., to or about troops engaged in performance of duties, etc
§ 31-2-23 Arms, equipment, etc., to be deposited in armories, etc
§ 31-2-24 Preservation of arms, equipment, etc., by officers
§ 31-2-25 Accountability and responsibility of officers for military property in custody; powers and duties of Adjutant General as exclusive custodian of state military property
§ 31-2-26 Officers of disbanded organizations to return arms, equipment, etc., to custody of Adjutant General
§ 31-2-27 Unauthorized use of military property for private purposes
§ 31-2-28 Officers and enlisted men personally responsible for care, etc., of military property in custody
§ 31-2-29 Wilful or malicious destruction, etc., of military property
§ 31-2-30 Sale, exchange, etc., of military property; seizure, etc., of illegally acquired military property
§ 31-2-31 Sale, pawn; purchase or unauthorized retention of military property; seizure, etc., of unlawfully retained property
§ 31-2-32 Liability of officers and enlisted men for lost or damaged military property
§ 31-2-33 Failure of officers, etc., to make required reports concerning military arms, funds, etc
§ 31-2-34 Proceedings when member of armed forces unable to account for property or money
§ 31-2-35 Matters governed by custom and usage of United States Armed Forces
§ 31-2-36 Acceptance, etc., of commission, etc., in state armed forces and United States reserve components not incompatible with holding of civil office
§ 31-2-37 Annual encampments or cruises
§ 31-2-38 When officers, enlisted men, etc., deemed to be “in the active military or naval service of the state.”
§ 31-2-39 Emergency purchases
§ 31-2-40 Enforcement of sanitation laws in camps or garrisons
§ 31-2-41 National Guard and Naval Militia service medals
§ 31-2-42 Retirement of officers and enlisted men from National Guard
§ 31-2-43 Status of officers and enlisted men of National Guard and Naval Militia upon release from active federal service
§ 31-2-44 Payment of expenses by state upon call, etc., into federal service of National Guard and Naval Militia
§ 31-2-45 Designations of units engaged in federal service
§ 31-2-46 When unorganized militia may be ordered out for active service
§ 31-2-47 Rules, regulations, etc., governing unorganized militia in active service; appointment, etc., of emergency officers in state militia
§ 31-2-48 Manner of ordering out unorganized militia; organization; appointment of officers
§ 31-2-49 Draft of unorganized militia
§ 31-2-50 Failure to appear for duty in militia
§ 31-2-51 Commander in Chief – Designated
§ 31-2-52 Commander in Chief – Powers and duties generally
§ 31-2-53 Personal military staff of Governor
§ 31-2-54 Governor’s flag
§ 31-2-55 Appointment of officers and enlisted men of headquarters and headquarters detachment of National Guard
§ 31-2-56 Exhibitions, athletic matches and contests in armories, etc
§ 31-2-57 Assignment of headquarters and headquarters detachments of National Guard during national crisis
§ 31-2-58 Adjutant General – Qualifications; appointment; term; commission; rank; powers and duties generally; seal
§ 31-2-59 Adjutant General – Status and duties upon call, etc., into federal service of National Guard
§ 31-2-60 Organization of Military Department; qualifications, appointment, rank, etc., of employees of department; applicability of Merit System to department officers and employees
§ 31-2-61 Salaries of officers and employees of Military Department
§ 31-2-62 Bonds of Adjutant General and other employees of Military Department
§ 31-2-63 Offices, furniture, stationery, etc., of Military Department
§ 31-2-67 Annual report by Adjutant General to Governor
§ 31-2-68 Audit of books, accounts, etc., of Adjutant General and other officers
§ 31-2-69 Standards for appointment, removal, etc., of officers of state armed forces; qualifications of federally recognized National Guard
§ 31-2-70 Officers to have same powers and duties as officers in Armed Forces of United States
§ 31-2-71 Qualifications and appointment of National Guard staff officers headquartered in other states
§ 31-2-72 General officers of the line
§ 31-2-73 Appointment, promotion, etc., of noncommissioned officers, etc., of National Guard
§ 31-2-74 Enlistments, etc., in National Guard
§ 31-2-75 Discharge of enlisted members of National Guard
§ 31-2-76 Drills, encampments, maneuvers, etc
§ 31-2-77 Service medals and decorations authorized for wear with National Guard and Naval Militia uniforms
§ 31-2-78 Personal uniforms, arms, etc., of officers, enlisted men, etc., exempt from sale under execution, etc
§ 31-2-79 Exemption of members of militia from arrest
§ 31-2-80 Exemption from ad valorem taxes of property owned or leased by units of armed forces
§ 31-2-81 Exemption of certain post exchanges and canteens from tobacco and gasoline taxes and state and local licenses
§ 31-2-82 Armed forces organizations not to leave state without permission
§ 31-2-83 Laws applicable to militia when in active service of state; jurisdiction and powers of courts-martial as to offenses thereunder; imposition of death penalty; imprisonment
§ 31-2-84 Right of troops as to use of streets and highways
§ 31-2-85 Compensation for injury, disability, and death
§ 31-2-85.1 Medical expenses for members of National Guard or Alabama State Defense Force
§ 31-2-86 Payment for damages caused by National Guard members acting in line of duty
§ 31-2-87 Supervision and command of National Guard organizations jointly maintained with other states for training and instruction
§ 31-2-88 Pay and subsistence for National Guard and Naval Militia in active military or naval service of state
§ 31-2-89 Actions against members of military court, etc., as to sentences, warrants, etc.; actions against officers or enlisted men for acts performed in line of duty; defense of actions against present or former members of National Guard at state expense
§ 31-2-90 Appointment of counsel to defend National Guard members in certain actions
§ 31-2-91 Security for costs in certain actions against National Guard members to be given by plaintiff
§ 31-2-92 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Kinds, jurisdiction, powers, procedure, etc.; limitations on institution of courts-martial
§ 31-2-93 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Convening and powers of punishment of general courts-martial
§ 31-2-94 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Appointment and powers of punishment of special courts-martial
§ 31-2-95 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Convening and powers of punishment of summary courts-martial
§ 31-2-96 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Powers of presidents and summary court officers
§ 31-2-97 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Manual of courts-martial, etc., to govern proceedings
§ 31-2-98 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Evidence
§ 31-2-99 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Employment of court reporter
§ 31-2-100 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Subpoena of witnesses
§ 31-2-101 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Punishment of persons disrupting proceedings, etc
§ 31-2-102 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Payment of expenses
§ 31-2-103 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Review of findings and sentence by Governor; approval of Governor prerequisite to execution of sentence; presumption of jurisdiction and legality of proceedings
§ 31-2-104 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Persons authorized to execute processes and sentences
§ 31-2-105 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Delivery of certificate to sheriff for execution of sentence; disposition of fines
§ 31-2-106 Courts-martial for members of National Guard – Compensation of civil officers for execution of process, etc
§ 31-2-107 Courts of inquiry
§ 31-2-108 Appropriations for operation, support, etc., of National Guard organizations; quarterly allowances to commanders
§ 31-2-109 Ordering out of troops – Authority of Governor
§ 31-2-110 Ordering out of troops – Restrictions
§ 31-2-111 Ordering out of troops – Request to Governor by local officials
§ 31-2-112 Ordering out of troops – Issuance of order by Governor; authority of local civil authorities to order out troops
§ 31-2-113 Ordering out of troops – Commanding officers may require written instructions from civil authorities; compliance with instructions
§ 31-2-114 Ordering out of troops – Reports to Governor when troops ordered by civil authorities
§ 31-2-115 Dispersion of mob, etc. – Order to disperse
§ 31-2-116 Dispersion of mob, etc. – Order to disperse – Failure to obey order
§ 31-2-117 Dispersion of mob, etc. – Authority to act to disperse mob, etc
§ 31-2-118 Right of National Guard members, etc., under indictment, etc., for injuries to persons or property incurred during performance of duties to change of venue of trial
§ 31-2-119 Assault on National Guard members, etc., assembled for performance of duties
§ 31-2-120 Protection of National Guard troops, etc., from assault, etc
§ 31-2-121 Duty to disperse when shot fired, etc., at National Guard
§ 31-2-123 Commanders of National Guard troops may prescribe boundaries around jails, public buildings, etc., from which public excluded
§ 31-2-122 Regulation of passage and occupancy on streets, etc., during riot, etc
§ 31-2-124 Commanders of National Guard troops may order closing of certain places and forbid sale of certain commodities
§ 31-2-125 Unauthorized military organizations
§ 31-2-126 Commanders may incarcerate and detain persons interfering with performance of troops; abatement of menaces to health or safety of command
§ 31-2-127 Enforcement of attendance of officers and enlisted men called into active military service of state
§ 31-2-128 Dropping allowance
§ 31-2-129 Counties or municipalities may appropriate funds for military purposes for local National Guard and Naval Militia units
§ 31-2-130 Counties or municipalities may sell, etc., real estate and buildings to local National Guard units for military purposes
§ 31-2-131 Revolving fund
§ 31-2-132 Regular military appropriations
§ 31-2-133 Special appropriations for National Guard in active military service of state
§ 31-2-134 National Guard Challenge Program

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 31 > Chapter 2

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • applicant: A certified or noncertified individual who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school, to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • APPLICANT FOR CERTIFICATION: An individual who submits an application for certification issued by the State Superintendent of Education. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • AUTHORIZED EMPLOYER: Any educational entity authorized to obtain criminal history background information, including the State Department of Education, local employing boards, and nonpublic schools which are responsible for hiring employees or contracting with private employers to provide personnel who have unsupervised access to children in an educational setting. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • avl: The Alabama Virtual Library. See Alabama Code 16-21-31
  • board: Each county or city board of education; the Board of Trustees of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; the Alabama Youth Services Board in its capacity as the Board of Education for the Youth Services School District; the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Fine Arts; and the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • board: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • BOARD OF EDUCATION: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • CERTIFIED APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT: A certified individual who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER: The State Superintendent of Education; the superintendent of any public county or city school system; the President of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; the Executive Director of the Alabama School of Fine Arts; the Superintendent of the Department of Youth Services School District; the Executive Director of the Alabama High School of Mathematics and Science; the superintendent of any nonpublic school, or in the absence of a superintendent, the headmaster of any nonpublic school; and the head of any department or employer covered by this chapter but not specifically enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • costs: When used with reference to or in connection with any public school facility or any portion thereof, all or any part of the costs of acquiring, constructing, altering, enlarging, extending, reconstructing, or remodeling such facility, including (i) the costs of all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, licenses and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; (ii) the costs of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the costs of acquiring land to which such buildings or structures may be moved; (iii) the costs of all machinery, equipment, furniture, furnishings, fixtures, and tangible and intangible personal property acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; and (iv) the costs of architectural, engineering, financial, and legal services incurred in connection with the acquisition or construction of all or any part of such public school facility and the financing thereof, including the expenses of preparing plans, specifications, surveys, and studies to determine the financial or engineering feasibility of such public school facility. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • council: The Alabama Virtual Library Executive Council. See Alabama Code 16-21-31
  • CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND INFORMATION CHECK: The review of any and all records containing any information collected and stored in the criminal record repository of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Alabama Department of Public Safety, or any other repository of criminal history records, involving a pending arrest or conviction by a criminal justice agency, including, but not limited to, child abuse crime information as defined by 42 U. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • CURRENT EMPLOYEE UNDER REVIEW: Any current employee whose professional certificate or employment status is under review based upon reasonable suspicion. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • growth: The amount by which projected revenue in the Education Trust Fund for the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made is anticipated to exceed projected revenue for the prior fiscal year. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LOCAL EMPLOYING BOARD: Any public county or city school system which falls under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Education and the State Superintendent of Education, the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, the Alabama School of Fine Arts, the Department of Youth Services School District, the Alabama High School of Mathematics and Science, and any public educational employer covered by this chapter but not specifically enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NONCERTIFIED APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT: Any person not certified by the state who submits an application for employment to a local employing board or any nonpublic school, to act in any capacity in which the individual will have unsupervised access to children in an educational environment. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • NONPUBLIC SCHOOL: Any nonpublic or private school, including parochial schools, not under the jurisdiction of the State Superintendent of Education and the State Board of Education, yet providing educational services to children. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • notes: The warrant anticipation notes authorized to be issued under this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • PRIOR FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year immediately prior to the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • PUBLIC PERSON: Any agency, board, commission, department, instrumentality, or corporation of the State of Alabama, any county, municipality, or other political subdivision of the State of Alabama, and any public authority, board, or corporation created by any county or municipality or of which any county or municipality is a member. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES: All tangible and intangible property and interests in property, whether real, personal or mixed, used or useful for educational and public school purposes and related purposes, including without limitation land and rights or interests in land, school buildings and playgrounds, classrooms, libraries, auditoriums, gymnasiums, recreational and sport facilities, stadiums, arenas, facilities for the performing arts, offices, school buses, buildings for housing and repairing school buses, cafeterias and dining facilities, laboratories, office facilities, equipment, furniture and fixtures, telecommunication facilities, heating and cooling facilities, and related property. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • REASONABLE SUSPICION: Belief by a prudent person that reasonable articulable grounds exist to suspect that the past or present behavior of an employee should be reviewed to determine if such behavior or conduct bears upon the fitness of the employee to teach or have responsibility for the safety and well-being of children, or both, as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • REFUNDABLE DEBT: With respect to any board, (i) any valid indebtedness of such board evidenced by warrants issued pursuant to the provisions of this article, and (ii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board issued pursuant to any provision of law other than this article, and (iii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board incurred pursuant to any agreement (including without limitation a funding agreement or lease agreement) by such board and a public person whereunder such board shall make payments (including without limitation rental payments) to such public person to enable such public person to pay valid indebtedness or obligations thereof incurred for the benefit of such board, and (iv) any valid indebtedness or obligations of any public person incurred on behalf, or for the benefit, of such board. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • STATE SUPERINTENDENT: The State Superintendent of Education and any successor to the functions thereof. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • substantial: shall mean an amount estimated by the Legislative Fiscal Officer and the state Finance Director which is in excess of $500,000 for the year in which the appropriations are to be made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • teacher: Any full-time public school teacher in Alabama who is an employee of a board and who is required to be certificated by the State Board of Education, including, but not limited to, counselors, librarians, Science in Motion teachers, supervisors, administrators (excluding superintendents and their professional executive assistants), teachers at the Department of Youth Services, the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science, and the Alabama School of Fine Arts. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • UNSUPERVISED ACCESS TO A CHILD OR CHILDREN: During the providing of education, training, instruction, supervision to children, or other employment related activities or responsibilities, a person would have unaccompanied control, governance, or contact with a child or children. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3
  • warrants: The interest-bearing tax anticipation warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 4 of this chapter and the capital outlay warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 5 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • warrants: The warrants authorized to be issued by a board pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • WRITTEN CONSENT: A signed statement by the applicant, a current employee, or a current employee under review containing all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 16-22A-3