|Part I||General Provisions Land Court; Personnel||501-1 – 501-269|
Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 501
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Apartment lease: means a unit lease, a condominium conveyance document, a unit deed and ground lease, or other instrument which has been registered pursuant to section 501-121 and which leases or subleases a condominium unit or its appurtenant undivided interest in the land of a condominium project established or existing under chapter 514B or at common law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Certified fee time share interest certificate of title: means a certificate of title for a fee time share interest that has been updated and approved by the assistant registrar in accordance with section 501-261(1). See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Date and time of deregistration: means :
(1) The date and time that a certificate of title for land, other than a fee time share interest, is recorded in the bureau of conveyances pursuant to chapter 502 and part II of this chapter;
(2) The date and time, if prior to July 1, 2012, when a certificate of title for a fee time share interest was recorded in the bureau of conveyances pursuant to chapter 502 and part II of this chapter, whether such certificate of title was or is certified by the assistant registrar prior to, subsequent to, or on July 1, 2012;
(3) July 1, 2012, at 12:01 a. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Deregistered land: means :
(1) Land, other than a fee time share interest, that is the subject of a certificate of title recorded in the bureau of conveyances pursuant to chapter 502 and part II of this chapter;
(2) A fee time share interest that is the subject of a certificate of title recorded in the bureau of conveyances pursuant to chapter 502 and part II of this chapter prior to July 1, 2012, whether the certificate of title is certified by the assistant registrar on, before, or after July 1, 2012; and
(3) All other fee time share interests. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
- entering: means to note the purpose of a filed or recorded document on the certificate of title. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Fee time share interest: means a time share interest, other than a leasehold time share interest, that, at any time on or after July 1, 2011, consists or consisted of, or includes or included an undivided interest in registered land, including but not limited to an undivided interest in one or more fee simple condominium apartments or units established in whole or in part on registered land. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- filing: means to accept, maintain, and preserve all instruments required to be filed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
- judgment: includes an order or decree having the effect of a judgment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-151
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Leasehold time share interest: means a time share interest consisting of an undivided interest in an apartment lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
- Notice of time share plan: means a notice of time share plan as that term is defined in chapter 514E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Probate: Proving a will
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- recording: means to make an entire literal copy of all instruments required to be recorded. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Signature: means the name of a person as written by the individual, the affixing of a mark or finger or toe print, or electronic signature as that term is defined in chapter 489E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- State: means the State of Hawaii. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
- Time share interest: means a time share interest as that term is defined in chapter 514E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Time share plan: means a time share plan as that term is defined in chapter 514E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Uncertified fee time share interest certificate of title: means a certificate of title issued for a fee time share interest that has not been updated and approved by the assistant registrar in accordance with section 501-261(1). See Hawaii Revised Statutes 501-20
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.