Sections
Article 1 Change of Name 12-601 – 12-602
Article 2 Death by Wrongful Act 12-611 – 12-613
Article 3 Establishing Identity 12-621 – 12-622
Article 4 Motor Vehicle Subleasing 12-631 – 12-632
Article 5 Injury to Child or Ward 12-641
Article 6 Libel, Slander, and Invasion of Privacy 12-651 – 12-653
Article 6.1 Libel and Slander Correction and Resulting Damages 12-653.01 – 12-653.05
Article 7 Torts of Minors 12-661
Article 8 Insufficient Funds Check 12-671
Article 9 Product Liability 12-681 – 12-689
Article 10 Shoplifting 12-691 – 12-694
Article 11 Drug and Pharmaceuticals 12-701
Article 12 Miscellaneous 12-711 – 12-720
Article 13 Interception or Disclosure of Wire, Oral or Electronic Communications 12-731
Article 15 Public Participation in Government 12-751 – 12-752
Article 16 Right of Publicity 12-761
Article 17 Declaration of Innocence 12-771 – 12-773
Article 18 Firearms Storage and Transportation 12-781
Article 19 Asbestos Exposure Related Personal Injury Claims 12-782

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 12 > Chapter 6

  • acknowledgment: means either an acknowledgment pursuant to title 33, chapter 4, article 5 or the signature, without more, of the person or persons signing the instrument, in which case the signature or signatures constitute the affirmation or acknowledgment of the signatory, under penalties of perjury, that the instrument is the act and deed of the signatory and that the facts stated in the instrument are true. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Actual malice: means that state of mind arising from personal spite, hatred, or ill will toward the plaintiff, but such a state of mind occasioned by a good faith belief on the part of the defendant in the truth of the libelous publication or broadcast at the time it is published or broadcast shall not constitute actual malice. See Arizona Laws 12-653.01
  • Affiliate: means a person that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by or is under common control with a video service provider. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Agreement: means any agreement or contract. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Associate director: means the associate director of the division. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beef: includes veal. See Arizona Laws 3-1231
  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of such water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • boundaries: means all of the area within the corporate limits of the city or town. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Business day: means a day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or any other legal holiday in this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or hires a motor vehicle under a retail installment contract. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • Commercial mobile service provider: means a person that provides commercial mobile service as defined in 47 United States Code section 332(d) or commercial mobile radio service as described in 47 Code of Federal Regulations section 20. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Council: means the Arizona beef council. See Arizona Laws 3-1231
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the superior court of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Day: means a calendar day, except a Saturday or Sunday or a holiday prescribed in section 1-301. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Delivery: means actual receipt by the person or entity to which directed and for electronic transmissions means receipt as described in section 44-7015, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Direct loan agreement: means an agreement between a lender and a purchaser by which the lender has advanced monies pursuant to a loan secured by a motor vehicle which the purchaser has purchased. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Division: means the animal services division of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit that is not a foreign corporation and that is incorporated under or subject to chapters 1 through 17 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Electronic transmission: means an electronic record as defined in section 44-7002 that is sent pursuant to section 44-7015. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Entity: includes a corporation, foreign corporation, not for profit corporation, profit and not for profit unincorporated association, nonprofit corporation, close corporation, corporation sole or limited liability company, a professional corporation, association or limited liability company, a business trust, estate, partnership, registered limited liability partnership, trust or joint venture, two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, any person other than an individual and a state, the United States and a foreign government. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Exemplary damages: means damages which may, in the discretion of the court or jury, be recovered in addition to general and special damages for the sake of example and by way of punishing a defendant who has made the publication or broadcast with actual malice. See Arizona Laws 12-653.01
  • Exercise of the right of petition: means any written or oral statement that falls within the constitutional protection of free speech and that is made as part of an initiative, referendum or recall effort or that is all of the following:

    (a) Made before or submitted to a legislative or executive body or any other governmental proceeding. See Arizona Laws 12-751

  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Fiscal year: means the fiscal year beginning July 1 and ending June 30. See Arizona Laws 3-1231
  • Food product: means any product that is grown, prepared, provided, served or sold and that is primarily intended for human consumption and nourishment. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit that is incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Governmental proceeding: means any proceeding, other than a judicial proceeding, by an officer, official or body of this state and any political subdivision of this state, including boards and commissions, or by an officer, official or body of the federal government. See Arizona Laws 12-751
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Highway: means all roads, streets and alleys and other dedicated public rights-of-way that are operated and maintained by a local government. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Holder: means a video service provider that has been issued a uniform video service license pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Holdover cable operator: means an incumbent cable operator that elects under sections 9-1412 and 9-1413 to continue to operate within its service area pursuant to its local license. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Incumbent cable operator: means a cable operator or other video service provider that on December 31, 2019 is providing video service in this state pursuant to a local license. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Landowner: means any owner of a legal or equitable interest in real property, including the heirs, devisees, successors, assigns and personal representative of the owner, or a representative authorized by a landowner to submit to a city or town a development application for a property for approval. See Arizona Laws 9-1201
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease contract: means a contract for or in contemplation of the lease for the use of a motor vehicle, and the purchase of services incidental to the lease, by a natural person for a term exceeding four months primarily for personal, family, household, business or commercial purposes, whether or not it is agreed that the lessee bears the risk of the motor vehicle's depreciation. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • Legal action: means any action, claim, cross-claim or counterclaim for damages that is based on the defendant's exercise of the right of petition. See Arizona Laws 12-751
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Lessee: includes a bailee and means a natural person who leases, offers to lease or is offered the lease of a motor vehicle under a lease contract. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • Lessor: includes a bailor and means a person who is engaged in the business of leasing, offering to lease or arranging the lease of a motor vehicle under a lease contract. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • License: means a franchise as defined in 47 United States Code section 522. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • License fee: means a license fee imposed by a local government on a video service provider for using the highways to provide and for the privilege of providing video service. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: means cattle, equine, sheep, goats and swine, except feral pigs. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Livestock officer: means an animal health and welfare officer, animal health and welfare inspector or investigator employed by the department. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Local government: means any city, including a charter city, or town. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Local law: means any charter, code, ordinance, resolution, regulation or other law of a local government. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Local license: means any license, agreement, permit or similar authorization that meets all of the following:

    (a) Allows a person to construct or operate a video service network within the boundaries of a local government. See Arizona Laws 9-1401

  • Manufacturer: means a person or entity that designs, assembles, fabricates, produces, constructs or otherwise prepares a product or component part of a product before its sale to a user or consumer, including a seller owned in whole or significant part by the manufacturer or a seller owning the manufacturer in whole or significant part. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle which is required to be registered under title 28, chapter 7. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • newspaper: means any publication which may be mailed at the second-class rates established by the United States post office. See Arizona Laws 12-653.01
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Peace officers: means sheriffs of counties, constables, marshals, policemen of cities and towns, commissioned personnel of the department of public safety, personnel who are employed by the state department of corrections and the department of juvenile corrections and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a multicounty water conservation district and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by community college district governing boards and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the Arizona board of regents and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the governing body of a public airport pursuant to section 28-8426 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a private postsecondary institution pursuant to section 15-1897 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board and special agents from the office of the attorney general, or of a county attorney, and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, trust, association, cooperative association and any other business unit or organization. See Arizona Laws 3-1231
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • President: means that officer designated as the president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or, if not so designated, that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of the chief executive officer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes a civil suit and a criminal, administrative and investigatory action. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Product: means the individual product or any component part of the product that is the subject of a product liability action. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Product liability action: means any action brought against a manufacturer or seller of a product for damages for bodily injury, death or property damage caused by or resulting from the manufacture, construction, design, formula, installation, preparation, assembly, testing, packaging, labeling, sale, use or consumption of any product, the failure to warn or protect against a danger or hazard in the use or misuse of the product or the failure to provide proper instructions for the use or consumption of any product. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Product safety analysis or review: means any investigation, inquiry, review, evaluation or other means by which a person or entity seeks to determine, calculate, predict, estimate, evaluate or report the safety or health effects of the use of any of its products, systems, services or processes. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Property: means all real property subject to zoning regulations and restrictions by a city or town. See Arizona Laws 9-1201
  • Protected development right: means the right to undertake and complete the development and use of property under the terms and conditions of a protected development right plan and this article, without compliance with subsequent changes in zoning regulations and development standards, except as provided by section 9-1204. See Arizona Laws 9-1201
  • Protected development right plan: means a plan submitted by a landowner to a city or town, that, if approved by the legislative body of the city or town and if identified as a protected development right plan at the time it is submitted, grants the landowner, for a specified period of time, a protected development right to undertake and complete the development as shown on the plan. See Arizona Laws 9-1201
  • Range: means every character of lands, enclosed or unenclosed, outside of cities and towns, upon which livestock is permitted by custom, license or permit to roam and feed. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Range livestock: means livestock customarily permitted to roam upon the ranges of the state, whether public domain or in private control, and not in the immediate actual possession or control of the owner although occasionally placed in enclosures for temporary purposes. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reasonable remedial measures: means actions taken as a result of a product safety analysis or review and intended to improve the safety of products, systems, services or processes or to lessen the likelihood of a safety-related accident. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Secretary: means that officer designated as the secretary in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of secretary, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Seller: means a person engaged in the business of selling or leasing motor vehicles under a retail installment contract. See Arizona Laws 12-631
  • Seller: means a person or entity, including a wholesaler, distributor, retailer or lessor, that is engaged in the business of leasing any product or selling any product for resale, use or consumption. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Service area: means that part of the boundaries of a local government within which a video service provider is authorized to provide video service pursuant to a uniform video service license or a local license. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Special damages: means all damages which the plaintiff alleges and proves he has suffered in respect only to his property, business, trade, profession or occupation. See Arizona Laws 12-653.01
  • State of the art: means the technical, mechanical and scientific knowledge of manufacturing, designing, testing or labeling the same or similar products that was in existence and reasonably feasible for use at the time of manufacture. See Arizona Laws 12-681
  • Subscriber: means any person in this state that purchases video service. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Telecommunications provider: means a person that is required to obtain from the corporation commission a certificate of public convenience and necessity to provide telecommunications service. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform video service license: means a license that is issued by a local government in the form of a uniform video service license agreement as adopted pursuant to section 9-1411. See Arizona Laws 9-1401
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing issued in the name of the state or by a court or judicial officer. See Arizona Laws 1-215