Sections
Article 1 Voluntary Dissolution 10-1401 – 10-1407
Article 2 Administrative Dissolution 10-1420 – 10-1422
Article 3 Judicial Dissolution 10-1430 – 10-1434
Article 4 Miscellaneous 10-1440

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 10 > Chapter 14 - Dissolution

  • Acknowledgment: means a declaration by an individual before a notarial officer that the individual has signed a record for the purpose stated in the record and, if the record is signed in a representative capacity, that the individual signed the record with proper authority and signed it as the act of the individual or entity identified in the record. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Actual address: means a residential, work or school address as specified on the individual's application to be a program participant and includes the county and voting precinct number. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Address: means a mailing address. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Address confidentiality program: means the program established pursuant to this article in the office of the secretary of state to protect the confidentiality of the actual address of a relocated victim of domestic violence, a sexual offense or stalking. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Applicant: means an individual identified as such in an application received by the secretary of state pursuant to section 41-163. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Application assistant: means a person designated by the secretary of state to assist an applicant in the preparation of an application to participate in the address confidentiality program. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associate director: means the associate director of the citrus, fruit and vegetable division of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-525
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bank: means a corporation that holds a banking permit issued pursuant to chapter 2 of this title. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of the water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Branch: means any banking office other than the principal banking office. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Branch office: means any place of business maintained by a licensee in addition to the principal place of business of a licensee. See Arizona Laws 6-1401
  • Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Certificate of disclosure: means the certificate of disclosure described in section 10-202. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Class: refers to a group of memberships that have the same rights with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Commission: means to authorize to perform notarial acts and the written authority to perform those acts. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • contractor: includes subcontractor and specialty contractor. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court: means the superior court of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Department: means the department of insurance and financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deputy director: means the deputy director of the financial institutions division of the department. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the director of the state library. See Arizona Laws 41-151
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dissolved: means the status of a corporation on either:

    (a) Effectiveness of articles of dissolution pursuant to section 10-1403, subsection B or section 10-1421, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Distributor: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal relationship which stands between the manufacturer and the retail seller in purchases, consignments or contracts for sale of consumer goods. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic or similar capabilities. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Electronic signature: means an electronic symbol, sound or process that is attached to or logically associated with a record and that is executed or adopted by an individual with the intent to sign the record. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial institution: means banks, trust companies, savings and loan associations, credit unions, consumer lenders, international banking facilities and financial institution holding companies under the jurisdiction of the department. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit that is incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gas appliance: means any new residential-type furnace, air conditioner, heater, refrigerator, stove, range, dishwasher, dryer, decorative fireplace log or other similar device, except a water heater, which uses a gaseous fuel for operation and is automatically ignited. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • In a representative capacity: means acting as any of the following:

    (a) An authorized officer, agent, partner, trustee or other representative for a person other than an individual. See Arizona Laws 41-251

  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvent: means inability of a corporation to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of its business. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Insured: means any person covered under an insurance contract or other evidence of insurance coverage subject to regulation under title 20. See Arizona Laws 6-1401
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intermittent ignition device: means an ignition device which is actuated only when the gas appliance is in operation. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Known place of business: means the known place of business required to be maintained pursuant to section 10-501. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal relationship which manufactures, assembles, produces or gathers consumer goods. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Minor: means a person under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Newspaper: has the meaning set forth in section 39-201. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Notarial officer: means a notary public or other individual who is authorized to perform a notarial act. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • notary: means any individual who is commissioned to perform notarial acts by the secretary of state. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Official stamp: means a physical image that is affixed to a tangible record or an electronic image that is attached to or logically associated with an electronic record. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, manufacturer, distributor, retailer, contractor, builder, or other group, however organized, who sells or causes to be distributed or installed, any new gas appliance. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, statutory trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality or any other legal or commercial entity. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Pilot light: means any gas operated device that remains continually operated or lighted in order to ignite a gas appliance to begin normal operation. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Premium finance agreement: means a written agreement by which an insured or prospective insured agrees to pay to a premium finance company the amount advanced or to be advanced under the written agreement to an insurance producer in payment of premiums of an insurance contract together with interest or discount and a service charge as authorized and limited by this article. See Arizona Laws 6-1401
  • Premium finance company: means a person engaged in whole or in part in the business of financing insurance premiums, entering into premium finance agreements with insureds or otherwise acquiring premium finance agreements from insurance producers or other premium finance companies. See Arizona Laws 6-1401
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located or in any other document executed by the corporation by an officer and delivered to the commission for filing. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes a civil suit and a criminal, administrative and investigatory action. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Produce safety rule: means the United States food and drug administration produce safety rule (Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 112) and any other federal produce safety regulation, order or guideline or other requirement adopted pursuant to the FDA food safety modernization act (P. See Arizona Laws 3-525
  • Program participant: means an individual accepted into the address confidentiality program. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public record: means all documents, papers, letters, maps, books, photographs, films, sound recordings, magnetic or other tapes, digital data, artifacts or other documentary material, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received pursuant to law or ordinance in connection with the transaction of public business by a state or local government entity. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Publish: means to publish in a newspaper of general circulation in the county of the known place of business for three consecutive publications. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record: means information that is either:

    (a) Inscribed on a tangible medium. See Arizona Laws 41-251

  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Registered mail: includes certified mail. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retailer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship which engages in the business of selling new goods to retail buyers. See Arizona Laws 40-1201
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sexual offense: means an offense included in Title 13, Chapter 14 or 35. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Sign: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record, either of the following:

    (a) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol. See Arizona Laws 41-251

  • Signature: means a tangible symbol or an electronic signature that evidences the signing of a record. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Stalking: means an offense prescribed in section 13-2923. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Stamping device: means either of the following:

    (a) A physical device that is capable of affixing to a tangible record an official stamp. See Arizona Laws 41-251

  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • State library: means the Arizona state library, archives and public records. See Arizona Laws 41-151
  • State or local government entity: means every elected or appointed state or local public office, public officer or official, board, commission, bureau, committee, council, department, authority, agency, institution of higher education or other unit of the executive, legislative or judicial branch of this state or any city, town, county, public school or other kind of municipal, quasi-municipal or public corporation but does not include an agricultural improvement district. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substitute address: means an address that is designated by the secretary of state under the address confidentiality program and that is used instead of an actual address. See Arizona Laws 41-161
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Title: includes this title, title 32, chapters 9 and 36 and Title 44, Chapter 2. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verification on oath or affirmation: means a declaration, made by an individual on oath or affirmation before a notarial officer, that a statement in a record is true. See Arizona Laws 41-251
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or chapters 1 through 17 of this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote that is contingent on the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140