765 ILCS 5 Conveyances Act
765 ILCS 10 Seals and Real Estate Contracts Act
765 ILCS 15 Land Patent Act
765 ILCS 20 Covenants of Warranty Act
765 ILCS 25 Acknowledgment Validation Act
765 ILCS 30 Uniform Recognition of Acknowledgments Act
765 ILCS 33 Uniform Real Property Electronic Recording Act
765 ILCS 40 Torrens Repeal Law
765 ILCS 45 Destroyed Public Records Act
765 ILCS 50 Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act
765 ILCS 60 Property Owned By Aliens Act
765 ILCS 65 Uniform Vendor and Purchaser Risk Act
765 ILCS 67 Installment Sales Contract Act
765 ILCS 70 Dwelling Structure Contract Act
765 ILCS 75 Dwelling Unit Installment Contract Act
765 ILCS 77 Residential Real Property Disclosure Act
765 ILCS 80 Real Estate Sale Validation Act
765 ILCS 95 Mine Subsidence Disclosure Act
765 ILCS 105 Building and Loan Mortgage Release Act
765 ILCS 110 Building and Loan Deed Validation Act
765 ILCS 115 Property of Unincorporated Associations Act
765 ILCS 120 Real Property Conservation Rights Act
765 ILCS 122 Uniform Environmental Covenants Act
765 ILCS 125 Entry on Adjoining Land to Accomplish Repairs Act
765 ILCS 130 Fence Act
765 ILCS 135 Water Dam Use Act
765 ILCS 140 Adjacent Landowner Excavation Protection Act
765 ILCS 145 Transmission Line Prescriptive Right Prohibition Act
765 ILCS 150 Industrialized Residential Structure Deed Restriction Act
765 ILCS 155 Transfer Fee Covenant Act
765 ILCS 160 Common Interest Community Association Act
765 ILCS 165 Homeowners’ Energy Policy Statement Act
765 ILCS 170 Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 765 > Real Property

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • ARM: means a closed-end mortgage transaction that allows adjustments of the loan interest rate during the first 3 years of the loan term. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Borrower: means a person seeking a mortgage loan. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Broker: means a "broker" or "loan broker" as defined in subsection (p) of Section 1-4 of the Residential Mortgage License Act of 1987. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Closing agent: means an individual assigned by a title insurance company or a broker or originator to ensure that the execution of documents related to the closing of a real estate sale or the refinancing of a real estate loan and the disbursement of closing funds are in conformity with the instructions of the entity financing the transaction. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Counseling: means in-person counseling provided by a counselor employed by a HUD-approved counseling agency to all borrowers, or documented telephone counseling where a hardship would be imposed on one or more borrowers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Counselor: means a counselor employed by a HUD-approved housing counseling agency. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County board: means the board of county commissioners in counties not under township organization, and the board of supervisors in counties under township organization, and the board of commissioners of Cook County. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.07
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • decree: is synonymous with the word "judgment". See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.24
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2712/5-5
  • Department: means the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exempt person or entity: means that term as it is defined in subsections (d)(1), (d)(1. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • First-time homebuyer: means a borrower who has not held an ownership interest in residential property. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest only: means a closed-end loan that permits one or more payments of interest without any reduction of the principal balance of the loan, other than the first payment on the loan. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Lender: means that term as it is defined in subsection (g) of Section 1-4 of the Residential Mortgage License Act of 1987. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Licensee: means that term as it is defined in subsection (e) of Section 1-4 of the Residential Mortgage License Act of 1987. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • may: as used in this Article means permissive and not mandatory. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/15-1105
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" a calendar year unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" alone, is equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.10
  • Mortgage loan: means that term as it is defined in subsection (f) of Section 1-4 of the Residential Mortgage License Act of 1987. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Originator: means a "mortgage loan originator" as defined in subsection (jj) of Section 1-4 of the Residential Mortgage License Act of 1987, except an exempt person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Passenger rail systems: includes all passenger rail systems maintained by the National Passenger Railroad Corporation in Illinois and those passenger rail systems under the jurisdiction of the Commuter Rail Board as established in Section 3B. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2712/5-5
  • Person under legal disability: means a person 18 years or older who (a) because of mental deterioration or physical incapacity is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (b) is a person with mental illness or is a person with developmental disabilities and who because of his or her mental illness or developmental disability is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (c) because of gambling, idleness, debauchery or excessive use of intoxicants or drugs, so spends or wastes his or her estate as to expose himself or herself or his or her family to want or suffering. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.06
  • Points and fees: has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 10 of the High Risk Home Loan Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Prepayment penalty: means a charge imposed by a lender under a mortgage note or rider when the loan is paid before the expiration of the term of the loan. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Refinancing: means a loan secured by the borrower's or borrowers' primary residence where the proceeds are not used as purchase money for the residence. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service provider agency: means an entity that enters into a services contract with a municipality or county for the purpose of providing special services in and for a special service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • Services contract: means an agreement between a service provider agency and a municipality or county for the purpose of providing special services in and for a special service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • shall: as used in this Article means mandatory and not permissive. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/15-1105
  • Special Service Area: means a contiguous area within a municipality or county in which special governmental services are provided in addition to those services provided generally throughout the municipality or county, the cost of the special services to be paid from revenues collected from taxes levied or imposed upon property within that area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • Special service area commission: means a local board established by the corporate authorities of a municipality or county for the purpose of managing a particular special service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • Special Services: means all forms of services pertaining to the government and affairs of the municipality or county, including but not limited to weather modification and improvements permissible under Article 9 of the Illinois Municipal Code, and contracts for the supply of water as described in Section 11-124-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code which may be entered into by the municipality or by the county on behalf of a county service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sworn: shall be construed to include the word "affirmed. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.12
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Title insurance company: means any domestic company organized under the laws of this State for the purpose of conducting the business of guaranteeing or insuring titles to real estate and any title insurance company organized under the laws of another State, the District of Columbia, or a foreign government and authorized to transact the business of guaranteeing or insuring titles to real estate in this State. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 765 ILCS 77/70
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wills: includes codicils. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.13