Sections
Part I General Provisions 437-1 – 437-42
Part II Manufacturer, Distributor, and Dealer Disputes 437-51 – 437-58

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 437

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attachment hardware: means the components and associated fasteners that directly attach the bumper to the chassis frame. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Auction: means any person engaged in the business of selling only motor vehicles by means of bidding at a public or private sale, but excludes an auctioneer and any person referred to in paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) in the definition of ["dealer"], or any person auctioning motor vehicles incidental to an auction of other assets, when the auctioneer or person acts in the respective capacity described in this section. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Board: means the motor vehicle industry licensing board created by this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Business: includes any activities regularly engaged in by any person or regularly caused to be engaged in by the person for the object of gain, benefit, or advantage, either direct or indirect. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer: means any person who purchases, other than for purposes of resale, a motor vehicle for personal, family, household, or business use, any person to whom such motor vehicle is transferred for the same purposes during the duration of an express warranty applicable to such motor vehicle, and any other person entitled by the terms of such warranty to enforce the obligations of the warranty. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 54-17
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: includes "auction" as defined in this section or any person or entity not expressly excluded by this chapter who sells three or more vehicles within a calendar year, or who is engaged in the business of selling, soliciting, offering, or attempting to negotiate sales, purchases, or exchanges of motor vehicles or any interest therein, including options to purchase motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distributor: means any person, resident, or nonresident, including a manufacturer, who in whole or in part imports, offers for sale, sells, or distributes new motor vehicles to dealers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • franchise agreement: means any contract or agreement between a dealer and a manufacturer or distributor that authorizes the dealer to engage in the business of selling or purchasing any particular make or makes of new motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts manufactured or distributed by the manufacturer or distributor, or that establishes rights or obligations, or both, relating to the dealer's new motor vehicle operation, including agreements relating to dealership facilities or site control. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Impact speed: means the maximum speed of impact tested upon the bumper of the vehicle pursuant to sections 581. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • licensed premises: means the premises in connection with which a license has been, or is proposed to be, issued, including branch locations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Manufacturer: means any person, resident or nonresident, who is engaged in the business of manufacturing or assembling new motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Member: means an individual who is covered by a mutual benefit society. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432:1-406
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 54-15
  • Motor vehicle: includes any vehicle, motor vehicle, or truck, as defined in sections 249-1 and 249-2, except for tractors, trailers, and amphibious vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • New motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle which (1) has not previously been sold to any person except a distributor, wholesaler, or dealer for resale, except where the vehicle has not left the dealer's possession after the sale to a consumer, (2) has not previously been registered or titled in the name of a consumer except where the vehicle has not left the dealer's possession after the sale to a consumer, and (3) has not been driven more than five hundred miles; provided that where a sale, registration, entitlement, or transfer of title of a motor vehicle, or the accrual of mileage thereon, is primarily for the purpose of evading this provision, the motor vehicle shall be deemed a new motor vehicle for the purposes of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • New motor vehicle dealer: means a dealer who engages in the business of selling, at wholesale or retail, new motor vehicles or new and used motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • No damage: means that, when a passenger vehicle is subjected to impact testing conducted pursuant to the conditions and test procedures of sections 581. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 54-16
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Relevant market area: means the following:

         (1)  In a county with a population of less than five hundred thousand persons according to the most recent data of the United States Census Bureau or the data of the department of business, economic development, and tourism, the relevant market area shall be the county in which the dealer is located; or

         (2)  In a county with a population of more than five hundred thousand persons according to the most recent data of the United States Census Bureau or the data of the department of business, economic development, and tourism, the relevant market area shall be within a radius of six miles from the dealership location. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1

  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Salesperson: means any person who for gain or compensation of any kind, directly or indirectly, by any form of agreement or arrangement, sells, solicits, offers for sale, exchanges, or otherwise deals in, motor vehicles or any interest therein on behalf of any motor vehicle dealer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Society: means mutual benefit society. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432:1-406
  • State: includes any state, territory, or possession, of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-56
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Summons: includes a subpoena ad testificandum and subpoena duces tecum, order, or other notice requiring the appearance of a witness. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-56
  • telecommunications: means the offering of transmission between or among points specified by a user, of information of the user's choosing, including voice, data, image, graphics, and video without change in the form or content of the information, as sent and received, by means of electromagnetic transmission, or other similarly capable means of transmission, with or without benefit of any closed transmission medium, and does not include cable service as defined in section 440G-3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:19-208
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Treasurer: means the director of finance of each county. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Used motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle other than a new motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Used motor vehicle dealer: means a dealer who engages in the business of selling at wholesale or retail, or both, only used motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Witness: includes a person whose testimony is desired in any proceeding or investigation by a grand jury or in a criminal action, prosecution, or proceeding. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437-56
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.