Sections
Title 1 General Provisions 3400 – 3404
Title 2 Licensing and Registration 3420 – 3429
Title 3 Practice of Funeral Directing; Funeral Establishments 3440 – 3444
Title 4 Enforcement and Discipline; Violations and Penalties 3450 – 3457

Terms Used In New York Laws > Public Health > Article 34 - Funeral Directing

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Advertisement: means the publication, dissemination, circulation, or placing before the public, or causing directly or indirectly to be made, published, disseminated, or placed before the public, any announcement or statement in a newspaper, magazine, or other publication, or in the form of a book, notice, circular, pamphlet, letter, hand-bill, poster, bill, sign, placard, card, label, tag, or by radio or television or any other means. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved project: shall mean a project approved as provided by this article. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authorized agency: shall mean an authorized agency as defined in the social services law and, for the purpose of this article, shall include such corporations incorporated or organized under the laws of this state as may be specifically authorized by their certificates of incorporation to receive children for purposes of adoption. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Bail: means cash bail, a bail bond or money paid with a credit card. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bail bond: means a written undertaking, executed by one or more obligors, that the principal designated in such instrument will, while at liberty as a result of an order fixing bail and of the posting of the bail bond in satisfaction thereof, appear in a designated criminal action or proceeding when his attendance is required and otherwise

    render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court, and that in the event that he fails to do so the obligor or obligors will pay to the people of the state of New York a specified sum of money, in the amount designated in the order fixing bail. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10

  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board of supervisors: shall mean the elective governing body of a county, by whatever name designated. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Bridge: shall mean any structure whether of single or multiple span construction with a clear span in excess of five feet with measurements to be made in the manner set forth in subdivision two of section two hundred thirty of this chapter. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Bridge: means a structure including supports erected over a depression or an obstruction such as water, highway, or railway, having a track or passageway for carrying traffic or other moving loads and having an opening measured along the center of the track or roadway of more than twenty feet between under croppings of abutments or spring lines or arches, or extreme ends of openings for multiple boxes and may include multiple pipes where the clear distance between openings is less than half of the smaller contiguous opening. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Burial: includes transportation and/or cremation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Cash bail: means a sum of money, in the amount designated in an order fixing bail, posted by a principal or by another person on his behalf with a court or other authorized public servant or agency, upon the condition that such money will become forfeit to the people of the state of New York if the principal does not comply with the directions of a court requiring his attendance at the criminal action or proceeding involved or does not otherwise render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial

    usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of

    which materially impairs its character or value on the market

    or in use. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Commissioner: means the industrial commissioner. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of transportation of the state of New York. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly

    engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a

    lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease

    primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County superintendent: shall mean the county superintendent of highways. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Court: includes , where appropriate, a judge authorized to act as described in a particular statute, though not as a court. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Culvert: shall mean any structure whether of single or multiple span construction with an interior width of five feet or less with measurements to be made in the manner set forth in subdivision two of section two hundred thirty of this chapter. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Culvert: means a structure whether of single or multiple span construction within an interior width of twenty feet or less when measurement is made horizontally along the center line of roadway from face to face of abutments or sidewalls immediately below the copings or fillets; or, if there are no copings or fillets at points six inches below the bridge seats or immediately under the top slab in the case of frame structures. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the labor department. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Embalmer: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Embalming: means preparing, disinfecting and preserving, either hypodermically, arterially or by any other recognized means the body of a deceased person for burial, cremation or other final disposition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Embalming fluid: means any chemicals or substances manufactured primarily for use by licensed funeral directors, undertakers or embalmers, or registered residents, to prepare, disinfect or preserve, either hypodermically, arterially or by any other recognized means the body of a deceased person for burial, cremation or other final disposition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Employee: includes any individual employed or permitted to work by an employer in any occupation, but shall not include any individual who is employed or permitted to work: (a) on a casual basis in service as a part time baby sitter in the home of the employer; (b) in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity; (c) as an outside salesman; (d) as a driver engaged in operating a taxicab; (e) as a volunteer, learner or apprentice by a corporation, unincorporated association, community chest, fund or foundation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable or educational purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual; (f) as a member of a religious order, or as a duly ordained, commissioned or licensed minister, priest or rabbi, or as a sexton, or as a christian science reader; (g) in or for such a religious or charitable institution, which work is incidental to or in return for charitable aid conferred upon such individual and not under any express contract of hire; (h) in or for such a religious, educational or charitable institution if such individual is a student; (i) in or for such a religious, educational or charitable institution if the earning capacity of such individual is impaired by age or by physical or mental deficiency or injury; (j) in or for a summer camp or conference of such a religious, educational or charitable institution for not more than three months annually; (k) as a staff counselor in a children's camp; (l) in or for a college or university fraternity, sorority, student association or faculty association, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, and which is recognized by such college or university, if such individual is a student; (m) by a federal, state or municipal government or political subdivision thereof; (n) as a volunteer at a recreational or amusement event run by a business that operates such events, provided that no single such event lasts longer than eight consecutive days and no more than one such event concerning substantially the same subject matter occurs in any calendar year, where (1) any such volunteer shall be at least eighteen years of age, (2) a business seeking coverage under this paragraph shall notify every volunteer in writing, in language acceptable to the commissioner, that by volunteering his or her services, such volunteer is waiving his or her right to receive the minimum wage pursuant to this article, and (3) such notice shall be signed and dated by a representative of the business and the volunteer and kept on file by the business for thirty-six months; or (o) in the delivery of newspapers or shopping news to the consumer by a person who is not performing commercial goods transportation services for a commercial goods transportation contractor within the meaning of article twenty-five-C of this chapter. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Employee: includes any individual employed or permitted to work by an employer on a farm but shall not include: (a) domestic service in the home of the employer; (b) the parent, spouse, child or other member of the employer's immediate family; (c) a minor under seventeen years of age employed as a hand harvest worker on the same farm as his parent or guardian and who is paid on a piece-rate basis at the same piece rate as employees seventeen years of age or over; or (d) an individual employed or permitted to work for a federal, state, or a municipal government or political subdivision thereof. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Employer: includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of persons acting as employer. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Employer: includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, cooperative, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of persons acting as an employer of an individual employed or permitted to work on a farm. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Farm: includes stock, dairy, poultry, furbearing animal, fruit and truck farms, plantations, orchards, nurseries, greenhouses, or other similar structures, used primarily for the raising of agricultural or horticultural commodities. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Farm labor contractor: includes : a. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103
  • Fee: includes any money or other valuable consideration paid or promised to be paid to a farm labor contractor for the performance of any of the services enumerated in this definition. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which: (i) the

    lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession

    and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and (iii)

    one of the following occurs: (A) the lessee receives a copy

    of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the

    right to possession and use of the goods before signing the

    lease contract; (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by

    which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to

    possession and use of the goods is a condition to

    effectiveness of the lease contract; (C) the lessee, before

    signing the lease contract, receives an accurate and complete

    statement designating the promises and warranties, and any

    disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of

    remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of any third

    party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the

    lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with

    or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the

    goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or (D)

    if the lease is not a consumer lease, the lessor, before the

    lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in

    writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods

    to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and

    directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to

    possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that

    the lessee is entitled under this Article to the promises and

    warranties, including those of any third party, provided to

    the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection

    with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired

    the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods,

    and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person

    supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and

    complete statement of those promises and warranties,

    including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of

    remedies. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food service worker: means any employee primarily engaged in the serving of food or beverages to guests, patrons or customers in the hotel or restaurant industries, including, but not limited to, wait staff, bartenders, captains and bussing personnel; and who regularly receive tips from such guests, patrons or customers. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Funeral directing: means the care and disposal of the body of a deceased person and/or the preserving, disinfecting and preparing by embalming or otherwise, the body of a deceased person for funeral services, transportation, burial or cremation; and/or funeral directing or embalming as presently known whether under these titles or designations or otherwise. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Funeral director: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Funeral establishment: means a single physical location, address or premises devoted to or used for the care and preparation of a body of a deceased person for disposition and for mourning or funeral ceremonial purposes. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Funeral firm: means an individual, partnership, corporation or estate representative engaged in the business and practice of funeral directing. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of

    identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures

    (Section 2-A-309), but the term does not include money,

    documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general

    intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas,

    before extraction. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Highway: shall include necessary sluices, drains, ditches, waterways, embankments, retaining walls, bridges on such highway and under the jurisdiction and control of the town and culverts, and the approaches of any such bridge or culvert beginning at the back of the abutments. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Hours worked: means the time that a farm worker is permitted to work in the fields or at his assigned place of work, and shall include time spent on a single farm in going from one field to another, or in waiting for baskets, pick-up, or for similar purposes; provided, however, that time not worked because of weather conditions shall not be considered as hours worked. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that

    authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots

    to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract

    contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its

    equivalent. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Judge: shall mean a judge of the family court of any county in the state. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use

    of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale,

    including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or

    retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the

    lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their

    language or by implication from other circumstances including

    course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance

    as provided in this Article. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that

    results from the lease agreement as affected by this Article

    and any other applicable rules of law. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the

    lessee under a lease contract. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession

    and use of goods under a lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession

    and use of goods under a lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure

    payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the

    term does not include a security interest. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject

    matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is

    sufficient to perform the lease contract. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with

    respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligor: means a person who executes a bail bond on behalf of a principal and thereby assumes the undertaking described therein. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Occupation: means an industry, trade, business or class of work in which employees are gainfully employed. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: shall mean a map and specifications showing (a) the location of a project, (b) the estimated cost of such project, (c) the proposed width, thickness and type of highway, (d) a statement of necessity for such project relied upon by the town, and (e) the projects to be completed in each year of the period of the duration of this article. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Principal: means a defendant in a criminal action or proceeding, or a person adjudged a material witness therein, or any other person so involved therein that the principal may by law be compelled to appear before a court for the purpose of having such court exercise control over the principal's person to secure the principal's future attendance at the action or proceeding when required, and who in fact either is before the court for such purpose or has been before it and been subjected to such control. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Private-placement adoption: shall mean any adoption other than that of a minor who has been placed for adoption by an authorized agency. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public entity: means any department, board, bureau, commission or agency of the state or its political subdivisions, public benefit corporation or any public authority including the port authority of New York and New Jersey. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security

    interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction

    creating an interest in goods. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Railroad: means a private or public railroad operating in the state of New York carrying either freight, passengers or freight and passengers including, but not limited to, those operated by the metropolitan transportation authority and its subsidiaries, the Long Island Rail Road, the metro-north railroad, the Staten Island rapid transit operating authority, the New York city transit authority or any other public authority or local government and shall include tourist excursion operations and railrides on standard gauge tracks. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Railroad bridge: means a structure including supports erected over a depression or an obstruction such as water, highway, or railway, having a track or tracks for carrying freight or passengers or other moving loads and having an opening measured along the center of the track or roadway of more than twenty feet between under croppings of abutments or spring lines or arches, or extreme ends of openings for multiple boxes and may include multiple pipes where the clear distance between openings is less than half of the smaller contiguous opening whether privately or publicly owned. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Registered resident: means a person who passed a funeral directing examination and who is duly registered as such with the department while in the employ of a registered funeral firm and who is engaged in the practice of funeral directing under the supervision of a licensed funeral director or undertaker and embalmer; provided, however, that a registered resident shall not have authority to sign any form or document required by law which requires the signature of a licensed funeral director or make funeral arrangements or own or manage a funeral firm. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Roadbed: shall mean the portion of the highway, improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Securing order: means an order of a court committing a principal to the custody of the sheriff or fixing bail, where authorized, or releasing the principal on the principal's own recognizance or releasing the principal under non-monetary conditions. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and

    use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an

    existing lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substantial structural alteration: means any work that modifies the load capacity, loan distribution or load paths or structural behavior of the bridge. See N.Y. Highway Law 230
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases

    goods to be leased under a finance lease. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-A-103

  • Surety: means an obligor who is not a principal. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Surrogate: shall mean the surrogate of any county in the state and any other judicial officer while acting in the capacity of surrogate. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Town superintendent: shall mean the town superintendent of highways. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Town highway: shall mean highways constructed, improved or maintained by the town with the aid of the state or county, under the provisions of the highway law, including all highways in towns, outside of incorporated villages constituting separate road districts, except state highways, county roads, parkways, state thruways and controlled access highways as defined by the highway law. See N.Y. Highway Law 219
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Undertaker: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Undertaking: means the care, disposal, transportation, burial or cremation by any means other than embalming of the body of a deceased person. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wage: includes allowances, in the amount determined in accordance with the provisions of this article, for gratuities and, when furnished by the employer to employees, for meals, lodging, apparel, and other such items, services and facilities. See N.Y. Labor Law 651
  • Wage: includes allowances in the amount determined in accordance with the provisions of this article for meals, lodging, and other items, service and facilities when furnished by the employer to his employees. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • wage board: means a board created as provided in this article. See N.Y. Labor Law 651