Acquired entity: means the entity that has all of one or more of its classes or series of interests acquired in an interest exchange. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Acquiring entity: means the entity that acquires all of one or more classes or series of interests of the acquired entity in an interest exchange. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Affiliated company: means a company in the same corporate system as a parent, an industrial insured, or a member organization by virtue of common ownership, control, operation, or management. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Allegation: something that someone says happened.
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Appraisal: A determination of property value.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Assessment year: means the 12-month period, which may begin on the first day of any calendar quarter, whether January 1, April 1, July 1, or October 1, as specified in an order issued by the office directing insurers to pay an assessment to the association. See Florida Statutes 631.54
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
Authorized representative: means :
(a) In the case of the formation of a limited liability company, a person authorized by a prospective member of the limited liability company to form the company by executing and filing its articles of organization with the department. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Bequest: Property gifted by will.
Business day: means Monday through Friday, excluding any day that a national banking association is not open for normal business transactions. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Converted entity: means the converting entity as it continues in existence after a conversion. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Converting entity: means the domestic entity that approves a plan of conversion pursuant to…. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
Covered claim: means an unpaid claim, including one of unearned premiums, which arises out of, and is within the coverage, and not in excess of, the applicable limits of an insurance policy to which this part applies, issued by an insurer, if such insurer becomes an insolvent insurer and the claimant or insured is a resident of this state at the time of the insured event or the property from which the claim arises is permanently located in this state. See Florida Statutes 631.54
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Distribution: means a transfer of money or other property from a limited liability company to a person on account of a transferable interest or in the person's capacity as a member. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
Domesticated limited liability company: means the domesticating entity as it continues in existence after a domestication. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Domesticating entity: means a non-United States entity that approves a domestication pursuant to the law of its jurisdiction of formation. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Filing entity: means an entity whose formation requires the filing of a public organic record. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
Foreign limited liability company: means an unincorporated entity that was formed in a jurisdiction other than this state and is denominated by that law as a limited liability company. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Governor: means :
(a) A director of a business corporation;
(b) A director or trustee of a nonprofit corporation;
(c) A general partner of a general partnership;
(d) A general partner of a limited partnership;
(e) A manager of a manager-managed limited liability company;
(f) A member of a member-managed limited liability company;
(g) A director or a trustee of a real estate investment trust; or
(h) Any other person under whose authority the powers of an entity are exercised and under whose direction the activities and affairs of the entity are managed pursuant to the organic law and organic rules of the entity. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Industrial insured: means an insured that:
(a) Has gross assets in excess of $50 million;
(b) Procures insurance through the use of a full-time employee of the insured who acts as an insurance manager or buyer or through the services of a person licensed as a property and casualty insurance agent, broker, or consultant in such person's state of domicile;
(c) Has at least 100 full-time employees; and
(d) Pays annual premiums of at least $200,000 for each line of insurance purchased from the industrial insured captive insurance company or at least $75,000 for any line of coverage in excess of at least $25 million in the annual aggregate. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Industrial insured captive insurance company: means a company that provides insurance only to the industrial insureds that are its stockholders or members, and affiliates thereof, or to the stockholders, and affiliates thereof, of its parent corporation. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Insolvent insurer: means a member insurer authorized to transact insurance in this state, either at the time the policy was issued or when the insured event occurred, and against which an order of liquidation with a finding of insolvency has been entered by a court of competent jurisdiction if such order has become final by the exhaustion of appellate review. See Florida Statutes 631.54
Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
Interest: means :
(a) A share in a business corporation;
(b) A membership in a nonprofit corporation;
(c) A partnership interest in a general partnership;
(d) A partnership interest in a limited partnership;
(e) A membership interest in a limited liability company;
(f) A share or beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust;
(g) A member's interest in a limited cooperative association;
(h) A beneficial interest in a statutory trust, business trust, or common law business trust; or
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Intermediate holding company: means :
(a) A holding company that is a subsidiary of a mutual insurance holding company, and which directly or through a subsidiary intermediate holding company owns a majority of the voting shares of the capital stock of one or more subsidiary insurance companies; or
(b) A holding company that is a not-for-profit corporation and a subsidiary of a mutual insurance holding company, of which a majority of the voting membership interests entitled to elect the board of directors of such corporation are owned, directly or through a subsidiary intermediate holding company, by the mutual insurance holding company. See Florida Statutes 628.703
Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Jurisdiction of formation: means , with respect to an entity:
(a) The jurisdiction under whose organic law the entity is formed, incorporated, or created or otherwise comes into being; however, for these purposes, if an entity exists under the law of a jurisdiction different from the jurisdiction under which the entity originally was formed, incorporated, or created or otherwise came into being, then the jurisdiction under which the entity then exists is treated as the jurisdiction of formation; or
(b) In the case of a limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership, the jurisdiction in which the partnership's statement of qualification or equivalent document is filed. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Legal representative: means , with respect to a natural person, the personal representative, executor, guardian, or conservator or any other person who is empowered by applicable law with the authority to act on behalf of the natural person, and, with respect to a person other than a natural person, a person who is empowered by applicable law with the authority to act on behalf of the person. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
majority of the voting shares of the capital stock: means the shares of the capital stock of such company which carry the right to cast a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by all of the outstanding shares of the capital stock for the election of directors. See Florida Statutes 628.703
Majority-in-interest: means those members who hold more than 50 percent of the then-current percentage or other interest in the profits of the limited liability company owned by all of its members; however, as used in ss. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Manager: means a person who, under the operating agreement of a manager-managed limited liability company, is responsible, alone or in concert with others, for performing the management functions stated in ss. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Manager-managed limited liability company: means a limited liability company that is manager-managed by virtue of the operation of…. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Merging entity: means an entity that is a party to a merger and exists immediately before the merger becomes effective. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
Mutual insurance holding company: means an incorporated entity without permanent capital stock which is organized under this part and whose members are determined in accordance with this part. See Florida Statutes 628.703
National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
Net direct written premiums: means direct gross premiums written in this state on insurance policies to which this part applies, less return premiums thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders on such direct business. See Florida Statutes 631.54
Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
Non-United States entity: means a foreign entity other than an entity with a jurisdiction of formation that is not a state. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Nonprofit health care plan: means a not-for-profit domestic or foreign hospital or medical and surgical service plan or corporation that is licensed in one or more states, issues no capital stock, and is engaged in the business of providing prepaid indemnity or health care benefits. See Florida Statutes 628.703
Operating agreement: means an agreement, whether referred to as an operating agreement or not, which may be oral, implied, in a record, or in any combination thereof, of the members of a limited liability company, including a sole member, concerning the matters described in…. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
Paid premiums: means all premiums paid for insurance by a member of a mutual insurance holding company to a subsidiary insurance company. See Florida Statutes 628.703
Parent: means any corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or individual that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds with power to vote more than 50 percent of the outstanding voting interests of a captive insurance company. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: means an individual, business corporation, nonprofit corporation, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, limited cooperative association, unincorporated nonprofit association, statutory trust, business trust, common law business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or another legal or commercial entity. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Person: means individuals, children, firms, associations, joint ventures, partnerships, estates, trusts, business trusts, syndicates, fiduciaries, corporations, and all other groups or combinations. See Florida Statutes 631.54
person: includes individuals, children, firms, associations, joint adventures, partnerships, estates, trusts, business trusts, syndicates, fiduciaries, corporations, and all other groups or combinations. See Florida Statutes 88.6011
Personal property: All property that is not real property.
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Plan: means a plan of merger, plan of interest exchange, plan of conversion, or plan of domestication, as appropriate in the particular context. See Florida Statutes 628.351
political subdivision: include counties, cities, towns, villages, special tax school districts, special road and bridge districts, bridge districts, and all other districts in this state. See Florida Statutes 88.6011
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
Principal office: means the principal executive office of a limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, regardless of whether the office is located in this state. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Private organic rules: means the rules, whether or not in a record, which govern the internal affairs of an entity, are binding on all its interest holders, and are not part of its public organic record, if any. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Property: means all property, whether real, personal, mixed, tangible, or intangible, or a right or interest therein. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Protected agreement: means :
(a) A record evidencing indebtedness and any related agreement in effect on January 1, 2014;
(b) An agreement that is binding on an entity on January 1, 2014;
(c) The organic rules of an entity in effect on January 1, 2014; or
(d) An agreement that is binding on any of the governors or interest holders of an entity on January 1, 2014. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Public organic record: means a record, the filing of which by a governmental body is required to form an entity, and an amendment to or restatement of that record. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Pure captive insurance company: means a company that insures risks of its parent, affiliated companies, controlled unaffiliated businesses, or a combination thereof. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
Registered foreign entity: means a foreign entity that is authorized to transact business in this state pursuant to a record filed with the department. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Registered foreign limited liability company: means a foreign limited liability company that has a certificate of authority to transact business in this state pursuant to a record filed with the department. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Sign: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:
(a) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or
(b) To attach or logically associate an electronic symbol, sound, or process to or with a record, and includes a manual, facsimile, conformed, or electronic signature. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Special purpose captive insurance company: means a captive insurance company that is formed or licensed under this chapter that does not meet the definition of any other type of captive insurance company defined in this section. See Florida Statutes 628.901
State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Subsidiary insurance company: means :
(a) A stock insurance company, of which the majority of the voting shares of the capital stock are at all times owned by a mutual insurance holding company. See Florida Statutes 628.703
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Surviving entity: means the entity that continues in existence after or is created by a merger. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
Testify: Answer questions in court.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Transferable interest: means the right, as initially owned by a person in the person's capacity as a member, to receive distributions from a limited liability company in accordance with the operating agreement, whether the person remains a member or continues to own a part of the right. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest is transferred, whether or not the transferor is a member. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Treasury rates: means the United States Treasury STRIPS asked yield as published in the Wall Street Journal as of a balance sheet date. See Florida Statutes 628.901
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
Type of entity: means a generic form of entity that is:
(a) Recognized at common law; or
(b) Formed under an organic law, whether or not some of the entities formed under that organic law are subject to provisions of that law which create different categories of the form of entity. See Florida Statutes 628.351
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
Writing: means printing, typewriting, electronic communication, or other intentional communication that is reducible to a tangible form. See Florida Statutes 628.351
writing: includes handwriting, printing, typewriting, and all other methods and means of forming letters and characters upon paper, stone, wood, or other materials. See Florida Statutes 88.6011