Article 1 General Provisions 34-13-1 – 34-13-12
Article 2 Board of Funeral Service 34-13-20 – 34-13-31
Article 3 Licenses, Examinations, and Registration 34-13-50 – 34-13-134
Article 4 Donor Eye Enucleation Licenses 34-13-150 – 34-13-152

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 34 > Chapter 13

  • adulterated: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry food product is adulterated under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • AFFILIATED TRUST INSTITUTION: A trust institution which, together with one or more other trust institutions, are each owned or controlled by a bank holding company which is under the supervision of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • agent: Any person authorized by the Department of Revenue to purchase and affix stamps on packages of cigarettes. See Alabama Code 8-17-271
  • AGRICULTURAL CENTER BOARD: The board of that name established pursuant to Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • AGRICULTURAL FUND: The fund of that name created and administered pursuant to Article 1, Chapter 9, Title 2. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • appropriate municipal official: as used in this article shall mean any municipal building official or deputy and any other municipal official or municipal employee designated by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality as the person to exercise the authority and perform the duties delegated by this article. See Alabama Code 11-40-31
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION: The original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of consolidation and all amendments thereto, including articles of merger, of a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Agricultural Center Board created by Sections 2-6-1 and 2-6-2. See Alabama Code 2-6-50
  • BOARD OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES: The Alabama Board of Agriculture and Industries created pursuant to Section 2-3-1. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • BUILDING COMMISSION: The Building Commission created under Article 6, Chapter 9, Title 41, and any successor agency thereto. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • CAPABLE OF USE AS HUMAN FOOD: Any carcass, or part or product of a carcass of any animal is capable of use as human food, unless it is denatured or otherwise identified as required by regulations prescribed by the commissioner to deter its use as human food or it is naturally inedible by humans. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • certificate of incorporation: as used in this chapter is synonymous to the term "certificate of formation" used in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • cigarette: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-17-271

  • coliseum: The existing coliseum building located in the Alabama Agricultural Center in the City of Montgomery. See Alabama Code 2-6-50
  • coliseum: The existing Garrett Coliseum and the grounds and other buildings and structures associated therewith, all owned by the Agricultural Center Board and located in the City of Montgomery, Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama or his duly authorized representative. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • COMMON TRUST FUND: A fund established, maintained and administered pursuant to the requirements of this chapter by a trust institution exclusively for the collective investment and reinvestment of moneys contributed thereto by such trust institution in its capacity as a fiduciary or cofiduciary or by an affiliated trust institution in its capacity as a fiduciary or cofiduciary. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CORPORATION: Any public corporation which may be organized pursuant to any law now in force or hereafter enacted for the purpose of acquiring title to and completing the construction and equipment of the coliseum and the necessary facilities in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 2-6-50
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this article. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with Section 10A-2A-1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means a writing as defined in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • domestic corporation: means a business corporation, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELIGIBLE INVESTMENTS: (i) Any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is organized under the laws of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation; (ii) any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America; (iii) any debt securities payment of the principal of and interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America; (iv) any debt securities (including participation certificates) that are direct, general obligations of any of the following agencies of the United States of America: the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Federal Farm Credit Bank, the Federal Land Banks, the Federal Immediate Credit Banks, the Banks for Cooperatives, the Federal Home Loan Banks (including any joint obligations of any two or more of the foregoing agencies), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farmers Home Administration, or any other agency or instrumentality of the United States of America; (v) any repurchase obligations of any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that shall succeed to the functions of such federal corporation), which repurchase obligations are at least 100 percent secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments described in (i) through (iv), inclusive, above; (vi) any security or interest therein, whether secured or unsecured, in which an insurance company or a savings and loan association organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its own moneys at the time of investment therein by the corporation; (vii) shares of any money market fund registered and regulated under the Federal Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, as a no-load, open-end management investment company, the portfolio assets of which consist solely of cash and eligible investments and repurchase agreements fully secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments; and (viii) any debt obligation, debt instrument or deposit obligation in which trustees are legally permitted to invest under the laws of the state at the time of investment therein by the corporation. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • ESTATE OR ESTATES: Such term shall include any trust, estate or fund administered by a trust institution in a fiduciary capacity. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fiduciary: Any trust institution or person acting in the capacity of executor, administrator, administrator with the will annexed, administrator de bonis non, guardian, testamentary trustee, trustee appointed by any court and trustee, agent or custodian under any written agreement, declaration or instrument of trust, either solely or together with others. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • firm: Any partnership, association or other unincorporated business organization. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign corporation: as used in this division , shall mean:

    (1) Any bank or other corporation now or hereafter organized or existing under the laws of any state of the United States other than the State of Alabama; and

    (2) Any national banking association or other corporation organized under the laws of the United States having its principal place of business in any state of the United States other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-2-15.40

  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • FOREIGN NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation organized under laws other than the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • IMMEDIATE CONTAINER: Any consumer package or any other container in which meat food products or poultry food products, not consumer packaged, are packed. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • inspector: An employee or official of the State of Alabama authorized by the commissioner or any employee or official of the government of any county or other governmental subdivision of this state authorized by the commissioner to perform any inspection functions under this chapter under an agreement between the commissioner and such governmental subdivision. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Includes the following parties:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • INTRASTATE COMMERCE: Commerce within this state. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • label: A display of written, printed or graphic material upon the immediate container (not including package liners) of any article. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying such article. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • LEASE AGREEMENT: Any agreement of lease covering all or any part of the properties comprising the Alabama Agricultural Center, including the coliseum and any facilities necessary in connection therewith, which may be made between the board and the corporation pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 2-6-50
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • manufacturer: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-17-271

  • MARKET FACILITY: Any facility for the inspection, grading, standardization, classification, refrigeration, dehydration, canning, packing, processing, cold storage and marketing of agricultural and kindred products permitted to be acquired and constructed by the Board of Agriculture and Industries pursuant to Section 2-3-20. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • MEAT FOOD PRODUCT: Any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any cattle, sheep, swine, goats or poultry, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • MINIMUM BID PRICE: The price that equals the Redemption Amount. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • misbranded: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry or poultry food product is misbranded under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN PAYOFF: The principal amount of a municipal code lien, interest accrued at the rate of seven and one-half percent per annum from the date the municipal code lien was filed in the office of the judge of the probate, any fees or costs incurred in the collection of such a lien under this article including, without limitations, the cost of title examinations and publication of notices, and any other penalties allowable under either state law or under an ordinance or resolution enacted by the Class 2 municipality. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • OFFICIAL CERTIFICATE: Any certificate prescribed by regulations of the commissioner for issuance by an inspector or other person performing official functions under this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL DEVICE: Any device prescribed or authorized by the commissioner for use in applying any official mark. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENT: Any establishment as determined by the commissioner at which inspection of the slaughter of livestock or poultry or the preparation of meat food products or poultry food products is maintained under the authority of this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OFFICIAL MARK: The official inspection legend or any other symbol prescribed by regulations of the commissioner to identify the status of any article or animal under this chapter. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • OWNED OR CONTROLLED: The ownership by a bank holding company of stock possessions of at least 80 percent of the voting power of all classes of stock and at least 80 percent of each class of the nonvoting stock (other than nonvoting stock which is limited and preferred as to dividends) of the trust institution. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • participant: Any trust, estate or fund administered by a trust institution in a fiduciary capacity having a "participation. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • participation: The interest of a participating trust in the common trust fund. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • poultry: Any live or slaughtered domesticated bird. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • POULTRY FOOD PRODUCT: Any poultry carcass or any part thereof or any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of poultry, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry and which are exempted from definition as a poultry food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry food products. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • prepared: Slaughtered, canned, salted, rendered, boned, cut up or otherwise manufactured or processed. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes any civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • REDEMPTION AMOUNT: The sum of a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RETAIL DEALER: Any person, other than a manufacturer or wholesale dealer, engaged in selling cigarettes or tobacco products. See Alabama Code 8-17-271
  • sale: Any transfer of title or possession, or both, exchange or barter, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means whatever or any agreement therefor. See Alabama Code 8-17-271
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • securities: When used with reference to debt instruments to be issued by the corporation, shall mean and include notes, bonds and other forms of indebtedness. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • SECURITY OR SECURITIES: Such term shall include all types of property in which the trust institution is authorized to invest the assets of the common trust fund. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • sell: To sell or to offer or agree to do the same. See Alabama Code 8-17-271
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • SHIPPING CONTAINER: Any container used or intended for use in packaging the product packed in an immediate container. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-6-70
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • TAX CERTIFICATE HOLDER: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-40-62

  • TAX PAYOFF: Any and all amounts necessary to satisfy any claims for delinquent taxes assessed against the real property on which the Class 2 municipality is seeking to foreclosure under this article. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 11-40-62
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • TRUST INSTITUTION: Any state bank, any national bank or any trust company authorized to act in a fiduciary capacity in this state and under the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency of the United States or the Federal Reserve System, or the Superintendent of Banks of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-12A-1
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • verified: Supported by an affidavit or oath confirming the correctness, truth, or authenticity of the matter set forth therein. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • WHOLESALE DEALER: Any person, other than a manufacturer, who sells cigarettes or tobacco products to retail dealers or other persons for purposes of resale, and any person who owns, operates, or maintains one or more cigarette or tobacco product vending machines in, at, or upon premises owned or occupied by any other person. See Alabama Code 8-17-271
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1