A. A manufacturer, service provider or seller is not liable for exemplary or punitive damages if any of the following applies:

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 12-689

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Manufacturer: means a person or entity that designs, assembles, fabricates, produces, constructs or otherwise prepares a product or component part of a product before its sale to a user or consumer, including a seller owned in whole or significant part by the manufacturer or a seller owning the manufacturer in whole or significant part. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Product: means the individual product or any component part of the product that is the subject of a product liability action. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Seller: means a person or entity, including a wholesaler, distributor, retailer or lessor, that is engaged in the business of leasing any product or selling any product for resale, use or consumption. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Arizona Laws 1-215

1. The product alleged to have caused the harm was designed, manufactured, packaged, labeled, sold or represented in relevant and material respects according to the terms of an approval, conditional approval, clearance, license or similar determination of a government agency.

2. The product, activity or service complied with all statutes of this state or the United States or standards, rules, regulations, orders or other actions of a government agency pursuant to statutory authority that are relevant and material to the event or risk allegedly causing the harm and the product, activity or service complied at the time the product left the control of the manufacturer or seller.

3. The act or transaction forming the basis of the claim involves terms of service, contract provisions, representations or other practices authorized by, or in compliance with, the rules, regulations, standards or orders of, or a statute administered by, a government agency.

B. This section does not apply if the claimant establishes that the manufacturer, service provider or seller, at any time before the activity or event that allegedly caused the harm, did any of the following:

1. Sold the product, activity or service after the effective date of a final order of a government agency to remove the product from the market, to withdraw its approval of the product, activity or service or to substantially alter its terms of approval of the product, activity or service in a manner that would have avoided the claimant’s alleged injury.  For the purposes of this paragraph and paragraph 4 of this subsection, a product, activity or service is sold when it is delivered or provided to the end user, even if payment is not made until later.

2. Intentionally, and in violation of applicable regulations as determined by final action of the government agency, withheld from or misrepresented to the government agency information material to the approval or maintaining of approval of the product, activity or service, and the information is relevant to the harm that the claimant allegedly suffered. 

3. Made an illegal payment to an official or employee of a government agency for the purpose of securing or maintaining approval of the product, activity or service. 

4. After the product was sold or the service was provided, a government agency found that the manufacturer, service provider or seller knowingly violated applicable regulations requiring the reporting to that government agency of risks of harm and the unreported information was material and relevant to the harm that the claimant allegedly suffered.

C. This section shall not be construed to do any of the following:

1. Expand the authority of any state agency or state agent to adopt or promulgate standards or regulations where no such authority previously existed.

2. Reduce the scope of any limitation on liability based on compliance with the rules or regulations of a government agency applicable to a specific act, transaction, person or industry.

3. Affect the liability of a service provider based on rates filed with and reviewed or approved by a government agency.

D. For the purposes of this section:

1. "Activity" means an action, pattern of operation or practice that is regulated, approved, licensed or otherwise required by a government agency.

2. "Government agency" means this state or the United States or any agency of this state or the United States or any entity vested with the authority of this state or the United States to issue rules, regulations, orders or standards concerning the design, manufacture, packaging, labeling or advertising of a product or activity or the provision of a service.

3. "Manufacturer" means any person who is engaged in a business to produce, create, make or construct any product or component part of a product and who does either of the following:

(a) Designs, manufactures or formulates the product or component part of the product.

(b) Engages another person to design, manufacture or formulate the product or component part of the product.

4. "Product" means any object possessing intrinsic value, capable of delivery either as an assembled whole or as a component part or parts and produced for introduction into trade or commerce.

5. "Seller" means a person who in the course of a business conducted for that purpose does either of the following:

(a) Sells, distributes, rents, leases, prepares, blends, packages, labels or otherwise is involved in placing a product, activity or service in the stream of commerce.

(b) Installs, repairs, refurbishes, reconditions or maintains a product.

6. "Service" means all actions that are engaged in for other persons for a consideration, which actions involve predominantly the performance of a service as distinguished from manufacture or sale of a product and that are regulated, approved or licensed by a government agency.