§ 220 Action for Use and Occupation
§ 221 Rent Due On Life Leases Recoverable
§ 222 When Rent Is Apportionable
§ 223 Rights Where Property or Lease Is Transferred
§ 223-A Remedies of Lessee When Possession Is Not Delivered
§ 223-B Retaliation by Landlord Against Tenant
§ 224 Attornment by Tenant
§ 225 Notice of Action Adverse to Possession of Tenant
§ 226 Effect of Renewal On Sub-Lease
§ 226-A Effect of New Lease On Tenant’S Right to Remove Fixtures or Improvements
§ 226-B Right to Sublease or Assign
§ 227 When Tenant May Surrender Premises
§ 227-A Termination of Residential Lease by Senior Citizens Moving to a Residence of a Family Member or Entering Certain Health Care Facilities, Adult Care
§ 227-B Termination of Certain Contracts by Senior Citizens
§ 227-C Termination of Residential Lease by Victims of Domestic Violence
§ 227-D Discrimination Based On Domestic Violence Status; Prohibited
§ 228 Termination of Tenancies At Will or by Sufferance, by Notice
§ 229 Liability of Tenant Holding Over After Giving Notice of Intention to Quit
§ 230 Right of Tenants to Form, Join or Participate in Tenants’ Groups
§ 231 Lease, When Void; Liability of Landlord Where Premises Are Occupied for Unlawful Purpose
§ 231-A Sprinkler System Notice in Residential Leases
§ 232 Duration of Certain Agreements in New York
§ 232-A Notice to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month in the City of New York
§ 232-B Notification to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month Outside the City of New York
§ 232-C Holding Over by a Tenant After Expiration of a Term Longer Than One Month; Effect of Acceptance of Rent
§ 233 Manufactured Home Parks; Duties, Responsibilities
§ 233-A Sale of Manufactured Home Parks
§ 234 Tenants’ Right to Recover Attorneys’ Fees in Actions or Summary Proceedings Arising Out of Leases of Residential Property
§ 235 Wilful Violations
§ 235-A Tenant Right to Offset Payments and Entitlement to Damages in Certain Cases
§ 235-B Warranty of Habitability
§ 235-BB Certificates of Occupancy; Required Disclosure to Tenant
§ 235-C Unconscionable Lease or Clause
§ 235-D Harassment
§ 235-E Duty of Landlord to Provide Written Receipt
§ 235-F Unlawful Restrictions On Occupancy
§ 235-G Electronic Billing And/or Payment of Rent
§ 236 Assignment of Lease of a Deceased Tenant
§ 237 Discrimination in Leases With Respect to Bearing of Children
§ 237-A Discrimination Against Children in Dwelling Houses and Manufactured Home Parks
§ 238 Agreements or Contracts for Privileges to Deal With Occupants of Tenements, Apartment Houses or Bungalow Colonies

Terms Used In New York Laws > Real Property > Article 7

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of parks and recreation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 18-101
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of parks and recreation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 18-101
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.