Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 11 > Chapter 12
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Building code: means the construction codes that were in force at the time of building construction, including plumbing and mechanical codes, electric codes, residential construction codes, energy conservation codes and existing building construction codes, and includes any property maintenance codes, neighborhood preservation codes, anti-blight codes or other similar codes, however denominated. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Countywide residential rental property inspection program: means any program that includes systematic or periodic inspections of a majority of rental properties in the county that have not been previously found to meet the requirements of section 11-1702. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Exterior inspection: means the visual inspection of any portion of a residential dwelling unit that can be seen from a public street or other right-of-way, or that can be seen from an adjacent property if a complaint or consent is received from the adjacent property owner, lawful resident or lawful tenant. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Interior inspection: means a physical or visual inspection of the interior of a residential rental dwelling unit and other portions of a residential rental dwelling unit that are not visible from a public street, right-of-way or neighboring property that is made for the purpose of looking for building code violations. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Owner: means the person, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, limited partnership, trust or real estate investment trust shown on the lawfully recorded title to the property. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
Residential dwelling unit: means a building or structure or part of a building or structure that is used for a home or residence by one or more persons who maintain a household, including a mobile home regardless of ownership of the land. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Residential rental dwelling unit: means a dwelling unit that is leased or rented to one or more tenants. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Residential rental licensing requirement: means a requirement established by a county that property owners or property managers obtain a license or permit from the county, with or without an associated fee, before they can legally engage in the rental of dwelling units in the county. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Residential rental registration requirement: means any requirement established by a county for rental housing owners or managers to submit information to the county as already required to be submitted to the county assessor under section 33-1902. See Arizona Laws 11-1701
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.