§ 220 Action for Use and Occupation
§ 221 Rent Due On Life Leases Recoverable
§ 222 When Rent Is Apportionable
§ 223 Rights Where Property or Lease Is Transferred
§ 223-A Remedies of Lessee When Possession Is Not Delivered
§ 223-B Retaliation by Landlord Against Tenant
§ 224 Attornment by Tenant
§ 225 Notice of Action Adverse to Possession of Tenant
§ 226 Effect of Renewal On Sub-Lease
§ 226-A Effect of New Lease On Tenant’s Right to Remove Fixtures or Improvements
§ 226-B Right to Sublease or Assign
§ 226-C Notice of Rent Increase or Non-Renewal of Residential Tenancy
§ 227 When Tenant May Surrender Premises
§ 227-A Termination of Residential Lease by Senior Citizens or Individuals With a Disability Moving to a Residence of a Family Member or Entering Certain Health Care Facilities, Adult Care Facilities or Housing Projects
§ 227-B Termination of Certain Contracts by Senior Citizens
§ 227-C Termination of Residential Lease by Victims of Domestic Violence
§ 227-D Discrimination Based On Domestic Violence Status; Prohibited
§ 227-E Landlord Duty to Mitigate Damages
§ 227-F Denial On the Basis of Involvement in Prior Disputes Prohibited
§ 228 Termination of Tenancies At Will or by Sufferance, by Notice
§ 229 Liability of Tenant Holding Over After Giving Notice of Intention to Quit
§ 230 Right of Tenants to Form, Join or Participate in Tenants’ Groups
§ 231 Lease, When Void; Liability of Landlord Where Premises Are Occupied for Unlawful Purpose
§ 231-A Sprinkler System Notice in Residential Leases
§ 232 Duration of Certain Agreements in New York
§ 232-A Notice to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month in the City of New York
§ 232-B Notification to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month Outside the City of New York
§ 232-C Holding Over by a Tenant After Expiration of a Term Longer Than One Month; Effect of Acceptance of Rent
§ 233 Manufactured Home Parks; Duties, Responsibilities
§ 233-A Sale of Manufactured Home Parks
§ 233-B Manufactured Home Parks; Rent Increases
§ 233-B*2 Campgrounds
§ 234 Right to Recover Attorneys’ Fees in Actions or Summary Proceedings Arising Out of Leases of Residential Property
§ 235 Wilful Violations
§ 235-A Tenant Right to Offset Payments and Entitlement to Damages in Certain Cases
§ 235-B Warranty of Habitability
§ 235-BB Certificates of Occupancy; Required Disclosure to Tenant
§ 235-C Unconscionable Lease or Clause
§ 235-D Harassment
§ 235-E Duty to Provide a Written Receipt
§ 235-F Unlawful Restrictions On Occupancy
§ 235-G Electronic Billing And/or Payment of Rent
§ 235-H Waiver of Right to Bring a Declaratory Judgment Action
§ 236 Assignment of Lease of a Deceased Tenant
§ 237 Discrimination in Leases With Respect to Bearing of Children
§ 237-A Discrimination Against Children in Dwelling Houses and Manufactured Home Parks
§ 238 Agreements or Contracts for Privileges to Deal With Occupants of Tenements, Apartment Houses or Bungalow Colonies
§ 238-A Limitation On Fees

Terms Used In New York Laws > Real Property > Article 7 - Landlord and Tenant

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.