[PART III. ADVANCE PAYMENTS IN PERSONAL INJURY AND
PROPERTY DAMAGE CASES]
Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes 663-21
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
663-21 Advance payments not admission. In any action, including a medical tort, as defined in section 671-1, brought to recover damages for personal injuries, wrongful death or property damage no payment made by the defendant or the defendant’s insurance company, whether made before or after the complaint is filed, to or for the plaintiff or any other person, hereinafter called an “advance payment”, shall be construed as an admission of liability by any person. Except as provided in section 663-22, evidence of such payment shall not be admissible during the trial for any purpose by either plaintiff or defendant.