Sections
Article 33 Offenses Against Trade-Marks 33.01 – 33.15
Article 34 Live Musical Performance and Productions 34.01 – 34.09

Terms Used In New York Laws > Arts and Cultural Affairs > Title K - Trade-Marks

  • Affiliate: means :

    (1) a person that directly or indirectly owns, controls or holds with power to vote, twenty percent or more of the outstanding voting securities of the debtor, other than a person that holds the securities:

    (i) as a fiduciary or agent without sole discretionary power to vote the securities; or

    (ii) solely to secure a debt, if the person has not in fact exercised the power to vote;

    (2) a corporation twenty percent or more of whose outstanding voting securities are directly or indirectly owned, controlled or held with power to vote, by the debtor or a person that directly or indirectly owns, controls or holds, with power to vote, twenty percent or more of the outstanding voting securities of the debtor, other than a person that holds the securities:

    (i) as a fiduciary or agent without sole discretionary power to vote the securities; or

    (ii) solely to secure a debt, if the person has not in fact exercised the power to vote;

    (3) a person whose business is operated by the debtor under a lease or other agreement, or a person substantially all of whose assets are controlled by the debtor; or

    (4) a person that operates the debtor's business under a lease or other agreement or controls substantially all of the debtor's assets. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Asset: means property of a debtor, but the term does not include:

    (1) property to the extent it is encumbered by a valid lien;

    (2) property to the extent it is generally exempt under non-bankruptcy law; or

    (3) an interest in property held in tenancy by the entirety to the extent it is not subject to process by a creditor holding a claim against only one tenant. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270

  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • board: means the board of trustees of the state university of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Board: shall mean the board of trustees of the New York state higher education services corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • claim for relief: means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured or unsecured. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Common area: shall mean a portion of a multiple dwelling that is not within a dwelling unit and is regularly used by occupants for access to and egress from any dwelling unit within such multiple dwelling. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • comptroller: means the comptroller of the state of New York with respect to the state university or the appropriate fiscal officer with respect to other employers. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • Cost: means the cost of an approved project, which shall include engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, and other direct expenses incident to such project less any federal assistance received or to be received and any other assistance from other parties. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Cost: means the capital cost of a municipal landfill closure project or a municipal landfill gas management project, including engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, and other direct capital expenses incident to such project, less any federal or other assistance for such project received or to be received. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Cost: means the capital cost of a municipal recycling project including engineering and architectural services, surveys, plans and specifications; consultant and legal services; lands acquired pursuant to the conditions set forth in section 54-0709 of this title, and other direct capital expenses incident to such a project, less any federal assistance or other assistance received or to be received. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Creditor: means a person that has a claim. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Debt: means liability on a claim. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Debtor: means a person that is liable on a claim. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Department: shall mean the department of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Department: means the department of environmental conservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Deteriorated subsurface: shall mean an unstable or unsound painted subsurface, an indication of which can be observed through a visual inspection, including, but not limited to, rotted or decayed wood, or wood or plaster that has been subject to moisture or disturbance. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • electing employee: shall mean any eligible employee who exercises his election pursuant to this article to come under the optional retirement program. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • electing employer: means a community college which elects to offer the optional retirement program as herein provided. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic or similar capabilities. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Electronic appearance: means an appearance in which various participants, including the defendant, are not present in the court, but in which, by means of an independent audio-visual system, (a) all of the participants are simultaneously able to see and hear reproductions of the voices and images of the judge, counsel, defendant, police officer, and any other appropriate participant, and (b) counsel is present with the defendant, or if the defendant waives the presence of counsel on the record, the defendant and his or her counsel are able to see and hear each other and engage in private conversation. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 182.10
  • Electronic arraignment: means an arraignment in which various participants, including the defendant, are not personally present in the court but in which all of the participants are simultaneously able to see and hear reproductions of the voices and images of the judge, counsels, defendant, police officer and any other appropriate participant, by means of an independent audio-visual system. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 185.10
  • eligible employees: means those employees in positions requiring the performance of educational functions in teacher education, agriculture, home economics, forestry, ceramics, liberal and applied arts and sciences, engineering, technical skills, crafts, business education, labor and industrial relations, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, nursing, law, public affairs, maritime officer training, academic administration, library service, student activities, student personnel service and other professions required to carry on the work of the state university and the colleges, schools, institutes, research centers, facilities and institutions comprising it and of the community colleges. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • employee: means a person employed by the state university, the board of higher education of the city of New York, or a community college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • employer: means the state university of New York, the board of higher education of the city of New York, or a community college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • Facility: means any structure or site improvement including paths, trails, roads, bridges, ramps and buildings. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Federal assistance: means funds available, other than by loan, from the federal government, either directly or through allocation by the state for construction or program purposes pursuant to any federal law or program. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Friction Surface: shall mean any painted surface that touches or is in contact with another surface, such that the two surfaces are capable of relative motion and abrade, scrape, or bind when in relative motion. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Governing body: means :

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101

  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Historic preservation project: means a project undertaken by a municipality or a not-for-profit corporation to acquire, improve, restore or rehabilitate property listed on the state or national registers of historic places to protect the historic, cultural or architectural significance thereof or a project for planning or structural assessments for such properties. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0901
  • Household hazardous waste: shall mean solid waste emanating from households (including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day-use recreation areas) which but for their point of generation, would be a hazardous waste under title 9 of article 27 of this chapter or a "pesticide" as defined in article 33 of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Independent audio-visual system: means an electronic system for the transmission and receiving of audio and visual signals, encompassing encoded signals, frequency domain multiplexing or other suitable means to preclude the unauthorized reception and decoding of the signals by commercially available television receivers, channel converters, or other available receiving devices. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 182.10
  • Independent audio-visual system: shall mean an electronic system for the transmission and receiving of audio and visual signals, encompassing encoded signals, frequency domain multiplexing or other suitable means to preclude the unauthorized reception and decoding of the signals by commercially available television receivers, channel converters, or other available receiving devices. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 185.10
  • Insider: includes :

    (1) if the debtor is an individual:

    (i) a relative of the debtor or of a general partner of the debtor;

    (ii) a partnership in which the debtor is a general partner;

    (iii) a general partner in a partnership described in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph; or

    (iv) a corporation of which the debtor is a director, officer, or person in control;

    (2) if the debtor is a corporation:

    (i) a director of the debtor;

    (ii) an officer of the debtor;

    (iii) a person in control of the debtor;

    (iv) a partnership in which the debtor is a general partner;

    (v) a general partner in a partnership described in subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph; or

    (vi) a relative of a general partner, director, officer or person in control of the debtor;

    (3) if the debtor is a partnership:

    (i) a general partner in the debtor;

    (ii) a relative of a general partner in, a general partner of or a person in control of the debtor;

    (iii) another partnership in which the debtor is a general partner;

    (iv) a general partner in a partnership described in subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph; or

    (v) a person in control of the debtor;

    (4) an affiliate, or an insider of an affiliate as if the affiliate were the debtor; and

    (5) a managing agent of the debtor. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270

  • insurer: shall mean a life insurance corporation, or other corporation subject to department of financial services supervision. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • insurer: means a life insurance corporation or other corporation subject to department of financial services supervision. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Judge advocate: means an officer of a force of the organized militia who is a member of the judge advocate general's corps or who is designated as a judge advocate;

    (10) "Legal officer" means an officer of the New York naval militia designated to perform legal duties for a command;

    (11) "Code" means article seven of this chapter;

    (12) "Accuser" means a person who signs and swears to charges, any person who directs that charges nominally be signed and sworn to by another, and any other person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused. See N.Y. Military Law 130.1

  • Landfill: means a disposal facility or part of one at which solid waste, or its residue after treatment, is intentionally placed in or on land, and at which solid waste will remain after closure and which is not a land spreading facility, a surface impoundment, or an injection well. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Landfill gas management system: means an active system for the control, capture, and management of gas created within and emitted from a solid waste landfill. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Lead-based paint: means paint or other similar surface coating material containing 1. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-based paint hazard: shall mean any condition in a dwelling or dwelling unit that causes exposure to lead from lead-contaminated dust, from lead-based paint that is peeling, or from lead-based paint that is present on chewable surfaces, deteriorated subsurfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-contaminated dust: shall mean dust containing lead at a mass per area concentration of 10 or more micrograms per square foot on a floor, 50 or more micrograms per square foot on window sills, and 100 or more micrograms per square foot on window wells, or such more stringent standards as may be adopted by rule of the department of health and mental hygiene, provided that, if the federal environmental protection agency or a successor agency, or the federal department of housing and urban development or a successor agency, adopts lower definitions of lead-contaminated dust, the board of health shall define in the health code such lower levels for the purposes of this subchapter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-contaminated dust clearance test: shall mean a test for lead-contaminated dust on floors, window wells, and window sills in a dwelling, that is made in accordance with section 27-2056. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • License: shall mean an authorization by the department of consumer and worker protection to carry on various activities within its jurisdiction, which may take the form of a license, permit, registration, certification or such other form as is designated under law, regulation or rule. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Lien: means a charge against or an interest in property to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, and includes a security interest created by agreement, a judicial lien obtained by legal or equitable process or proceedings, a common-law lien, or a statutory lien. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • local sponsor: means any city, county, intermediate school district, or school district approved by the board, sponsoring or participating in the establishment or operation of a community college. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • minister: when used in this article, shall include those defined in § 2 of the religious corporations law. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 11
  • Municipal park project: means a project undertaken by a municipality or a not-for-profit corporation for the planning, structural assessment, acquisition, development or improvement of recreational facilities including construction of structures, roads and parking facilities. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0901
  • Municipal landfill closure project: means activities undertaken to close, including by reclamation, a landfill owned or operated by a municipality to achieve compliance with regulations promulgated by the department, or activities undertaken to implement a landfill gas management system. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Municipality: means a local public authority or public benefit corporation, a county, city, town, village, or Indian tribe or nation residing within New York state, or any combination thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Not-for-profit corporation: means a corporation formed pursuant to the not-for-profit corporation law and qualified for tax-exempt status under the federal internal revenue code. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Office: means the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • optional retirement program: means the retirement program established pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Organized militia: means the organized militia, the composition of which is stated in section two of this chapter;

    (2) "Officer" means a commissioned officer including a commissioned warrant officer;

    (3) "Superior officer" means an officer superior in rank or command;

    (4) "Enlisted person" means any person who is serving in an enlisted grade in any force of the organized militia;

    (5) "Active state duty" means full time military duty in the active service of the state under an order of the governor issued pursuant to sections six or seven of this chapter and while going to and returning from such duty;

    (6) "Duty status other than active state duty" means any one of the types of duty described in section forty-six of this chapter and while going to and returning from such duty;

    (7) "Military court" means a court-martial, a court of inquiry, a provost court;

    (8) "Military judge" means an official of a general court-martial detailed in accordance with section 130. See N.Y. Military Law 130.1

  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Peeling: shall mean that the paint or other surface-coating material is curling, cracking, scaling, flaking, blistering, chipping, chalking or loose in any manner, such that a space or pocket of air is behind a portion thereof or such that the paint is not completely adhered to the underlying surface. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Performing group: means any vocal or instrumental group seeking to use, using, advertising the use of, or promoting the name of a recording group that has previously released a commercial sound recording under the name of such recording group. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 34.03
  • Person: shall mean a natural person or an organization. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Person: means an individual, estate, partnership, association, trust, business or nonprofit entity, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or other legal or commercial entity. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Pupil: means a child for whom transportation aid is paid and who lives more than one and one-half miles from the school which he or she attends, measured by the nearest available road to such school, or a child who lives more than one mile from an approved route, measured by the nearest available road to such route, and also lives more than one and one-half miles from the school which he or she attends. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Recording group: means any vocal or instrumental group at least one of whose members has previously released a commercial sound recording under that group's name and in which such member or members have a legal right by virtue of use or operation under the group name without having abandoned the name or affiliation with the group. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 34.03
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recyclables recovery program: means a program undertaken by a municipality consistent with requirements of section one hundred twenty-aa of the general municipal law to provide for the environmentally sound recovery of recyclables, primarily involving the collection, aggregation and processing of recyclable materials for their use as raw materials for new products or for other useful purposes other than for energy recovery, through facilities planned, designed and constructed to ensure environmental protection and to maximize the potential for recyclables recovery. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Recycling project: means recyclables recovery equipment, source separation equipment, a recyclables recovery program or any combination thereof required by a recyclables recovery program and the reimbursement to municipalities and not-for-profit corporations, as such terms are defined in section 54-0101 of this article, for the cost of a redemption center as defined in section 27-1003 of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Relative: means an individual related by consanguinity within the third degree as determined by the common law, a spouse or an individual related to a spouse within the third degree as so determined, and includes an individual in an adoptive relationship within the third degree. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remediate: shall mean the reduction or elimination of a lead-based paint hazard through the wet scraping and repainting, removal, encapsulation, enclosure, or replacement of lead-based paint, or other method approved by the commissioner of health and mental hygiene. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resides: shall mean to routinely spend 10 or more hours per week within a dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Route: means a highway or highways over and upon which a school bus regularly travels in accordance with a schedule maintained for the transportation of pupils from their homes to school. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • rules: shall mean a rule or rules promulgated pursuant to section 1043 of the New York city charter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • salary: means all amounts paid by or for the state as compensation for services rendered by an eligible employee holding a position with the state university or by or for a community college as compensation for services rendered by an eligible employee holding a position at such college. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • salary: means that amount fixed by or pursuant to law and paid by or for an employer to an employee as compensation for services rendered by the employee to the employer. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • School bus: means any vehicle or other means of conveyance used for the purpose of transporting pupils. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • School district: means common school districts, to the extent that they provide transportation of students in grades seven through twelve to a school outside the district, consolidated school districts, central school districts, central high school districts, union free school districts, except special act school districts as defined in section four thousand one of this chapter, and city school districts. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Secretary: means the secretary of state. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • State assistance payment: means the payment of monies by the state for projects authorized by the environmental protection fund, to preserve, enhance, restore and improve the quality of the state's environment. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • state university: means the state university of New York and the term "community college" means a college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Storage: means any school bus garage facilities or sites which may be approved by the commissioner. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transfer: means every mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, voluntary or involuntary, of disposing of or parting with an asset or an interest in an asset, and includes payment of money, release, lease, license, and creation of a lien or other encumbrance. See N.Y. Debtor and Creditor Law 270
  • Turnover: shall mean the occupancy of a dwelling unit subsequent to the termination of a tenancy and the vacatur by a prior tenant of such dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Underlying defect: shall mean a physical condition in a dwelling or dwelling unit that is causing or has caused paint to peel or a painted surface to deteriorate or fail, such as a structural or plumbing failure that allows water to intrude into a dwelling or dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Waste reduction projects: means projects undertaken to reduce the volume or toxicity of material entering the municipal solid waste stream, by reducing the volume or toxicity of such material at the point of generation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Window: shall mean the non-glass parts of a window, including but not limited to any window sash, window well, window jamb, window sill, or window molding. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2