Article 1 Improper Signature-Gathering Tactics
Article 2 False or Ineligible Signatures on Petition
Article 3 Improper Payments to Prevent Petition Circulation and Filing
Article 4 Threats and Theft to Prevent Petition Circulation and Filing
Article 5 Refusal of Circulators to Turn in Petitions
Article 6 Misuse of Signatures on Petition
Article 7 False Affidavits Concerning Petitions
Article 8 Filing Petitions to Defeat an Initiative or Referendum
Article 9 Misuse of Campaign Funds

Terms Used In California Codes > Elections Code > Division 18 > Chapter 7 - Initiative, Referendum, and Recall

  • Affordable rental housing: means a rental housing development, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 50675. See California Health and Safety Code 53572
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • area median income: means the median family income of a geographic area of the state, as annually estimated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidence of indebtedness issued by a local agency pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 55100) of this division, including bonds issued to refund previously issued bonds or other indebtedness. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Branch office: means any additional physical location, other than the principal place of business of a licensee, where any locksmith service is provided. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Bycatch: includes discards. See California Fish and Game Code 90.5
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Fish and Game Code 30
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 37
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 20
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Eligible building: means a building existing on the effective date of this section which is identified as hazardous pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 19160) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 13, with the exception of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 55001

  • Eligible costs: means all costs, including costs of design, preparation, and inspection incurred in making structural or other modifications to an eligible building, which are required in order to meet reconstruction standards established by a local ordinance pursuant to Sections 19162, 19163, and 19163. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Financing: means a loan made by the local agency pursuant to this division to the owner of an eligible building for eligible costs and which is secured by a deed of trust or mortgage upon the real property improved thereby. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Fish and Game Code 45
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Fish and Game Code 94

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Fish and Game Code 51
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Licensee: means a business entity, whether an individual, partnership, or corporation, licensed under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Local agency: means a city, county, or city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • local agency: means any city, county, city and county, district, or other subdivision of the state, or any independent instrumentality thereof. See California Government Code 19810
  • Local public employees: includes employees of a city, county, city and county, charter city, charter county, charter city and county, special district, or any combination thereof. See California Health and Safety Code 53572
  • Lock: means any mechanical, electromechanical, electronic, or electromagnetic device, or similar device, including any peripheral hardware, that is designed to control access from one area to another, or that is designed to control the use of a device, including, but not limited to, a safe, vault, or safe deposit box. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Locksmith: means any person who, for any consideration or compensation whatsoever, engages, directly or indirectly and as a primary or secondary object, in the business of rekeying, installing, repairing, opening, modifying locks, or who originates keys for locks, including, but not limited to, electronic cloning of transponder keys and any other electronic programming of automotive keys and electronic operating devices, such as key fobs, door and ignition key devices, and successive electronic and other high-security key technology. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Locksmith tool: means (1) any tool designed for the purpose of opening, bypassing, altering, rekeying, servicing, or repairing any lock, or (2) any burglar tool, as described in Section 466 of the Penal Code. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Master key system: means any system in which a lock is rekeyed so that the lock can be operated by its own individual key and can also be operated by a key that can operate other locks if the other locks cannot be operated with the lock's individual key. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Fish and Game Code 55
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Fish and Game Code 56
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Fish and Game Code 57
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Fish and Game Code 67
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • Person: means any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: includes very low income households, as defined in Section 50105, extremely low income households, as defined in Section 50106, and lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Fish and Game Code 68
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recombination: means changing the combination of any combination-actuated lock. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Regents of the University of California: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 92020

  • Registrant: means an employee registered pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 6980
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Fish and Game Code 70
  • Residential hotel: means any building containing six or more guestrooms intended or designed to be used, or which are used, rented, or hired out, to be occupied, or which are occupied, for sleeping purposes by guests, which is also the primary residence of those guests, but does not mean any hotel which is primarily used by transient guests who do not occupy the hotel as their primary residence. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • season: means "open season. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 75
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Fish and Game Code 83
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 23
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Fish and Game Code 98.5
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Fish and Game Code 73
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Fish and Game Code 86
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustees: means the Trustees of the California State University, created under Section 66600. See California Education Code 89000
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.