Article 1 Alabama Emergency Management Act of 1955 31-9-1 – 31-9-24
Article 2 Emergency Management Assistance Compact 31-9-40
Article 3 Local Emergency Management Agency Assistance Fund 31-9-60 – 31-9-62
Article 4 Alabama Disaster Recovery Program 31-9-80 – 31-9-86
Article 5 Prefabricated Storm Shelters 31-9-100 – 31-9-101
Article 6 Surplus Property 31-9-120

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 31 > Chapter 9

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • articles: The articles of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • committee: The Alabama Disaster Recovery Program Committee. See Alabama Code 31-9-80
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: The preparation for and the carrying out of all emergency functions, other than functions for which military forces or other federal agencies are primarily responsible, to prevent, minimize, and repair injury and damage resulting from disasters caused by enemy attack, sabotage, or other hostile action, or by fire, flood, earthquake, or other natural cause. See Alabama Code 31-9-3
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • foreign corporation: as used in this division , shall mean:

    (1) Any bank or other corporation now or hereafter organized or existing under the laws of any state of the United States other than the State of Alabama; and

    (2) Any national banking association or other corporation organized under the laws of the United States having its principal place of business in any state of the United States other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-31-80

  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LOCAL ORGANIZATION: The organization of local emergency management forces designed principally for operation within their own community but capable of moving to other areas. See Alabama Code 31-9-3
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • mortgage: The classes of liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real property, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured by the mortgage. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • OPERATIONAL AREA: The parcels of realty within a county, previously conveyed to the United States of America, which formerly comprised a military installation, and all property in adjacent areas of close proximity to the military installation within the corporate limits of any municipality whose corporate limits lie in whole or in part within the operational area of the authority that is necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality created pursuant to law. See Alabama Code 31-9-3
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • RECOVERY FUND: The Alabama Disaster Recovery Fund. See Alabama Code 31-9-80
  • RECOVERY PROGRAM: The Alabama Disaster Recovery Program. See Alabama Code 31-9-80
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • STATE AGENCY: Any permanent or temporary state office, department, division or unit, bureau, board, commission, authority, institution, state college or university, or other unit of state government, whether executive, legislative, or judicial, which has the authority to acquire property by eminent domain under state law and which carries out projects with federal or state financial assistance that cause people to be displaced, but shall not include any unit of local government. See Alabama Code 45-30A-50.12
  • STATE OF EMERGENCY: When the Governor duly proclaims the existence of conditions of disaster or of extreme peril to the safety of persons and property within the state caused by fire, flood, storm, epidemic, technological failure or accident, riot, drought, sudden and severe energy shortage, plant or animal infestation or disease, earthquake, explosion, terrorism, or man-made disaster, or other conditions, other than conditions resulting from a labor controversy or conditions causing a state of war emergency, which, by reason of their magnitude, are or are likely to be beyond the control of the services, personnel, equipment, and facilities of any single county, city and county, or city and require the combined forces of a mutual aid region or regions to combat, or energy shortage requires extraordinary measures beyond the authority vested in the Alabama Public Service Commission. See Alabama Code 31-9-3
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608