Sections
Article 1 Cotton Research and Protection Council 3-1081 – 3-1090

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 3 > Chapter 10

  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Brand: means a term, design or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Bulk: means fertilizer materials delivered to the purchaser in the solid or liquid state, in a nonpackaged form to which a label cannot be attached. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Commercial fertilizer: means any substance that contains one or more recognized plant nutrients, that is used for its plant nutrient content and that is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, and other products exempted by rule. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • council: means the cotton research and protection council. See Arizona Laws 3-1081
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distributor: means any person who offers for sale, sells, barters, solicits business or otherwise supplies fertilizer materials. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Fertilizer material: means any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for promoting or stimulating the growth of plants, increasing the productiveness of plants, improving the quality of crops or producing any chemical or physical change in the soil. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Grade: means the percentage of total nitrogen, available phosphate or soluble potash stated in whole numbers in the same terms, order and percentages as in the guaranteed analysis. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Magistrate: means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense and includes the chief justice and justices of the supreme court, judges of the superior court, judges of the court of appeals, justices of the peace and judges of a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Manufacture: means to compound, produce, granulate, mix, blend or alter the composition of fertilizer materials. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Official sample: means any sample of fertilizer materials taken by the associate director or the associate director's agent and designated as official by the associate director. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • percentage: means the percentage by weight. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Person: includes individual, partnership, association, firm or corporation. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Primary plant nutrient: means total nitrogen, available phosphate or soluble potash. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • sale: includes exchange. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • tax court: means the tax department of the superior court in Maricopa county when exercising the original jurisdiction of the superior court over cases of equity and at law which involve the legality of any tax, impost or assessment. See Arizona Laws 12-161
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Ton: means a net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Arizona Laws 3-262
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing issued in the name of the state or by a court or judicial officer. See Arizona Laws 1-215