Article 1 General Provisions 35-4-1 – 35-4-9
Article 2 Execution, Attestation, and Acknowledgment 35-4-20 – 35-4-34
Article 3 Recordation and Registration in General 35-4-50 – 35-4-127
Article 4 Lis Pendens 35-4-130 – 35-4-139
Article 5 Reformation of Deeds, Mortgages, and Conveyances 35-4-150 – 35-4-153
Article 6 Life Estates 35-4-170 – 35-4-171
Article 7 Ascertainment and Payment of Life or Dower Interests 35-4-190 – 35-4-192
Article 8 Remainders and Executory Devises 35-4-210 – 35-4-213
Article 9 Rule in Shelley’s Case 35-4-230 – 35-4-232
Article 10 Trust Estate and Uses 35-4-250 – 35-4-260
Article 11 Warranties and Covenants 35-4-270 – 35-4-271
Article 12 Powers 35-4-290 – 35-4-306
Article 13 Conveyances by Executors and Administrators 35-4-320 – 35-4-323
Article 14 Conveyances by Literary or Social Societies, etc 35-4-340 – 35-4-344
Article 15 Conveyances of Standing Timber 35-4-360 – 35-4-363
Article 16 Conveyances, etc., by Governor or State Agency or Institution 35-4-380 – 35-4-393
Article 17 Alienation of Certain Public Improvements by Political Subdivisions of State 35-4-410 – 35-4-412
Article 18 Private Transfer Fees 35-4-430 – 35-4-435

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 35 > Chapter 4

  • acjic: The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center. See Alabama Code 26-19A-3
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, an applicant or registrant. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • agent: Any individual other than a dealer who represents a dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect sales of securities, but such term does not include an individual who represents an issuer in:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS: Those products whose calcium and magnesium compounds are capable of neutralizing soil acidity

    (2) LIMESTONE. See Alabama Code 2-23-2

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • applicant: A person, natural or otherwise, executing or submitting an application for registration. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • association: An association or unit owners' association, as defined in Section 35-8A-103 of the Alabama Uniform Condominium Act of 1991; an association as defined in Section 35-8-2 of the Condominium Ownership Act; or a nonprofit or cooperative membership organization composed exclusively of owners of mobile homes, manufactured housing, time-shares, camping resort interests, or other interests in real property that is responsible for the maintenance, improvements, services, or expenses related to real property that is owned, used, or enjoyed in common by the members. See Alabama Code 35-4-431
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: The Jackson County Water Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • AUTHORIZING ACT: Any of the following statutes or acts:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • bank: A bank, trust company, national banking association, savings bank, or industrial bank. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 1-1-3
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Jackson County Water Authority. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • BRANCH OFFICE: A place of business at an established location other than the main office having equipment and three or more employees directly engaged in structural pest control work from the place of business, which is a subdivision or branch of the main office, point of headquarters, or principal operation of the firm. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • BRANCH SUPERVISOR: A person who has been certified by the commissioner as qualified to supervise the operation of a branch office only. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • brand: The term, designation, trademark, product name or the specific designation under which an individual or type of agricultural liming material as defined in this section is offered for sale. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • broadcaster: Any entity that is engaged in the business of broadcasting video or audio programs, whether through the public airwaves, by cable, by direct or indirect satellite transmissions, or by any other means of communication. See Alabama Code 26-19A-3
  • broker: A dealer, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • broker: A person, including a bank, lawfully engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others and includes a broker lawfully engaged in buying and selling securities for his own account. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • bulk: Nonpackaged form. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • BURNT LIME: A material made from limestone which consists essentially of calcium oxide or a combination of calcium and magnesium oxides. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • bus: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than 10 passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • BUSINESS LOCATION: Any location in or from which professional work or services are solicited, accepted, or conducted, and identified as a main office, branch office, or suboffice by permit. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CALCITIC LIMESTONE: A calcareous rock composed wholly or largely of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • CALCIUM CARBONATE EQUIVALENT: The acid neutralizing capacity of an agricultural liming material expressed as weight percentage of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • cancel: To terminate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative upon application filed therefor as follows:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certificate of incorporation: as used in this chapter is synonymous to the term "certificate of formation" used in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • certification: The recognition by the commissioner that a person is competent and thus authorized to perform and/or supervise professional work or services in the category or categories listed on said certification permit. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CERTIFICATION PERMIT: A document issued by the commissioner attesting that all standards have been met in competency in one or more categories and/or subcategories of professional work or services. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • CERTIFIED OPERATOR: A person who has been certified by the commissioner as qualified to supervise the operation of a main office or a branch office. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • chalk: A soft, friable, loosely consolidated material composed largely of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • commission: The Alabama Securities Commission existing under Article 2 (commencing with Section 8-6-50) of Chapter 6 of Title 8. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • county: Jackson County. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • court: Unless some other court is specifically designated, such term shall be construed to mean court of probate. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for his own account. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 26-19A-3
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • director: The director appointed by the commission pursuant to Section 8-6-55 or, in the absence of the director or his or her inability to act, the deputy director appointed by the director as provided in Section 8-6-57. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • director: A member of the Board of Directors of the Jackson County Water Authority. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • district: Water management district. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • DOLOMITIC LIMESTONE: A calcareous rock composed of calcium and magnesium carbonates with a minimum elemental magnesium (Mg) content of six percent. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Employee: includes an officer, but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Entity: includes corporation; foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; foreign nonprofit corporation; estate; trust; unincorporated entity; foreign unincorporated entity; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • ENTOMOLOGICAL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescriptions for the control or eradication of any insect pest or rodent or for actual spraying, dusting, fumigating, or any other methods used for the control or eradication of any insect pest or rodent. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • ESTATE IN REVERSION: The residue of an estate, usually the fee, left in the grantor and his heirs after the determination of a particular estate which he has granted out of it. See Alabama Code 35-4-210
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expenses: means reasonable expenses of any kind that are incurred in connection with a matter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FARM TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • FEED DISTRIBUTOR: Any person residing in Alabama, or any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that sells directly to a ratite producer feed of any sort that is intended for ratite consumption regardless of where the feed is manufactured. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • FINANCIAL RIGHTS: Rights to a. See Alabama Code 10A-5-1.02
  • fineness: The percentage by weight of the material which will pass U. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign corporation: means an entity incorporated or existing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: An organization formed under the laws of any jurisdiction other than Alabama that is substantially similar to a limited liability company. See Alabama Code 10A-5-1.02
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GARBAGE PICK UP AND DISPOSAL: All services involved in the pick up and disposal of garbage from residents, businesses, and factories. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNANCE RIGHTS: All a member's rights as a member of a limited liability company except financial rights, including without limitation, the rights to participate in the management of the limited liability company and to bind the limited liability company as provided in Section 10A-5-3. See Alabama Code 10A-5-1.02
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission, council, board of commissioners, board of directors, or other governing body of any issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • GROSS WEIGHT: The weight of a vehicle without load plus the weight of any load thereon. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • GROUND SHELLS: A product obtained by the grinding of shells of mollusks and which shall carry the name of mollusk origin. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • guaranteed: Guaranteed as to payment of principal, interest, or dividends. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • guarantor: The guarantor of the performance by the lessee of its obligations under a lease or the guarantor of any industrial revenue bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • HORTICULTURAL AND FLORICULTURAL WORK: Receiving fees for landscaping and setting of plants, or for the sale of any plants for which the seller contracts to render future services. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • HYDRATED LIME: A material made from burnt lime which consists essentially of calcium hydroxide or a combination of calcium hydroxide with magnesium oxide and/or magnesium hydroxide. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPLEMENT OF HUSBANDRY: Every vehicle designed and adapted exclusively for agricultural, horticultural, or livestock raising operations or for lifting or carrying an implement of husbandry and in either case not subject to registration if used upon the highways. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • improvident: With respect to any industrial revenue bonds the term means that there is a reasonable probability that the bonds will be deficient in one or more of the following respects:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • INDUSTRIAL BY-PRODUCT USED AS LIMING MATERIALS: Any industrial by-product containing calcium or calcium and magnesium in forms that will neutralize acidity. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • INDUSTRIAL REVENUE BONDS: The bonds, warrants, notes, certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations issued by any issuer under the authority of the authorizing act to finance or refinance a project or to refund bonds, but does not include either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-110

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the governing statute governing an unincorporated entity:

    (i) the right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation; or

    (ii) the right to receive notice or vote on issues involving its internal affairs, other than as an agent, assignee, proxy, or person responsible for managing its business and affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40

  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER: Any person, who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities, or who, for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER REPRESENTATIVE: Any partner, officer, director of (or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions) or other individual employed by or associated with an investment adviser, except clerical or ministerial personnel, who:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • issuer: Every person who proposes to issue, has issued, or shall hereafter issue any security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • issuer: A person who places, or authorizes the placing of, his name on a security other than as a transfer agent to evidence that it represents a share, participation, or other interest in his property or in an enterprise or to evidence his duty to perform an obligation evidenced by the security or who becomes responsible for or in place of any such person. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • issuer: Any county, city, town, municipality, or public corporation issuing industrial revenue bonds under the authorizing act. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • JUDICIAL VALIDATION: The procedure described in Section 8-6-119 by which industrial revenue bonds may be validated and culminating in a decree of the circuit court validating the bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • label: Any written or printed matter on or attached to the package or delivery ticket which accompanies a bulk shipment. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • landowner: Any property owner who owns partial or full interest in lands in the benefited area or any property owner who owns partial or full interest in over 10 acres of land outside the benefited area within the district. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • lease: The lease, installment purchase, or other agreement by which the lessee obtains the right to use the project and agrees to make payments sufficient to pay the principal of and interest on the industrial revenue bonds issued to finance or refinance the project. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • lessee: The lessee, purchaser, or user of a project under the lease. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LOCAL AUTHORITIES: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • mail: To deposit in the United States mail properly addressed and with postage prepaid. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • member: A person reflected in the required records of a limited liability company as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest in the limited liability company. See Alabama Code 10A-5-1.02
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • MISSING SENIOR CITIZEN ALERT: A voluntary program entered into by the department and other local and state law enforcement agencies and the Alabama Association of Broadcasters and broadcasters licensed to serve in the state, which provides that if the department verifies that a senior citizen is missing or lost and in danger, a media alert is transmitted. See Alabama Code 26-19A-3
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MOTOR-DRIVEN CYCLE: Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor that produces not more than five brake horsepower nor exceeds 150 cubic centimeter engine displacement, and weighs less than 200 pounds fully equipped, and every bicycle with a motor attached. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of Jackson County. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water, garbage, or sewer service. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • nonissuer: Not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • nonresident: Every person who is not a resident of this state. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • NOTICE BY PUBLICATION: Unless otherwise specified, such notice shall consist of publication once in each of three consecutive weeks (three insertions) in some newspaper having general circulation in the county or counties wherein the land in the water management district is located, the last insertion to be made at least 15 days prior to the date fixed for the hearing of said notice, and it shall not be necessary that the publication shall be made on the same day in each of the three weeks, but not less than 14 days, excluding the day of the first publication, shall intervene between the first publication and the last publication. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • notification: The instrument or the procedure, or both, by which an issuer is required by this article to notify the director prior to the proposed issuance of industrial revenue bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • offer to sell: includes every attempt to offer or dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • officer: A president, vice-president, treasurer, secretary, comptroller, or any other person performing similar functions with respect to any organization whether incorporated or unincorporated. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • OPERATING AGREEMENT: A written agreement of the member or members governing the affairs of a limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Alabama Code 10A-5-1.02
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PASSENGER CAR: Every motor vehicle, except motorcycles and motor-driven cycles, designed for carrying 10 passengers or less and used for the transportation of persons. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • PATHOLOGICAL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescriptions for the control or eradication of any plant disease, for actual spraying, or any other methods used for the control or eradication of any plant disease. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • payee: The person or entity who claims the right to receive or collect a private transfer fee payable under a private transfer obligation. See Alabama Code 35-4-431
  • person: Any individual, partnership, stock company or corporation. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • person: Such term shall include a natural person, a corporation created under the laws of this or any other state, country, sovereignty, or political subdivision thereof, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, and any unincorporated organization. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • person: Such term includes a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLE TRAILER: Every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes, or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRIVATE TRANSFER FEE: A fee or charge payable upon the transfer of an interest in real property, or payable for the right to make or accept such transfer, regardless of whether the fee or charge is a fixed amount or is determined as a percentage of the value of the property, the purchase price, or other consideration given for the transfer. See Alabama Code 35-4-431
  • PRIVATE TRANSFER FEE OBLIGATION: An obligation arising under a declaration or covenant recorded against the title to real property, or under any other contractual agreement or promise, whether or not recorded, that requires or purports to require the payment of a private transfer fee upon a subsequent transfer of an interest in the real property. See Alabama Code 35-4-431
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Proceeding: includes any civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • project: Any land, plant, building, facilities, equipment, or other property proposed to be acquired with the proceeds of any industrial revenue bonds to be used by a lessee under a lease. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • ratite: One of a variety of flightless birds including an ostrich, emu, rhea, cassowary, or kiwi. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • RATITE PRODUCER: Any person residing in Alabama, or any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that owns or has a financial investment in ratites located in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-32-1
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registrant: An applicant for whom a registration has been declared effective by the commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • revoke: To vacate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative for cause by order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • RIGHTS OF THE REVERSIONER: The same rights as those of a vested remainderman in fee. See Alabama Code 35-4-210
  • roadway: That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • salesman: An agent, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • SCHOOL BUS: Every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth by statute or regulation and is used to transport children to or from school or in connection with school activities, but not including buses operated by common carriers in urban transportation of school children. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2A-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • security: Any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, annuity contract unless issued by an insurance company, bankers' shares, trustees' shares, investment participating bonds, investment trust debentures, units, shares, bonds and certificates in, for, respecting, or based upon any form of securities or collateral, subscriptions and contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase on the installment plan of any security as herein defined, or subscription or contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase of beneficial interest in title to property, profits or earnings, or any right to subscribe to any of the foregoing, or any instrument of any kind commonly known as a security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • security: Such term includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness or certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payment out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security or any certificate, interest or participation in any temporary or interim certificate, receipt or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • SECURITY INTEREST: An interest in a vehicle reserved or created by agreement and which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • sell: includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • semitrailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SERVED UPON THE ISSUER: As applied to a stop order, notice of a reference to the commission, or of a hearing before the commission, the term means that it has been deposited in the United States mail in a sealed envelope with first class, certified postage prepaid, properly addressed to the issuer at the address shown in the notification, or delivered to the person who signed the notification on behalf of the issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which the authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water, sewer, or garbage service shall be any area within the county in which such service is not provided by another public authority. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEWER SERVICE: The construction, operation, and maintenance of sewer disposal facilities and lines in areas of the county not served by any other public sewer facility. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • SPECIAL MOBILE EQUIPMENT: Every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including, but not limited to: Ditch digging apparatus, well boring apparatus, and road construction and maintenance machinery such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, levelling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carry-alls and scrapers, power shovels and drag lines, and self-propelled cranes, and earth moving equipment. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: Any state, territory, or possession of the United States, as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stock: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation or foreign corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • stop: When required, means complete cessation from movement. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STOP ORDER: An order issued by the director or by the commission in accordance with this article prohibiting the issuer from issuing the industrial revenue bonds described in the notification or any bonds in lieu of those bonds. See Alabama Code 8-6-110
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL WORK: That branch or type of entomological, pest control, or eradication work which involves the performance of work or giving advice or prescriptions for compensation for the prevention, control, or eradication of insects, vermin, rodents, pest animals, fungi, or other wood destroying organisms in household structures, commercial buildings, or other structures by the use of insecticides, rodenticides, repellants, chemicals, mechanical devices, or structural modifications, as well as a fumigation of products, containers, structures, or transportation vehicles. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • suboffice: A place at an established location other than the main office or branch office having equipment and less than three employees directly engaged in structural pest control work from the location, which shall not be more than 100 road miles from the branch office or main office of the firm. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • suspend: When used in relation to the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative, such term shall mean the temporary cessation or inoperativeness of such registration, whether by reason of operation of law or by reason of an order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • THIRD-PARTY: A person other than a bank, broker, transfer agent, or issuer who with respect to a security held by a minor effects a transaction otherwise than directly with the minor. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • ton: Two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-23-2
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • transfer: The sale, gift, conveyance, assignment, inheritance, or other transfer of an ownership interest in real property located in this state. See Alabama Code 35-4-431
  • TRANSFER AGENT: A person who acts as authenticating trustee, transfer agent, registrar, or other agent for an issuer in the registration of transfers of securities in the issue of new securities or in the cancellation of surrendered securities. See Alabama Code 8-6-91
  • TREE SURGERY WORK: Receiving fees for tree surgery, including but not limited to, cavity filling or repair, bracing, cabling, and wound treatment of shrubs and trees. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • TRUCK TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • underwriter: A person who agrees to take or contracts to dispose of a stipulated amount of securities, or a portion thereof, at a fixed price. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • viewers: The board of viewers. See Alabama Code 9-9-2
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including, but not limited to, water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, fire hydrants, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 45-36-252
  • WEED CONTROL WORK: Receiving fees for advice or prescription for the control or eradication of any weed or for actual spraying or other methods used for the control and eradication of any plant which grows where not wanted. See Alabama Code 2-28-1
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.