Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 49 > Chapter 10
Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Devise: To gift property by will.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Environmental law: means a federal, state or local law, rule, regulation or ordinance, or a permit issued under a federal, state or local law, rule, regulation or ordinance, relating to protection of the environment. See Arizona Laws 49-1401
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Organization: means a company, corporation, political subdivision, firm, enterprise or institution, or any part or combination thereof, whether incorporated or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration. See Arizona Laws 49-1401
Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215