Article 1 General Provisions 8-12-1 – 8-12-3
Article 2 Registration of Trademarks and Service Marks 8-12-6 – 8-12-19
Article 3 Names, Marks, etc., on Beverage Containers 8-12-20 – 8-12-23
Article 4 Marked Containers for Milk and Milk Products 8-12-40 – 8-12-44

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 8 > Chapter 12

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS: Those products whose calcium and magnesium compounds are capable of neutralizing soil acidity

    (2) LIMESTONE. See Alabama Code 32-6-461

  • Alabama bank: means an Alabama state bank or an Alabama national bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Alabama bank: means a bank whose home state is Alabama. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Alabama representative office: shall mean any such office that is located in this state. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Alabama state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Alabama state bank: means a bank chartered under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: The person filing an application for registration of a mark under this article and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Bank holding company: has the meaning set forth in 12 U. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Bank Holding Company Act: means the Federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • bank supervisory agency: means :

    (1) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and any successor to these agencies;

    (2) Any agency of another state with primary responsibility for chartering and supervising banks; and

    (3) Any agency of a country, including any colonies, dependencies, possessions, or political subdivisions thereof, other than the United States. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22

  • Bank supervisory agency: means :

    (1) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and any successor to these agencies; and

    (2) Any agency of another state with primary responsibility for chartering and supervising banks. See Alabama Code 12-21-203

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Alabama Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • brand: A term, design or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • brand: The trade name or other designation under which a particular petroleum product is sold, offered for sale, or otherwise identified. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • BULK TRANSFER: Any transfer of motor fuel from one location to another by pipeline tender or marine delivery within a bulk transfer/terminal system, including, but not limited to, the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20

  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER: Any substance containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is used for its plant nutrient content and which is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, marl, lime, limestone, basic slag, gypsum and other materials or products regulated under Chapter 23 of this title. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION: Any group, whether incorporated or unincorporated, affiliated with or organized for the benefit of one or more communities or neighborhoods containing an alleged drug-related nuisance, or any group organized to improve the quality of life in a residential area containing the alleged drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • control: shall be construed consistently with the provisions of Section 2(a)(2) of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Control: shall be construed consistently with the provisions of 12 U. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in Sections 3(c)(2) and 3(c)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • DIESEL FUEL: Any liquid that is advertised, offered for sale, or sold for use as or used as a motor fuel in a diesel-powered engine. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • dilution: Dilution by blurring or dilution by tarnishment, regardless of the presence or absence of:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-6-393

  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • DYED DIESEL FUEL: Diesel fuel that meets the dyeing and marking requirements of Section 4082, Title 26 of the United States Code. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • DYED KEROSENE: Kerosene that meets the dyeing and marking requirements of Section 4082, Title 26 of the United States Code. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • federal agency: means an agency of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • federal branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • federal International Banking Act: means the federal International Banking Act of 1978, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FINANCIAL RIGHTS: Rights to a. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • gasoline: Any product commonly or commercially known as gasoline, regardless of classification, that is advertised, offered for sale, or sold for use as or used as motor fuel in an internal combustion engine, including gasohol and blended fuel which contains gasoline. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • grade: The percentages of total nitrogen, available phosphorus and soluble potassium stated in whole numbers in the same terms, order and percentages as in the guaranteed analysis; provided, that fertilizer materials, bone meal, manures and similar raw materials may be guaranteed in fractional units. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: The minimum percentage of plant nutrients claimed in the following order and form:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • Home state: means :

    (1) With respect to a national bank, the state in which the main office of the bank is located;

    (2) With respect to a state bank, the state by which the bank is chartered;

    (3) With respect to a foreign bank, the state determined to be the home state of such foreign bank under 12 U. See Alabama Code 12-21-203

  • Home state regulator: means , with respect to an out-of-state state bank, the bank supervisory agency of the state in which such bank is chartered. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Host state: means a state, other than the home state of a bank, in which the bank maintains, or seeks to establish and maintain, a branch. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • importer: A person who imports petroleum products into this state. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • INSPECTION FEE PERMIT HOLDER: A person to whom the Department of Revenue has issued an inspection fee permit. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act: means the federal Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, Public Law No. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • interstate branch: means a branch of a bank or a branch of a foreign bank, as the context may require, which is, or is to be, established after September 29, 1994, pursuant to the authority contained in the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, outside the home state of the bank or foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Interstate merger transaction: means :

    (1) The merger or consolidation of banks with different home states, and the conversion of branches of any bank involved in the merger or consolidation into branches of the resulting bank; or

    (2) The purchase of all or substantially all of the assets, including all or substantially all of the branches, of a bank whose home state is different from the home state of the acquiring bank. See Alabama Code 12-21-203

  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kerosene: All grades of kerosene, including, but not limited to, the two grades of kerosene, No. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • label: All written, printed or graphic matter displayed upon the immediate container of or statement accompanying a commercial fertilizer, fertilizer material, soil conditioner or soil amendment. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • labeling: All written, printed or graphic matter upon or accompanying any commercial fertilizer, soil conditioner or soil amendment and all advertisements, brochures, posters or television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of such products. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • licensee: A person who has been issued a license to manufacture and sell commercial fertilizer and fertilizer material under the requirements of Section 2-22-5. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LUBRICATING OIL: Those products of petroleum that are commonly used in lubricating or oiling engines and any devices or substitutes for such products of petroleum. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • mark: Any trade name, trademark, or service mark entitled to registration under this article whether registered or not. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • member: A person reflected in the required records of a limited liability company as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest in the limited liability company. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • OFFICIAL SAMPLE: Any sample of commercial fertilizer or fertilizer material taken by the commissioner or his agent as prescribed in Section 2-22-11 and designated as official by the commissioner. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • OPERATING AGREEMENT: A written agreement of the member or members governing the affairs of a limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • out-of-state bank: means a bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Out-of-state bank: means a bank whose home state is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • out-of-state foreign bank: means a foreign bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Out-of-state state bank: means a bank chartered under the laws of any state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: An individual, corporation, partnership, trust association, joint venture, or any other business entity, and the respective agents of the individuals or entities, in whom is vested all or any part of the title to the property alleged to be a drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PERMISSIVE SUPPLIER: An out-of-state supplier that elects, but is not required, to have a supplier's license as required in Section 40-17-332. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • person: Any individual, partnership, association, firm, corporation or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • person: Any natural person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, receiver, trust, estate, or other entity as well as any other group or combination thereof acting as a unit. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, union, or other organization. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • PERSON FIRST SELLING: Any person, as herein defined, who first sells dyed diesel fuel, dyed kerosene, and/or lubricating oil in Alabama on which an inspection fee is imposed by this article. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • PETROLEUM PRODUCTS: Gasoline, diesel fuel, and lubricating oil. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Tangible real property, or an interest in real property, including an interest in any leasehold, license, or real estate, including any house, apartment building, condominium, cooperative, office building, store, restaurant, tavern, nightclub, or warehouse, and the land extending to the boundaries of the lot upon which the structure is situated, and anything growing on, affixed to, or found on the land. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROSECUTING ATTORNEY: The Attorney General, district attorney, or county, municipal, or private attorney bringing a drug-related nuisance action. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • re-refined oil: as used in this division , shall mean any lubricating oil, lubricant or motor lubricating oil which has been previously used, in whole or in part, when such oil has been reprocessed, re-refined or in any manner reclaimed, regardless of the quality of the oil, the method of reprocessing, re-refining or reclaiming of the oil or of the intended use of such oil. See Alabama Code 45-18-81.33
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • registrant: The person to whom the registration of a mark under this article is issued and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Resulting bank: means a bank that has resulted from an interstate merger transaction under this article. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • REVENUE COMMISSIONER: The Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • salary: as used in this division , is not intended to include or cover costs and charges of court or fees, commissions, percentages, or allowances of public officers, and such are not subject to writs of garnishment under the provisions of this division. See Alabama Code 45-8A-23.263
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: means any state, territory, or other possession of the United States, including the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Superintendent: means the Superintendent of Banks then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 12-21-203
  • supplier: A person who is subject to the general taxing jurisdiction of this state and registered under Section 4101 of the Internal Revenue Code for transactions in motor fuel in the bulk transfer/terminal distribution system and who owns motor fuel in the bulk transfer/terminal system, or a person who receives motor fuel in this state pursuant to a two-party exchange. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • tenant: A person who resides in or occupies property belonging to another person pursuant to a lease agreement, or pursuant to a tenancy under the common law. See Alabama Code 45-8A-22.61
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • ton: A net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 32-6-392
  • TRADE NAME: A word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify the person's business (including vocation, occupation, or profession), and distinguish it from the business of others. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • trademark: Any word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, or device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify goods made or sold by the person and to distinguish them from goods made or sold by others. See Alabama Code 32-6-393
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • UNDYED DIESEL FUEL: Diesel fuel that has not been dyed in accordance with the Internal Revenue Service fuel dyeing provisions. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • used: A mark shall be deemed to be used in this state:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-6-393

  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
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