29-12A-1 Short title; purposes
29-12A-2 Legislative findings
29-12A-3 Definitions
29-12A-4 Governmental and proprietary functions of political subdivisions; liability for damages
29-12A-5 Immunities from liability
29-12A-6 Limitation of actions; specification of amount of damages not allowed
29-12A-7 Punitive damages not allowed; limitation on noneconomic loss; joint and several liability
29-12A-8 Suits
29-12A-9 Settlement or defense of suit; effect of liability insurance
29-12A-10 Enforcement of judgment
29-12A-11 Defense and indemnification of employees; settlement
29-12A-12 Recovery of payments from employees
29-12A-13 Venue; parties; real party in interest; service of process
29-12A-14 Application of West Virginia laws and statutes and rules of procedure
29-12A-15 Exempt claim
29-12A-16 Procurement of liability insurance and self-insurance
29-12A-17 Liability insurance rates; rate filings; cancellations; group insurance
29-12A-18 Applicability

Terms Used In West Virginia Code > Chapter 29 > Article 12A

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Employee: includes any elected or appointed official of a political subdivision. See West Virginia Code 29-12A-3
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • judgment: includes decrees and orders for the payment of money or the conveyance or delivery of land or personal property, or some interest therein, or any undertaking, bond or recognizance which has the legal effect of a judgment. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Municipality: means any incorporated city, town or village and all institutions, agencies or instrumentalities of a municipality. See West Virginia Code 29-12A-3
  • personal property: include goods, chattels, real and personal, money, credits, investments and the evidences thereof. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Political subdivision: means any county commission, municipality and county board of education. See West Virginia Code 29-12A-3
  • Scope of employment: means performance by an employee acting in good faith within the duties of his or her office or employment or tasks lawfully assigned by a competent authority but does not include corruption or fraud. See West Virginia Code 29-12A-3
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: means the State of West Virginia, including, but not limited to, the Legislature, the Supreme Court of Appeals, the offices of all elected state officers, and all departments, boards, offices, commissions, agencies, colleges, and universities, institutions, and other instrumentalities of the State of West Virginia. See West Virginia Code 29-12A-3
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • town: includes a city, village or town, and the word "council" any body or board, whether composed of one or more branches, who are authorized to make ordinances for the government of a city, town or village. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.