§ 220 Action for Use and Occupation
§ 221 Rent Due On Life Leases Recoverable
§ 222 When Rent Is Apportionable
§ 223 Rights Where Property or Lease Is Transferred
§ 223-A Remedies of Lessee When Possession Is Not Delivered
§ 223-B Retaliation by Landlord Against Tenant
§ 224 Attornment by Tenant
§ 225 Notice of Action Adverse to Possession of Tenant
§ 226 Effect of Renewal On Sub-Lease
§ 226-A Effect of New Lease On Tenant’S Right to Remove Fixtures or Improvements
§ 226-B Right to Sublease or Assign
§ 226-C Notice of Rent Increase or Non-Renewal of Residential Tenancy
§ 227 When Tenant May Surrender Premises
§ 227-A Termination of Residential Lease by Senior Citizens or Individuals With a Disability Moving to a Residence of a Family Member or Entering Certain Health Care Facilities, Adult Care Facilities or Housing Projects
§ 227-B Termination of Certain Contracts by Senior Citizens
§ 227-C Termination of Residential Lease by Victims of Domestic Violence
§ 227-D Discrimination Based On Domestic Violence Status; Prohibited
§ 227-E Landlord Duty to Mitigate Damages
§ 227-F Denial On the Basis of Involvement in Prior Disputes Prohibited
§ 228 Termination of Tenancies At Will or by Sufferance, by Notice
§ 229 Liability of Tenant Holding Over After Giving Notice of Intention to Quit
§ 230 Right of Tenants to Form, Join or Participate in Tenants’ Groups
§ 231 Lease, When Void; Liability of Landlord Where Premises Are Occupied for Unlawful Purpose
§ 231-A Sprinkler System Notice in Residential Leases
§ 232 Duration of Certain Agreements in New York
§ 232-A Notice to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month in the City of New York
§ 232-B Notification to Terminate Monthly Tenancy or Tenancy From Month to Month Outside the City of New York
§ 232-C Holding Over by a Tenant After Expiration of a Term Longer Than One Month; Effect of Acceptance of Rent
§ 233 Manufactured Home Parks; Duties, Responsibilities
§ 233-A Sale of Manufactured Home Parks
§ 233-B Manufactured Home Parks; Rent Increases
§ 234 Right to Recover Attorneys’ Fees in Actions or Summary Proceedings Arising Out of Leases of Residential Property
§ 235 Wilful Violations
§ 235-A Tenant Right to Offset Payments and Entitlement to Damages in Certain Cases
§ 235-B Warranty of Habitability
§ 235-BB Certificates of Occupancy; Required Disclosure to Tenant
§ 235-C Unconscionable Lease or Clause
§ 235-D Harassment
§ 235-E Duty to Provide a Written Receipt
§ 235-F Unlawful Restrictions On Occupancy
§ 235-G Electronic Billing And/or Payment of Rent
§ 236 Assignment of Lease of a Deceased Tenant
§ 237 Discrimination in Leases With Respect to Bearing of Children
§ 237-A Discrimination Against Children in Dwelling Houses and Manufactured Home Parks
§ 238 Agreements or Contracts for Privileges to Deal With Occupants of Tenements, Apartment Houses or Bungalow Colonies
§ 238-A Limitation On Fees

Terms Used In New York Laws > Real Property > Article 7

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Business capital: when used in this chapter shall mean all assets of the unincorporated business other than investment capital, less liabilities of the unincorporated business not deducted from investment capital, except that cash on hand and on deposit shall be treated as investment capital or as business capital as the taxpayer may elect. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Business income: when used in this chapter shall mean unincorporated business entire net income minus investment income. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Commissioner of finance: when used in this chapter shall mean the commissioner of finance of the city. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: when used in this chapter shall mean an individual or unincorporated entity that (A) holds or disposes of property that is stock in trade of the taxpayer, inventory or is otherwise held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business, or (B) regularly offers to enter into, assume, offset, assign or otherwise terminate positions in property with customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business, provided, however, an individual or unincorporated entity shall not be treated as a dealer based solely on such individual's or entity's ownership of an interest in an entity that is a dealer, and provided, further, that an unincorporated entity shall not be treated as a dealer based solely on the ownership by a dealer of an interest in that unincorporated entity. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department of finance: when used in this chapter shall mean the department of finance of the city. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Investment capital: when used in this chapter shall mean investments of the unincorporated business in stocks, bonds and other securities, corporate and governmental (excluding governmental stocks, bonds and other securities the interest or dividends from which are fully exempt from tax under this chapter, other than any such governmental stock, bond or other security which is sold or otherwise disposed of during the taxable year in a transaction which results in a gain or loss which is included in computing unincorporated business entire net income for the taxable year), not held for sale to customers in the regular course of business, provided, however, that in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, there shall be deducted from investment capital any liabilities of the unincorporated business which are directly or indirectly attributable to investment capital. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Investment income: when used in this chapter shall mean income, gains and losses from investment capital, to the extent included in computing unincorporated business entire net income, less, in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, any deductions allowable in computing unincorporated business entire net income which are directly or indirectly attributable to investment capital or investment income, provided, however, that in no case shall investment income exceed unincorporated business entire net income. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local income taxes: when used in this chapter shall mean an income tax imposed by a political subdivision of a state. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • sewer rents: when used in this chapter shall mean any rents or charges imposed pursuant to section 24-514 of the code or pursuant to the New York city municipal water finance authority act, which is set forth in title two-A of article five of the public authorities law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-301
  • sewer surcharges: when used in this chapter shall mean the charges imposed pursuant to section 24-523 of the code or pursuant to the New York city municipal water finance authority act, which is set forth in title two-A of article five of the public authorities law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-301
  • state: when used in this chapter shall mean the state of New York. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Tax appeals tribunal: when used in this chapter shall mean the tax appeals tribunal established by section one hundred sixty-eight of the charter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • tax lien: when used in this chapter shall mean the lien arising pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or pursuant to the New York city municipal water finance authority act, which is set forth in title two-A of article five of the public authorities law, as a result of the nonpayment of taxes, assessments, sewer rents, sewer surcharges, water rents, any other charges that are made a lien subject to the provisions of this chapter, the costs of any advertisements and notices given pursuant to this chapter, any other charges that are due and payable, a surcharge pursuant to section 11-332 of this chapter if the tax lien is sold, interest and penalties thereon and the right of the city to receive such amounts. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-301
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Unincorporated business entire net income: when used in this chapter shall mean the excess of the unincorporated business gross income of an unincorporated business over its unincorporated business deductions. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Unincorporated entity: when used in this chapter shall include an entity classified as a partnership for federal income tax purposes regardless of whether the entity is formed as a corporation, joint-stock company, joint-stock association, body corporate or body politic or whether the entity is organized under a federal or state statute, or under a statute of a federally recognized Indian tribe, or under a statute of a country other than the United States that describes or refers to the entity as incorporated. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.